Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910

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Painter, engraver; New York, N.Y.

From the description of Worthington Whittredge letter to John Ferguson Weir, 1871. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84920069

From the description of Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1940s-1965 (bulk 1849-1908). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 227190558

Painter.

From the description of Worthington Whittredge sale records, 1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82098546

Worthington Whittredge (1820-1910) was a painter, engraver of New York, N.Y.

From the description of Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 276394120

Thomas Worthington Whittredge (1820-1910) was born in 1820 in Springfield, Ohio. Receiving very little formal education, he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio at the age of 17 to serve as an apprentice house and sign painter. A few years later, in his early twenties, he briefly ran a daguerreotype studio in Indianapolis, Indiana, and worked as a portrait painter in Charleston, West Virginia.

In 1843 Whittredge decided to pursue landscape painting, and was greatly influenced by Hudson River School artist Thomas Cole. In 1849 he traveled to Düsseldorf, Germany, to further his training at the Düsseldorf Academy. There, he met painter Emanuel Leutze and modeled for Leutze's painting Washington Crossing the Delaware (1850). He lived for a year in the home of landscape painter Andreas Achenbach and became friends with Carl Friedrich Lessing. Whittredge spent the summer of 1856 sketching in Switzerland with Albert Bierstadt. That fall Whittredge and Bierstadt moved to Rome where they were joined by fellow artists Sanford Robinson Gifford and William Stanley Haseltine.

Whittredge stayed in Italy until 1859 when he returned to America and settled in New York City, renting a space at Richard Morris Hunt's famous Tenth Street Studio Building, which was frequented by some of the best-known artists, writers, and actors of the time. He kept company with Jervis McEntee, Eastman Johnson, Sanford Robinson Gifford, John Ferguson Weir, and other artists of the "old guard". Whittredge quickly became a very successful artist, adapting what he had learned in Europe to the American landscape. He was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1860 and became a full member in 1862. He also served as President of the National Academy of Design from 1874 to 1877.

In 1866 Whittredge went along on a government inspection tour of the Missouri Territory and was greatly inspired by the landscape. He traveled to Colorado in 1870 with John Frederick Kensett and Sanford Gifford and, in the late 1870s, began painting these new landscapes. He moved with his family to Summit, New Jersey, in 1880. In 1893 he went on a sketching trip to Mexico with fellow artist Frederic Church and continued painting into the early 1900s. Around this time he also began writing his autobiography which he completed in 1905. Worthington Whittredge died in 1910 at the age of 89.

From the guide to the Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Janson, Anthony F. Anthony F. Janson research material on Worthington Whittredge, 1969-2003. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Stebbins, Alfred,. Alfred Stebbins autograph collection, 1834-1872. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880. Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s, bulk 1855-1881. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878. William Cullen Bryant and Parke Godwin papers, 1821-1901. Archives of American Art
referencedIn American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969) Archives of American Art
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Worthington, Whittredge : artist file. Indianapolis Museum of Art Library
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Revell-Whitridge Family Papers, 1813-1946. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917. James Carroll Beckwith papers, 1878-1924. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Adams, Philip Rhys, 1908-. Oral history interview with Philip Rhys Adams, 1976 Sept. 29. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Spring, Rebecca. Rebecca Spring papers, ca. 1830-1900. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Katzenbach, William E., 1904-1975. William E. Katzenbach papers, 1948-1970. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Worthington Whittredge letter to John Ferguson Weir, 1871. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Beer, S. [Worthington Whittredge's Tenth St. studio] / [graphic] photographed by S. Beer. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Duveen, Albert,. Albert Duveen collection of artists' letters and ephemera, 1808-1910. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Weir, John Ferguson, 1841-1926. John Ferguson Weir papers, 1838-1957 (inclusive), 1861-1928 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Revell family. Revell-Whitridge families papers, 1813-1946. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Stebbins, Alfred. Alfred Stebbins autograph collection, 1834-1872. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Weir family. Weir family papers, 1823-1930. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1940s-1965 (bulk 1849-1908). Archives of American Art
referencedIn American Federation of Arts. American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969). Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. Records, Exhibition negatives: installations. Drawings of the Hudson River School. 1969-1970. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s Archives of American Art
referencedIn Adams, Philip Rhys, 1908-1993. Philip Rhys Adams interview, 1976 Sept. 29. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art, 1728-1966. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1840s-1965, bulk 1849-1908. Archives of American Art
referencedIn McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891. Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lewis, Henry, 1819-1904. Henry Lewis and family papers, 1829-1965. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art, 1728-1966 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919. Julian Alden Weir papers, 1869-1966. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880. Sanford Robinson Gifford papers, 1840s-1900, circa 1960s-1970s, bulk 1855-1881. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
creatorOf Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Worthington Whittredge sale records, 1900. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Adams, Philip Rhys, 1908-1993. Oral history interview with Philip Rhys Adams, 1976 Sept. 29. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Evans, William T., 1843-1918. William T. Evans letters, 1842-1969. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Whittredge, Worthington : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
creatorOf Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884. James Lawrence Claghorn papers, 1849-1882. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Janson, Anthony F. Anthony F. Janson research material on Worthington Whittredge, 1969-2007. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Wilkinson, Edith. Letter to E.P. Richardson and biographical notes on Worthington Whittredge, 1957. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art, 1728-1966. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Philip Rhys, 1908-1993. person
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917. person
associatedWith Beer, S. person
associatedWith Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896. person
associatedWith Brady, Mathew B., 1823(ca.)-1896. Recollections of the art exhibition, Metropolitan Fair person
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. corporateBody
associatedWith Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878. person
associatedWith Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884. person
associatedWith Duveen, Albert, person
associatedWith Evans, William T., 1843-1918. person
associatedWith Gifford, Sanford Robinson person
associatedWith Gifford, Sanford Robinson, 1823-1880. person
associatedWith Greene, M. Louise (Maria Louise) person
correspondedWith Hanna, Joseph person
associatedWith Indianapolis Museum of Art Stout Reference Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Janson, Anthony F. person
associatedWith Katzenbach, William E., 1904-1975. person
associatedWith Lewis, Henry, 1819-1904. person
associatedWith McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891. person
associatedWith Metropolitan Fair (1864 : New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Spring, Rebecca. person
associatedWith Stebbins, Alfred. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Weir family. family
associatedWith Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841. person
associatedWith Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919. person
associatedWith Wilkinson, Edith. person
associatedWith Zorn, Anders, 1860-1920. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Indiana
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Painters
Painting, American
Landscape painters
Artists
Engraving--American
Landscape painters--New York (State)--New York
Engravers
Vertical files (Libraries)
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1820-05-22

Death 1910-02-25

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w6vd717x

SNAC ID: 62116251