Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914

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William Whitman Bailey (1843-1914) held the position of botanist on the United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel in 1867. Due to ill health, he was replaced in 1877 by Sereno Watson. Bailey went on to teach botany at Brown University becoming Professor of Botany in 1881. He retired in 1906.

From the description of William Whitman Bailey papers 1867-1904. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 47060036

From the description of William Whitman Bailey papers, 1867-1904. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155462747

Botanist; professor of Botany at Brown University; poet; artist (botanical subjects).

From the description of William Whitman Bailey papers, 1856-1914, n.d. (bulk 1880s-1914). (Brown University). WorldCat record id: 122639638

William Whitman Bailey (1843-1914) was born in West Point, New York, to Jacob Whitman Bailey and Maria Slaughter. In 1852 the Baileys were aboard the ship Henry Clay when it collided with another ship and ran aground near Yonkers, New York. Whitman and his father survived, but his mother and sister were killed. Jacob Whitman never fully recovered from the incident and died in 1857. William was sent to live with his uncle in Providence, Rhode Island, and three years later his oldest brother Samuel also died, leaving William and his brother Loring as the only surviving Baileys. William Bailey briefly attended Brown University in 1860 and in 1862 enlisted in the 10th Rhode Island Volunteers, only to be discharged because of ill health. He studied botany with Asa Gray and in 1867 was named botanist for the U.S. Geological Exploration of the 40th parallel, but his poor health led him to leave the expedition early. He continued to do a variety of botanical work and in 1877 was made a professor of botany at Brown. He married Eliza Randall Simmons in 1881. Bailey published several botanical texts, including the Botanical collector's handbook (1881), New England wild flowers and their seasons (1895), and Among Rhode Island flowers (1895). He was also a successful botanical artist.

From the description of Letters on the U.S. Geological Survey of the 40th Parallel, c.1867-1906. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 772647157

Bailey (Brown University, B.A. 1864) in 1867 joined the 40th Parallel Geological Survey Expedition as the botanists. He taught the first botany class offered at Brown in 1877; was appointed professor in 1881 and retired from teaching in 1914.

From the description of Papers of William Whitman Bailey, 1884-1914 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 40271873

Botanist; Professor, Brown University, 1881-1906.

From the description of Scrapbook, [ca.1880-1910]. (Brown University). WorldCat record id: 122647910

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Scudder, Samuel Hubbard, 1837-1911. Letter : Boston, [Mass., to] W.W. Bailey, Providence, [R.I.], 1865 Jan. 26. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. William Whitman Bailey papers, 1856-1914, n.d. (bulk 1880s-1914). Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. Plant and tree scrapbook, 1899. Northbridge Historical Society
referencedIn Charles Darwin letters, ca. 1865-1882 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882. Charles Darwin letters, ca. 1865-1882. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Herbarium Research Library, 1880s-1920s John Hay Library, Special Collections
creatorOf Rider, Sidney S. (Sidney Smith), 1833-1917. Papers, 1900-1912. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. Papers of William Whitman Bailey, 1884-1914 (inclusive). Harvard University, Botany Libraries
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. Recollections of Sarah Helen Whitman ; [ca. 1890]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Watson, Sereno, 1826-1892. Papers of Sereno Watson, 1852-1885 (inclusive). Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Abbe" to "Bigler". Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. Letters on the U.S. Geological Survey of the 40th Parallel, c.1867-1906. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. Recollections of West Point and miscellaneous items pertaining to Thomas L. Snead [manuscript], 1874-1907. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Natural Science manuscripts collection, 1817-1918 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857,. Letters from Jacob Whiteman Bailey (1811-57) to his mother, brother, and others written from West Point Military Academy [manuscript] 1832-1876. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. William Whitman Bailey papers 1867-1904. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. Recollections of West Point and miscellaneous items pertaining to Thomas L. Snead [manuscript], 1874-1907. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914,. Scrapbook, [ca.1880-1910]. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Deane, Walter, 1848-1930. Papers of Walter Deane, 1881-1929 (bulk). Harvard University, Botany Libraries
referencedIn Natural Science manuscripts collection, 1817-1918 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857. Bailey family papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Whitman, Sarah Helen, 1803-1878. Recollections of Sarah Helen Whitman, 1905 [manuscript], 1872-1905. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Boyce, Thomas E. Letter : Jennings Seminary, Aurora, Ill., to W[illiam] W[hitman] Bailey, 1883 Dec. 19. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Day, Mary Anna, 1852-1924. The herbaria of New England 1900-1902 (inclusive). Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
creatorOf Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914. William Whitman Bailey papers, 1867-1904. New York State Historical Documents
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857. person
associatedWith Bailey, L. W. (Loring Woart), 1839-1925, person
associatedWith Bailey, William M., person
associatedWith Bailey, William Whitman, 1843-1914, Prof. person
associatedWith Boyce, Thomas E. person
associatedWith Brown University corporateBody
associatedWith Brown University. Dept. of Botany. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown University. Dept. of Botany. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown University. Herbarium corporateBody
associatedWith Chamblin, J. A., person
associatedWith Collins, J. Franklin (James Franklin), b. 1863. person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882. person
associatedWith Day, Mary Anna, 1852-1924. person
associatedWith Deane, Walter, 1848-1930. person
associatedWith Gardiner, James. person
associatedWith King, Clarence, 1842-1901. person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith New England Botanical Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Peyton, Green, d.1897, person
associatedWith Poe, Edgar Allan, 1809-1849. person
associatedWith Rider, Sidney S. (Sidney Smith), 1833-1917. person
associatedWith Rogers, William Barton, 1804-1882, person
associatedWith Scudder, Samuel Hubbard, 1837-1911. person
associatedWith Snead, Thomas L. (Thomas Lowndes), 1828-1890, person
associatedWith Stoddard, Richard Henry, 1825-1903. person
associatedWith United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel (1867-1881) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Geological Survey of the Fortieth Parallel (1867-1881) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Geological Survey of the Fortieth Parallel, (1867-1881) corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Watson, Sereno, 1826-1892. person
associatedWith Whitman, Sarah Helen, 1803-1878 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Rhode Island
United States
West (U.S.)
Rhode Island
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
New England
California
United States
Rhode Island
Nevada
Subject
Botanists
Plants
Voyages to the Pacific coast
Botany
Flowers
Botany--Study and teaching (Higher)
Books and reading
Botanists--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc
Botany--Pictorial works
Botanical illustration
Occupation
Poets
Function

Person

Birth 1843

Death 1914

English

Information

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