Anderson, Quentin, 1912-2003

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American professor and literary critic, oldest son of Maxwell Anderson. Taught at Columbia University for many years and directed the graduate studies program in American Literature there. His books include The imperial self, a copy of which he inscribed to "Lenya, who introduced me to Rilke."

From the description of An oral history interview with Quentin Anderson / conducted for the Kurt Weill Foundation for Music by Donald Spoto, New York City(?), 1986 February 11 : recording and transcript. (Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison). WorldCat record id: 152675408

Quentin Anderson, literary critic, cultural historian, and professor emeritus, began his long relationship with Columbia University as a student in 1934, after a brief enrollment at Dartmouth. Anderson received his B.A. from Columbia in 1937, then matriculated to Harvard, obtaining his M.A. in 1939. He returned to Columbia to begin teaching in the Department of English and Comparative Literature in 1939, earning his Ph.D. in 1953, attaining full professorship in 1961. In recognition of his exceptional service to the University, Anderson was appointed the Julian Clarence Levi Professor in the Humanities Emeritus in 1978. Upon his retirement in 1981, Anderson continued to be actively involved in his field, both as an author and as a participant in several scholarly organizations.

Anderson was born in 1912 in Minnewaukan, North Dakota, the eldest son of author and playwright Maxwell Anderson. The Andersons bought a house in Rockland County, New York, and the family traveled back and forth between there and a home in Manhattan. As a young man, Anderson gained experience in the theater, working on a few of his father's plays as an assistant stage manager and acting in minor roles. After a marriage to Margaret Pickett ended in divorce, Anderson married Thelma Ehrlich in 1947. He had one daughter, Martha, and two sons, Maxwell and Abraham.

While an undergraduate at Columbia, Anderson studied with Lionel Trilling and Jacques Barzun as a student in their colloquium on great books. These initial mentors would later become colleagues and lasting friends. While at Harvard, Anderson studied under F.O. Matthiessen and Perry Miller, both renowned scholars in American literary and historical criticism. This experience, coupled with his earlier exposure at Columbia to Romantic and Victorian literature, helped define Anderson's primary research interests. Trilling, a sponsor of Anderson's dissertation, was an especially influential force; Anderson touched on many of the same themes and subjects as Trilling in his scholarly work. Anderson came to be considered a leading authority on 19th century American literature and culture; his research had a particular emphasis on the American authors Henry James, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Walt Whitman. Much of his work focused on literary figures and the formation of cultural identity in 19th century America. Anderson examined the work of American authors in light of their European antecedents, while also considering the cultural influences that help define an individual's identity. His first book, "The American Henry James" (1957), explored the family and work of the novelist. His second, "The Imperial Self" (1971), studied James, Emerson, Whitman, and their contemporaries, and the impact of their works on American literature and culture. Anderson's last book, "Making Americans: An Essay on Individualism and Money" (1992), examined a wider range of American authors, considering the extent to which cultural history influenced the American literary experience. In addition to his three books, Anderson contributed scholarly essays and book reviews to numerous journals and publications, including "The New York Times Book Review" and the "Times Literary Supplement".

Anderson's roles as author and critic did not prevent him from taking an interest in his students and the University; he was actively involved in campus affairs throughout his career at Columbia. He served as the English Department's representative in Columbia College from 1961 to 1969, and as chairman of the Joint Committee of Disciplinary Affairs in 1968, formed in response to the campus uprising that spring. Anderson's profound intellect coupled with his towering physique was said to intimidate some of his students. He was at once imposing and welcoming, characteristics that led one student to remark in a student course guide that Anderson was "one of the most pompous, friendly men" on campus. Yet, it is clear that he was genuinely committed to their academic and professional success. Several of his former pupils went on to become accomplished academics, and Anderson maintained friendly and professional ties with many of them as they transformed from student to colleague.

Anderson remained a revered member of the academic community throughout his lifetime. He was regularly invited to deliver lectures and participate in discussions at academic institutions and conferences both in the United States and abroad. During the 1960s, he was the recipient of two Fulbright grants which allowed him to accept invitations to act as a visiting professor at two universities overseas, and consequently participate as a guest lecture at institutions across Europe. Anderson was granted a senior fellowship by the National Endowment for the Humanities in 1973-1974, and was awarded a fellowship at the National Humanities Center in 1979-1980. He became a fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities in 1980, continuing his involvement with NYIH until 2000. One of the lasting legacies of Anderson's time at Columbia is the Lionel Trilling Seminars. Anderson, a close friend of both Lionel Trilling and his wife Diana, was a member of the founding committee that established the lecture series in 1976, the year after Trilling's death. The Lionel Trilling Seminars, a bi-annual event that serves as a forum for intellectual discussion, continues to attract the participation of renowned scholars. Anderson remained actively involved on the seminar committee, even after his retirement. It was one of the many contributions that characterized his career. A festschrift, "Emerson and His Legacy", that celebrated those contributions and academic achievements was published in Anderson's honor in 1986.

In the last years of his life, Anderson revisited two subjects that were of personal and professional significance during his youth and at the beginning of his career. In 2000, he performed in a theater production celebrating the centennial of the composer Kurt Weill, a family friend and collaborator of his father Maxwell Anderson. It was a chance for Anderson to relive his experiences of performing onstage while reminiscing about his childhood as he recounted memories of Weill's visits to his childhood home. At the same time, Anderson was working on what would be his last published work, a scholarly essay entitled, "Why R.P. Blackmur Found James's Golden Bowl Inhumane." Here, Anderson returned to the subject of his dissertation and his first major work: "Henry James". The essay, published in 2001, added further proof of Anderson's expertise on the American author and provided an appropriate final note to the end of a long and distinguished career. Anderson died two years later in 2003.

From the description of Quentin Anderson papers, 1935-2003 (bulk 1960-2000). (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 314434777

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Quentin Anderson, literary critic, cultural historian, and professor emeritus, began his long relationship with Columbia University as a student in 1934, after a brief enrollment at Dartmouth. Anderson received his B.A. from Columbia in 1937, then matriculated to Harvard, obtaining his M.A. in 1939. He returned to Columbia to begin teaching in the Department of English and Comparative Literature in 1939, earning his Ph.D. in 1953, attaining full professorship in 1961. In recognition of his exceptional service to the University, Anderson was appointed the Julian Clarence Levi Professor in the Humanities Emeritus in 1978. Upon his retirement in 1981, Anderson continued to be actively involved in his field, both as an author and as a participant in several scholarly organizations.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Anderson was born in 1912 in Minnewaukan, North Dakota, the eldest son of author and playwright Maxwell Anderson. The Andersons bought a house in Rockland County, New York, and the family traveled back and forth between there and a home in Manhattan. As a young man, Anderson gained experience in the theater, working on a few of his father's plays as an assistant stage manager and acting in minor roles. After a marriage to Margaret Pickett ended in divorce, Anderson married Thelma Ehrlich in 1947. He had one daughter, Martha, and two sons, Maxwell and Abraham

BIOGHIST REQUIRED While an undergraduate at Columbia, Anderson studied with Lionel Trilling and Jacques Barzun as a student in their colloquium on great books. These initial mentors would later become colleagues and lasting friends. While at Harvard, Anderson studied under F.O. Matthiessen and Perry Miller, both renowned scholars in American literary and historical criticism. This experience, coupled with his earlier exposure at Columbia to Romantic and Victorian literature, helped define Anderson's primary research interests. Trilling, a sponsor of Anderson's dissertation, was an especially influential force; Anderson touched on many of the same themes and subjects as Trilling in his scholarly work. Anderson came to be considered a leading authority on 19th century American literature and culture; his research had a particular emphasis on the American authors Henry James, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Walt Whitman. Much of his work focused on literary figures and the formation of cultural identity in 19th century America. Anderson examined the work of American authors in light of their European antecedents, while also considering the cultural influences that help define an individual's identity. His first book, The American Henry James (1957), explored the family and work of the novelist. His second, The Imperial Self (1971), studied James, Emerson, Whitman, and their contemporaries, and the impact of their works on American literature and culture. Anderson's last book, Making Americans: An Essay on Individualism and Money (1992), examined a wider range of American authors, considering the extent to which cultural history influenced the American literary experience. In addition to his three books, Anderson contributed scholarly essays and book reviews to numerous journals and publications, including The New York Times Book Review and the Times Literary Supplement.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Anderson's roles as author and critic did not prevent him from taking an interest in his students and the University; he was actively involved in campus affairs throughout his career at Columbia. He served as the English Department's representative in Columbia College from 1961 to 1969, and as chairman of the Joint Committee of Disciplinary Affairs in 1968, formed in response to the campus uprising that spring. Anderson's profound intellect coupled with his towering physique was said to intimidate some of his students. He was at once imposing and welcoming, characteristics that led one student to remark in a student course guide that Anderson was "one of the most pompous, friendly men" on campus. Yet, it is clear that he was genuinely committed to their academic and professional success. Several of his former pupils went on to become accomplished academics, and Anderson maintained friendly and professional ties with many of them as they transformed from student to colleague.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Anderson remained a revered member of the academic community throughout his lifetime. He was regularly invited to deliver lectures and participate in discussions at academic institutions and conferences both in the United States and abroad. During the 1960s, he was the recipient of two Fulbright grants which allowed him to accept invitations to act as a visiting professor at two universities overseas, and consequently participate as a guest lecture at institutions across Europe. Anderson was granted a senior fellowship by the National Endowment for the Humanities in 1973-1974, and was awarded a fellowship at the National Humanities Center in 1979-1980. He became a fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities in 1980, continuing his involvement with NYIH until 2000. One of the lasting legacies of Anderson's time at Columbia is the Lionel Trilling Seminars. Anderson, a close friend of both Lionel Trilling and his wife Diana, was a member of the founding committee that established the lecture series in 1976, the year after Trilling's death. The Lionel Trilling Seminars, a bi-annual event that serves as a forum for intellectual discussion, continues to attract the participation of renowned scholars. Anderson remained actively involved on the seminar committee, even after his retirement. It was one of the many contributions that characterized his career. A festschrift, Emerson and His Legacy, that celebrated those contributions and academic achievements was published in Anderson's honor in 1986.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED In the last years of his life, Anderson revisited two subjects that were of personal and professional significance during his youth and at the beginning of his career. In 2000, he performed in a theater production celebrating the centennial of the composer Kurt Weill, a family friend and collaborator of his father Maxwell Anderson. It was a chance for Anderson to relive his experiences of performing onstage while reminiscing about his childhood as he recounted memories of Weill's visits to his childhood home. At the same time, Anderson was working on what would be his last published work, a scholarly essay entitled, "Why R.P. Blackmur Found James's Golden Bowl Inhumane." Here, Anderson returned to the subject of his dissertation and his first major work: Henry James. The essay, published in 2001, added further proof of Anderson's expertise on the American author and provided an appropriate final note to the end of a long and distinguished career. Anderson died two years later in 2003.

From the guide to the Quentin Anderson Papers, 1935-2003, [Bulk Dates: 1960-2000]., (Columbia University. Rare book and Manuscript Library, )

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Anderson, Quentin, 1912-,. An oral history interview with Quentin Anderson / conducted for the Kurt Weill Foundation for Music by Donald Spoto, New York City(?), 1986 February 11 : recording and transcript. Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison
referencedIn John Howard Griffin Papers, 1920-1980 Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
creatorOf Quentin Anderson Papers, 1935-2003, [Bulk Dates: 1960-2000]. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
creatorOf Anderson, Quentin, 1912-2003. Quentin Anderson papers, 1935-2003 (bulk 1960-2000). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Griffin, John Howard, 1920-1980. John Howard Griffin papers, 1920-1980. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Henry Nash Smith Papers, 1927-1986 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Lenya, Lotte, 1898-1981. General correspondence, [ca. 1920]-1981. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John Hollander Papers, circa 1950-2007 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, Mab. person
associatedWith Anderson, Maxwell, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Columbia University. corporateBody
associatedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 person
associatedWith Griffin, John Howard, 1920-1980. person
associatedWith Hollander, John. person
associatedWith James, Henry, 1843-1916 person
associatedWith Lenya, Lotte, 1898-1981. person
associatedWith Lionel Trilling Seminars. corporateBody
associatedWith Lionel Trilling Seminars. corporateBody
correspondedWith Smith, Henry Nash person
associatedWith Spoto, Donald, 1941- person
associatedWith Trilling, Lionel, 1905-1975. person
associatedWith Weill, Kurt, 1900-1950. person
associatedWith Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Subject
American literature--History and criticism
Criticism
Literature and society
Education--Study and teaching--United States
Education--Study and teaching
Criticism--United States
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1912-07-21

Death 2003-02-18

Americans

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