Duke, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Newton), 1855-1929

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Tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, and philanthropist, of Durham, N.C.

From the description of Papers, 1834-1984 (bulk 1884-1929). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 122600897

From the description of Benjamin Newton Duke papers, 1834-1984. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19405927

  • 1855, Apr. 27: Born to Washington and Artelia Roney Duke; Orange Co., N.C.
  • 1856: Brother, James Buchanan Duke, born
  • 1858: Mother, Artelia Roney Duke, died of typhoid
  • 1871: Enrolled New Garden School (later Guilford College), near Greensboro, N.C.
  • 1874: Father moved family to Durham proper
  • 1877, Feb. 21: Married Sarah Pearson Angier
  • 1878: Duke, Sons and Company established
  • 188?, Oct. 3: Son, George Washington Duke, born. Died at age 2 or 3
  • 1884, Dec. 8: Son, Angier Buchanan Duke, born
  • 1887, Nov. 16: daughter, Mary Lillian Duke, born
  • 1889: Elected member Board of Trustees, Trinity College
  • 1890 - 1890 ? : Director, American Tobacco Company
  • 1891: Brought William A. Erwinto Durham. Established Erwin Mills
  • 1893 - 1922 : President, The Fidelity Bank of Durham, N.C.
  • 1898: Delegate, General Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1905, June 22: Southern Power Company established by Benjamin N. and James B. Duke, (later Duke Power Company)
  • 1905, May 8: Father, Washington Duke, died
  • 1923, Sept. 3: Son, Angier Buchanan Duke, died
  • 1925, Oct. 10: Brother, James Buchanan Duke, died
  • 1929, Jan. 8: Died New York City. Buried in family mausoleum at Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, N.C.
  • 1936: Remains removed to the Memorial Chapel of Duke University Chapel along with those of father, Washington Duke, and brother, James Buchanan Duke
  • 1936, Sept. 3: Wife, Sarah Pearson Angier Duke, died

Benjamin Newton Duke took a leading role in the development of the tobacco, textile and hydroelectric power industries in North Carolina. He served as president of Citizens National Bank in Durham, N.C., and of the Southern Railway Company. Along with his brother, James Buchanan Duke, and their partner, George Washington Watts, Benjamin Duke held substantial investments in a variety of enterprises throughout the United States.

Benjamin Duke took a primary role in conducting the Duke family's philanthropies from the late 1880s until his death. Between 1892 and 1927 it is estimated he contributed to over 400 organizations or institutions, including churches, hospitals, orphanages, schools and universities. This does not take into account assistance given to relatives and other individuals.

From the guide to the The Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1984, bulk 1884-1929., (Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Stokes, Inez Duke (Angier). Papers, 1888-1975. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Biddle, Mary Duke, 1887-1960. Family papers, 1894-1960 (bulk 1920-1939). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Duke University. University Archives. University Archives Photographic Negative Collection, 1855-1995. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Biographical Reference Collection, ., 1972 - 2004 University Archives, Duke University.
referencedIn William Robertson Perkins Papers, 1903-1967 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Flowers, Robert Lee. Robert Lee Flowers records, 1891-1968. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Dailey, Betty. Papers, 1924-1928. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Angier, Lida Aurelia Duke, 1862-1959. Papers, 1899-1928, 1948 and n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn The Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1984, bulk 1884-1929. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
referencedIn James Buchanan Duke Papers, 1777-1990 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925. James Buchanan Duke papers, 1777-1990 (bulk 1890s-1930s). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Durham, Robert Lee, 1870-1948. Robert Lee Durham papers, 1888-1946. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Semans family. Papers, 1878-1991 (bulk 1920-1991). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf The Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1984, bulk 1884-1929. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn James Buchanan Duke Papers, 1777-1990 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Erwin Cotton Mills. Erwin Cotton Mills Records, 1832-1976, bulk 1892-1967. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
referencedIn Kilgo, John C. (John Carlisle), 1861-1922. John C. Kilgo records and papers, 1888-1970 (bulk 1894-1920). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn James Buchanan Duke Papers, 1777-1990 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Semans family. Semans family papers, 1809-2008 (bulk 1920-1991) Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
referencedIn The Benjamin Newton Duke Papers, 1834-1984, bulk 1884-1929. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Duke, Benjamin Newton, 1855-1929. Benjamin Newton Duke papers, 1834-1984. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Semans Family Papers, 1878-2008 and undated Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
creatorOf Duke, Benjamin Newton, 1855-1929. Papers, 1834-1984 (bulk 1884-1929). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Semans family. Semans family papers, 1920-2001 and n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Duke Memorial. Duke Memorial records, 1929-1936. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Sands, Alexander Hamilton, Jr. Papers, 1910-1918. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith A. J. D. Biddle, Jr. person
associatedWith Alaska Dredging and Power Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Alaska Dredging and Power Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Alaska Dredging and Power Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Alfred de Cordova & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Allen person
associatedWith Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity corporateBody
associatedWith American Cigar Co. corporateBody
associatedWith American Machine and Foundry Co. corporateBody
associatedWith American Snuff Co. corporateBody
associatedWith American Tobacco Company. corporateBody
associatedWith American Trust Co. corporateBody
associatedWith American Type Founders Co corporateBody
correspondedWith Angier B. Duke person
associatedWith Angier Biddle person
associatedWith Angier, Lida Aurelia Duke, 1862-1959. person
associatedWith Annie and Robert Duke person
associatedWith Anthony Drexel Duke person
associatedWith Anthony J. D. Biddle, Jr. person
associatedWith Arrington, Richard B., d. 1913. person
associatedWith Artelia (Roney) Duke person
associatedWith Asheville Ice and Coal Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Bank of Harnett, Duke, N.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Banks and Trust Companies. corporateBody
associatedWith Biddle, Anthony Joseph Drexel, 1896-1961. person
associatedWith Biddle, Mary Duke, 1887-1960. person
associatedWith B. L. Duke person
associatedWith B. N. Duke person
associatedWith British-American Tobacco Co., Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Brodie L. Duke person
associatedWith Canada, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Canal Bank & Trust Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Cateret Lodge corporateBody
associatedWith C. L. Mitchell person
associatedWith Consolidated Tobacco Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Cotton Mills corporateBody
associatedWith Dailey, Betty. person
associatedWith Dallas Cable Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Dallas Cable Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Daniel O'Dell & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Dixie Fire Insurance Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Doris Duke person
associatedWith Duke, Angier Buchanan person
associatedWith Duke, Angier Buchanan, 1884-1923. person
associatedWith Duke, Benjamin Newton person
associatedWith Duke, Cordelia Biddle person
associatedWith Duke Farm corporateBody
associatedWith Duke Farms, Orange Co., N.C., ( corporateBody
associatedWith Duke Farms, Stables, Orange Co., N.C., and New York, N.Y. (2 folders) corporateBody
associatedWith Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925. person
associatedWith Duke Memorial. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke Quarry ( corporateBody
associatedWith Duke, Sarah person
associatedWith Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier person
associatedWith Duke, Sarah Pearson Angier, 1856-1936. person
associatedWith Duke University. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University, East Campus corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. University Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke, Washington person
associatedWith Durham Electric Lighting Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Durham Electric Lighting Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Durham Fertilizer Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Durham Fertilizer Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Durham, Robert Lee, 1870-1948. person
associatedWith Erwin Cotton Mills. corporateBody
associatedWith Erwin Mills (Durham, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Erwin Mills (Firm : Durham, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fellowes, Davis & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Fidelity and Deposit Co. of Maryland corporateBody
associatedWith First National Bank of Winston, N.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Flowers, Robert Lee. person
associatedWith George W. Helme Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia Railway and Power Co. corporateBody
associatedWith German-American National Bank of New Orleans corporateBody
associatedWith Grassmere corporateBody
associatedWith Great Falls Power Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Guaranty Trust Co. of New York corporateBody
associatedWith Guaranty Trust Co. of N.Y. corporateBody
associatedWith G. W. Hill person
associatedWith Halsted & Harrison corporateBody
associatedWith H. J. Blauvelt person
associatedWith H. J. Blauvent person
associatedWith Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Imperial Tobacco Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Irvington-on-the-Hudson corporateBody
associatedWith James Haywood Southgate person
associatedWith J. B. Duke person
associatedWith Jim Butler Tonopah Mining Co. corporateBody
associatedWith John Acero Angier person
associatedWith John C. Kilgo person
associatedWith Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Kilgo, John C. (John Carlisle), 1861-1922. person
associatedWith Kittrell College: B.N. Duke Library corporateBody
associatedWith Lady Georgiana North person
associatedWith Lady Mary Reynolds person
associatedWith Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Lily Parrish Flowers person
associatedWith Limestone College corporateBody
associatedWith Lincoln Memorial University corporateBody
associatedWith Lyon, Duke person
associatedWith MacAndrews and Forbes Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Marc Anthony Apartments corporateBody
associatedWith Mary Duke Biddle person
associatedWith Mary Lillian Duke person
associatedWith Mayo Mills. corporateBody
associatedWith Mayo Mills. corporateBody
associatedWith M. D. Biddle person
associatedWith Mellon National Bank corporateBody
associatedWith Methodist Church corporateBody
associatedWith Moore & Schley corporateBody
associatedWith Morton Trust Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Moses Hester's person
associatedWith Mr. and Mrs. B. N. Duke person
associatedWith National Bank of Commerce in New York corporateBody
associatedWith Newburger, Henderson & Loeb corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina Society of New York corporateBody
associatedWith Odell Manufacturing Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Oglethorpe University corporateBody
associatedWith Oxford Orphan Asylum corporateBody
associatedWith Peace Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Perkins, William Robertson, 1875-1945 person
associatedWith Pigeon River Power Plant corporateBody
associatedWith Plato Tracy Durham person
associatedWith P. Lorillard Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Porto Rican American Tobacco Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Prof. Doud person
associatedWith Raymond, Pynchon & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Republic Iron and Steel Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Reuben Oscar Everett) person
associatedWith Reyhing & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Richard H. Wright person
associatedWith R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. corporateBody
associatedWith R. L. Flowers person
associatedWith (Roney-Duke family
associatedWith Sands person
associatedWith Sands, Alexander H., 1891-1960. person
associatedWith Sands, Alexander Hamilton, Jr. person
associatedWith Sarah Pearson Angier Duke person
associatedWith Sarah Pearson Duke person
associatedWith Seaboard Air Line Railway corporateBody
associatedWith Semans family family
associatedWith Semans family. family
associatedWith Semans family. person
associatedWith Semans, Mary Duke Biddle Trent. person
associatedWith Social Welfare agencies corporateBody
associatedWith Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Solomon River Hydraulic Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Audit Co. of New York, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Conservatory of Music ( corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Investment Co. of Canada, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Pacific Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Power Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Railway Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Spray Water Power and Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Spray Water Power and Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Stokes, Inez Duke (Angier) person
associatedWith The American Tobacco Co. corporateBody
associatedWith The Chatham and Phenix National Bank of N.Y. corporateBody
associatedWith The Citizens National Bank of Durham, N.C. corporateBody
associatedWith The Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. corporateBody
associatedWith The Fidelity Bank corporateBody
associatedWith The Fidelity Bank of Durham, N.C. corporateBody
associatedWith The Hanover National Bank of N.Y.C. corporateBody
associatedWith The Pullman Co. corporateBody
associatedWith The Second National Bank corporateBody
associatedWith The Southern Cotton Oil Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Tobacco Stemmer Stock corporateBody
associatedWith Trinity College corporateBody
associatedWith Trinity College (Durham, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Trinity Park High School corporateBody
associatedWith Union Exchange Bank corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington Duke person
associatedWith W. Duke, Sons & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Weyman-Bruton Co. corporateBody
associatedWith William H. Butler person
associatedWith Y.W.C.A. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
North Carolina
North Carolina
Durham (N.C.)
Subject
Tobacco industry
Universities and colleges
Electric utilities
Banks and banking
Textile industry
Governors--Election
Industry
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1855-04-27

Death 1929-01-08

Information

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SNAC ID: 68265422