Farmer, James, 1920-1999Alternative names
Civil rights leader, author, labor organizer, and teacher.
From the description of Farmer, James Leonard, Jr., and Lula Peterson, Papers, 1908-, 1921- (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 19795927
Civil rights leader, author, labor organizer, and teacher, James Leonard Farmer, Jr. was born on January 12, 1920, in Marshall, Texas. He earned degrees from Wiley College (1938) and the Howard University School of Divinity (1940). Farmer went on to found the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) which played a key role in the Civil Rights movement, particularly in launching the Freedom Rides in the summer of 1961. These bus rides tested the federal interstate transportation accomodations at bus terminals. Combined with other CORE non-violent acts, the Freedom Rides led in part to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Bill of 1964, and to the Civil Rights Voting Act the following year. Farmer is widely recognized as one of the Civil Rights movement's "Big Four," along with Martin Luther King, Jr., Roy Wilkins of the NAACP, and Whitney Young of the National Urban League.
In 1998 President Bill Clinton awarded Farmer the nation's highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Farmer died on July 9, 1999.
From the guide to the James Leonard, Jr. and Lula Peterson Farmer Papers AR NUMBER: 87-90; 89-251; 92-335; 89-207; 88-115; 88-162; 87-139; 87-159; 87-205; 97-296; 99-083; 99-213; 2000-28., 1908, 1921-1999, (Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Civil rights movement|
|Government employee unions|
|African Americans--Civil rights--Sources|
|African American civil rights workers|
|Labor unions--Government employees--United States--Sources|
|Civil rights demonstrations|
|Segregation in transportation|
|Civil rights demonstrations--United States--Sources|
|African Americans--Civil rights|