Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979

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Beauford Delaney (1901-1979), American artist.

Don Freeman (1908-1978), American artist and author of children's book.

From the description of Beauford Delaney letters to Don, Lydia, and Roy Freeman, 1950-1976 (bulk 1950-1968). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702164674

Beauford Delaney was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, the third child of the Reverend Samuel Delaney and Delia Johnson Delaney. He attended the Knoxville Colored School and later studied art with an elderly Knoxville artist. In 1924 Delaney went to Boston where he studied at the Massachusetts Normal School and the South Boston School of Art; he also attended evening classes at the Copley Society.

Delaney went to New York in 1929, settling at first in Harlem. He painted society women and professional dancers at Billy Pierce's dancing school on West 46th Street which gained him a reputation as a portraitist. His first one-man show which consisted of five pastels and ten charcoal drawings was at the 135th Street Branch Library of the New York Public Library in 1930. During the same year three of his portraits were included in a group show at the Whitney Studio Galleries, the predecessor of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Delaney also taught part-time at a progressive school in Greenwich Village.

By the late 1940s Beauford Delaney had become a significant figure on the art scene. He illustrated "Unsung Americans Sung," (1944) a book of black musical tributes edited by W.C. Handy, he had had a series of one-man shows in New York and Washington, D.C. and had exhibited in group shows in a number of other cities. In 1945 he showed his first series of portraits of writers Henry Miller and James Baldwin. In 1949 he began an association with the Roko Gallery in New York where he exhibited annually until 1953.

In 1953 Delaney left New York with the intention of settling in Rome but a visit to Paris turned into a permanent stay. He had two studios in Paris, the first in the suburbs of Clamart and the other in the Rue Vincingetorix. In Paris Delaney exhibited in one-man and group shows at the Gallerie Paul Fachetti (1960), the Centre Culturel Americain (1961 and 1972), the Galerie Lambert (1964), the Musee Galleira (1967) and the Galerie Darthea Speyer (1973) among other places. The latter was a major showing of a selection of his work from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s and the catalog contained tributes by James Jones, James Baldwin and Georgia O'Keefe. Delaney also exhibited in England, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and the United States. The Paris years saw the creation of several masterpieces including portraits of singer Marian Anderson and writer Jean Genet. During this period he also created a series of interiors and studies in watercolor.

Some time in the late 1970s Beauford Delaney became mentally ill. He was institutionalized and died on March 26, 1979 at St. Ann's Hospital in Paris. Delaney's last one-man show in the United States was at the Studio Museum in Harlem in 1978, inaugurating that museum's Black Masters Series. Delaney's work is in several private collections and in the collections of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - The New York Public Library, The Studio Museum in Harlem, the Newark Museum and the Whitney Museum of American Art.

From the description of Beauford Delaney collection, 1964-1977. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652037

Painter, specializing in portraits, Beauford Delaney was born in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1901. An art teacher with whom he studied in Knoxville encouraged him to get further training in Boston, where he studied at three schools. Arriving in New York in 1929, he began meeting and painting many of the prominent black personalities, such as W.E.B. DuBois and W.C. Handy. As an admirer of jazz and other forms of music, he later made portraits of Duke Ellington, Ethel Waters, Louis Armstrong and Marion Anderson. Delaney exhibited in several locales in New York, and in the late 1940's he began his association with the Roko Gallery. During this period he also became acquainted with James Baldwin and Henry Miller, who would become his life long friends. In 1953 he planned to visit Rome for a few months, instead his brief stop in Paris extended until his death in 1979.

Delaney's work was exhibited at many galleries in Paris from the late 1960's through the early 1970's, where at one point his paintings were described as being completely independent from the currents of the art world. Many of his works of the late 1950's to early 1960's were abstracts and art critics often commented on his unique use of light and color. Delaney was influenced by European art music and African art. After suffering from two nervous breakdowns, Delaney died in Paris in 1979.

From the description of Beauford Delaney letters, 1958-1963. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652091

Beauford Delaney (1901-1979), American artist.

Don Freeman (1908-1978), American artist and author of children's book.

From the description of Beauford Delaney letters to Don, Lydia, and Roy Freeman, 1950-1976 (bulk 1950-1968) (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80465300

Beauford Delaney (1901-1979), artist, was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. In 1929 he moved to New York where he gained a reputation as a portraitist. Delaney spent the last 26 years of his life in Paris.

Larry Wallrich, founder of the Phoenix Bookshop in Greenwich Village, was a close friend of Delaney's and assisted him in the sale of his paintings in the United States.

From the description of Beauford Delaney letters to Larry Wallrich, 1950-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702138376

Painter, specializing in portraits, Beauford Delaney was born in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1901. An art teacher with whom he studied in Knoxville encouraged him to get further training in Boston, where he studied at three schools. Arriving in New York in 1929, he began meeting and painting many of the prominent black personalities, such as W.E.B. DuBois and W.C. Handy. As an admirer of jazz and other forms of music, he later made portraits of Duke Ellington, Ethel Waters, Louis Armstrong and Marion Anderson. Delaney exhibited in several locales in New York, and in the late 1940's he began his association with the Roko Gallery. During this period he also became acquainted with James Baldwin and Henry Miller, who would become his life long friends. In 1953 he planned to visit Rome for a few months, instead his brief stop in Paris extended until his death in 1979.

Delaney's work was exhibited at many galleries in Paris from the late 1960's through the early 1970's, where at one point his paintings were described as being completely independent from the currents of the art world. Many of his works of the late 1950's to early 1960's were abstracts and art critics often commented on his unique use of light and color. Delaney was influenced by European art music and African art. After suffering from two nervous breakdowns, Delaney died in Paris in 1979.

From the guide to the Beauford Delaney letters, 1958-1963, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Jaffe, Shirley, 1923-. Oral history interview with Shirley Jaffe 2010 Aug. 27-28. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Seeman, Joan French. Joan Seeman papers, 1973-1981. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Beauford Delaney letters to Don, Lydia, and Roy Freeman, 1950-1976 (bulk 1950-1968). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Beauford Delaney letters, 1958-1963. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Beauford Delaney letters to Larry Wallrich, 1950-1962. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gentry, Herbert, 1919-2003,. Oral history interview with Herbert Gentry, 1991 May 23 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Beauford Delaney collection, 1964-1977. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford. [Beauford Delaney] : artist file John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library, Ringling Museum Library
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Roko Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Roko Gallery records, 1929-1982, bulk 1970-1978. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf DELANEY, BEAUFORD. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
creatorOf Jenkins, Paul, 1923-. Paul Jenkins papers, 1940-2007. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1951. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Galerie Darthea Speyer records, 1953-2010 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Newark Museum. Curatorial records of Against the Odds: African American Artists and the Harmon foundation, exhibition, 1926-1990 and undated. Newark Museum
creatorOf Jenkins, Paul, 1923-. Paul Jenkins papers, 1940-2007. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Beauford Delaney letters to Don, Lydia, and Roy Freeman, 1950-1976 (bulk 1950-1968) Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Miller, Henry, 1891-1980. Original proofs and pics : The amazing and invariable Beauford DeLaney / by Henry Miller. University of Colorado Boulder
creatorOf Beauford Delaney letters, 1958-1963 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Hirschfeld, Al. Al Hirschfeld papers, 1931-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Galerie Darthea Speyer (Paris, France). Galerie Darthea Speyer records, 1953-2010. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Calcagno, Lawrence, 1913-1993. Lawrence Calcagno papers, 1934-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Delaney, Beauford, 1901-. Beauford Delaney letter to Charles Nagel, 1967, Feb.16. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Delaney, Beauford, 1901-1979 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Beauford Delaney collection The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Al Hirschfeld papers, 1931-1983 Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Baldwin, James, 1924-1987. person
associatedWith Beauford Delaney, person
associatedWith Boggs, Charles person
associatedWith Boggs, Charles. person
associatedWith Boggs, Charles. person
associatedWith Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1993. person
associatedWith Calcagno, Lawrence, 1913-1993. person
associatedWith Califano, Edward C person
associatedWith Califano, Edward C. person
associatedWith Calloway, Cab, 1907-1994. person
associatedWith De Kooning, Elaine. person
associatedWith Delaney, Joseph, 1904-1991. person
associatedWith Facchetti, Paul. person
associatedWith Freeman, Don, 1908-1978. person
associatedWith Freeman, Lydia. person
associatedWith Freeman, R. person
associatedWith Freeman, Roy. person
associatedWith Galerie Darthea Speyer (Paris, France) corporateBody
associatedWith Galerie Internationale. corporateBody
associatedWith Gentry, Herbert, 1919-2003, person
associatedWith Hayden, Palmer. person
associatedWith Hirschfeld, Al person
associatedWith Hirschfeld, Al. person
associatedWith Jaffe, Shirley, 1923- person
associatedWith Jenkins, Paul, 1923- person
associatedWith Jones, James, 1921-1977. person
associatedWith Koenig, John Franklin, 1924-2008. person
associatedWith Long, Richard. person
associatedWith Long, Richard. person
associatedWith Long, Richard A., 1927- person
associatedWith Miller, Henry, 1891-1980. person
associatedWith Nagel, Charles, 1899-1992. person
associatedWith Newark Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Roko Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Seeman, Joan French. person
associatedWith Speyer, Dathea. person
associatedWith Stone, Lynn. person
associatedWith Stone, Lynn M person
associatedWith Swanson, Howard, 1907-1978. person
associatedWith The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Wallrich, Larry. person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
France--Paris
United States
France--Paris
United States
France--Paris
France--Paris
France--Paris
United States
United States
Subject
African American painters--France--Paris
African American artists--France--Paris
Painting
Painterss
Expatriate painters--France--Paris
African American artists
Painters
African American painters
Artists
Painting, American--20th century--Exhibitions
Expatriate painters
Painters--United States
Occupation
Painters--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1901-12-30

Death 1979-03-25

Americans

English,

French

Information

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SNAC ID: 18447094