Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991

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Prentiss Taylor was born 1907 in Washington, D.C. He studied at the Art Students League in New York City and became a noted landscape painter. He spent four months in Charleston, South Carolina in 1933 doing sketches of rundown buildings. Working for the W.P.A., he made a series of lithographs from these drawings. He was also an illustrator about stories of blacks in the South. He served as president of the Society of Washington Printmakers for 34 years and did pioneering work in art theorapy with mental patients at Washington hospitals. He died in 1991. Biographical Source: http://www.askart.com/AskART/artists/biography.aspx?searchtype=BIO&artist=81659 , 2008http://www.mickelsonsframingparkergallery.com/artists/taylor.html , 2008.

From the description of Prentiss Taylor Papers undated. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 432980558

Prentiss Taylor was a southern artist represented at the Weyhe Gallery.

From the description of Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1928-1971, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155899481

Prentiss Taylor (1907-1991) was a lithographer and painter from Washington, D.C.

Sometimes used pseudonyum Baxter Snark. Studied at the Art Students League and under Charles H. Hawthorne in Provincetown, Mass. During early 1930s, he befriended Carl Van Vechten and collaborated with poet Langston Hughes in publishing booklets relevant to the Harlem Renaissance. Returned to his birthplace, Washington, D.C., in 1935, and widely exhibited his work and associated with many organizations, becoming president of the Society of Washington Printmakers in 1942. Worked as an art therapist at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, 1943-1954 and at Chestnut Lodge, Rockville, Md., 1958-1978. Taught painting at American University, 1955-1975.

From the description of Prentiss Taylor papers, 1885-1991. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82466247

Prentiss Taylor was born in 1907 at the Washington, D. C. residence of his maternal grandmother, his birth assisted by his grandmother's cook, affectionately known as Cookie Belle.

In the 1920s, Taylor studied painting with Charles W. Hawthorne in Provincetown, but turned to lithography in the late 1920s to early 1930s during his enrollment at the Art Students League in New York City. He received further training in that medium at the George C. Miller workshop in New York. During this period, he also designed costumes for the American-Oriental Revue. Taylor worked primarily in the printmaking medium for the rest of his life, experimenting with various techniques and compositions and ultimately achieving a status as one this country's great lithographers. Taylor depicted mostly realistic and narrative scenes of subjects and themes that reflected his personal interests in music, architecture, religion and social justice.

During his time in New York, Taylor developed close friendships with poet Langston Hughes and writer Carl Van Vechten. He collaborated with Hughes in the formation of the Golden Stair Press to produce publications reflecting the ideas of the Harlem Renaissance. Taylor created a number of prints and illustration for the press and its publications.

After returning to Washington, D.C., Taylor's work was included in exhibitions at the Corcoran Gallery, the Smithsonian Institution, the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond. He was represented by the Franz Bader Gallery in Washington, D.C., and by the Bethesda Art Gallery in Maryland. In 1942, Taylor was elected President of the Society of Washington Printmakers, a position he held for thirty-four years. He also worked as an art therapist for more than thirty years and taught oil painting at American University from 1955-1975.

Prentiss Taylor died October 7, 1991 in Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Prentiss Taylor papers, 1885-1991, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991. Prentiss Taylor Papers undated. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1932. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Prentiss Taylor papers, 1885-1991 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Toklas, Alice B. Correspondence between Alice B. Toklas and Prentiss Taylor, 1947-1955. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Ward, Lynd, 1905-. Lynd Ward papers, 1934-1964. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf United States. Office of War Information. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1943-1944. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Brown, Adele Smith, 1910-. Oral history interview with Adele S. Brown and William H. Calfee, 1995 Jan. 11. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Gates, Robert Franklin, 1906-1982. Robert Franklin Gates papers, 1910-1988, bulk 1928-1988. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Cone, Etta. Claribel and Etta Cone letters, 1898-1949. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1942(?). University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf TAYLOR, PRENTISS. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
creatorOf Ward, Lynd, 1905-. Lynd Ward and May McNeer papers, 1929-1981. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Taylor, Prentiss, 1907- : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Gates, Margaret Casey, 1903-1989. Margaret Casey Gates papers, 1934-1988. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1928-1971, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991. Letter to "Bet" [manuscript], 1941, March 14. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gates, Robert Franklin, 1906-1982. Robert Franklin Gates papers, 1916-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991. Prentiss Taylor papers, 1885-1991. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Rachel Field collection, 1917-1942 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Artists Group. corporateBody
associatedWith American University (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith American University (Washington, D.C.). Fine Arts Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Adele Smith, 1910- person
associatedWith Cone, Etta. person
associatedWith Field, Rachel, 1894-1942. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Gates, Margaret Casey, 1903-1989. person
associatedWith Gates, Robert Franklin, 1906-1982. person
associatedWith Golden Stair Press corporateBody
associatedWith Golden Stair Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Goldthwite, Anne, 1869-1944. person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. four poems and a play in verse. person
associatedWith Hurston, Zora Neale. person
associatedWith Kahlo, Frida person
associatedWith Kahlo, Frida. person
associatedWith Landeck, Armin, 1905- person
associatedWith Miller, George C. person
associatedWith O'Neill, Eugene, 1888-1953. person
associatedWith Pinckney, Josephine, 1895-1957. person
associatedWith Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957. person
associatedWith Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976. person
associatedWith Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949. person
associatedWith Rose, Ruth Starr. person
associatedWith Snark, Baxter. person
associatedWith Society of Washington Printmakers (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. person
associatedWith Toklas, Alice B. person
associatedWith Toklas, Alice B. person
associatedWith United States. Office of War Information. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Doren, Mark, 1894-1972. person
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Ward, Lynd, 1905- person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
Subject
Painters
Painters--Washington (D.C.)
Printmakers--Washington (D.C.)
Art therapy
Lithographers--Washington (D.C.)
Illustration of books--20th century
Art teachers--Washington (D.C.)
Lithography--20th century--Washington (D.C.)
Lithographers--Interviews
Harlem Renaissance
Lithography--20th century
Art teachers
Printmakers
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1907-10-07

Death 1991-10-07

Americans

Information

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