Jones, James, 1921-1977

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James Jones, author, was born November 6, 1921 in Robinson Illinois. He served in the U.S. Army, 1939-1944. Jones lived in Albuquerque, New Mexico in 1950, where he finished his first and most important novel. From Here To Eternity was published in 1951 and won the National Book Award for fiction that year. Although he wrote other novels, short stories and worked on several screen plays, including "The Longest Day," he never again won the critical acclaim of his first book. Jones was nearing completion of his sixth novel, Whistle, when he died in 1977 in Southhampton, New York.

From the guide to the James Jones Letter, 1951, (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

American novelist.

From the description of James Jones Papers, 1890-1981 (bulk 1941-1978). (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 78685600

Author. Born in Robinson Ill.; died in Southhampton, N.Y. In 1950 lived in Albuquerque, N.M. where he finished his first novel, From here to eternity.

From the description of Letter, 1951 Jan. 10. (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 33084406

American author.

From the description of James Jones collection, 1953-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80239599

From the description of James Jones collection, 1953-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702152874

James Ramon Jones (1921-1977), author, wrote from Here to Eternity and nine other books, including Some Came Running, The Thin Red Line, and Whistle.

From the description of James Jones papers, 1926-1977 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702131623

James Ramon Jones was born to Ramon and Ada Blessing Jones on November 6, 1921. He enlisted in the United States Army upon graduation from high school in his native Robinson, Illinois, in 1939 and was sent to Hawaii, where he served in the 27th Infantry. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 Jones studied at the University of Hawaii while awaiting his regiment's combat assignment. At the end of 1942 his unit landed on Guadalcanal, where he was wounded in January 1943.

Transferred to a military hospital in Memphis for extended treatment, Jones received an honorable discharge from the army in 1944 and returned to Illinois to live with Lowney Handy and her husband Harry. Jones began to pursue a literary career, moving to New York in early 1945 to attend New York University. There he met Maxwell Perkins of Scribner's and was sufficiently encouraged to submit a novel entitled They Shall Inherit the Laughter in early 1946. Perkins turned the manuscript down but gave Jones an advance on a story idea about the pre-WWII army in Hawaii.

Back in Illinois, Jones wrought his army experiences into a novel, From Here to Eternity, published by Scribner's in 1951. The astonishing critical and popular success of Eternity launched his career, and virtually guaranteed a market for his subsequent work. Part of the proceeds from Eternity were used by Jones to help the Handys establish a writers' colony in Marshall, Illinois.

After his marriage to Gloria Mosolino and the publication, to mixed reviews, of Some Came Running, Jones left Illinois for New York and, eventually, Paris, where the couple settled in 1959. Their Paris sojourn became an extended residence, and James and Gloria were central figures in the postwar European literary scene. In the early 1960s Jones published The Pistol and (in continuation of Eternity ) The Thin Red Line . He also began a subsidiary career as a script writer for motion pictures.

Responding to an attractive multi-book contract offer from Dell, Jones left Scribner's at the end of 1964. In the following years he published Go to the Widow-maker and The Ice-cream Headache and Other Stories, but work on the final volume of his military trilogy was interrupted twice to produce The Merry Month of May and A Touch of Danger . In the years after 1964 Jones served as a European talent scout for Dell and spent considerable time critiquing and encouraging young writers.

Following a reportorial trip to Viet Nam in early 1973 Jones published Viet Journal and began to think seriously of a return to the United States. In 1974 he accepted a one-year teaching position at Florida International University in Miami, and wrote the text for the illustrated history WWII . At the end of his FIU tenure, James Jones moved to Sagaponack, Long Island, and began again to work on Whistle, the culmination of the story begun with From Here to Eternity . Struggling with increasing health problems, Jones worked in 1976 and early 1977 to complete Whistle . Following his death on May 9, 1977, his friend Willie Morris added an outline of the unfinished final chapters of the novel, which was published in 1978.

From the guide to the James Jones Papers, 1890-1981, (bulk 1941-1978), (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin)

James Ramon Jones was born in Robinson, Illinois, on November 6, 1921. After graduating from high school in 1939, he enlisted in the Army and was stationed in Hawaii, first at Hickham Field and then at Schofield Barracks. He was on guard duty when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Jones attended the University of Hawaii part-time, but his education was interrupted when his division was transferred to Guadalcanal in 1943. After being wounded he was shipped back to the United States and was discharged in 1944.

Jones lived with Harry and Lowney Handy in Robinson, Illinois, until 1945, when he moved to New York. He attended New York University for a semester. He met Maxwell Perkins and submitted the first draft of "They Shall Inherit the Laughter" to Charles Scribner's Sons. While Scribner's did not accept the manuscript, they did offer Jones an advance of $500.00 for a second novel, From Here to Eternity . He returned to Illinois to live with the Handys while he wrote From Here to Eternity . In 1948 The Atlantic accepted Jones's short story "The Temper of Steel," his first published work. From Here to Eternity was published in 1951 to much critical acclaim, receiving the National Book Award in 1952. In 1953, the film From Here to Eternity was released and it too was a commercial success, winning six Academy awards.

Jones continued to live near the Handys in Marshall, Illinois, until 1957, when he married Gloria Patricia Mosolino. Some Came Running was published in 1958. In that same year he sailed for Europe, settling in Paris where his daughter, Kaylie Ann, was born on August 5, 1960. He returned to the United States to make final revisions of The Thin Red Line (1962) and to work as a consultant and writer for the film The Longest Day . While vacationing in Jamaica in 1963, he began work on Go to the Widow-Maker (1967). The publication of Go to the Widow-Maker was followed by The Ice Cream Headache and other Stories (1968), The Merry Month of May (1971), A Touch of Danger (1973), Viet Journal (1974), and WWII (1975).

Jones left Paris in 1974 to accept a position as visiting professor and writer in residence at Florida International University. He remained in Florida until 1975 when he moved to Sagaponack, Long Island. Despite failing health, he began work on his final book, Whistle (1978), which was left incomplete at his death on May 9, 1977.

From the guide to the James Jones papers, 1926-1977, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. James Jones Papers, 1890-1981 (bulk 1941-1978). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Lewis, Judy. James Jones, Judy Lewis gift, 1951-1997. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf James Jones Papers, 1890-1981, (bulk 1941-1978) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers of Robert Graves: Correspondence (arranged by correspondent), c1909 to 2004 St John's College, Oxford
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Beauford Delaney collection, 1964-1977. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Taradash, Daniel, 1913-. From here to eternity : screenplay / by Daniel Taradash. De Anza College
creatorOf Malick, Terrence, 1945-. The Thin red line : second draft screenplay / by Terrence Malick. University of Missouri-Kansas City, Miller Nichols Library; Health Sciences Library; Dental Library
creatorOf Lindower, Howard Nelson, 1933-. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Hendrick, George,. George Hendrick collection of James Jones materials, 1948-1988. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Harper's magazine records, 1847-1983 (bulk 1940-1983). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harper's Magazine Records, 1847-1983, (bulk 1940-1983) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf James Jones Papers, 1890-1981, (bulk 1941-1978) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. From here to eternity. Chapter XII. Hello, goodbye, and farewell / story and teleplay, Tony Palmer ; executive producers, Harve Bennett and Harris Katleman ; supervising producer, Lionel E. Siegel ; producer, Carl Pingitore ; executive story editor, Tony Palmer. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Krim, Seymour, 1922-. Papers of Seymour Krim, 1953-1990. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Hendrick, George,. George Hendrick collection of Samuel Arthur Jones materials, 1872-1941. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. Bennett Cerf papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. James Jones collection, 1953-1978. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Malick, Terrence, 1945-. The Thin red line : revised first draft screenplay / by Terrence Malick ; based on the novel by James Jones. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. James Jones collection, 1953-1978. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. Letter, 1951 Jan. 10. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. James Jones page proofs and letter [manuscript], 1951,1965. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf James Jones papers, 1926-1977 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. James Jones typescripts. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Walthall, Melvin C., 1920-. [Scrapbook dedicated to the memory of James Jones]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Howie, Helen,. Helen Howie gift of James Jones materials, 1940. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Bennett Cerf Papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf James Jones Letter, 1951 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. James Jones papers, 1926-1977 (inclusive). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Malick, Terrence, 1945-. The Thin red line : based on the novel by James Jones / screenplay by Terrence Malick. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Jones, James, 1921-1977. From here to eternity : original manuscript / [James Jones]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Marshall (Ill.)
Paris (France)
Marshall (Ill.)
Hawaii
Solomon Islands--Guadalcanal
Illinois
United States
Subject
World War, 1939-1945
Publishers and Publishing
Literature--History and criticism
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Solomon Islands--Guadalcanal
Authors and publishing
Novelists, American--20th century--Biography
Authors, American
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
Best sellers
World War, 1939-1945--Hawaii
Soldiers as authors
Occupation
Authors
Writer, Prose, Fiction and Nonfiction
Soldiers--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1921-11-06

Death 1977-05-09

Americans

German,

English,

French

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