Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837

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Nathaniel Macon (December 17, 1757 – June 29, 1837) was an American politician who represented North Carolina in both houses of Congress. He was the fifth Speaker of the House, serving from 1801 to 1807. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1815 and a member of the United States Senate from 1815 to 1828. He opposed ratification of the United States Constitution and the Federalist economic policies of Alexander Hamilton. Thomas Jefferson dubbed him "Ultimas Romanorum"—“the last of the Romans”.

During his political career he was spokesman for the Old Republican faction of the Democratic-Republican Party that wanted to strictly limit the United States federal government. Along with fellow Old Republicans John Randolph and John Taylor, Macon frequently opposed various domestic policy proposals, and generally opposed the internal improvements promoted by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun.

An earnest defender of slavery, Macon voted against the Missouri Compromise in 1820. In the 1824 presidential election, he received several electoral votes for vice president, despite declining to run, as the stand-in running-mate for William Harris Crawford. He also served as president of the 1835 North Carolina constitutional convention.

After leaving public office, he served as a trustee for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and protested President Andrew Jackson's threat to use force during the Nullification Crisis.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837. Letter : Washington, to Thomas Worthington, 1810 April 9. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1758-1837. Nathaniel Macon letters, 1815; 1826; 1835 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn James McHenry Papers, 1775-1862, (bulk 1775-1816) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Worthington, Thomas, 1773-1827. Papers, 1731-1908. Library of Congress
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1758-1837. Resolution : Congress of the United States, in the House of Representatives, 1807 Jan. 16. Newberry Library
creatorOf Alabama. Governor (1819-1820 : W.W. Bibb). Administrative files, 1819-1820. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Steele, John, 1764-1815. John Steele papers, 1716-1846 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Wirt, William, 1772-1834. Papers of the Carr family [manuscript] 1804-1826. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1762 - 1984. Letters Received, 1805 - 1889 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf Hall family. Papers, 1785-1923. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837. ALS : Washington, D.C., to Alexander James Dallas, 1814 Mar. 16. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Tazewell family. Papers, 1756-1931. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1758-1837. Letters of Nathaniel Macon, 1801-1812. Library of Congress
referencedIn Randolph, John, 1773-1833. Letter, 1811 November 4, Washington to John St. G. Randolph, "Bizarre," near Farmville [Cumberland County], Virginia. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Worthington, Thomas, 1773-1827. Papers of Thomas Worthington, 1795-1827. Library of Congress
referencedIn McHenry, James, 1753-1816. James McHenry papers, 1775-1862 (bulk 1775-1816). Library of Congress
creatorOf Bankhead, Anne Cary Randolph, 1791-1826,. Carr-Cary Papers [manuscript], 1785-1839. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf Tait family. Papers, 1786-1899. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Bankhead, Anne Cary Randolph, 1791-1826,. Correspondence of the Jefferson family [manuscript] 1789-1858. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nathaniel Macon Letters, ., 1815; 1826; 1835 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Cadwallader, Sylvanus, b. 1825 or 6. Sylvanus Cadwallader papers, 1818-1904 (bulk 1862-1866 and 1880-1898). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jones and Clarke papers, 1784-1816. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Bruce, William Cabell. Collection of papers relating to John Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon, Creed Taylor, R.N. Venable, and James M. Garnett, 1791-1922. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Bryan, William S. William S. Bryan papers, 1818-1879 (bulk 1848-1879) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837. Letter [manuscript] : Washington, to Thomas Worthington, 1810 April 9. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1758-1837. Nathaniel Macon letters to John Randolph, [manuscript], 1810-1830. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Yancey, Bartlett, 1785-1828. Bartlett Yancey papers, 1800-1828 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Sylvanus Cadwallader Papers, 1818-1904, (bulk 1862-1898) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Eaton, John Rust, fl. 1794-1815. John Rust Eaton papers, 1794-1815; 1910 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837. Letter, 1833 August 1, Buck Spring [Warren County, North Carolina] to Judge William Leigh, Halifax County, Virginia. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837. Papers of Nathaniel Macon [manuscript], 1798-1874. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Macon, Nathaniel, 1757-1837. Papers, 1798-1854. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1779-1821. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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associatedWith Bayard, James A. (James Asheton), 1767-1815, person
associatedWith Beckley, John James, 1757-1807. person
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associatedWith Bruce, William Cabell. person
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correspondedWith Cadwallader, Sylvanus, b. 1825 or 6. person
associatedWith Cameron, Duncan, 1777-1853, person
associatedWith Campbell, George Washington, 1769-1848. person
associatedWith Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Dallas, Alexander James, 1759-1817, person
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associatedWith Edwards, Weldon Nathaniel, 1788-1873. person
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associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826, person
associatedWith Jones, Jo. Seawell (Joseph Seawell), 1811?-1855. person
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associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
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associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1792-1828) corporateBody
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associatedWith Troup, George Michael, 1780-1856, person
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associatedWith United States Naval Academy corporateBody
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associatedWith Yancey, Bartlett, 1785-1828. person
associatedWith Yancey, Charles, 1770-1857, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Warren County NC US
Warrenton NC US
Subject
Politicians--Correspondence
Banks and banking
Presidents--Election--1824
Creek Indians--Treaties
Newspaper publishing--History--19th century
Patronage, Political--History--19th century
Taxation--Law and legislation--History
Foreign ministers--History--19th century
Nullification (States' rights)
Abolitionists
Tobacco industry--History--18th century
Politicians
Presidents--Election--1836
Burr Conspiracy, 1805-1807
Federal government--History
Cherokee Indians--Relocation
Banks and banking--history--19th Century
Judicial power--History
Currency question--History--19th century
Debts, Public--History--19th century
African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.--History--19th century
Secession
States' rights (American politics)
Legislators--Correspondence
Presidents--Election, 1800
Occupation
Senators, U.S. Congress--North Carolina
Speakers of the House, U.S. Congress
State politicians
Representatives, U.S. Congress--North Carolina
Public officials--North Carolina
Soldiers
Diplomats
Function

Person

Birth 1758-12-17

Death 1837-06-29

Male

Americans

English

Information

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