Russian Academy Of Sciences, Archives, St. Petersburg Branc. [Contact repository for more information].
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The Smithsonian Institution was established on August 10, 1846, is a group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. Originally organized as the United States National Museum.James Smithson (1765-1829), a British scientist, left his estate to the United States to found “at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusio...
Joseph Henry (1797-1878, APS 1835), a physicist, was the first secretary and director of the Smithsonian Institution, a post he retained for over three decades. Henry was a leading experimental scientist whose contributions include several discoveries in the field of electromagnetics. He has been credited with the invention of the electromagnet and the telegraph, among other things. Henry was born in 1797 in Albany, New York, the son of William Henry, a teamster, and his wife An...
Arnold Henry Guyot was a geographer and the first to formulate laws of structure and movement of glaciers. He published geography textbooks, 1866-1875, and was professor of physical geography and geology at Princeton University, 1854-1884. From the description of Correspondence, 1857-1882. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122316399 Geographer and geologist. From the description of Letter of A. Guyot, circa 1857. (Unknown). WorldCat re...
The Board of Regents is the governing body of the Smithsonian Institution, created by the Act of August 10, 1846, which established the Institution and gave form to the trust received from its English benefactor, James Smithson. The Board's composition has varied over time. At present it consists of two ex officio members, the Vice-President of the United States and the Chief Justice of the United States (by custom, its Chancellor), three members of the House of Representatives and ...