Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Joseph Bonaparte (1768-1844) was the Count of Survilliers, the exiled King of Naples and Spain, and the older brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. After Napoleon's defeat in 1815, Joseph's family, including Napoleon himself, made arrangements to sail for America. Before departure, however, Napoleon decided to remain in France, as did Joseph's wife, Julie, whose poor health prevented her from traveling with her husband. After brief stops in New York and Philadelphia, Joseph purchased a 211-acre estate on the Delaware River near Bordentown in Burlington County, New Jersey in 1815 called Point Breeze. Over the next two years, Joseph purchased ten surrounding farms to increase the size of the estate to 1700 acres, and built a mansion on high ground overlooking Crosswicks Creek. This mansion burned down soon after completion and had to be rebuilt. In 1820, Joseph was offered the throne of Mexico, which he declined in order to remain in the United States. As the political situation in Europe calmed, Joseph sailed for England in 1832, and divided the remainder of his life between Italy, England and the United States. He died in Florence, Italy in 1844.

From the description of Joseph Bonaparte papers, 1816-1917 1816-1836. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53034716

Joseph Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon I, Emperor of France. Napoleon made Joseph King of Naples (1806-1808) and then King of Spain (1808-1813). After his abdication as King of Spain he lived for a time in New York City, Philadelphia and Bordertown, N.J. before returning to Italy. He died in Florence.

From the description of [Letters] / Joseph. [1806-1824] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 244251548

Brother of Napoleon Bonaparte.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient, 1838 Feb. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773209669

From the description of Letter signed : New York, to Messrs. LeRoy, Bayard & McEvers, 1816 Mar. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773208658

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Paris, to the Comte de Saint Leu [Louis Bonaparte], 1815 June 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773208412

Resident of Bordentown, N.J. (1817-1832).

From the description of Letter, 1819 Dec. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70975348

Oldest brother of Napoleon.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to his mother, 1809 Sept. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270524265

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to a marshal, 1810 Jan. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270524273

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Naples, to M. Regnaud, 1806 Mar. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270525695

Joseph Bonaparte, oldest brother of Napoleon.

From the description of Autograph signature to letter : Naples, to a brother-in-law, 1813 Dec. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270535343

King of Spain, brother of Napoleon I.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (4) : Seville and [n.p], to General Beillard, "mon cher pere" and an unidentified colonel, 1810 Feb. 11, 1836 July and undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270859770

Resident of Bordentown, N.J., from 1817 to 1832.

From the description of Letter, 1825 Aug. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70975344

Eldest brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, 1806, and King of Spain, 1808, known as Comte de Survilliers in the United States after 1815.

From the guide to the Joseph Bonaparte letters, 1808-1840, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Letter signed : New York, to Messrs. LeRoy, Bayard & McEvers, 1816 Mar. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Point Breeze (Burlington County, N.J.). Point Breeze field notebooks, 1825-1826. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to Gen. Bullard, 1809 May 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Murray, William Vans, 1760-1803. Correspondence (copies) while U.S. Minister at the Hague and Envoy Extraordinary to the French Republic, 1797 June 20-1801 Sept. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Taylor, Orla Benedict, 1865-1945,. Napoleon autograph collection, 1792-1843. University of Michigan
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Letter, 1825 Aug. 7. Camden County Historical Society
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph subscription and signature to order : Paris, to Count de Montalivet, 1814 Mar. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Paris, 1815 Apr. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charlotte de Survillier, comtesse. Vue prise dans le Parc de Point-Breeze : photographic print of a lithograph, 1824. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Autograph letter signed : La Grange, Seine-et-Marne, France, to [William Harris Crawford], Washington, 1815 Nov. 7. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph subscription and signature to order : Madrid, to Gen. Bellaire, 1809 Oct. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Point Breeze (U.S.A.), 1831 Jan. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to a marshal, 1810 Jan. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. Papers, 1757-1836. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Pointe Breeze, N.J., to Virgil David, n.p., 1836 May 30. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Tilghman, William, 1756-1827. Papers concerning Philadelphia, Pa. real estate [manuscript] 1809-1939. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letters signed (4) : Seville and [n.p], to General Beillard, "mon cher pere" and an unidentified colonel, 1810 Feb. 11, 1836 July and undated. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to Gen. Bullard, 1810 Dec. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Murray, William Vans, 1760-1803. Papers of William Vans Murray, 1778-1805 (bulk 1797-1801). Library of Congress
creatorOf Jumel, Stephen, 1755-1832. Jumel family papers, 1799-1865. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. [Letters] / Joseph. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Napoleon Bonaparte, Military Letters, 1798, 1810 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
referencedIn Mailliard Family papers, 1785-1927 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Joseph Bonaparte papers, 1816-1917 1816-1836. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Isabey, Jean-Baptiste, 1767-1855. Letters and documents, 1800-1850. J. Paul Getty Center, Arts Archives
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Pointe Breeze, N.J., to Felix Lacoste, New York, 1831 Feb. 10. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Garcia de Pero, Genarmo,. Documents concerning social, legal and economic matters in Spain : manuscript, 1567-1833. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. Francis Lieber papers, 1780-1873. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Grouchy, Emmanuel, marquis de, 1766-1847. Emmanuel Grouchy letter : 1817. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letters signed (3) : Lunéville, Paris and [n.p.], to Francesco Piranesi, 20 Frimaire an IX [1800 Dec. 11], 1 Thermidor an IX [1801 July 20], and 20 Brumaire an XII [1803 Nov. 12]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to the Comte de Saint Leu [Louis Bonaparte], 1815 June 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Owen D. Young Library. Special Collections. Miscellaneous manuscripts: A-F, 1767-1981. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn McAllister, W.Y.,. Bonaparte Family Clippings Collection, Scrapbook, 1799-1895. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Montgomery, Mary Ann Phelps, 1847-1943,. Mary Ann Phelps Montgomery collection, 1746-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Belliard, Augustin Daniel, comte, 1769-1832. Letter signed : Madrid, to Joseph Bonaparte, 1808 May 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Pointe Breeze, N.J., to Virgil David, n.p., 1836 May 30. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn French Emigres collection, 1793-1957. St. Lawrence University, Owen D. Young Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Camp at Talavera, to Gen. Bullard, 1809 July 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte letters, 1808-1840 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Peter S. Du Ponceau Papers. 1787-1844 (inclusive). Porterville Public Library
referencedIn Mailliard family. Mailliard family papers, 1785-1927 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Victor, 1767-1827. Papers, 1753-1847. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sánchez Barbero, Francisco, 1764-1819. Pepinada / ab uno conciso, discipulo Merlini macarronico-poetaliter facta. Northwestern University
referencedIn Walsh, Robert, 1784-1859. Letters of Robert Walsh [manuscript], 1831-1844. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984. Autograph collection, 1446-2001. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph signature to letter : Naples, to a brother-in-law, 1813 Dec. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient, 1838 Feb. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Naples, to his brother Lucien, 1807 Mar. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mary Ann Phelps Montgomery collection, 1746-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Bonaparte, Letizia, 1750?-1836. Fragment of a night-robe [realia] Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to an unidentified general, "19 Brumaire, an 13" [1804 May 10]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fourcroy, Antoine-François de, comte, 1755-1809. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Parish, David, d. 1826. ALsS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1814-1816. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Autograph letter signed : La Grange, Seine-et-Marne, France, to [William Harris Crawford], Washington, 1815 Nov. 7. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Berden, John. Surveyors' papers, 1743-1839. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Luneville, to a friend, 2 Nivose an 9 (1801 Feb. 2). Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Pointe Breeze, N.J., to Felix Lacoste, New York, 1831 Feb. 10. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn DeCou, George, 1861-1950. Papers, [17--]-[19--]. Historical Society of Moorestown
creatorOf Spencer, William Marvin, 1892-1984. Spencer Napoleonica collection, 1756-1975. Newberry Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed "Joseph, Cte. de Survilliers" : New York, to Jacques Louis David, 1824 Aug. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William Vans Murray Papers, 1778-1805, (bulk 1797-1801) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Achille Murat Letters, 1822-1841 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Clermont-Tonnerre, Aimé-Marie-Gaspard, duc de, 1779-1865. Mémoires sur la guerre d'Espagne, de 1808 à 1811, 1819. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Universiteit van Amsterdam. Bibliotheek. Collection, 1711-1868. Library of Congress
referencedIn Napoleon Bonaparte, military letters University of Nebraska - Lincoln
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to Gen. Bullard, 1809 Aug. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. [Letter] : 1803 September, Mortefontaine [France, to] citizen. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Letter, 1818 December 5, Philadelphia, to LeRoy Bayard & Co., New York. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Letters, 1819 Dec. 2-1825 Aug. 7. Camden County Historical Society
referencedIn George Wiley Sherburn collection of letters and documents, 1655-1834. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Naples, to M. Regnaud, 1806 Mar. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Letter, 1819 Dec. 2. Camden County Historical Society
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to his mother, 1809 Sept. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. Autograph insertions to a printed invitation form : Paris, to Gen. Morgan, 22 pluviose an 12 (1804 Feb. 13). Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Middleton, Josiah, fl. 1820-1834. Daybook, 1820-1834 (inclusive). Rutgers University
creatorOf Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. Autograph file, J, 1756-1947. Harvard University, Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Bayard, William, 1761-1826. person
associatedWith Bellaire, Gen, person
associatedWith Belliard, Augustin Daniel, comte, 1769-1832. person
associatedWith Bonaparte, Charles Marie, 1746-1785, person
associatedWith Bonaparte, Letizia, 1750?-1836. person
associatedWith Bonaparte, Lucien, prince de Canino, 1775-1840, person
associatedWith Bonaventure Lafayette Collection (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Bonaventure Lafayette Collection (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Bullard, Gen, person
associatedWith Caroline Bonaparte, consort of Joachim Murat, King of Naples, 1782-1839. person
associatedWith Charlotte de Survillier, comtesse. person
associatedWith Clermont-Tonnerre, Aimé-Marie-Gaspard, duc de, 1779-1865. person
associatedWith Clodin. person
associatedWith David, Jacques Louis, 1748-1825, person
associatedWith David, Virgil. person
associatedWith DeCou, George, 1861-1950. person
associatedWith Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. person
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Victor, 1767-1827. person
associatedWith Fourcroy, Antoine-François de, comte, 1755-1809. person
associatedWith Grouchy, Emmanuel, marquis de, 1766-1847. person
associatedWith Heston, Alfred M. (Alfred Miller), 1854-1937. person
associatedWith Isabey, Jean-Baptiste, 1767-1855. person
associatedWith Jumel, Stephen, 1755-1832. person
associatedWith Lacoste, Felix. person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871. person
associatedWith LeRoy Bayard & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith LeRoy, Bayard & McEvers (New York, N.Y.), corporateBody
associatedWith Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. person
associatedWith Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland, 1778-1846, person
associatedWith Louis Philippe, King of the French, 1773-1850. person
associatedWith Mailliard family. family
associatedWith Mailliard family. family
associatedWith McAllister, W.Y., person
associatedWith McCrindle, Joseph F., person
associatedWith Melhado, Frederick, person
associatedWith Middleton, Josiah, fl. 1820-1834. person
associatedWith Miot de Melito, André Francois, comte, 1762-1841. person
associatedWith Montalivet, Count de, person
associatedWith Montgomery, Mary Ann Phelps, 1847-1943, person
associatedWith Morgan, Gen, person
associatedWith Murat, Achille person
associatedWith Murray, William Vans, 1760-1803. person
associatedWith Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821 person
associatedWith Owen D. Young Library. Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Parish, David, d. 1826. person
associatedWith Phillipps, person
associatedWith Piranesi, Francesco, 1756-1810, person
associatedWith Point Breeze (Burlington County, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Regnaud, M., person
associatedWith Sánchez Barbero, Francisco, 1764-1819. person
associatedWith Sherburn, George Wiley, 1884- person
associatedWith Spencer, William Marvin, 1892-1984. person
associatedWith Taylor, Orla Benedict, 1865-1945, person
associatedWith Universiteit van Amsterdam. Bibliotheek. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. Special Collections Research Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Walsh, Robert, 1784-1859. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Spain
Spain
New Jersey
France
France
Subject
Manuscripts, French
Manuscripts, American
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1768-01-07

Death 1844-07-28

French

French

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x63s9z

Ark ID: w6x63s9z

SNAC ID: 48685469