Chaillé-Long, C. (Charles), 1842-1917

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American soldier, African explorer, and writer, born in Princess Anne, Md. Served in the Union Army during the Civil War, and in 1869 was commissioned in the Egyptian army under Gen. C.G. Gordon. In 1887₆89 served as consul general and secretary to the legation in Korea.

From the description of Letters to S.S. McClure, 1891-1892. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 54859849

Soldier, explorer, diplomat, writer.

From the description of Letters, to Henry Vignaud, 1894-1898. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34365892

Soldier, explorer, and diplomat.

From the description of C. Chaillé-Long papers, 1809-1918 (bulk 1863-1918). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71061116

Biographical Note

  • 1842, July 2: Born, Princess Anne, Md.
  • 1860: Educated, Washington Academy, Maryland
  • 1861 - 1865 : Civil War service, private to captain
  • 1869 - 1870 : Commissioned lieutenant colonel, Egyptian Army; professor of French, military school, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1871 - 1873 : Served Alexandria infantry, General Staff, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1874 - 1877 : Chief of staff to Charles George Gordon
  • 1874: Executed treaty annexing Uganda to Egypt; discovered Lake Ibrahim, Nile Valley; promoted to colonel
  • 1877: Published Central Africa: Naked Truths of Naked People. New York: Harper & Brothers
  • 1880: Graduated, Columbia University Law School, New York, N.Y.
  • 1881: Served international tribunals, Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1882: United States consul, Alexandria, Egypt, during bombardment of the city by the British Mediterranean Fleet; decorated Cross of Commander of the Osmanieh
  • 1883: Practiced international law, Paris, France
  • 1884: Published The Three Prophets. New York: D. Appleton and Co.
  • 1887 - 1889 : United States consul general to Korea; explored Qualelpart Island and Han River
  • 1890: Married Marie Amelie Hammond
  • 1891: Published Les Sources du Nil. Rouen: Impr. de E. Cagniard
  • 1897 - 1900 : Served U.S. special commissions, Paris, France
  • 1901: Decorated, Légion d'Honneur
  • 1908 - 1916? : Editorial staff member, Washington Sunday Star
  • 1917, Mar. 24: Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the C. Chaillé-Long Papers, 1809-1918, (bulk 1863-1918), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Ardouin, D. F. person
correspondedWith Baratieri, Oreste person
correspondedWith Beresford, Charles William de la Poer Beresford, Baron, 1846-1919 person
correspondedWith Blair, Montgomery, 1813-1883 person
correspondedWith Field, Sue Virginia person
correspondedWith Gavillot, J. C. Aristide (Jean Claude Aristide), b. 1837 person
correspondedWith Giraud, Paul person
correspondedWith Giraud, Paul person
associatedWith Gordon, Charles George, 1833-1885. person
correspondedWith Ismail, Khedive of Egypt, 1830-1895 person
correspondedWith Jusserand, J. J. (Jean Jules), 1855-1932 person
correspondedWith Le Myre de Vilers, Charles Marie, 1833-1918 person
associatedWith McClure, S. S. (Samuel Sidney), 1857-1949, person
correspondedWith Orillat, Paul H. person
correspondedWith Proctor, Edward Dean person
correspondedWith Taillet, Paul person
associatedWith Tavillot, J. C. Aristide. person
associatedWith Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Nile River
Alexandria (Egypt)
Alexandria (Egypt)
Nile River


Birth 1842

Death 1917

Related Descriptions


Ark ID: w68h1bqd

SNAC ID: 13256744