Saunders, Mira B. Culin

Variant names

Hide Profile

Biographical Note

Charles Francis Saunders (1859-1941) was born to Quaker parents in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He and his first wife, Elisabeth Hallowell Saunders (d. 1910), were both avid naturalists; Charles began publishing essays on botany as early as the 1890s. Charles and Elisabeth also collaborated on a number of publications, he as author, she as illustrator. After a honeymoon trip to California and the Southwest in 1902, the couple moved permanently to California in 1906 and settled in a Craftsman bungalow on North Lake Avenue in Pasadena, where Charles devoted himself full time to writing. He eventually published more than a dozen books inspired by California and the Southwest. Both Charles and Elisabeth were amateur photographers, and many of their photographs were used to illustrate Saunders' books, The Indians of the Terraced Houses (1912) and Under the Sky in California (1913).

In 1921, Saunders married Mira Barrett Culin (d. 1968) whom he had met at the Pasadena Garden Club. Also a writer, Mira shared Saunders' interest in gardens, botany, and photography. For many years, Mira published articles on Pasadena gardens, parks and trees in the Pasadena Star News, for which she took dozens of photographs.

First with Elisabeth, and then with Mira, Saunders travelled extensively throughout California and the Southwest, photographing all of the California Missions, the regions' natural wonders, Native Americans, and flora, among other things. These interests became the subjects of 18 books and numerous essays and articles Saunders published in his lifetime. Many of these books were illustrated with photographs taken by their author on his many excursions.

Saunders' collection of Native American pottery and crafts is now in the collection of the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, and his botanic library is in the possession of the Santa Barbara Botanic Gardens.

[Source: Apostol, Jane. "Southern California Through the Lens of Charles Francis Saunders," Southern California Quarterly, volume 81 (Spring 1999): 1-88.]

From the guide to the Charles Francis Saunders and Mira Culin Saunders Collection of Photographs and Negatives, ca. 1871-1965, (bulk 1910s-1920s), (The Huntington Library)

Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Arnold, A. E. person
associatedWith Asistencia San Antonio de Pala (Pala, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Autrey, Max Munn. person
associatedWith Avila Adobe (Los Angeles, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Barry, Guy. person
associatedWith Brooks, Ernest H. person
associatedWith Camp Bonita (San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Carter's Camp (Little Santa Anita Canyon, Los Angeles County, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Chase, J. Smeaton (Joseph Smeaton), b. 1864- person
associatedWith Conger, Edwin H. (Edwin Hurd), 1843-1907 person
associatedWith Eddy, Lindley. person
associatedWith Edmunds, George F. (George Franklin), 1828-1919 person
associatedWith Eytel, Carl, 1862-1925 person
associatedWith Frashers Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith General M.G. Vallejo Home (Sonoma, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Gilbert and Bacon. corporateBody
associatedWith Gutenkunst, F. person
associatedWith Haskin, I. O. person
associatedWith Lamson, Joseph Harrison, 1840-1902 person
associatedWith Mission La Purisima Concepcion (Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Carlos Borromeo (Carmel, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Francisco Solano (Sonoma, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Gabriel Arcangel (San Gabriel, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Jose (Alameda County, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Juan Capistrano corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa (San Luis Obispo, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Miguel Arcangel (San Miguel, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Rafael Arcangel corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.) corporateBody
associatedWith Morris, Marriott C. person
associatedWith Mount Wilson Observatory corporateBody
associatedWith Notel. person
associatedWith Nuestra Senora de la Soledad (Mission : Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith O’Sullivan, St. John, 1874-1933 person
associatedWith Parker, Harold A., 1878-1930 person
associatedWith Phillips, H. C. person
associatedWith Pierce, Wright M. person
associatedWith Plaza Church (Los Angeles, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rancho Camulos (Piru, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith San Antonio de Padua (Mission) corporateBody
associatedWith San Buenaventura Mission corporateBody
associatedWith San Diego Mission corporateBody
associatedWith San Fernando, Rey de Espana (Mission : San Fernando, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith San Francisco de Asis Mission (San Francisco, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith San Juan Bautista (Mission : San Juan Bautista, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith San Luis Rey Mission (Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Santa Barbara Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Santa Clara Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Santa Cruz Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Santa Ines Mission (Solvang, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Santuario de Chimayo (Chimayo, N.M.) corporateBody
associatedWith Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941. person
associatedWith Saunders, Elisabeth Hallowell, d. 1910 person
associatedWith Slevin, L. S. (Louis Stanislas), 1878-1945 person
associatedWith Sturtevant's Camp (Big Santa Anita Canyon, Los Angeles County, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Tournament of Roses corporateBody
associatedWith Van Rensselaer, Maunsell, 1897- person
associatedWith Ward Wicart Studios. corporateBody
associatedWith Wenderoth, F. A. person
associatedWith Willard, S. H. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Carpinteria (Calif.)
Panama (Panama)
Elizabeth Lake (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Madera County (Calif.)
Wilson, Mount (Calif. : Mountain)
Saint Helena (Calif.)
Piru (Calif.)
Petrified Forest National Park (Ariz.)
Owens Valley (Calif.)
El Morro National Monument (N.M.)
Tulare County (Calif.)
Thousand Palms (Calif.)
Palm Springs (Calif.)
Orange County (Calif.)
Torrey Pines State Reserve (Calif.)
Merced County (Calif.)
Kings Canyon National Park (Calif.)
San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)
Big Bear City (Calif.)
La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.)
South Pasadena (Calif.)
Death Valley (Calif. and Nev.)
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
Colon (Panama)
Laguna Beach (Calif.)
Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park (Coloma, Calif.)
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
Sandia Pueblo (N.M.)
Yuma (Ariz.)
Camp Cajon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)
Hidden Spring Canyon (Riverside County, Calif.)
Cypress Point (Monterey County, Calif.)
Mojave Desert (Calif.)
Tecate Peak (Calif.)
San Diego (Calif.)
Zaca Lake (Calif.)
Topanga (Calif.)
Angels Camp (Calif.)
Bakersfield (Calif.)
San Francisco (Calif.)
Ensenada (Baja California, Mexico)
Donner Lake (Calif.)
Mount Baldy (Calif.)
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico
Santa Cruz County (Calif.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Balboa Park (San Diego, Calif.)
Casa Grande National Monument (Ariz.)
Long Beach (Calif.)
Mecca Hills Wilderness (Calif.)
Humboldt County (Calif.)
Mariposa County (Calif.)
Red Rock Canyon State Park (Calif.)
La Brea Pits (Calif.)
Tahoe, Lake (Calif. and Nev.)
Salina Cruz (Mexico)
Asti (Calif.)
Monrovia (Calif.)
Avalon (Calif.)
El Salvador
Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park (Calif.)
Bishop (Calif.)
Sonoma (Calif.)
Fisherman’s Wharf (San Francisco, Calif.)
Santa Monica (Calif.)
Espanola (N.M.)
Refugio State Beach (Goleta, Calif.)
San Luis Obispo County (Calif.)
Kern County (Calif.)
Sonoma County (Calif.)
Ballarat (Calif.)
Santa Clara County (Calif.)
Lake County (Calif.)
Mono County (Calif.)
San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Lake Arrowhead (Calif.)
Redwood Highway
Monterey County (Calif.)
Santa Catalina Island (Calif.)
Mission Cliff Gardens (San Diego, Calif.)
Fresno County (Calif.)
Canyon de Chelly National Monument (Ariz.)
Lowe, Mount (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Gaviota Canyon (Lompoc, Calif.)
Robert Louis Stevenson State Park (Calif.)
Devil's Punchbowl (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Whitney, Mount (Calif.)
Malibu Creek State Park (Calif.)
Merced (Calif.)
San Diego County (Calif.)
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
Mendocino County (Calif.)
San Jacinto Mountains (Calif.)
Marin County (Calif.)
Nordhoff (Calif.)
Acoma (N.M.)
San Gabriel (Calif.)
Tuolumne County (Calif.)
Calaveras County (Calif.)
Twentynine Palms (Calif.)
Canal Zone
El Dorado County (Calif.)
San Bernardino County (Calif.)
Point Lobos State Reserve (Calif.)
Golden Gate Park (San Francisco, Calif.)
Olvera Street (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Port Hueneme (Calif.)
San Gorgonio Pass (Calif.)
San Benito County (Calif.)
Big Bear Lake (Calif.)
Brown Mountain (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Santa Barbara County (Calif.)
Napa County (Calif.)
Riverside County (Calif.)
Carmel (Calif.)
Mark Twain-Bret Harte Trail (Tuolumne County, Calif.)
Pinnacles National Monument (Calif.)
Imperial County (Calif.)
Theodore Roosevelt Dam (Ariz.)
Los Padres National Forest (Calif.)
Montecito (Calif.)
Pasadena (Calif.)
San Francisco Peaks (Ariz.)
San Antonio (Tex.)
Llano Colony (Secular community)
Zuni Pueblo (N.M.)
Eaton Canyon (Calif.)
Piru Creek (Calif.)
Summerland (Calif.)
Sutter's Fort (Sacramento, Calif.)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (N.M.)
Painted Desert (Ariz.)
Julian (Calif.)
Point Fermin (Calif.)
Santa Barbara (Calif.)
Cuyama Valley (Calif.)
Bandelier National Monument (N.M.)
Tubac (Ariz.)
Sierra Madre (Calif.)
Ojai (Calif.)
Annapolis (Md.)
New Mexico
Estudillo House (San Diego, Calif.)
Tucson (Ariz.)
Santa Ynez River Valley (Calif.)
Santa Ysabel Indian Reservation (Calif.)
Altadena (Calif.)
New Orleans (La.)
Ventura County (Calif.)
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Inyo County (Calif.)
Monterey (Calif.)
Montezuma Castle National Monument (Ariz.)
Acapulco (Mexico)
Morongo Valley (Calif.)
Little Bear Lake (Calif.)
San Mateo County (Calif.)
Zuni Indians--Photographs
Hohokam architecture--Arizona--Photographs
Horse-drawn vehicles--Photographs
Greyfriars Bobby (Dog)--Photographs
Public buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Oil wells--California--Summerland--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--South Pasadena--Photographs
Oil wells--California--Signal Hill--Photographs
Camping--California--Tuolumne County--Photographs
Carriages and carts--Photographs
Indians of North America--New Mexico--Antiquities--Photographs
Amusement parks--California--Venice (Los Angeles, Calif.)--Photographs
Indians of North America--Arizona--Photographs
Trading posts--Arizona--Photographs
Gardens--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Photography of trees
Library buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Hiking--California--San Gabriel Mountains--Photographs
Indians of North America--New Mexico--Photographs
Orchards--California--San Gabriel Valley--Photographs
Camping--California--Mojave Desert--Photographs
Navajo Indians--Photographs
Canyons--California--San Gabriel Mountains--Photographs
Camping--California--Palm Springs--Photographs
Outdoor recreation--California--Photographs
Photography of gardens
Ranches--California--San Diego County--Photographs
Deserts--New Mexico--Photographs
Canals--Venice (Los Angeles, Calif.)--Photographs
City halls--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Petroglyphs--California--Death Valley--Photographs
Photography of plants
Botanical gardens--California--Photographs
Farms--California--San Gabriel Valley--Photographs
Street vendors--California--Long Beach--Photographs
Commercial buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Campers (Persons)--California--San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)--Photographs
Ranches--California--Riverside County--Photographs
Indian architecture--North America--Photographs
Hot springs--California--Ventura County--Photographs
Hot springs--California--San Diego County--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--San Gabriel--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Library buildings--California--Altadena--Photographs


Active 1871

Active 1965



Ark ID: w6xp7vj8

SNAC ID: 5898161