Townshend, George Townshend, marquis, 1724-1807

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English soldier.

From the description of Letter signed : Rainham, to an unidentifiedcorrespondent, 1798 Jan. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572968

English military officer-One of Wolfe' 3 brigadiers at siege of Quebec.

From the description of Autograph signature to a document, 1779 Jan. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572971

George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend, was educated at Cambridge and fought at Culloden (1746), retiring because of a difference with the Duke of Cumberland. During the French and Indian War, he served under Wolfe in Quebec and assumed command after the latter's death. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland from 1767 to 1772, when he was recalled.

From the description of Townshend papers, ca. 1709-1800. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83986638

From the description of Townshend papers, ca. 1709-1800. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702147884

British Army officer.

From the description of Letters, 1699-1888 and n.d. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41546345

From the description of Papers, 1749-1800. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20188742

From the description of Papers, 1699-1888 and n.d. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 122569765

George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquis Townshend, was born February 28, 1724, the eldest son of Charles, 3rd Viscount (1700-1764), and his wife Etheldreda Audrey Harrison (ca. 1708-1788). In 1741, his parents formally separated, and, unlike his younger brother Charles Townshend (1725-1767), future chancellor of the exchequer, he sided with his mother, who was known for her wit and sympathy for the Jacobites. In 1743, during a tour of Europe, he enlisted in the British army in Flanders as a volunteer, and in 1745, was appointed captain in the 7th (Cope's) Regiment of Dragoons. In 1746, he served under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Culloden, and the next year became his aide-de-camp, and eventually reached the position of lieutenant-colonel. In 1749, he graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge. Around this time, he fell out with the Duke of Cumberland, and took an eight year absence from the military in 1750.

Around this time, Townshend became increasingly involved in politics, standing for Norfolk in 1747 while still in Flanders, and later in the decade strongly supporting a bill that called for the extension of the British militia in lieu of a standing army. He also gained prominence as a caricaturist, but his skewering of politicians gained him many enemies. During the Seven Years War, he returned to the British army and served as a brigadier in Quebec under Major-General James Wolfe, whom he disliked and caricatured. Upon the death of Wolfe and wounding of Robert Monckton, Townshend, as Wolfe's second-in-command, assumed command of the British forces in the Siege of Quebec and accepted the surrender of the city on September 18, 1759. He was promoted to the rank of major-general in 1761, and fought at the Battle of Villinghausen in July of that year.

After his return to England, Townshend served as lieutenant general of the ordnance from 1763 to 1767, and through the influence of his brother Charles, who was chancellor of the exchequer, he was named lord lieutenant of Ireland in 1767. In an attempt to rebuild the Crown's influence in Irish politics, Townshend was ordered to take up residence in Dublin. His first major task was to augment the size of the British army in Ireland in order to equalize the regiment size between British and Irish units, an unpopular measure among Irish politicians. He was also directed to break the political power of the unruly "Undertakers" of Irish Parliament. He succeeded, but only by using methods so corrupt that he was recalled in 1772. Townshend returned to his ordnance post and did not hold another important public office, though he lived until September 14, 1807.

On December 19, 1751, Townshend married Charlotte Compton, 15th Baroness Ferrers of Chartley, with whom he had eight children. After her death on September 3, 1770, he married Anne Montgomery in 1773, and with her had six children.

From the guide to the George Townshend, 1st Marquis Townshend papers, Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1649-1848, 1764-1772, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf George Townshend, 1st Marquis Townshend papers, Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1649-1848, 1764-1772 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Papers, 1699-1888 and n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Smith, Edward, Lt. Col., d. 1782. 63 ALS to George Townshend, 1st marquis Townshend (1724-1807); London, 1770 Jun - 1771 Jun. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume II, miscellany, 1755-1831. Cornell University Library
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers, 1665-1885 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Townshend papers, ca. 1709-1800. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Autograph signature to a document, 1779 Jan. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charles Townshend papers, Townshend, Charles papers, 1660-1804, 1748-1767 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Letter books of military correspondence, 1761 Apr 23-1764 Sept 19. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. Henry Clinton papers, 1736-1850. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Lees, John, Sir. Account book for George, 1st Marquis Townshend, 1765 Sept. 20-1772 April 17. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Fragment : to Robert Sparrow, Yarmouth : manuscript, [176-?]. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Vaughan, John, ca. 1731-1795. John Vaughan papers, 1779-1781, 1784, 1789. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Ferrers family. Papers of the Ferrers Family of Tamworth Castle [manuscript], 1371-1806 (bulk 16th - 17th century). Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Swinney, Sidney, 1721 or 2-1783. Sidney Swinney letter, 1768, 1923. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Almon, John, 1737-1805. Papers, 1769-1772; (bulk 1771-1772). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Townshend, Charlotte, Lady. Letter : [London], to Mr. [Thomas] Astle, [London], [1810?] May 16. Texas Christian University
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney papers, 1665-1828. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Henry Clinton papers, Clinton, Henry papers, 1736-1850 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Letters : [London], to [Thomas] Astle, London, 1763. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Townshend, Charlotte, Lady. Letter : [London], to Mr. [Thomas] Astle, [London], [1810?] May 16. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Autograph letter signed : Audley Square [London], to Mr. Astle, [no year, before 1764?] May 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Papers, 1749-1800. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. AD, 1792 February 24 : Yorke, issued to General George Townshend. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Letter : Tamworth, England, to unknown person, 1765 Aug. 31. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807,. Autograph letter signed from George Townshend, Portman Square, to David Garrick [manuscript], 1773 May 27. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Papers relating to the British conquest of Canada, 1759-1773. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Cooper, Richard, fl. 1807. Directions for numbering and detaching 15 men to the service of a light 6 pounder mounted upon a new pattern carriage, 1807. Yale University, Yale Center for British Art
creatorOf Wolfe, James, 1727-1759. Collection of letters, autographs, and drawings related to James Wolfe, 1740-1859. , (bulk ) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Garrick, David, 1717-1779,. Autograph letter signed from David Garrick to Lord Townshend [manuscript], [1773?] May 25. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Letters, 1699-1888 and n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles Autograph Collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, 1665-1885. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Letter : Tamworth, England, to unknown person, 1765 Aug. 31. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, Vaughan, John papers, 1779-1781, 1784, 1789 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Miscellaneous Canadian papers, 1646-1935. Houghton Library.
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Thomas Gage papers, 1754-1807, bulk 1759-1775. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney papers, Sydney, Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount papers, 1665-1828, 1780-1788 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Murray, James, 1721-1794. Extracts of orders issued by Generals James Wolfe, George Townshend, and James Murray during the Quebec campaign, 1759-1760. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. George Townshend, 1st Marquis Townshend papers, 1649-1848, bulk 1764-1772. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Townshend papers, ca. 1709-1800. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. George Sackville Germain papers, 1683-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Thomas Gage papers, Gage, Thomas, papers, 1754-1807, 1759-1775 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. Letter signed : Rainham, to an unidentifiedcorrespondent, 1798 Jan. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Almon, John, 1737-1805. person
associatedWith Astle, Thomas, 1735-1803. person
associatedWith Barrington, William Wildman Barrington, Viscount, 1717-1793. person
associatedWith Bath, Thomas Thynne, Marquis of, 1734-1796. person
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Campbell, John. person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, 1771-1829 person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. person
associatedWith Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. person
associatedWith Crozier, John. person
associatedWith Ferrers family. family
associatedWith Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. person
correspondedWith Garrick, David, 1717-1779 person
associatedWith George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. person
associatedWith Grafton, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of, 1735-1811. person
correspondedWith Great Britain. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Hely-Hutchinson, John, 1724-1794. person
associatedWith Howard, Gorges Edmond, 1715-1786. person
associatedWith Ireland. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805 person
associatedWith Lees, John, Sir. person
associatedWith Longe, Francis, 1748-1812. person
associatedWith North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792. person
associatedWith Rochford, William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, Earl of, 1717-1781. person
associatedWith Roden, Robert Jocelyn, Earl of, 1731-1797. person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. person
associatedWith Sandwich, John Montagu, Earl of, 1718-1792. person
associatedWith Smith, Edward. person
associatedWith Smith, Edward, Lt. Col., d. 1782. person
associatedWith Sparrow, Robert. person
correspondedWith Swinney, Sidney, 1721 or 2-1783. person
associatedWith Townshend, Charles, 1725-1767 person
associatedWith Townshend, Charlotte Compton, Viscountess, d. 1770. person
associatedWith Townshend, Charlotte, Lady. person
associatedWith Townshend, George Townshend, Marquess, 1755-1811. person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, ca. 1731-1795. person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, Sir, 1747 or 8-1795. person
associatedWith Waite, Thomas. person
associatedWith Waite, Thomas. person
associatedWith Walsh, Hunt. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Windham, William, 1750-1810. person
associatedWith Wolfe, James, 1727-1759 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ireland
England
Great Britain
Great Britain
Ireland
Ireland
Great Britain
Great Britain
Ireland
Ireland
Great Britain
Ireland
Ireland
Great Britain
Great Britain
Subject
Lords lieutenant
Manuscripts
Manuscripts--English
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1724-02-28

Death 1807-09-14

Britons

English,

French

Information

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