Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911

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U.S. Supreme Court justice.

From the description of John Marshall Harlan : miscellaneous papers, 1869-1906. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49278815

John M. Harlan was born on June 1, 1833, at Harlan Station, Kentucky. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1853. During the Civil War he raised and commanded a Union regiment. In 1862, he defeated John Hunt Morgan at Rolling Fork River Bridge. Shortly there after, he resigned from the army because of the death of his father. He won a special election to obtain his father's office as attorney general of Kentucky. He served in this capacity until 1867. Harlan had undergone a political transformation after the war, becoming a Radical Republican. He lost several state elections but, in doing so, established the Republican Party in Kentucky. In 1876, Harlan led the Republican delegation from Kentucky, to the National Convention in Ohio. When he became convinced that the ticket of Benjamin Bristow (his law partner) and James Blaine could not win, he delivered the delegation for Rutherford B. Hayes. Hayes rewarded him with an appointment to the Supreme Court. He served as a justice from 1877-1911. Harlan was the leading liberal on a conservative court. He came out against "separate but equal" by being the lone dissent in Plessy v. Ferguson and Berea College v. Knetucky. He believed Congress could levy income tax and in a strong enforcement of the Sherman Antitrust Act. He died at his home in 1911.

From the description of John M. Harlan papers : letters, 1879-1886. (Kentucky Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36878546

Associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, and lawyer and politician of Kentucky.

From the description of John Marshall Harlan papers, 1810-1971 (bulk 1861-1911). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79448923

Supreme Court justice.

From the description of John Marshall Harlan family papers, 1829-1850. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71061460

Harlan graduated from Center College, Kentucky in 1850 and studied law at Transylvania University. He practiced law until the start of the Civil War, when he was in the Tenth Kentucky Infantry Regiment. After the war, he returned to the practice of law and was involved in state politics. In 1877, he became associate justice of the US. Supreme Court, where he remained until his death.

From the description of Letters and autograph, 1888-1910. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234339111

John M. Harlan was commissioned in the Kentucky 10th Infantry as a colonel on 21 November 1861. He resigned on 6 April 1863 due to the death of his father.

William E. Ludlow was mustered into the Indiana 10th Infantry as a sergeant on 18 September 1861. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant and adjutant on 22 June 1862. Ludlow was mustered out on 20 September 1864.

Oliver P. Morton was the fourteenth governor of Indiana. He established himself as a "War Governor" because of his strong efforts to support the Civil War, one of which was to allow Indiana residents to apply in the Kentucky army.

From the description of Letter, 1862 September 11 [to] Oliver P. Morton. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 52890975

Biographical Note

  • 1833, June 1: Born, Boyle County, Ky.
  • 1850: Graduated, Centre College, Danville, Ky. Studied law, Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky.
  • 1853: Admitted to bar
  • 1854 - 1856 : City attorney, Frankfort, Ky.
  • 1856: Married Malvina French Shanklin (1838-1916)
  • 1858 - 1861 : County judge, Franklin County, Ky.
  • 1859: Defeated as candidate for seat in United States House of Representatives
  • 1861 - 1863 : Commanded Tenth Kentucky Volunteer Infantry in Union Army
  • 1863: Resumed law practice, Frankfort, Ky.
  • 1863 - 1867 : Attorney general of Kentucky
  • 1867: Began practice of law in Louisville, Ky.
  • 1871: 1875: Defeated as Republican candidate for governor of Kentucky
  • 1876: Supported candidacy of Benjamin Helm Bristow for Republican nomination for president; at Republican convention switched support to Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1877: Member, Louisiana commission to settle the disputed election of 1876
  • 1877 - 1911 : Associate justice, United States Supreme Court
  • 1889 - 1910 : Professor of constitutional law , George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1892: United States representative in Bering Sea arbitration with Great Britain
  • 1911, Oct. 14: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the John Marshall Harlan Papers, 1810-1971, (bulk 1861-1911), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Willson, Augustus Everett, 1846-1931. Willson, Augustus Everett, 1846-1931 1872 September 5 Letter. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Waite, Edward F. (Edward Foote), 1860-1958. Edward F. Waite papers, 1764-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Speed family. Speed family papers, 1813-1981. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Gray, Horace, 1828-1902. Papers of Horace Gray, 1845-1902. Library of Congress
referencedIn Samuel Freeman Miller Correspondence, 1854-1887 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. Henry Watterson : papers, 1863-1946. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Bruner, John B., 1825-1878. John B. Bruner : papers, 1848-1876. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Pirtle, Alfred, b. 1837. Alfred Pirtle Papers, 1847-1924. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. John Marshall Harlan papers, 1810-1971 (bulk 1861-1911). Library of Congress
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. John Marshall Harlan covering statement for petition, 1863. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Lindsay family. Lindsay family papers, 1794-1932, 1867-1930 (bulk dates) University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Joseph Holt Papers, 1817-1895, (bulk 1859-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. John Marshall Harlan : miscellaneous papers, 1869-1906. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. Todd collection, 1835-1909. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Horace H. Lurton Papers, 1860-1915, (bulk 1893-1915) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Moore Bates papers, 1886-1950 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Bodley family. Bodley family papers, 1773-1939. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Hannard" to "Henderson". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Fairbanks mss., 1819-1939 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899. Robert Green Ingersoll papers, 1826-1940 (bulk 1866-1899). Library of Congress
referencedIn Willson, Augustus Everett, 1846-1931. Augustus Everett Willson : papers, 1865-1921. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Bohne, Ernest Christian, 1840-1909. Ernest Christian Bohne memoir and scrapbook, ca. 1870-1900. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. Papers of Joseph Holt, 1817-1895 (bulk 1859-1889). Library of Congress
referencedIn Morgan, John Tyler, 1824-1907. Papers of John Tyler Morgan, 1840-1907 (bulk 1882-1907). Library of Congress
referencedIn Robert Green Ingersoll Papers, 1826-1940, (bulk 1866-1899) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Breckinridge, Clifton Rodes, 1846-1932. Breckinridge family papers, 1752-1965. Library of Congress
referencedIn Marshall family. Marshall Family : papers, 1806-1955. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. Papers of Felix Frankfurter, 1900-1965 (inclusive), 1939-1962 (bulk). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. John Marshall Harlan family papers, 1829-1850. Library of Congress
creatorOf Kentucky. Attorney General's Office. Attorney general opinion : judgement, 1856. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn James Gillespie Blaine Papers, 1777-1945, (bulk 1870-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Walter Quintin Gresham Papers, 1857-1932, (bulk 1883-1895) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bradley, Joseph P., 1813-1892. Papers, 1836-1937. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Brewer family papers, 1714-1954, 1820-1930 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Gresham, Walter Quintin, 1832-1895. Walter Quintin Gresham papers, 1857-1932 (bulk 1883-1895). Library of Congress
referencedIn Library Of Congress, Manuscript Division. Morrison Remick Waite Papers.
referencedIn Morrison R. Waite Papers, 1818-1933, (bulk 1874-1888) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916. Letters : of John S. Mosby, 1902-1903 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Lurton, Horace H. (Horace Harmon), 1844-1914. Horace H. Lurton papers, 1860-1915 (bulk 1893-1915). Library of Congress
creatorOf Bradwell, Myra, 1831-1894. James and Myra Bradwell Papers, 1864-1884. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Frederick Douglass Papers, 1841-1967, (bulk 1862-1895) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Papers of Frederick Douglass, 1841-1967 (bulk 1862-1895) Library of Congress
creatorOf Durrett, Reuben T. (Reuben Thomas), 1824-1913. Reuben T. Durrett added papers, 1883-1910. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Helm Bristow Papers, 1839-1932, (bulk 1874-1896) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Miller, Samuel Freeman, 1816-1890. Papers, 1854-1887. Library of Congress
referencedIn Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. James Gillespie Blaine family papers, 1777-1945 (bulk 1870-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rogers, Henry Wade, 1853-1926. Henry Wade Rogers papers, 1873-1920. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Mr. Shields, n.p., 1883 Oct. 29. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Henry Wade Rogers papers, 1873-1920 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Miller, Samuel Freeman, 1816-1890. Endorsement. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Miller, Samuel Freeman, 1816-1890. Samuel Freeman Miller correspondence and diaries, 1854-1887. Library of Congress
referencedIn Dow family. Dow family Part I Letters 1861-1888. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn P. Phillips Family Papers, 1832-1914 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Clay, Brutus J. (Brutus Junius), 1808-1878. Brutus J. Clay papers, 1859-1864. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn John Tyler Morgan Papers, 1840-1907, (bulk 1882-1907) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. John M. Harlan papers : letters, 1879-1886. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Research materials on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, 1910-1972 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Francis William Bird papers, 1826-1924 (inclusive), 1847-1889 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Phillips, P. (Philip), 1807-1884. Family papers of P. Phillips, 1832-1914. Library of Congress
referencedIn Joyes family. Dabney-Joyes family : papers, 1786-1921. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Brewer family. Brewer family papers, 1714-1954 (inclusive), 1820-1930 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Breckinridge Family Papers, 1752-1965 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Bristow, Benjamin Helm, 1832-1896. Benjamin Helm Bristow papers, 1839-1932 (bulk 1874-1896). Library of Congress
referencedIn Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. Henry Watterson : papers, 1856-1965 (bulk 1910-1919). The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Smith, Dabney Howard, 1821-1889. Dabney Howard Smith : miscellaneous papers, 1847-1926. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf John Marshall Harlan Papers, 1810-1971, (bulk 1861-1911) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. Letters and autograph, 1888-1910. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. Frederick Douglass papers, 1841-1967 (bulk 1862-1895). Library of Congress
creatorOf Harlan, John Marshall, 1833-1911. Letter, 1862 September 11 [to] Oliver P. Morton. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Waite, Morrison R. (Morrison Remick), 1816-1888. Morrison R. Waite papers, 1818-1933 (bulk 1874-1888). Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Green. person
associatedWith Badeau, Adam, 1831-1895, person
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associatedWith Bancroft, Edgar Adddison, 1857-1925, person
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correspondedWith Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890 person
correspondedWith Bird, F. W. (Francis William), 1809-1894 person
correspondedWith Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. person
correspondedWith Blaine, James G., Mrs., 1828-1903 person
associatedWith Bodley family. family
associatedWith Bohne, Ernest Christian, 1840-1909. person
correspondedWith Bowman, J. B. person
correspondedWith Bowman, J. B. person
correspondedWith Bradley, Joseph P., 1813-1892. person
associatedWith Bradwell, Myra, 1831-1894. person
correspondedWith Breckinridge family family
associatedWith Brewer family. family
associatedWith Brewer family. family
associatedWith Bristow, Benjamin Helm, 1832-1896. person
associatedWith Bruner, John B., 1825-1878. person
associatedWith Clay, Brutus J. (Brutus Junius), 1808-1878. person
correspondedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852 person
correspondedWith Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863 person
correspondedWith Davis, David, 1815-1886 person
associatedWith Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. person
associatedWith Dow family. family
correspondedWith Drane, George C. person
associatedWith Durrett, Reuben T. (Reuben Thomas), 1824-1913. person
associatedWith Fairbanks, Charles W. (Charles Warren), 1852-1918 person
correspondedWith Finnell, John William, 1821-1888 person
associatedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith George Washington University. Law School. corporateBody
correspondedWith Goodloe, William Cassius, 1841-1889 person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
associatedWith Gray, Horace, 1828-1902. person
correspondedWith Gresham, Walter Quintin, 1832-1895 person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harlan family. family
associatedWith Harlan family. family
associatedWith Harlan family. family
associatedWith Harlan, James, 1800-1863. person
correspondedWith Harlan, James Shanklin, 1861-1927 person
correspondedWith Harlan, John Maynard, 1864-1934 person
correspondedWith Harlan, Malvina Shanklin, 1838-1916 person
correspondedWith Harlan, Richard D. person
correspondedWith Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901 person
correspondedWith Hatchitt, James G. person
correspondedWith Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893 person
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
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associatedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. person
correspondedWith Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899. person
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associatedWith Ludlow, William E. person
correspondedWith Lurton, Horace H. (Horace Harmon), 1844-1914. person
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associatedWith Morgan, John Tyler, 1824-1907. person
associatedWith Morton, Oliver P. (Oliver Perry), 1823-1877. person
associatedWith Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916. person
associatedWith Newman, John E., 1819-1873. person
associatedWith Pattie, Preston R. person
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correspondedWith Rodman, John, 1820-1886 person
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associatedWith Smith, Dabney Howard, 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Speed family. person
correspondedWith Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891 person
correspondedWith Taylor, Edmund Haynes, 1830-1921 person
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associatedWith United States. Army. Indiana Infantry Regiment, 10th (1861-1864) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 10th (1861-1864) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 10th (1861-1865) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Kentucky Infantry Regiment, 10th (1861-1865) corporateBody
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correspondedWith Waite, Morrison R. (Morrison Remick), 1816-1888. person
correspondedWith Waite, M. R. person
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correspondedWith Willson, Augustus Everett, 1846-1931 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Bluford, d. 1909 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Kentucky--Frankfort
Kentucky
Kentucky
United States
Kentucky--Danville
United States
United States
Kentucky
Sealing
Frankfurt (Ky.)
Indiana
Sealing
Kentucky
Missouri
Louisiana
United States
Kentucky--Franklin County
Louisiana
Danville (Ky.)
Subject
Presidents--United States--Election--1876
Law
Pre-trial release
Discrimination--Law and legislation--History
Bering Sea controversy
Frankfort (Ky.)--Centennial celebrations, etc
Law--United States
Law--Study and teaching
Debt
Elections--Louisiana--1877
Elections--1876
Practice of law
African Americans
Race discrimination--Law and legislation--History
Constitutional law
Judges--Correspondence
Presidents--Election--1876
Elections--United States--1876
Bail
Practice of law--Kentucky
Constitutional law--United States
Soldiers
Elections--1877
Occupation
Jurists
Lawyers
Politicians
Function

Person

Birth 1833-06-01

Death 1911-10-14

Information

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