Papers of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, 1900-1961
There are 102 Entities related to this resource.
Mildred Helen McAfee Horton (May 12, 1900 – September 2, 1994) was an American academic who served during World War II as first director of the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) in the United States Navy. She was the first woman commissioned in the U.S. Naval Reserve and the first woman to receive the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. In addition to her distinguished military service, Mildred H. McAfee was also the 7th president of Wellesley College. She was a U.S. delega...
Roland Hayes (1887-1977) was the first black classical singer to break the color barrier. Born in Curryville (Gordon County, Ga.), he started singing in the Mount Zion Baptist Church in Flatwoods (Ga.) which was founded by his mother. Hayes moved to Boston, Massachusetts to start his musical career, later farmed in Flatwoods, but returned to Boston where he died in 1977. From the description of Roland Hayes papers, 1939, 1977 [microform]. (Shorter University, Livingston Library). Wor...
Susan B. Anthony (b. February 15, 1820, Adams, Massachusetts-d. March 13, 1906, Rochester, New York)1820-1906), educated in New York and at the Philadelphia Friends Seminary. Anthony taught at various New York schools between 1839 and 1849. She became involved in women's suffrage, temperance, abolitionism, and labor reform after a meeting with Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1850. Between 1868 and 1870 Anthony edited the "Revolution" a women's suffrage weekly. Best known for her lifelong crusade fo...
Charlotte Brown is believed to have resided in Lancaster, Pa. during the early 1800's. From the description of A collection of music, 1816. (Millersville University Library). WorldCat record id: 27006061 Educator and founder of the Palmer Memorial Institute in Sedalia, North Carolina, Charlotte Eugenia Hawkins Brown was active in the National Council of Negro Women, the N.C. Teachers Association, etc., and was the first black woman to serve on the national board of the YWCA....
Madam C.J. Walker was an American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and political and social activist. She is recorded as the first female self-made millionaire in America; her fortune came by developing and marketing a line of cosmetics and hair care products for black women through the business she founded, Madam C. J. Walker Manufacturing Company. She was born Sarah Breedlove in Delta, Louisiana; she was the first child in her family born into freedom after the Emancipation Proclamation was sign...
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady throughout her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office (1933-1945). She was an American politician, diplomat, and activist who later served as a United Nations spokeswoman. A shy, awkward child, starved for recognition and love, Eleanor Roosevelt grew into a woman with great sensitivity to the underprivileged of all creeds, races, and nations. Her constant work to improve their lot made her one of the most loved–...
Margaret Murray Washington (March 9, 1865 - June 4, 1925) was the principal of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, which later became Tuskegee University. She was the third wife of Booker T. Washington. She was inducted into the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 1972. Margaret Murray was born on March 9 in Macon, Mississippi, in the early 1860s. Her birth year is unknown; her tombstone says she was born in 1865, but the 1870 census lists her birth year as 1861. She was one of ten children...
Charlotte Hawkins Brown (June 11, 1883-January 11, 1961) was born in Henderson, North Carolina, the daughter of Caroline Frances Hawkins and Edmund H. Hight. The family moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the late 1880's, where CHB attended public schools. During her senior year of high school Alice Freeman Palmer, formerly president of Wellesley College, encouraged her to attend the State Normal School at Salem and provided financial support. In 1901 CHB accepted a job as teacher...
American actor. From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : [New York], 8 April 1891, to an unidentified recipient, 1891 Apr. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270679262 Francis Wilson was an attorney working out of his own firm in Santa Fe. From the guide to the Francis Wilson Files, 1927-1962, (School for Advanced Research) Actor, author, lecturer; first president of the Actor's Equity Association. From the description of Franc...
U.S. senator and governor of North Carolina. From the description of Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, 1938. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122381802 U.S. Senator and governor of North Carolina, from Shelby (Cleveland Co.), N.C. From the description of Papers, 1943-1954; (bulk 1944-1954). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19642850 From the description of Papers, 1942-1995 ; (bulk 1944-1954). (Duke Universit...
Businessman and philanthropist. Born, Springfield, IL, 1862. President, Rosenwald and Weil, 1885-1906. Vice-president and treasurer, Sears, Roebuck and Company, 1910-1925; president and chairman of the board, 1925-1932. Founder, Julius Rosenwald Fund, 1917. Founder, Museum of Science and Industry, 1929. Trustee, University of Chicago, Tuskegee Institute, Rockefeller Foundation, Hull House, Art Institute of Chicago, and the Baron de Hirsch Fund. From the description of Papers, 1905-19...
W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Educated at Fisk University, he did graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate. Du Bois became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. Due to his contributions in the African-American community he was seen as a member of a Black elite that supported some aspects ...
Ovington, a leader in the fight for equal rights for Afro-Americans, was a co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. For further biographical information, see Notable American Women: The Modern Period (1980). From the description of Papers, 1946-1951 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007426 Ovington was one of the first white social workers in the New York African-American community around the turn of the century; s...
Rose Schneiderman (April 6, 1882 – August 11, 1972) was a Polish-born American socialist and feminist, and one of the most prominent female labor union leaders. As a member of the New York Women's Trade Union League, she drew attention to unsafe workplace conditions, following the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire of 1911, and as a suffragist she helped to pass the New York state referendum of 1917 that gave women the right to vote. Schneiderman was also a founding member of the American Civil Li...
Known chiefly for its educational work among African Americans, the American Missionary Association also worked with other ethnic groups. From the description of American Missionary Association records, 1820's-1870's (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 668992371 ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...
In 1879, Nannie Helen Burroughs was born to a formerly enslaved couple living in Orange, Virginia. Her father died when she was young, and she and her mother relocated to Washington, DC. Burroughs excelled in school and graduated with honors from M Street High School (now Paul Laurence Dunbar High School). Despite her academic achievements, Burroughs was turned down for a Washington D.C. public school teaching position. Some historians speculate that the elite black community discriminated again...
The Commission on Interracial Cooperation was founded in 1918 by a group of prominent blacks and whites who wished to address the social, political, and economic problems facing African Americans. Incorporated in 1929 in Georgia, the Commission consisted of state and local committees throughout the South. Will W. Alexander, a white Methodist minister served as director for twenty-five years. The organization was dissolved in 1944 and succeeded by the Southern Regional Council. From t...
Writer, lecturer, educator, and feminist (Wellesley B.A., 1900; M.A. 1903), Marks was a professor of English literature at Mount Holyoke College (1901-1939). From the description of Letters, 1905-1939 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122407244 Writer, lecturer, educator, and feminist (Wellesley, B.A., 1900, M.A., 1903), Marks was a professor of English literature at Mount Holyoke College (1901-1939), and chairman of the New York State branch of the Nati...
Author, educator. William Pickens was Dean of Morgan College in Baltimore, Md., 1918-1919; Field Secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1920-1942; and employee of the United States Treasury Department, 1941-1951. From the description of William Pickens papers, 1906-1954. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122608256 From the guide to the William Pickens papers, 1906-1954, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center ...
Dean of women, Howard University, 1922-1937; previously a teacher and principal in Washington, D.C. public schools. From the description of Lucy Diggs Slowe papers, 1919-1943. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 742052856 1883 July 4 Born in Berryville, Virginia, Youngest child of Henry. 1899 Slowe and Fannie Potter Slowe....
President of the University of North Carolina; U.S. senator for North Carolina. From the description of Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, 1943-1950. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122619645 Educator, government official. From the description of Reminiscences of Frank Porter Graham : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122376749 University president. From the...
Roland Wiltse Hayes was born on June 3, 1887 in Curryville Georgia. After the death of his father, when he was eleven, the family moved Chattanooga, Tennessee. Hayes loved to sing African-American spirituals in church and on the street for money. When he was 15 years old he was introduced the to African-pianist Arthur Calhoun. Calhoun exposed the Hayes to the music of Enrico Caruso, Nellie Melba and others. He later studied music at Fisk University. While at Fisk, Hayes became a member of the Fi...
George Foster Peabody, banker and philanthropist, was born in Columbus, Ga. in 1852 and died in Warm Springs, Ga. in 1938. He was the son of George Henry and Elvira Canfield Peabody and husband of Katrina N. Trask. From the description of Cherokee Indian language letters, 1907. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 259719021 Banker and philanthropist. From the description of Papers of George Foster Peabody, 1894-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 8410865...
Joseph Vaudrey Baker, an African American journalist and public relations specialist, was born August 21, 1908, the youngest of nine children to Reverend Samuel Butler and Mary Guillard Baker in Abbeville, South Carolina. He received his education from Abbeville State Teachers Training School and Temple University where he earned a degree in journalism. Baker married Hazel Powell Strange in 1938. He worked as a reporter for the Philadelphia Tribune and later became the first Black columnist for ...
John Hope (1868-1936), fifth president of Atlanta University, born in Augusta, Georgia. From the description of John Hope papers, 1929-1936. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477492 ...
Mary Emma Woolley, college professor and President of Mount Holyoke College from 1901-1937, was born on July 13, 1863 in South Norwalk, Connecticut to Joseph Judah Woolley, a Congregational minister, and Mary August Ferris Woolley, a schoolteacher. She attended Mrs. Fannie Augur's school in Meriden, Connecticut until her family moved to Pawtucket, Rhode Island in 1871, when she enrolled in Providence High School. In 1882 she began attending Wheaton Seminary in Norton, Massachusetts, graduating i...
Poet, author, playwright, songwriter. From the guide to the Langston Hughes collection, [microform], 1926-1967, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.) From the description of Langston Hughes collection, 1926-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 144652168 Langson Hughes: African-American poet and writer, author of Weary Blue (1926), The Big Sea (1940), and other works. ...
Dean and professor of Latin, Tulane University; 1st president of the Jeanes fund. From the description of Papers, 1878-1939, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32958853 From the description of Papers of James Hardy Dillard [manuscript], 1878-1939, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806738 ...
Booker T. Washington was an African American educator and public figure. Born a slave on a small farm in Virginia, he worked his way through the Hampton Institute and became an instructor there. He was the first principal of the Tuskegee Institute, and under his management it became a successful center for practical education. A forceful and charismatic personality, he became a national figure through his books and lectures. Although his conservative views concerned many critics, he became the m...
President of North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1923-1952, located in Durham (Durham Co.), N.C. The company is the oldest African-American life insurance company. From the description of Papers, 1905-1985. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 45279802 From the description of Papers, 1905-1985. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 80056304 ...
Kelly Miller (1863-1939), an African American intellectual and professor, was born in South Carolina in 1863, just a few months after the Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the South. As a child Miller expressed a penchant for mathematics, and he was sent for special education in a Presbyterian-sponsored school. After secondary school, he received a scholarship to study at Howard University. He graduated from Howard in 1886 and became the first African American student to enroll at John H...
Eliot served as president of Harvard University (1869-1909). From the description of Correspondence of Charles W. Eliot, 1870-1920. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234339031 Charles William Eliot (1834-1926) was President of Harvard University from March 12, 1869 to May 19, 1909. He also taught mathematics and chemistry at Harvard University (1858-1863) and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1865-1869). Eliot was one of the most influential educa...
James Bryant Conant (1893-1978) was a chemist, educator and public servant. Conant taught chemistry at Harvard from 1917-1933; he served as Harvard's president from 1933-1953. He was the national director of defense research from 1941-1945, and was instrumental in the creation of the atomic bomb. He continued as President of Harvard until 1953, at which time he was made United States High Commissioner for Germany. When allied military occupation of Germany ended in 1955, Conant became the U.S. A...
Mayor of Brooklyn, Mayor of New York, and President of Columbia College (later Columbia University), 1890-1901. From the description of Papers, 1870-1930. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122482691 President of Columbia University. From the description of Typed letter : New York, to Ida B. Forbes, 1898 Jan. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593321 Mayor of N.Y.C. and President of Columbia University. From...
James Weldon Johnson was a publisher, educator, lawyer, composer, artist, diplomat and civil rights leader. Together with his brother, J. Rosamond Johnson, he wrote the song "Lift Every Voice and Sing," which came to be known as the "Negro National Anthem" as well as a large number of popular songs for the musical stage of the early twentieth century. Johnson also served as consul of the United States to Venezuela and Nicaragua. His literary contributions include several books and his position a...
American educator. Dean of Smith College. President of Radclliffe College. From the description of Letters to Annie Russell Marble, 1929-1930. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 69679427 ...