James Monroe Papers 1758-1839


James Monroe Papers, 1758-1839

James Monroe Papers 1758-1839

United States president, secretary of state, secretary of war, and diplomat; delegate to the Continental Congress from and governor of Virginia. Correspondence relating primarily to negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase, the Monroe-Pinkney treaty with Great Britain, the War of 1812, the purchase of Florida, South American independence, and Virginia politics and a diary, an account book of memoranda and official and personal accounts, and other papers.

5,200 items; 50 containers; 16 linear feet; 13 microfilm reels


Related Entities

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Erskine, Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron, 1750-1823

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Thomas Erskine, first Baron Erskine, British lord chancellor. From the guide to the Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine manuscript material : 2 items, ca. 1820's-1823, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.) Erskine won fame for his defence work in many of the show trials of the 1790's and was considered England's greatest practicing advocate in libel and adultery litigation. From the description of Correspondence...

Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848

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John Quincy Adams (b. July 11, 1767, Braintree, Massachusetts-d. February 23, 1848, Washington, D.C.) was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, United States Senator, member of the House of Representatives, and the sixth President of the United States. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later the Anti-Masonic and Whig parties. He was the son of President John Adams and Abigail Adams. As a diplomat, Adams played an important role in neg...

Adams, John, 1735-1826

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61h1b9v (person)

John Adams (1735-1826) was the second president of the United States, born in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts. He served as defense counsel for British soldiers accused of Boston Massacre in 1770; as delegate to Continental Congress from 1774 to 1778; as member of committee charged with drafting Declaration of Independence in 1776; as congressional commissioner to France from 1778 to 1779; as minister to United Provinces in 1780; and negotiated a loan from Dutch bankers in 1782. Adams join...

Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n981p7 (person)

Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829-1837) as well as a lawyer, general, and legislator. Born in the Carolinas, he served as a courier during the Revolutionary War. He read for the law during his teen years and became a lawyer in Tennessee by 1787. The first U. S. Representative for Tennessee (1796), Jackson was elected to the Senate in 1797, resigned in 1798, and served as a judge on the Tennessee Supreme Court, 1798-1804. He was later reelected to ...

Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834

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William Harris Crawford (February 24, 1772 – September 15, 1834) was an American politician and judge during the early 19th century. He served as United States Secretary of War and United States Secretary of the Treasury before running for president in the 1824 election. Born in Virginia, Crawford moved to Georgia at a young age. After studying law, Crawford won election to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1803. He aligned with the Democratic-Republican Party and U.S. Senator James Jac...

Wirt, William, 1772-1834

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William Wirt (November 8, 1772 – February 18, 1834) was an American author and statesman who is credited with turning the position of United States Attorney General into one of influence. He was the longest serving Attorney General in U.S. history. He was also the Anti-Masonic nominee for president in the 1832 election. Wirt grew up in Maryland but pursued a legal career in Virginia, passing the Virginia bar in 1792. After holding various positions, he served as the prosecutor in Aaron Burr's...

King, Rufus, 1755-1827

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Rufus King (March 24, 1755 – April 29, 1827) was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat. He was a delegate for Massachusetts to the Continental Congress and the Philadelphia Convention and was one of the signers of the United States Constitution in 1787. After formation of the new Congress he represented New York in the United States Senate. He emerged as a leading member of the Federalist Party, serving as the party's last presidential nominee in the 1816 presidential election. The son...

Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rp3z99 (person)

John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was an American statesman and political theorist from South Carolina who served as the seventh vice president of the United States from 1825 to 1832. He is remembered for strongly defending slavery and for advancing the concept of minority states' rights in politics. He did this in the context of protecting the interests of the white South when its residents were outnumbered by Northerners. He began his political career as a nationalist, mo...

McLean, John, 1785-1861

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U.S. Supreme Court justice. From the description of Signature, [not after 1861 April 4]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 22601579 McLean practiced law in Lebanon, Ohio (from 1807), and served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1813-1816), U.S. Postmaster General (1823-1829), and an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1829-1861). From the description of Letters, 1826, 1828. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234339336 ...

Henderson, Richard H., active 1822

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Bowdoin, James, 1752-1811

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Bowdoin, James, 1752-1811 (American diplomatist, minister to Spain, 1804-08, benefactor of Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me., son of James Bowdoin, 1726-90). Miscellaneous file From the guide to the James Bowdoin, Jr. letters and financial documents, 1791-1810, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) ...

Taylor, John, 1753-1824

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xk8dsc (person)

Political writer, agriculturist, and U.S. senator. From the description of Papers, 1789-1929. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 38929435 U.S. senator from Virginia, military officer, public official, and author. From the description of John Taylor papers, 1778. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980570 John Taylor (1753-1824) of Caroline County, Va., was the son-in-law of John Penn (1741-1788), signer of the Declaration of Independence for Nor...

Livingston, Robert R., 1746-1813

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First chancellor of New York State; agriculturalist and ambassador to France. From the description of Robert R. Livingston papers, 1707-1862. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58779437 Continental Congressman, diplomat, member of the New York Provincial Covention, the Continental Congress and served as U.S. Minister to France. From the description of Letter, 1802. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145407295 Robert R. Livingston ser...

Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813

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Edmund Randolph (1753-1813) was serving as Secretary of State at the time this letter was written. Alexander Addison (1759-1807) was a lawyer from Pittsburgh, Pa. From the description of Letter : Dept. of State, to Alexander Addison, Washington, Pennsylvania, 1795 March 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122538927 American politician. From the description of Circular letter signed : Department of State, to the governor of the state of Connecticut, 1795 Feb. 7. (U...

Rush, Richard, 1780-1859

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63f4n3z (person)

The Wyoming Controversy was a conflict between the governments of Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Britain, the Continental Congress, and the Indians over land in the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania. From the guide to the Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy, 1751-1814, 1823, 1751-1823, (American Philosophical Society) Richard Rush (1780-1859) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A graduate of Princeton University, he was a lawyer before beginning his political care...

Pinkney, William, 1764-1822

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William Pinkney was born on March 17, 1764, in Annapolis, Maryland. Originally interested in pursuing medicine, Pinkey ultimately chose law as his desired profession and passed the Maryland bar in 1986. After practicing law in Maryland, Pinkney was sent to London by George Washington to serve as an American commissioner. After spending eight years in England, Pinkney returned to the United States and became Attorney General in 1811. In 1816 he left the country again to serve as an American minis...

Randolph, John, 1773-1833

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Randolph served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1799-1813, 1815-1817, 1819-1825, 1827-1829), the U.S. Senate (1825-1827), the Virginia Constitutional Convention (1829-1830), and as Minister to Russia (1830-1831). From the description of Letter of introduction, 10 July 1813. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 235133950 U. S. Congressman from Virginia. From the description of Letter [manuscript] : Liverpool, England, to Jacob Harvey, Cork Irela...

Humphreys, David, 1752-1818

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Army officer, diplomat, and author. From the description of Papers of David Humphreys, 1776-1810. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71065032 Army officer, diplomat, and poet, of Connecticut; b. in Derby; d. in New Haven. From the description of David Humphreys papers, 1687-1819. (New Haven Colony Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 430490748 Connecticut Revolutionary War Officer, statesman, and poet. From the description of Poems, [...

Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829

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Revolutionary officer. From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Capt. Callenden Irvine, 1803 July 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270529279 Army officer, U.S. Secretary of War, and U.S. representative from Massachusetts. From the description of Papers, 1800-1814. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70972156 Major general, politician, and statesman. From the description of Papers, 1761-1826. (Unknown). WorldCa...

Rodney, C. A. (Caesar Augustus), 1772-1824

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Signer Declaration of Independence. From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Gen. Mason, 1805 Nov. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270656239 Att'y General under Jefferson and Madison. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Wilmington, to Samuel Carsewell, Esq., 1813 July 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270656252 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Wilmington, 1822 Sept. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270656278...

Law, Thomas, 1756-1834

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63b6dnz (person)

Thomas Law (1756-1834) was born on October 23, 1756 in Cambridge, England. He started his career working for the East India Trading Company and began building his reputation, as well as his income. In 1794, he left England to start a new life in America where he began to invest in lands, particularly in the nation’s capital. Over time, Law became extremely passionate about the arts, particularly poetry, which he wrote and published. He even founded the first dance society, theater, and the Colum...

Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6571k97 (person)

Mercer was an American lawyer and politician who at various times represented both Virginia and Maryland in U.S. Congresses. He was Governor of Maryland (1801-1803). From the description of [Letter, 17]84 May 25 [to John Lawson] / J. Mercer. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 289534850 Governor of and U.S. representative from Maryland, delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Continental Congress, and army officer. From the description of Letter of John Francis Merce...

Madison, James, 1751-1836

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64850wc (person)

James Madison (1751-1836) was the fourth president of the United States, born in Port Conway, Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia legislature from 1776 to 1780 and from 1784 to 1786, and the Continental Congress from 1780 to 1783. His proposals at and management of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 earned him title "father of the U.S. Constitution." He cooperated with Alexander Hamilton and Jay in writing a series of papers (pub. 1787-88 under title of The Federalist) explaining the ne...

Tucker, St. George, 1752-1827

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w651492v (person)

St. George Tucker (1752-1827), was born in Bermuda and emigrated to Williamsburg, Virginia where he attended the College of William and Mary. He served in the Revolutionary War, as a judge of the General Court of Virginia, and as professor of law at the College of William and Mary. He was elected to the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia. Tucker was appointed to the federal district court for Virginia. He married, firstly, Frances Bland Randolph who was the mother of John Randolph of Roanoke. ...

Tazewell, Littleton Waller, 1774-1860

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kw5t8g (person)

Governor of Virginia. From the description of Letters of Littleton Waller Tazewell [manuscript], 1795-1836. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647816521 U.S. senator from Virginia, 1824-1832; governor of Virginia, 1834-1836. From the description of AL (draft), [1829 Feb.], Washington, D.C., to Andrew Jackson. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 145506931 Governor of Virginia; United States Senator. From the descri...

Armstrong, John, 1758-1843

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fx79k5 (person)

The Wyoming Controversy was a conflict between the governments of Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Britain, the Continental Congress, and the Indians over land in the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania. From the guide to the Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy, 1751-1814, 1823, 1751-1823, (American Philosophical Society) American soldier and diplomat. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Michael O'Mealy, agent of the American merchant, ...

Jones, Joseph, 1727-1805

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68p6c1g (person)

Militia officer and customs collector, of Petersburg, Va. From the description of Papers, 1681-1895; (bulk 1794-1842). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19933044 U.S. Continental Congress delegate from and public official of Virginia, jurist, and army officer. From the description of Papers of Joseph Jones, 1780-1784. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79423714 ...

Erving, George William, 1769-1850

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mk6zws (person)

Diplomat. From the description of George William Erving papers, 1801-1815. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980360 George William Erving (1769-1850) was a United States diplomat. From the description of Letter : Bourdeaux, to L. Jarvis, Paris, 1814 March 1. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191282772 ...

Benton, William, 1788-1881

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62c1kw9 (person)

Monroe, James, 1758-1831

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vv2g33 (person)

James Monroe, fifth president of the United States of America (b. April 28, 1758, Monroe Hall, Virginia-d. July 4, 1831, New York, New York) fought with distinction in the Continental Army, and he practiced law in Fredericksburg, Virginia. As a young politician, he joined the anti-Federalists in the Virginia Convention which ratified the Constitution, and in 1790, an advocate of Jeffersonian policies, he was elected United States Senator. As Minister to France in 1794-1796, Monroe showed strong ...

Roane, Spencer, 1762-1822

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6794m1h (person)

Virginia lawyer, legislator and Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals; co-founder of the Richmond Enquirer. From the description of Letter James Madison [manuscript], 1801October 4. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647988940 Spencer Roane (1762-1822) was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1782, became a judge in 1789, and was elected to the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals in 1794 where he served for twenty-seven years. From the description of Commissi...

Barlow, Joel, 1754-1812

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ww7hxt (person)

Poet, author, statesman, army chaplain, merchant, publisher, and lawyer. From the description of Joel Barlow collection, 1787-1887. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70953035 Barlow was an American poet and statesman. He served as American consul in Algiers and as Minister to France (1811-1812). From the description of Papers, 1775-1935. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122419312 From the description of Papers, 1775-193...

Graham, John, 1774-1820

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sj3p8g (person)

Washington, George, 1732-1799

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r31qfk (person)

George Washington (b. Feb. 22, 1732, Westmoreland County, Va.-d. Dec. 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, VA) was the first president of the United States, serving from 1789 to 1797. Washington came from a family of farmers and landowners. He had little education but showed an aptitude for mathematics. He used this talent to become a surveyor. At 15, Washington took a job as assistant surveyor on a team sent to map the Shenandoah Valley in western Virginia. In his early 20s, Washington joined the Virgin...

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60d5jrb (person)

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was an American statesman and third president of the United States. From the description of Thomas Jefferson letter, 1809. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367818629 Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was the third president of the United States, born in Goochland (now Albemarle County), Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775, and with R. H. Lee and Patrick Henry initiated the inter-colonial committee of correspond...

Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h132s3 (person)

Diplomat and U.S. secretary of the treasury. From the description of Albert Gallatin papers, 1783-1847. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82919649 Albert Gallatin was a member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives (1790-1792), a U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania (1795-1801), Secretary of the Treasury (1801-1814), and Minister Plenipotentiary to France (1815-1823) and Great Britain (1826-1827). From the description of Albert Gallatin letter, 1803 Oct....