Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974

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From the description of Reminiscences of Leon Kroll : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309743152

Leon Kroll (1884-1974) was a painter from New York, N.Y.

Kroll was a leading painter during the 1920's and 1930's.

From the description of Leon Kroll papers, 1905-1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220244127

Leon Kroll (1884-1974) of New York, N.Y., was a painter.

Leon Kroll was born in New York City in 1884. As a teenager he attended classes at the Art Students League and studied painting with John Henry Twachtman. In the early 1900s he began taking classes at the National Academy of Design, where he won student prizes, and had his first major exhibition in 1906. In 1908 he won a scholarship to study art in Paris and attended the Académie Julian, studying at the atelier of Jean-Paul Laurens. Through he practiced realism, Kroll was also influenced by French impressionist painters, specifically Paul Cézanne. While in Paris he also met Genevieve (Viette) Domec. They married later in 1923 and had one daughter, Marie-Claude.

Upon his return to New York in 1910, Kroll had a one man show of his Paris work at the National Academy where he received critical acclaim. The next year he began teaching at the National Academy of Design. During his career, he also taught at the Maryland Institute, Art Institute of Chicago, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and was a guest instructor and lecturer at several other schools.

Kroll was part of a circle of New York artists that included several members of "The Eight", and he was especially close with Robert Henri, William Glackens, George Bellows, and Eugene Speicher. During his time in Europe he also became friends with Marc Chagall and Robert and Sonia Delaunay. He exhibited at the Armory Show in 1913 and during the next few decades won numerous major national and international prizes in painting, including first prize at the 1936 Carnegie International Exhibition. He had his first retrospective exhibition at the Worcester Art Museum in 1937. Kroll was especially known for his paintings of female nudes, but also painted New York City street scenes, New England landscapes, and portraits. Beginning in the late 1930s he was commissioned to paint murals at public buildings including, among others, the U. S. Department of Justice Building, the war memorial in Worcester, Massachusetts, and the auditorium at Johns Hopkins University.

Throughout his career Kroll was a very active member of professional arts organizations. He was an Associate and later a Academician at the National Academy of Design, and his memberships included the New Society of Artists; American Society of Painters, Sculptors, and Gravers; Artists Equity Association; Four Arts Aid Association; and the National Institute of Arts and Letters among others. He also served as a board officer for many of these organizations. Kroll was active in the federal arts programs from the 1930s to the 1950s and close friends with Edward Bruce, director of the U.S. Treasury Department's Section for Fine Arts.

Kroll maintained a studio in New York City and spent summers at his home and studio at Folly Cove, Gloucester, Massachusetts. Leon Kroll died in 1974 at the age of 89.

From the guide to the Leon Kroll papers, 1905-1974, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf John Herron Art Institute. Wilbur D. Peat correspondence, 1929-1936. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn A. Hyatt Mayor Papers, 1904-1946 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Trebilcock, Paul, 1902-1981. Paul Trebilcock papers, 1899-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Ezio Martinelli Papers, 1927-1968 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Kroll, Leon : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
creatorOf Weichsel, John, 1870-1946. John Weichsel papers, 1905-1922. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006. Arnold Newman photographs of artists, ca. 1940-1960. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1940. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988. Isabel Bishop papers, 1914-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Tennesse Williams Papers, 1920-1983 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Weems, Katharine Lane, 1899-. Katharine Lane Weems papers, 1865-1989. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kruse, Alexander Z., 1888-1972. Papers of Alexander Z. Kruse, 1890-1972 (bulk 1930s-1960s). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907-. Karl E. Fortess taped interviews with artists, [1963-1985]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Carlton, Margaret, 1903-1998. Papers relating to the 1913 Armory Show 50th Anniversary Exhibition, 1962-1995. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966. Barry Faulkner papers, 1900-1973. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966. Barry Faulkner papers, circa 1858-1973. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Daniel Gallery. Daniel Gallery exhibition catalogs, [undated] and 1916-1921. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Laufman, Sidney, 1891-. Sidney Laufman papers, [ca.1922-1983]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Cone, Etta. Claribel and Etta Cone letters, 1898-1949. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Nathan, Adele Gutman. Adele Gutman Nathan Theatrical Collection, 1834-1989. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Forbes Watson papers, 1840-1967, bulk 1900-1960 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Carlton, Margaret Gillies, 1903-1998. Papers relating to the 1913 Armory Show 50th Anniversary Exhibition, circa 1962-1995. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Marsh, Felicia Meyer, 1912 or 3-1978. Felicia Meyer Marsh and Meyer family papers, [ca.1880s]-1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Robinson, Mary Turlay, 1887 or 8-1971. Mary Turlay Robinson papers, 1923-1971. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Barry Faulkner papers, circa 1858-1973 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Williams, Esther Baldwin, 1867-1964. Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers, 1892-1984. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Maurice Sterne papers, 1912-1963 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. Philip Evergood papers, 1910-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roberts, Mary Fanton, 1871-1956. Mary Fanton Roberts papers, 1880-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn MacNeil, Hermon Atkins, 1866-1947. Hermon Atkins MacNeil papers, 1888-1966. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Bocour, Leonard, 1910-. Leonard Bocour interview, 1978 June 8 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Adele Gutman Nathan Theatrical Collection, 1834-1989 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Watson, Forbes, 1880-1960. Forbes Watson papers, 1840-1967, bulk 1900-1960. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hobson, Katherine Thayer, 1889-1982. Katherine Thayer Hobson papers, 1918-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Eliot Candee Clark Papers, 1910-1969 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Correspondence concerning Arthur B. Davies, 1967-1975. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Max Weber papers, 1902-2008 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Williams, Tennessee, 1911-1983. Papers, 1920-1983. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Koffler, Mary Mintz, 1906-1985. Mary Mintz Koffler papers, 1935-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Hermon Atkins MacNeil papers, 1888-1966. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Olinsky, Ivan G. (Ivan Gregorewitch), 1878-1962. Ivan Olinsky papers, 1900-1962. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Abraham Harriton Papers, 1915-1965 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957. Maurice Sterne papers, 1912-1963. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Harry Wickey Papers, 1928-1965 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Wilna Hervey and Nan Mason papers, 1883-1985 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966. Barry Faulkner papers, 1861-1966 (bulk 1900-1966). Library of Congress
referencedIn Chaim Gross Papers, 1937-1964 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Isabel Bishop papers, 1914-1983 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn New York Artists Equity Association. New York Artists Equity Association records, 1944-2010. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Mary Fanton Roberts papers, 1880-1956 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Leighton, Clare, 1899-. Clare Leighton papers, 1931-1967. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Milch Gallery. Milch Gallery records, 1911-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Frank K.M. Rehn Galleries. Frank K.M. Rehn Galleries records, 1858-1969, bulk 1919-1968. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1951-1962. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf John Herron Art Institute. Wilbur D. Peat correspondence, 1929-1936. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Audella Beebe Hyatt Papers, 1858-1957 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Leon Kroll papers, 1905-1974 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Richard A. Florsheim Papers, 1927-1997 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006. Arnold Newman photographs of artists, ca. 1940-1960. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Van Veen, Stuyvesant. Oral history interview with Stuyvesant Van Veen, 1981 May 5-14. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Milch Gallery records, 1911-1980 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf American Artists Group. American Artists Group records, 1934-1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn New York Artists Equity Association. New York Artists Equity Association records, 1944-2003. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970. Henry Ernest Schnakenberg papers, 1905-1969. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Boyd, Rutherford, 1882-1951. Rutherford Boyd papers, 1900-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Weber, Max, 1881-1961. Max Weber papers, 1904-1962. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Milch Gallery. Milch Gallery records, 1911-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone Papers, 1885-1949. Baltimore Museum of Art Library & Archives
creatorOf Mills College. Art Gallery. Mills College Art Gallery letters, 1843-1959. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993. Oral history interview with Leonard Bocour, 1978 June 8. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Van Veen, Stuyvesant. Stuyvesant Van Veen interviews, 1981 May 5 - May 14. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Budin, Shaya. Shaya Budin collection of exhibition catalogs, 1926-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Leon Kroll : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
referencedIn Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records, 1858-1969 (bulk 1919-1968) Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Reminiscences of Leon Kroll : oral history, 1957. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991. Chaim Gross papers, 1920-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bocour, Leonard, 1910-. Leonard Bocour interview, 1978 June 8. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Seiberling, Frank, 1908-. Frank Seiberling research material on George Bellows, 1934-1962 (bulk 1934-1948). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brauner, Olaf M., 1869-1947. Olaf Brauner letters, 1895-1938 [microform]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Mayor, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1901-1980. A. Hyatt Mayor papers, 1815-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Worcester (Mass.). Collection, 1686-1941. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Warshawsky, A. G. (Abel G.), 1883-1962. A.G. (Abel George) Warshawsky papers, 1930-1960. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Peterson, Isabel. Isabel Peterson papers, 1942-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974. Leon Kroll papers, 1905-1974. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hervey, Wilna, 1894-1979. Wilna Hervey and Nan Mason papers, circa 1920-1978. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Artists Group. corporateBody
associatedWith Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956. person
associatedWith Biddle, George, 1885- person
associatedWith Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988. person
associatedWith Bocour, Leonard, 1910- person
associatedWith Boyd, Rutherford, 1882-1951. person
associatedWith Brauner, Olaf M., 1869-1947. person
associatedWith Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943. person
associatedWith Budin, Shaya. person
associatedWith Carlton, Margaret, 1903-1998. person
associatedWith Carlton, Margaret Gillies, 1903-1998. person
associatedWith Clark, Eliot Candee, 1883- person
associatedWith Cone, Etta. person
associatedWith Daniel Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. person
correspondedWith Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966. person
associatedWith Florsheim, Richard A., 1916-1979 person
associatedWith Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907- person
associatedWith Frank K.M. Rehn Galleries. corporateBody
associatedWith Glackens, William J., 1870-1938. person
associatedWith Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991. person
associatedWith Harriton, Abraham, 1893-1986 person
associatedWith Henri, Robert, 1865-1929. person
associatedWith Hermon Atkins, MacNeil 1866-1947. person
associatedWith Hervey, Wilna person
associatedWith Hervey, Wilna, 1894-1979. person
associatedWith Hobson, Katherine Thayer, 1889-1982. person
associatedWith Hyatt, Audella Beebe, 1840-1932 person
associatedWith John Herron Art Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Koffler, Mary Mintz, 1906-1985. person
associatedWith Kruse, Alexander Z., 1888-1972. person
associatedWith Langsam, Julie person
associatedWith Langsam, Julie. person
associatedWith Laufman, Sidney, 1891- person
associatedWith Leighton, Clare, 1899- person
associatedWith MacNeil, Hermon Atkins, 1866-1947. person
associatedWith Manship, Paul, 1885-1966. person
associatedWith Marsh, Felicia Meyer, 1912 or 3-1978. person
associatedWith Martinelli, Ezio, 1913- person
associatedWith Mayor, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1901-1980. person
associatedWith Milch Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Mills College. Art Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Nathan, Adele Gutman. person
associatedWith Nathan, Adele Gutman, 1889-1976 person
associatedWith Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006. person
associatedWith New York Artists Equity Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962. person
associatedWith Olinsky, Ivan G. (Ivan Gregorewitch), 1878-1962. person
associatedWith Peterson, Isabel. person
associatedWith Roberts, Mary Fanton person
associatedWith Roberts, Mary Fanton, 1871-1956. person
associatedWith Robinson, Mary Turlay, 1887 or 8-1971. person
associatedWith Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970. person
associatedWith Seiberling, Frank, 1908- person
associatedWith Speicher, Eugene E. (Eugene Edward), 1883-1962. person
associatedWith Starr, Louis Morris, 1917-1980, person
associatedWith Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957. person
associatedWith Trebilcock, Paul, 1902-1981. person
associatedWith Van Veen, Stuyvesant person
associatedWith Warshawsky, A. G. (Abel G.), 1883-1962. person
associatedWith Watson, Forbes person
associatedWith Watson, Forbes, 1880-1960. person
associatedWith Weber, Max person
associatedWith Weber, Max, 1881-1961. person
associatedWith Weems, Katharine Lane, 1899- person
associatedWith Weichsel, John, 1870-1946. person
associatedWith Wickey, Harry Archives. person
associatedWith Williams, Esther, 1907-1969. person
associatedWith Williams, Esther Baldwin, 1867-1964. person
associatedWith Williams, Tennessee, 1911-1983. person
associatedWith Worcester (Mass.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Wright, Brooks, 1922- person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Artists' studios--Photographs
Painters--Interviews
Painting, American
Art, American
Artists' models
Art teachers--New York (State)--New York
Muralists--New York (State)--New York
Mural painting and decoration
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Art--Economic aspects
Art teachers
Muralists
Painters--New York (State)--New York
Painters
Art and state
Painting, Modern
Art patronage
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1884-12-06

Death 1974-10-25

Americans

Information

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