Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942

Variant names

Hide Profile

Tufts was educated at Amherst College, A.B., 1884; M.A., 1889; D.B., Yale, 1889; Ph. D. Freiburg, 1892. He taught philosophy at the University of Michigan, 1889-1891 and at the University of Chicago, 1892-1930 and wrote extensively on philosophical topics.

From the description of Tufts papers, 1785-1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 52034227

James H. Tufts was born on July 9, 1862 in Monson, Massachusetts. Tufts graduated from Amherst College in 1884 and remained there to teach mathematics for two years. He entered Yale Divinity School and in 1889 was awarded a Bachelor of Divinity degree. In 1890, Tufts received his M.A. from Amherst College and accepted a position as an instructor of philosophy at the University of Michigan where he became a colleague of John Dewey. In 1891, Tufts went to Germany for post-graduate study and obtained his Ph. D. from the University of Freiburg in 1892. Following his studies in Germany, Tufts resumed his teaching career (1892) at the University of Chicago as an assistant professor of philosophy. He remained at Chicago's Department of Philosophy in various capacities for the next thirty-eight years. In 1894 he was promoted to associate professor and to professor in 1900, and from 1906 until his retirement in 1930, Tufts was chairman of the philosophy department. Tufts played an important part in the development of the philosophy department at the University of Chicago and in the creation of the "Chicago School of Instrumental Philosophy." He began to break away from classical philosophy and theology, but not without retaining a profound respect for much of "the great inheritance." Thus, in his writings, he tended to preserve traditional forms while presenting the claims of a new generation. Tufts served as an editor of The International Journal of Ethics (1914-1934), and served as president of the American Philosophy Association (Western Division 1914, and Pacific Division, 1934). Known for his socially progressive ideas, he was selected as chairman of two local boards of arbitration and became a spokesman for Chicago social workers when they sought new legislation. James Tufts died in Berkeley, California on August 5, 1942, at the age of 80.

From the description of James H. Tufts papers, 1782-1942. (Southern Illinois University). WorldCat record id: 276988500

Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Chicago, 1892-1930; Dean of Faculties and Vice-President of the University, 1924-1926; Acting President, 1925-1926.

From the description of Papers, 1908-1942. (University of Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 52246245

James Hayden Tufts was born in Monson, Masachusetts on July 9, 1862 and prepared for college at Monson Academy under his father. He graduated from Amherst College in 1884 and took a position as principal of Westport, Connecticut High School for one year. After that he taught mathematics at Amherst College for two years then became a student again at Yale University, 1887-1889. He was instructor in philosophy at the University of Michigan, 1889-1891, and then attended the Universities of Berlin and Freiburg, Germany, receiving his Ph.D. from the latter in 1892. From there he went to the University of Chicago to teach philosophy, where he remained for the rest of his career, holding many important positions including that of acting president. He died on August 5, 1942 at Berkeley, California.

From the guide to the James Hayden Tufts (AC 1884) Papers, 1764-1940, (Amherst College Archives and Special Collections)

In 1891, Tufts went to Germany for post-graduate study and obtained his Ph. D. from the University of Freiburg in 1892. Following his studies in Germany, Tufts resumed his teaching career (1892) at the University of Chicago as an assistant professor of philosophy. He remained at Chicago's Department of Philosophy in various capacities for the next thirty-eight years. In 1894 he was promoted to associate professor and to professor in 1900, and from 1906 until his retirement in 1930, Tufts was chairman of the philosophy department.

For nearly half of his eighty years Tufts played an important part in the development of the philosophy department at the University of Chicago and in the creation of the "Chicago School of Instrumental Philosophy." Tufts served as an editor of The International Journal of Ethics (1914-1934). He contributed also to a number of symposia and served as president of the American Philosophy Association (Western Division 1914, and Pacific Division, 1934). James H. Tufts was married to Cynthia H. Whitaker in 1891 and had two children, Irene (Mead) and James Warren. Cynthia Tufts died in 1920; he later married Matilde Castro, a professor of education at Bryn Mawr. Tufts died in Berkeley, California on August 5, 1942, at the age of 80.

From the description of James H. Tufts photograph collection, 1890-1930. (Southern Illinois University). WorldCat record id: 320369413

James Hayden Tufts (1862-1942) was on the faculty of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Chicago from 1892-1930. In 1905 he was appointed Chairman of the Philosophy Department, a position he held until his retirement from the University in 1930. In addition to departmental duties, he was Dean of the Senior Colleges (1898-1904), Dean of Faculties and Vice-President of the University (1924-26), Acting President of the University (1925-26), and editor of the International Journal of Ethics (1914-1930).

Born in Monson, Massachusetts, James Tufts was educated at his father's grammar school and subsequently at Amherst College (B.A., 1883), Yale Divinity School (B.D., 1889), and the University of Freiburg (Ph.D., 1892). After graduating from Yale, he accepted a teaching position in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Michigan. During a holiday visit to his home in Massachusetts, he received an invitation to call on his former professor, William Rainey Harper, at Yale. Sharing with Tufts his plans for a new university in Chicago, Harper invited him to join the faculty. Tufts resigned from the University of Michigan, married Cynthia Whitaker, and set sail for Germany to begin one year of study at the University of Freiburg, with the agreement that he would be in Chicago, prepared to teach, by August, 1892. While in Germany, Tufts and Harper corresponded frequently [Tufts' letters to Harper, dating from 1890-92, are in Box XV, Folder 12 of the William Rainey Harper Personal Papers]. At Harper's request, Tufts provided information about various candidates for positions at the University, and he advised Harper on acquisitions for the Philosophy Library.

From the guide to the Tufts, James Hayden. Papers, 1908-1942, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn James Hayden Tufts (AC 1884) Papers, 1764-1940 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942. Tufts papers, 1785-1942. Amherst College. Library
referencedIn Ames, Edward Scribner, 1870-1958. Edward Scribner Ames papers, 1870-1958. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
creatorOf Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942. Typed letter signed James H. Tufts to "My dear Mr. and Mrs. Palmer" March 9, 1922. Wellesley College
referencedIn Eliza Jane Read Sunderland Papers, 1865-1910 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942. James H. Tufts photograph collection, 1890-1930. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Schütze, Eva Watson. Photographs, 1902-1929 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Lloyd, Alfred H. (Alfred Henry), 1864-1927. Alfred H. Lloyd papers, 1879-1926. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Records of the Hart, Schaffner and Marx labor agreement during James H. Tufts' chairmanship of the Chicago Arbitration Board, 1919-1920. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Cohen, Morris Raphael, 1880-1947. Morris Raphael Cohen papers, 1898-1981. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. William Ernest Hocking Papers, 1860-1979 Houghton Library
referencedIn Alfred H. Lloyd papers, 1879-1926 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Tufts, James Hayden. Papers, 1908-1942 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929. Charles Horton Cooley papers, 1872-1930. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942. Papers, 1908-1942. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Sunderland, Eliza Jane Read, 1839-1910. Eliza Jane Read Sunderland papers, 1865-1910. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Yeaton, Ethel Kitch, 1884-1941. Ethel Kitch Yeaton collection on Edward Scribner Ames and James Hayden Tufts, 1911-1914. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Sunderland, Eliza Read, 1839-1910. Eliza Jane Read Sunderland papers, 1865-1910. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Dummer, Ethel Sturges, 1866-1954. Papers, 1689-1962 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf James Hayden Tufts (AC 1884) Papers, 1764-1940 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942. James H. Tufts papers, 1782-1942. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Hart, Schaffner and Marx Labor Agreement. Records, 1919-1920 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Charles Horton Cooley papers, 1872-1930 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Records of the Hart, Schaffner and Marx labor agreement during James H. Tufts's chairmanship of the Chicago Arbitration Board, 1919-1920. University of Chicago Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935 person
correspondedWith Ames, Edward Scribner, 1870-1958. person
associatedWith Amherst College corporateBody
associatedWith Amherst College. Class of 1884. Tufts. corporateBody
associatedWith Burnet, John, 1863-1928 person
associatedWith Calkins, Mary Whiton, 1863-1930 person
associatedWith Castro, Mathilde person
associatedWith Castro, Mathilde. person
associatedWith Chapin family. family
associatedWith Chapin family. family
associatedWith City Club of Chicago. corporateBody
associatedWith Cohen, Morris Raphael, 1880-1947. person
associatedWith Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929. person
associatedWith Dewey, John, 1859-1952 person
associatedWith ETHEL STURGES DUMMER, 1866-1954 person
associatedWith Field, Herbert Sawyer person
associatedWith Field, Louise Whitaker person
associatedWith Hart, Schaffner and Marx corporateBody
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Illinois. Committee on Social Legislation. corporateBody
associatedWith James, William, 1842-1910 person
associatedWith Lloyd, Alfred H. (Alfred Henry), 1864-1927. person
associatedWith Mead, George Herbert, 1863-1931. person
associatedWith Monson Academy. corporateBody
associatedWith Palmer, Frederic, 1848-1932. person
associatedWith Palmer, Mary Towle, b. 1846. person
associatedWith Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916 person
associatedWith Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970 person
associatedWith Schütze, Eva Watson, 1867-1935 person
associatedWith Sunderland, Eliza Read, 1839-1910. person
associatedWith Taylor, Fannie Hobart person
associatedWith Taylor, Rae H. person
associatedWith Tufts, Cynthia Whitaker person
associatedWith Tufts family. family
associatedWith Tufts family. family
associatedWith Tufts, James, 1764-1841 person
associatedWith Tufts, James, 1812-1901 person
associatedWith Tufts, James Hayden, 1862-1942 person
associatedWith Tufts, James W. person
associatedWith Tufts, Mary Warren person
associatedWith University of Chicago corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago-History corporateBody
associatedWith Warren, Elisha person
associatedWith Warren family. family
associatedWith Warren family. family
associatedWith Warren, Laurett person
associatedWith Whitaker, Augustus person
associatedWith Whitaker, Carl F. person
associatedWith Whitaker, Cora Preston person
associatedWith Whitaker, Harrison person
associatedWith Whitaker, H. M. person
associatedWith Yeaton, Ethel Kitch, 1884-1941. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Illinois
Subject
Philosophy--Study and teaching
Philosophy, American
Philosophers--Biography--Sources
Philosophers--United States--Biography--Sources
Philosophers
Social reformers
Social legislation
Housing
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1862

Death 1942

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68g90sv

Ark ID: w68g90sv

SNAC ID: 17674214