Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821

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Mercer was an American lawyer and politician who at various times represented both Virginia and Maryland in U.S. Congresses. He was Governor of Maryland (1801-1803).

From the description of [Letter, 17]84 May 25 [to John Lawson] / J. Mercer. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 289534850

Governor of and U.S. representative from Maryland, delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Continental Congress, and army officer.

From the description of Letter of John Francis Mercer, 1784. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79454447

John Francis Mercer (May 17, 1759 – August 30, 1821) was an American lawyer, planter, and politician from Virginia and Maryland. Born in 1759 in Marlborough, Stafford County, Virginia, to John Mercer and Ann Roy Mercer, he graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1775 and was a delegate for Virginia to the Continental Congress in 1783 and 1784. During the American Revolutionary War, Mercer was commissioned a captain in the 3rd Virginia Regiment in the Continental Army. He was wounded at the Battle of Brandywine. In 1778 he became an aide-de-camp with the rank of major to General Charles Lee. He resigned from the army when Lee did, but reentered the war as a lieutenant colonel in the Virginia militia. He served briefly under Lafayette in Virginia and was present at the siege of Yorktown. After the war, Mercer moved to Anne Arundel County, Maryland, and was a Maryland delegate to the Philadelphia Convention in 1787, but withdrew before signing the Constitution. He would represent Maryland in the United States House of Representatives from the second and third districts from 1792 to 1794, and served as Governor of Maryland from 1801 to 1803. He died in 1821 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is buried in Cedar Park, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

From the guide to the John Francis Mercer Letter to John Fitzgerald, 1785 May 28, (John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)

John Francis Mercer, a revolutionary soldier and statesman, a delegate from Virginia to the Continental Congress (1782-1785), the representative from Maryland to the convention that framed the U.S. Constitution (1787-1788) and to Congress (1792-1794); member of the Maryland legislature (1794, 1803-1804); Governor of Maryland (1801-1803).

From the description of Letters to John Francis Mercer, 1783-1814. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122499820

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1792 October 28, Annapolis, [Maryland] to Thomas Jefferson, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Papers : of James Monroe as minister to France, 1785- 1831. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1792 October 7, Annapolis, [Maryland], to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Governor John Francis Mercer, Annapolis, Md., 1802 July 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. [Letter, 17]84 May 25 [to John Lawson] / J. Mercer. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Galloway-Maxcy-Markoe Families Papers, 1654-1888, (bulk 1750-1860) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. ALS, 1788 August 31 : Mount Vernon, to Thomas Johnson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf John Francis Mercer Letter to John Fitzgerald, 1785 May 28 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter of John Francis Mercer, 1784. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bland, Theodorick, 1742-1790. Papers of Virginia members of the Continental Congress, 1767-1820. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Galloway-Maxcy-Markoe Families Papers, 1654-1888, (bulk 1750-1860) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Mercer family. Papers : of the Mercer family, 1760-1833. George Mason's Gunston Hall
referencedIn Monroe, James, 1758-1831. James Monroe papers, 1758-1839. Library of Congress
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1793 November 30, West River near Annapolis, [Maryland] to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Papers : of James Monroe in the Virginia General Assembly and U.S. Senate, 1783-1790. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1785 May 28, n.p., to John Fitzgerald, Alexandria, [Va.]. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf Chase, Samuel, 1741-1811. ALS : Baltimore, Md., to John Francis Mercer, Annapolis, Md, 1803 Nov. 7. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Beebe, Virginia Dawson,. Collection : of Mason family papers, 1725-1857, n.d. (bulk 1781-1834). George Mason's Gunston Hall
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1797 August 9, Marlborough, [Virginia] to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Mercer family. Papers : of the Mercer family, 1656-1869 (bulk 1740- 1845). Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Garnett, James Mercer, 1840-1916. Papers of James Mercer Garnett, 1861-1919. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821,. Letters to John Francis Mercer, 1783-1814. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letters : concerning the Hay family, 1809-1830. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
referencedIn Joseph Halle Schaffner autograph collection, 1683-1948. Houghton Library
referencedIn Carroll collection, 1776-1867. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. ALS, 1776 March 12 : Cambridge, [MA], to John Tayloe. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Chapman family. Legal papers, 1799-1871. Bucks County Historical Society
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Papers of James Monroe [manuscript], 1778-1831, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis. Papers, 1783, 1802. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. Papers, 1768-1816. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Papers : concerning his law practice in Richmond and Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1780-1804. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter to Governor John Francis Mercer, 1802 July 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1781 January 20, Fredericksburg, [Va.] to. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Mercer, John Francis, 1759-1821. Letter, 1792 December 13, Anna[poli]s, [Maryland] to Thomas Jefferson, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn James Monroe Papers, 1758-1839 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Beebe, Virginia Dawson, person
associatedWith Carroll, Charles, 1737-1832. person
correspondedWith Chapman family. family
associatedWith Chase, Samuel, 1741-1811. person
correspondedWith Colquhoun, James, fl. 1796-1800 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Fitz-Gerrald, John. person
correspondedWith Forrest, Richard, d. 1828 person
correspondedWith Galloway family family
associatedWith Garnett, James Mercer, 1840-1916. person
correspondedWith Grosvenor, Thomas Peabody, 1778-1817 person
associatedWith Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Lawson, John. person
associatedWith Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. person
correspondedWith Lee, Henry, 1787-1837 person
correspondedWith Legislators corporateBody
correspondedWith Markoe family family
correspondedWith Marshall, John, 1755-1835 person
correspondedWith Maxcy family family
associatedWith Mercer family. family
associatedWith Mercer family. family
associatedWith Mercer family. family
correspondedWith Mercer, John, 1788-1848 person
associatedWith Mercer, Sophia Sprigg person
associatedWith Mercer, Sophia Sprigg. person
associatedWith Mifflin, Thomas, 1744-1800. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
correspondedWith Muse, Battaile, fl. 1792-1803 person
associatedWith Potts, Richard, 1753-1808. person
associatedWith Schaffner, Joseph Halle, 1897-1972 person
associatedWith Sitgreaves, John, 1740? -1802 person
associatedWith Sitgreaves, John, 1757-1802. person
correspondedWith Spaight, Richard Dobbs, 1758-1802 person
correspondedWith Tazewell, Henry, 1753-1799 person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Virginia
United States
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Maryland
Fredericksburg (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia
United States
Maryland
United States
Subject
Weights and measures
Politicians--Correspondence
Wheat--Varieties
Legislators--Correspondence
Manners and customs--History--18th century
Manners and customs--Virginia--History - 18th century
Occupation
Army officers
Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--Virginia
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Maryland
Governors--Maryland
Activity

Person

Birth 1759-05-17

Death 1821-08-30

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SNAC ID: 32555465