Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993

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Beaumont Newhall, the founder of the art history of photography, was the first Curator of Photography at MOMA and then at George Eastman House. He authored numerous books, articles and reviews about photography.

From the description of Beaumont and Nancy Newhall papers, 1843-1993. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 79626249

Beaumont Newhall (1908-1993) was an art administrator and art historian from Rochester, N.Y.

From the description of Oral history interview with Beaumont Newhall, 1965 Jan. 23 [sound recording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 458412027

d. 1993.

From the description of Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84362397

Newhall is an art administrator and photograph historian; Rochester, N.Y. Died 1993, and Hendricks is an photography historian.

From the description of Beaumont Newhall and Gordon Hendricks lectures, 1962 May 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122557520

Beaumont Newhall (1908-1993) became the first curator of photography at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1940. He worked for the George Eastman House International Museum of Photography & Film in Rochester, N.Y. from 1948 to 1971, as curator, and then as director starting in 1958. He lectured extensively and was known for his work on the history of photography [based on the online Dictionary of Art Historians, http://www.dictionaryofarthistorians.org/newhallb.htm]. He also wrote a weekly column, "Epicure Corner," which appeared in The Brighton-Pittsford Post (Rochester, N.Y. area) and other local newspapers from 1956 to 1969.

From the description of Beaumont Newhall cooking and food papers, 1880-1968. (New York State Historical Association). WorldCat record id: 781284835

In 1935, Newhall was hired as the librarian of The Museum of Modern Art. Two years later, he organized and wrote the catalogue for Photography 1839-1937 [MoMA Exh. #60, March 17-April 18, 1937] at the request of Alfred H. Barr, Jr., the Museum's founding director. The exhibition was followed by the publication of Photography: A Short Critical History in 1938. The two works established Newhall as America's pre-eminent historian of photography. In 1940, he helped create The Museum of Modern Art's Department of Photography, the first such department at any museum, and became its first curator. Between 1942 and 1945, Newhall served in the military. His wife, Nancy Newhall, served as Acting Curator in his absence. Newhall left the Museum in 1947 on a Guggenheim Foundation fellowship, and in 1948 was named curator of the George Eastman House, now known as the International Museum of Photography in Rochester, NY.

From the description of Beaumont Newhall papers, 1934-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78457402

Newhall was appointed librarian of The Museum in Modern Art in 1932. In 1940, he was appointed the first curator of Photography Dept. at The Museum of Modern Art.

From the description of Photography a short critical history 1938 annotated book. [1938]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122577844

Newhall (1908-1993), an art historian, photographer, and author, was the curator, 1948-1958, then director, 1958-1971, of the International Museum of Photography at the George Eastman House in Rochester, N.Y., and a visiting professor of art at various universities.

From the description of Beaumont Newhall papers, 1947-1957. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612366786

From the guide to the Beaumont Newhall papers, 1947-1957., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Art administrator, art historian; Rochester, N.Y. ; d. 1993.

From the description of Beaumont Newhall interview, 1965 Jan. 23 [sound recording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79177344

Biographical / Historical Note

Beaumont Newhall is perhaps the first champion of the study of photography as art, and of its history. He was born in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1908 and graduated from Harvard University in 1932. After an internship at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Newhall became the Librarian at the Museum of Modern Art. In 1937, at the request of Director Alfred Barr, Newhall organized the museum's first exhibition of photographs. His History of Photography, published for the exhibition, introduced formal criteria for judging photography as a fine art. Revised five times and translated into several languages, it remains a widely read textbook on the history of photography.

In 1940 Beaumont Newhall became the first Curator of Photography at the Museum of Modern Art. He was drafted in 1942 and sent to North Africa and Italy in a photo-reconnaissance division. In his absence Nancy Newhall, whom he had married in 1936, served as Acting Curator. Beaumont Newhall resumed his Curatorship after the war, but resigned in 1945 over artistic differences with the new director, Edward Steichen.

In 1948, Beaumont Newhall became the first Curator of Photography at the George Eastman House, and then served as its Director from 1958 to 1971, building a significant photography collection. After his retirement, Newhall accepted a position as Visiting Professor of Art at the University of New Mexico, where he helped to establish the first doctoral program in the history of photography at an American university. He died in 1993.

In his long career, Beaumont Newhall authored numerous articles and reviews of books about photography. In addition to History of Photography, he wrote Masters of Photography (with Nancy Newhall, 1958), The daguerreotype in America (1961), Frederick Evans (1964), Latent image: the discovery of photography (1967) and Focus: memoirs of a life in photography (1993). He also published a book of photographs, In plain sight: the photographs of Beaumont Newhall (1983)

Nancy Newhall (Nancy Wynne Parker) was born in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1908. She graduated from Smith College, where she showed talent as a writer and painter, and married Beaumont Newhall in 1936. After serving as Acting Curator of Photography at the Museum of Modern Art (1942-45), she wrote articles about photographers, edited and introduced photography books by Ansel Adams, Paul Strand, Edward Weston, and others, and collaborated with Ansel Adams on several books about the American West, including Yosemite Valley (1959), Death Valley (1954), The Tetons and Yellowstone (1970), and This is the American Earth (1960). With Minor White, she founded the magazine Aperture . She died in 1974, struck by a falling tree while rafting down the Snake River with Beaumont.

From the guide to the Beaumont and Nancy Newhall papers, 1843-1993, 1929-1993, (Getty Research Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Beaumont Newhall papers, 1934-1954. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Beaumont Newhall cooking and food papers, 1880-1968. New York State Historical Association
referencedIn Newhall, Beaumont : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
creatorOf Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965. Charles Sheeler papers, circa 1840s-1966, bulk 1923-1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Gutman, Judith Mara. Judith Mara Gutman papers, 1945-1999 (bulk 1969-1999). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Heinrich Schwarz papers, 1894-1974 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Correspondence with Emanuel Weil, 1938-1975. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Beaumont Newhall papers, 1947-1957. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Beaumont Newhall and Gordon Hendricks lectures, 1962 May 30. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Pollack, Peter, 1909-1978. Peter Pollack papers, 1945-1978. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Newhall, Beaumont : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Judith Mara Gutman papers, 1945-1999, 1969-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn THE BEAUMONT AND NANCY NEWHALL COLLECTION, 1930/1983 University of Arizona Libraries, Center for Creative Photography
referencedIn Archives pamphlet file : Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993 : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Reyher, Ferdinand. Ferdinand Reyher letters to Beaumont Newhall, 1947-1964. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993,. Oral history interview with Beaumont Newhall, 1965 Jan. 23 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976. Portraits, ideas and design : oral history transcript / Imogen Cunningham ; tape recorded interview conducted by Edna Tartaul Daniel in June, 1959. Regional Cultural History Project, University of California, Berkeley, Calif., 1961 : and related material, 1959-1961. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Imogen Cunningham papers, 1903-1991 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Nickelsen, Ralf E. (Ralf Edgar), 1903-1990. Ralf E. Nickelsen papers, 1929-1993. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Pollack, Peter, 1909-1978. Peter Pollack papers, 1939-1979. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Schwarz, Heinrich, 1894-1974. Heinrich Schwarz papers, 1928-1988. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf George Eastman House. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1962. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Beaumont Newhall interview, 1965 Jan. 23 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Weston, Edward, 1886-1958. The Edward Weston Archive, 1870-1958. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. Papers, 1903-2005. Harvard University Art Museum
creatorOf Newhall, Nancy Wynne. Beaumont and Nancy Newhall papers, 1930-[ongoing]. University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf Agee, James, 1909-1955. James Agee Collection, 1928-1969. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965. Charles Sheeler papers, 1938-1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Caponigro, Paul, 1932-. Oral history interview with Paul Caponigro, 1999 Jul. 30-1999 Aug. 12 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Pope, Arthur, 1880-1974. Papers, 1907-1979. Harvard University Art Museum
referencedIn Tucker, Jean S. Papers, 1962-1990. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Ferdinand Reyher papers, 1868-1996, circa 1917-1960 Literature and Rare Books
referencedIn Charles Sheeler papers, circa 1840s-1966, bulk 1923-1965 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976. Imogen Cunningham papers, 1903-1991. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Photography a short critical history 1938 annotated book. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Beaumont Newhall papers, 1947-1957. Houghton Library.
referencedIn E. E. Cummings additional papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Reyher, Ferdinand. Ferdinand Reyher papers, 1868-1996, (bulk circa 1917-1960). University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
creatorOf Lorant, Stefan, 1901-1997. Stefan Lorant collection, ca. 1869-1993 (bulk 1920-1992). Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1903-2005 Harvard Art Museum Archives, Harvard University
referencedIn Stefan Lorant collection, ca. 1869-1993, 1920-1992 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Elisofon, Eliot. Papers, 1930-1988 (bulk, 1942-1973). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1965 (bulk 1920-1960). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaumont Newhall papers, 1947-1957. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Additional papers, 1917-1962 and undated. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Letters, 1936-1948, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Vanderbilt, Paul. Paul Vanderbilt papers, [ca. 1900]-1992. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Beaumont and Nancy Newhall papers, 1843-1993. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965. Charles Sheeler papers, 1938-1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lynes, Russell, 1910-1991. Russell Lynes papers, 1935-1986. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. Papers of Beaumont and Nancy Newhall, 1930-1983. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn James Agee Collection TXRC98-A10., 1928-1969 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Vanderbilt, Paul. Paul Vanderbilt papers, circa1900-1992. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976. Imogen Cunningham papers, 1903-1991. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaumont and Nancy Newhall papers, 1843-1993, 1929-1993 Getty Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, Berenice, 1898- person
associatedWith Abribat person
associatedWith Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984. person
associatedWith A Falquet person
associatedWith Agee, James, 1909-1955 person
associatedWith Anschütz, Ottomar, 1846-1907 person
associatedWith Beaumont Newhall person
associatedWith Beaumont Newhall person
associatedWith Blatas, Arbit. person
associatedWith Boyer, Alden Scott. person
associatedWith Brady, Matthew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896 person
associatedWith Caponigro, Paul, 1932- person
associatedWith Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908- person
associatedWith Coburn, Alvin Langdon, 1882-1966 person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976. person
associatedWith Elisofon, Eliot. person
associatedWith Emerson, P. H. (Peter Henry), 1856-1936 person
associatedWith Evans, Frederick H. person
associatedWith Federal art project (Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Federal art project (Mass.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Ferdinand Reyher person
associatedWith Fontan, Henri. person
associatedWith Friends of Photography corporateBody
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith George Eastman House. corporateBody
associatedWith George E. Suddell person
associatedWith Gernsheim, Helmut, 1913- person
associatedWith Gutman, Judith Mara person
associatedWith Gutman, Judith Mara. person
associatedWith Hagemeyer, Johan, 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Hendricks, Gordon. person
associatedWith Imogen Cunningham person
associatedWith International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House. corporateBody
associatedWith Lange, Dorothea person
associatedWith Lorant, Stefan, 1901-1997. person
associatedWith Lunn, Harry Hyatt, 1933- person
associatedWith Lynes, Russell, 1910-1991. person
associatedWith Masclet, Daniel. person
associatedWith McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. person
associatedWith Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946. person
associatedWith Morgan, Barbara Brooks, 1900- person
associatedWith Mrs.) Elizabeth Ames person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Dept. of Photography corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Library corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Photography Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Newhall, Beaumont, 1908-1993. person
associatedWith Newhall, Nancy Wynne person
associatedWith Newhall, Nancy Wynne. person
associatedWith Nickelsen, Ralf E. (Ralf Edgar), 1903-1990. person
associatedWith Pollack, Peter, 1909-1978. person
associatedWith Pope, Arthur, 1880-1974. person
associatedWith Porter, Eliot, 1901- person
correspondedWith Reyher, Ferdinand. person
correspondedWith Reyher, Ferdinand, recipient. person
associatedWith Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. person
associatedWith Salzburg Seminar corporateBody
associatedWith Schwarz, Heinrich, 1894-1974. person
associatedWith Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965. person
associatedWith Smith, W. Eugene, 1918- person
associatedWith Southworth & Hawes corporateBody
associatedWith Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973. person
associatedWith Steichen, Edward, 1979-1973 person
associatedWith Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. person
associatedWith Strand, Paul, 1890-1976. person
associatedWith Talbot, William Henry Fox, 1800-1877. person
associatedWith Trovato, Joseph S., 1912-1983, person
correspondedWith Tucker, Jean S. person
associatedWith United States. Farm Security Administration. Historical Section. corporateBody
associatedWith University of New Mexico. corporateBody
associatedWith Vanderbilt, Paul. person
associatedWith Vogel, Hermann Wilhelm, 1834-1898 person
associatedWith Walter, Marian. person
associatedWith Weil, Emanuel. person
associatedWith Weston, Brett person
associatedWith Weston, Edward, 1850-1936. person
correspondedWith Weston, Edward, 1886-1958. person
associatedWith White, Minor person
associatedWith White, Minor, 1908- person
correspondedWith Zelnicker, Ed. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--Rochester
New York (State)--Rochester
New York (State)--Rochester
Subject
Arts administrators--Interviews
Librarians--Correspondence
Federal aid to the arts
Photography, Artistic
Photography--Exhibitions
Art historians
Art museum curators--Correspondence
Photography--Collectors and collecting
Photography
Dinners and dining
Tintype
Photography--Periodicals
Motion pictures--History and criticism
Photography--Processes
Gourmets
Motion pictures--History
Menus
Cooking
Cameras
Photography--History
Art historians--Interviews
Photography--Historiography
Photographers
Occupation
Photographers
Art historians
Museum curators
Function

Person

Birth 1908-06-22

Death 1993-02-26

Americans

English

Information

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