Hearne, Sam Houston

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Sam Houston's colorful public life began with his heroic action during the War of 1812. He served as congressman and governor of Tennessee, spent years among the Indians, was commander-in-chief of the Texas army in the Texas Revolution, then president of the Republic of Texas, and later Texas senator and governor.

Chronology of Sam Houston's Life and Career

  • March 2, 1793: Houston's birth to Samuel and Elizabeth (Paxton) Houston in Rockbridge County, Virginia
  • 1813: Enlisted in the United States Army
  • May 1818: Resigned from the Army as a first lieutenant, to begin the study of law
  • October 1818: Elected district attorney of Nashville, Tennesse, district
  • ca. 1819: Appointed adjutant general of the Tennessee state militia with rank of colonel
  • 1821: Elected major general of the state militia
  • 1823: Elected to U.S. House of Representatives as delegate from Tennessee
  • 1825: Re-elected to U.S. Congress
  • 1827: Elected governor of Tennessee
  • 1829: Married and separated from Eliza H. Allen of Gallatin, Tennessee
  • 1829: Resigned as governor of Tennessee
  • 1829 - 1835 : Served as business and diplomatic agent for the Cherokees in the Indian Territory
  • 1832: Houston's probable first trip into Texas
  • 1833: Returned to Texas to attend the Convention of 1833 as a representative of Nacogdoches
  • 1835: Elected delegate to the Consultation, and the General Council elected him major general of the Texas Army
  • 1836: Elected delegate to the Convention of 1836; elected commander-in-chief of the Texas Army; led army to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21
  • 1836 - 1838 : Elected and served as President of the Republic of Texas
  • 1839 - 1841 : Elected and served as representative from San Augustine County to the Fourth and Fifth Congresses
  • 1840: Married Margaret Moffette Lea in Marion, Alabama
  • 1841 - 1844 : Elected and served second term as President of the Republic of Texas
  • 1845: Elected delegate from Montgomery County to the Convention of 1845
  • 1846 - 1859 : Elected by the Texas Legislature to the U.S. Senate
  • 1856: Discussed as possible presidential candidate for the Know-Nothing Party
  • 1857: Defeated in election for governor of Texas
  • 1859: Elected governor of Texas
  • 1860: Discussed as possible presidential candidate for the Constitutional Union Party
  • 1861: Declined to take the oath of allegiance to the Confederacy and was ousted as governor by the Secession Convention
  • July 26, 1863: Died at his home in Huntsville, Texas

From the guide to the Sam Houston Hearne Collection 21794369., 1820-1929, (Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sam Houston Hearne Collection 21794369., 1820-1929 Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Eliza H. person
associatedWith Allen, Robert Thomas Pritchard person
associatedWith Austin, Stephen F. (Stephen Fuller), 1793-1836 person
associatedWith Bee, Barnard E. person
associatedWith Bell, Peter Hansborough person
associatedWith Bryan, Guy Morrison, 1821-1901 person
associatedWith Buchanan, James person
associatedWith Collinsworth, James person
associatedWith Cosley, Michael see Costley, Michael person
associatedWith Costley, Michael person
associatedWith Currey, Ben F. person
associatedWith Dickson, David Catchings person
associatedWith Ellis, Richard person
associatedWith Fillmore, Millard person
associatedWith Fisher, Henry Francis person
associatedWith Hall, Warren D. C. person
associatedWith Houston, Andrew Jackson person
associatedWith Houston, Antoinette Power person
associatedWith Houston, Elizabeth Paxton person
associatedWith Houston, Margaret Lea, 1819-1867 person
associatedWith Houston, Margaret Lea, 1848-1906 person
associatedWith Houston, Mary William person
associatedWith Houston, Nannie E. person
associatedWith Houston, Sam person
associatedWith Houston, Sam, 1793-1863 person
associatedWith Houston, Sam, family. person
associatedWith Houston, Sam, Jr. person
associatedWith Houston, Sam, Jr., 1843-1894 person
associatedWith Houston, Temple Lea person
associatedWith Houston, William Rogers person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845 person
associatedWith Johnston, Albert Sidney person
associatedWith Jones, Anson person
associatedWith Jones, Anson, 1798-1858 person
associatedWith Lamar, Mirabeau B. person
associatedWith Mathews, Thomas person
associatedWith Miller, Washington D. person
associatedWith Pease, Elisha Marshall person
associatedWith Polk, James K. person
associatedWith Rogers, William P. person
associatedWith Royston, Mart H. person
associatedWith Rusk, Thomas Jefferson person
associatedWith Santa Anna, Antonio Lopez de, 1794? -1876 person
associatedWith Scott, Winfield person
associatedWith Seguin, Juan Nepomuceno person
associatedWith Smith, Henry person
associatedWith Somervell, Alexander person
associatedWith Thruston, Algernon Sidney person
associatedWith Thurston, Algernon Sidney see Thruston, Algernon Sidney person
associatedWith Van Zandt, Isaac person
associatedWith Wharton, William Harris person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico
Nacogdoches, Texas
Huntsville, Texas
Independence, Texas
Camp Vigilance (Texas)
San Augustine, Texas
Sabine River (Texas)
Austin, Texas
Washington County, Texas
Camp Independence (Texas)
San Saba County, Texas
Bastrop, Texas
Camp Bowie (Texas)
Neches River (Texas)
Washington, D.C.
Subject
Alcoholic beverages
Phrenology
Convention of 1833
Annexation
Broadsides
Caddo Indians
Texas--Republic
Texas. Constitutions
United States--Congress--Senate
Religion
Medicine--Practice
Know--Nothing Party see also Constitutional Union Party
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836
Temperance
Statehood--Texas see Annexation
Tonkawa Indians
Texas--Boundary dispute--New Mexico
Indians of North America see also names of individual tribes
Elections, presidential--United States
Indians--Treaties
Sectionalism
Lipan Apache Indians
Texas. Legislature
Cherokee Indians
Ioni Indians see Caddo Indians (Ionies)
Education--Costs
Civil War, 1861-1865 - Texas
Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Military supplies--Texas. Republic
Military affairs--Texas
Texas--Politics and government
Popular sovereignty
Constitutional Union Party see also Know--Nothing Party
Provisional government of Texas
Consultation of 1835
Medical practice
Democratic Party
Mexico. Army
Mexican War, 1846-1848
American Party see Know--Nothing Party
Christianity
Texas--Boundaries
San Jacinto, Battle of, 1836
Elections, presidential--Texas. Republic
Secession
Louisiana--Boundary--Texas
Treaties--Indians
Treaties
Bastrop Military Institute
Texas--Governors
Military posts
Wars see Names of individual wars
San Jacinto, Battle of
Comanche Indians
Songs and singing--Texas
Wilmot proviso
Religious life
Scarlet fever
Texas Revolution
New Mexico--Boundary--Texas
Texas--Boundaries--Louisiana
Slavery
Texas--Boundary--New Mexico
Kansas--Nebraska Act
Constitutions--Texas see Texas. Constitutions
Land grants
Somervell Expedition
Liquor see Alcoholic beverages
Boundary disputes see under Individual location
Texas--Annexation to the United States
Indians of North America--Government relations
Mexico--Foreign relations
Elections--Texas--History--19th century
Tariff
Patriotism
Army of the Republic of Texas see Texas. Republic. Army
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846
Indians of North America--Texas
Alabama Indians
Politics and politicians--Texas
Texas--Republic--Army
Whig party
Boundaries see under Individual location
Occupation
Function

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