W. Averell Harriman Papers 1869-1988 (bulk 1895-1986)


W. Averell Harriman Papers 1869-1988 (bulk 1895-1986)

Diplomat, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and politician. Correspondence, memoranda, family papers, business records, diplomatic accounts, speeches, statements and writings, photographs, and other papers documenting Harriman's career in business, finance, politics, and public service, particularly during the Franklin Roosevelt, Truman, Kennedy, Johnson, and Carter presidential administrations.

344,250 items; 1,033 containers plus 11 classified and 46 oversize; 526.3 linear feet; 54 microfilm reels


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Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969

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Muir, John, 1838-1914

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Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president in early 1945. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain communist expansion. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the Conservative Coalition that dominated Congres...

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Forrestal, James, 1892-1949

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James Vincent Forrestal (February 15, 1892 – May 22, 1949) was the last Cabinet-level United States Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense. Forrestal came from a very strict middle class Irish Catholic family. He was a successful financier on Wall Street before becoming Undersecretary of the Navy in 1940, shortly before the United States entered the Second World War. He became Secretary of the Navy in May 1944 upon the death of his superior, Frank Knox. Preside...

MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964

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General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur Jr. the first father and son to be awarded the medal. He was one of only five to rise to the ...

McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989

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John Jay McCloy (March 31, 1895 – March 11, 1989) was an American lawyer, diplomat, banker, and a presidential advisor. He served as Assistant Secretary of War during World War II under Henry Stimson, helping deal with issues such as German sabotage, political tensions in the North Africa Campaign, and opposing the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the war, he served as the president of the World Bank, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank, chairman ...

Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973

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Lyndon Baines Johnson, also known as LBJ, was born on August 27, 1908 at Stonewall, Texas. He was the first child of Sam Ealy Johnson, Jr., and Rebekah Baines Johnson, and had three sisters and a brother: Rebekah, Josefa, Sam Houston, and Lucia. In 1913, the Johnson family moved to nearby Johnson City, named for Lyndon''s forebears, and Lyndon entered first grade. On May 24, 1924 he graduated from Johnson City High School. He decided to forego higher education and moved to California with a few ...

Mortimer, Kathleen Lanier Harriman, 1917-2011

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Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955

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Cordell Hull was a Tennessee state representative (1893-1897), a judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Tennessee (1903-1906), U.S. Representative for Tennessee (1907-1921, 1923-1931), chairman of the Democratic National Executive Committee (1921-1924), U.S. Senator for Tennessee (1931-1933), Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1944), and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945. From the description of Cordell Hull letter, 1941 Dec. 12. (Loui...

Khrushchev, Nikita Sergevich, 1894-1970.

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Attlee, C.R. (Clement Richard), 1883-1967

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Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee (1883-1967) was Prime Minister of the 1945-51 Labour Governments. Details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography . Thomas Simons Attlee (1880-1960) was his brother. See Peggy Attlee With a quiet conscience: Thomas Simons Attlee 1880-1960 (London: 1995). From the guide to the Letters from Clement Attlee to his brother Tom, 1915-60, (University of Oxford, Bodleian Library) Clement R. Attlee was born in Putney, England, and edu...

Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich, 1890-1986

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Feis, Herbert, 1893-1972

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Born in 1893, Herbert Feis was a distinguished author and historian, whose work focused on American foreign policy and international economic affairs. Early in his career, Feis worked as Economic Advisor for International Affairs at the State Department under the Hoover and Roosevelt administrations. His thirteen published books include "The Road to Pearl Harbor" (1950), "Europe, the World's Banker, 1870-1914" (1964), "From Trust to Terror: The Onset of the Cold War" (1970), and the Pulitzer Pri...

Marshall Plan

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Dulles, Allen, 1893-1969

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Allen W. Dulles, nephew of Robert Lansing, Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of State, and brother of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, was a lawyer, foreign-service officer, and intelligence official. He served with the United States Office of Strategic Services in Bern, Switzerland during World War II, during which he penetrated the German Foreign Ministry Office and the "July 1944" anti-Hitler conspirators. In 1947 he helped draft the National Security Act, which created the Central Intelligenc...

Merchant Shipbuilding Corporation

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Meiklejohn, Robert P.

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Union Pacific railroad company

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Served Oklahoma and other Western states. From the description of Union Pacific collection, 1930-1932. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70972329 The story of the Union Pacific Railroad's involvement with oil and the Tidelands goes back to at least 1911 when the State of California granted the City of Long Beach its tidelands properties for development of commerce, navigation, fisheries, and recreation under a public trust doctine, meaning any development and revenues from such...

Macmillan, Harold, 1894-1986

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Lovett, Robert A. (Robert Abercrombie), 1895-1986

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Robert Abercrombie Lovett was born in Huntsville, Texas, on September 14, 1895. After receiving a B.A. from Yale in 1918 and attending Harvard Law School and the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration, Lovett became a partner in Brown Brothers, Harriman & Co. Aside from his periods of government service, Lovett was associated with Brown Brothers, Harriman & Co. for the remainder of his life. From 1941-1945, Lovett served as assistant secretary of war for air. During the Truma...

Harriman, E. Roland (Edward Roland), 1895-1978

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Nehru, Jawaharlal, 1889-1964

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Epithet: Prime Minister of India British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001035.0x0003da Along with his father, Motilal, and Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru was the most visible and significant force for Indian independence. Raised partly in England, Nehru left his promising law practice to work for Indian independence, and was jailed often. He became the first Prime Minister of India, and is responsible for many of his count...

Casablanca Conference (1943)

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Russian Finance and Construction Corporation

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Deane, John R. (John Russell), 1896-

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Eden, Anthony, Earl of Avon, 1897-1977

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Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon (b. June 12, 1897-d. Jan. 14, 1977), British Foreign Secretary from 1935 to 1955 and British Prime Minister from 1955 to 1957. From the description of Eden, Anthony, Earl of Avon, 1897-1977 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10581894 ...

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, 1919-1980

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (b. 26 October 1919, Tehran, Persia–d. 27 July 1980, Cairo, Egypt) was the last Shah of Iran from Sept. 1941 until Feb. 11, 1979 (the Iranian Revolution). He replaced his father as Shah after British and Soviet forces forced his father to abdicate during World War II. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi made changes to modernize Iran during the White Revolution in the 1960s. However, he lost support from clergy and working class due to his modernization, relations with Israel, and corr...

Beaverbrook, Max Aitken, Baron, 1879-1964

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Virginia Taylor McCormick (1873-1957), of Norfolk, Virginia was a poet, literary critic, essayist, lecturer, and the editor of The Lyric, 1921-1929. From the guide to the Virginia Taylor McCormick Papers, 1887-1953., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary) ...

Dobrynin, Anatoly, 1919-2010

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McNamara, Robert S., 1916-2009

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U.S. secretary of defense, president of World Bank, and corporate executive. Full name: Robert Strange McNamara. From the description of Robert S. McNamara papers, 1934-2009 (bulk 1968-2005). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132706 Robert Strange McNamara (b. 1916) was a business executive and Secretary of Defense during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. During World War II he worked on the deployment of the B-29 bomber, and served in the Army Air Forces in India, Chi...

Harriman, Marie Norton Whitney, 1903-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64n72nm (person)

Fisk, Mary Averell Harriman, 1917-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xh7n4p (person)

Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tq65nc (person)

Harriman was a wealthy businessman with an interest in trotting horses. He gained control of the Historic Track in Goshen, N.Y. in the 1890s and ran amateur races there. From the description of Papers, 1890-1909. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155523846 ...

Heath, Edward

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m3wfm (person)

Epithet: KB British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000390.0x00004d Epithet: KB 1661; son of Sir Robert Heath British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000303.0x000387 ...

Bidault, Georges

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Epithet: Prime Minister of France British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000837.0x0000b9 ...

Pushkin, Georgi M.

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Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965

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Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, on 30 November 1874. He was educated at Harrow and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst before joining the Army in 1895 and serving in India and Sudan. After leaving the Army in 1899, he worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post and the following year was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Oldham. In 1904, Churchill decided to join the Liberal Party, and in 1906, was elected Liberal MP f...

W.A. Harriman & Company

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Clark Kerr, Archibald John Kerr, Baron Interchapel, 1882-1951.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6550jvx (person)

Welles, Sumner, 1892-1961

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Benjamin Sumner Welles (1892-1961) graduated from Harvard University in 1914 and began his diplomatic career in 1915 as Secretary of the United States Embassy in Tokyo. From 1917 to 1919 he served in a similar post in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He was Assistant Chief of the Latin American Affairs Division of the Department of State from 1920 to 1921, and Chief of the Division from 1921 to 1922. From 1922 to 1925, he was Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary to the Dominican Republic, an...

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...

Harriman, Pamela Digby Churchill Hayward, 1920-1997

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Diplomat and political activist. From the description of Papers of Pamela Digby Churchill Hayward Harriman. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132776 ...

United States. Mutual Security Agency

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Stalin, Joseph, 1879-1953

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Political leader of the Soviet Union. From the description of Statement of Joseph Stalin, 1925. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 748677730 ...

Mosaddeq, Mohammad, 1880-1967

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Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970

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Charles Gaulle (b. November 22, 1890, Lille, France-d. November 9, 1970, Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, France) was a French general, statesman, and veteran of World War I and World War II. He led the Free French Forces during World War II and later served as France's President, 1944-1945; Prime Minister, 1958-1959; and Minister of Defense, 1958-1959, before founding the French Fifth Republic and serving as its first president, 1959-1969. ...

Business Advisory Council for the Dept. of Commerce (U.S.)

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Rumsey, Mary Harriman, 1881-1934

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Wilson, Harold, 1916-1995

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Monnet, Jean, 1888-1979

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Epithet: French statesman British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000976.0x00002a ...

Harriman Alaska Expedition 1899

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The expedition was sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History. From the description of Photograph, [ca. 1899]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155532497 The Expedition was financed by Edward Henry Harriman as a combination pleasure cruise and scientific expedition from May to August 1899. From the description of Arctic field photographs, 1899. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155517798 Originally proposed as a hunting expedition, Edward Harriman tr...

Cripps, Richard Stafford, Sir, 1889-1952

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Helms, Richard

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Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967

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Konrad Adenauer was born in 1876 in Cologne, Germany. He was chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963. He died in 1967. From the description of Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10581751 Chancellor of West Germany, 1949-1963. From the description of Konrad Adenauer miscellaneous papers, 1953-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754869086 Politician, statesman and C...

Stettinius, Edward R., Jr. (Edward Reilly), 1900-1949

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Industrialist and statesman. From the description of Clippings relating to Edward R. Stettinius, 1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068013 Industrialist, Secretary of State, delegate to the United Nations. From the description of Letter [manuscript] : to Darryl F. Zanuck, Beverly Hills, California, 1944 November 11 [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647836060 From the description of Financial records of Edward R. Stettinius [...

Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963

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John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, to Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy of Brookline, Massachusetts. John Kennedy, the second of nine children, attended Choate Academy (1932-1935), Princeton University (1935-36), Harvard College (1936-40), and Stanford Business School (1941). In 1940, he published a book based on his senior thesis entitled "Why England Slept." The book criticized British policy of Appeasement. In 1941, Kennedy enlisted in the Navy. In August 1943, Kenn...

Eaker, Ira, 1896-1987

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Air Force officer. From the description of Reminiscences of Ira Clarence Eaker : oral history, 1974. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122451540 From the description of Reminiscences of Ira Clarence Eaker : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86147461 U.S. Army officer, U.S. Air Force officer, aviation pioneer, aircraft industry executive, and newspaper columnist. From th...

Menzies, Robert, 1894-1978

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cg01w4 (person)

Prime Minister of Australia, 1939-1941 and 1949-1966. Leader of the Federal Opposition, 1943-1949. Member of the House of Representatives for Kooyong, Victoria, 1934-1966. Founder of the Liberal Party of Australia. From the description of Papers of Sir Robert Menzies, 1905-1978. 1905-1978. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 219969931 Federal politician and former Liberal Prime Minister. See "Who's who in Australia" 1977, p. 770. From the description of Le...

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tf3tcr (corporateBody)

Astor, Vincent, 1891-1959

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65q548r (person)

Carter, Jimmy, 1924-

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Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.), thirty-ninth president of the United States, was born on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery. His father, James Earl Carter, Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy, a registered nurse. He was educated in the Plains public schools, attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a B.S. from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946. In the Navy he became a ...

Lovett, R. S. (Robert Scott), 1860-1932

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jm2hv5 (person)

Kosygin, Aleksey Nikolayevich, 1904-1980

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v99ph3 (person)

Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vd6wkc (person)

George Catlett Marshall (b. December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania-d. October 16, 1959, Washington, D.C.), had a long and auspicious career in the United States (U.S.) Army and to the United States. He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901 and served his country as U.S. Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, Envoy to China, Army Chief of Staff, and as President of the American Red Cross. Marshall, America's first five-star general, was born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, ...

Georgian Manganese Company (Chiatura, Georgian S.S.R.)

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Vance, Cyrus R. (Cyrus Roberts), 1917-2002

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p1g6k (person)

Cyrus R. Vance was born on March 27, 1917, in Clarksburg, West Virginia. He attended Yale University and earned his B.A. in 1939 and his LL.B. in 1942. He began governmental work in 1957 by helping to draft the National Space Act of 1958. In 1961, John F. Kennedy appointed him general counsel and, in 1962, promoted him to secretary of the army. In 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Vance deputy secretary of defense. After resigning in 1967, Vance was asked by Johnson to ensure federa...

Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z31x1j (person)

Dean Rusk (1909-1994), U.S. Secretary of State, born in Cherokee County, Georgia. From the description of University of Georgia faculty papers, 1952, 1971-1995. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477809 Dean Rusk was born in Cherokee County, Ga., on February 9, 1909. He attended Davidson College, graduating in 1931 as a Rhodes Scholar. He then attended St. John's College, Oxford. In 1946 he became assistant chief of the Division of International Security Affairs of the U.S. De...

Palisades Interstate Park Commission

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Byrnes, James F. (James Francis), 1882-1972

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James F. Byrnes was born on May 2, 1882, in Charleston, South Carolina, to Elizabeth McSweeney and James Byrnes. On May 2, 1906, he married Maude Busch, who was born in Aiken, SC, on October 22, 1883. Byrnes was elected Court Solicitor of the Second District in 1908; U.S. Congressman from 1911-1925; U.S. Senator from 1931-1941. He was appointed to serve as a Justice of U.S. Supreme Court 1941-1942. He also served as Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization, 1942; Director of the Office o...

Kennedy, Robert F. (Robert Francis), 1925-1968

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Robert Francis Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also referred to by his initials RFK and occasionally by the nickname Bobby, was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator from New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968. He was the brother of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Senator Edward Moore Kennedy. Kennedy and his brothers were born into a wealthy,...

Schuman, Robert, 1886-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z614hb (person)

Abel, Elie.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t160q9 (person)

American journalist. From the description of Elie Abel papers, 1941-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872107 Journalist, b. 1920. From the description of Reminiscences of Elie Abel : oral history, 1970. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122512700 Elie Abel (b. Oct. 17, 1920, Montreal–d. July 22, 2004, Rockville, Md.), a former foreign and domestic correspondent at both The New York Times and NBC News, dean of the Gr...

Ayub Khan, Mohammad, 1907-1974

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zt0s3n (person)

Swope, Herbert Bayard, 1882-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6833wgh (person)

Epithet: of the River Club New York British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000564.0x00016e Bernard Mannes Baruch was a financier and head of several war committees, including chairman of the War Industries Board, 1918-1919, and U.S. representative to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, 1946. From the guide to the Speech before the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, June 14, 1946, 1946, (Amer...

Hoffman, Paul G. (Paul Gray), 1891-1974

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f872kq (person)

Businessman and government official. From the description of Papers, 1928-1972. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70944301 ...

Chadwin, Mark Lincoln

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qr7cbm (person)

Spaak, Paul-Henri, 1899-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m647g5 (person)