National Jewish Welfare Board, Bureau of War Records, 1940-1969 undated, 1940-1969 (bulk 1943-1946)


National Jewish Welfare Board, Bureau of War Records, 1940-1969 undated, 1940-1969 (bulk 1943-1946)

The Bureau of War Records include approximately 85,000 individual service files and 320,000 surrogate index cards collected by the BWR and the Greater New York War Records Committee on behalf of Jewish soldiers and sailors who served in World War II. The BWR also conducted surveys of Jewish doctors, dentists, farmers and refugees who served in the United States Armed Forces and compiled population studies for cities containing Jewish populations greater than 25,000, among them Trenton, N.J. and New York City. The individual service files typically provide a soldier's name, age, rank, serial number, service branch, home address, civilian occupation, next of kin, awards and casualties. These files contain supporting documentation culled from newspapers, telephone conversations, and correspondence exchanged among BWR staff and volunteers, service personnel and their families, and representatives of the United States Armed Forces. The alphabetical master cards series serves as an abbreviated, annotated index for the more substantial individual service files of Jewish service personnel who won awards or suffered casualties during the war.The Bureau maintained correspondence files for permanent staff members including Salo Baron, Edward Burnstein, Louis Dublin, Elisha Friedman, Dr. Maurice Hexter, Rabbi Edward Israel, Samuel Kohs, Louis Kraft, Samuel Leff, Harry Lurie, Herbert Marks, Benjamin Rabinowitz, Philip Schiff, Selma Schnaper, Jerome Seidman, David Turtletaub, Frank Weil, Milton Weill, Arthur Weyne, and Joseph Zubin. The Bureau also preserved correspondence with representatives of local war records committees, religious and community service organizations including the United Service Organization, Jewish Community Centers, Hebrew Associations, and the National Refugee Service, as well as publishers, alumni associations, and military personnel from the offices of United States Army, Navy, and Quartermaster General's office. It retained copies of published and printed materials including studies, lists, guides, forms, and cards. Among the vital records are charts depicting the BWR administrative hierarchy; personnel and staff records; lists of volunteers and field representatives employed throughout the United States; minutes of meetings; annual, quarterly, and special reports; budget materials; and policies and procedures implemented during the war records program.

225.4 linear feet (272 legal-sized manuscript boxes, 293 index card boxes, one medium oversize manuscript box (18 x 14), one oversize MAP folder (42 x 24))






SNAC Resource ID: 6345933

Related Entities

There are 27 Entities related to this resource.

National Jewish Welfare Board (corporateBody)

Origins of the National Jewish Welfare Board (1913-1919) Organized in 1917 to meet the needs of Jewish servicemen in the Armed Forces, the National Jewish Welfare Board (JWB) became a national federation of local agencies and social service institutions dedicated to meeting the social, cultural, intellectual, physical and spiritual needs of the American Jewish community. The roots of JWB can be traced to the founding of the Council of Young Men's Hebrew and Kindred Associations (YMHA-KA) ...

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Weyne, Arthur (person)

Turtletaub, David (person)

Kraft, Louis (person)

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National Refugee Service (U.S.) (corporateBody)

Weill, Milton, 1891- (person)

Leff, Samuel, 1909- (person)

Weil, Frank L. (Frank Leopold), 1894-1957 (person)

Lawyer and social worker, of New York, N.Y. From the description of Papers, 1898-1958. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70960584 ...

Seidman, Jerome (person)

Hexter, Maurice Beck, 1891-1990 (person)

Hexter earned his Harvard AM in 1922 and his PhD in 1924. From the description of Community organization : final paper submitted to Professor James Ford, June 6, 1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075456 From the description of Review of The New State, M. P. Follett, May 21, 1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075457 Executive, of New York, N.Y. From the description of Correspondence and reports, 1928-1938 [microform]. (Brand...

Lurie, Harry L. (Harry Lawrence), 1892-1973 (person)

Harry L. Lurie (1892-1973), social work administrator, educator, and editor, was executive director of the Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1930-1935, and of the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, 1935-1954. From the description of Harry Lawrence Lurie papers, 1927-1958. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63313595 ...

JCC Association (corporateBody)

Schiff, Philip, 1901- (person)

Dublin, Louis I. (Louis Israel), 1882-1969 (person)

Dr. Dublin, vice president and statistician of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, was with that institution from 1909-1952. His analytic studies on birth rates, vital statistics trends, suicide, accident rates, mortality rates of whites and African-Americans, and the increasing population of aged Americans raised awareness of the implications these areas had on national medical care, including prevention and costs. He was president, or director, of various public health institutions, inclu...

Friedman, Elisha M. (person)

Epithet: of the Harmonie Club New York British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000564.0x00016d ...

Baron, Salo W. (Salo Wittmayer), 1895-1989 (person)

Biography Salo Wittmayer Baron was instrumental in establishing Jewish Studies as an academic discipline in the United States. An extraordinarily prolific historian, Baron also played an exceptional role in American Jewish organizational life. Baron was born in 1895 in Tarnow, now in Poland but then part of Austrian Galicia. His parents, Elias Baron and Minna Wittmayer Baron, were orthodox Jews, and Elias Baron was a banker and Jewish communi...

Marcus, Joshua (person)

Schnaper, Selma (person)

Marks, Herbert (person)

National Jewish Welfare Board. Bureau of War Records (corporateBody)

The National Jewish Welfare Board and its affiliated member organizations established the Bureau of War Records for the purpose of collecting and compiling information about Jewish Americans who served in the United States Armed Forces during World War II. The origins of the Bureau of War Records can be traced back to the experience of the Jewish Welfare Board (JWB) in providing religious and social services to American Jewish soldiers and sailors during and after World War I (see G...

Israel, Edward L., 1896-1941 (person)

Zubin, Joseph, 1900-1990 (person)

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Kohs, S. C. (Samuel Calmin), 1890-1984 (person)

A noted psychologist and social worker, Samuel Kohs was born in New York City. From 1918 to 1922, he was a professor at Reed College, in Portland, Or., and at the University of Oregon. During this time, he was also a psychologist for the Portland Court of Domestic Relations. After he left Portland, from 1924 to 1926, Kohs was the executive director of the Jewish Welfare Federation in California's Alameda County. In 1925, he founded the Oakland Placement and Guidance Service. After he left the Je...

Rabinowitz, Benjamin, 1895-1948 (person)

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