Johnston, Harriet Lane, 1830-1903

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Biographical Notes

James Buchanan

  • 1791, Apr. 23: Born, Cove Gap (near Mercersburg), Franklin Co., Pa.
  • 1809: Graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa.
  • 1812: Admitted to the bar, Lancaster, Pa.
  • 1819: Death of fiancée, Ann Coleman
  • 1821 - 1831 : United States Representative, fourth district, Pennsylvania
  • 1832 - 1833 : Minister to Russia
  • 1834 - 1845 : Senator from Pennsylvania
  • 1845 - 1849 : Secretary of state
  • 1853 - 1856 : Envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Great Britain
  • 1854: Coauthor of Ostend Manifesto
  • 1857 - 1861 : President of the United States
  • 1861: Retired to Wheatland estate, Lancaster, Pa.
  • 1866: Published Mr. Buchanan’s Administration. New York: D. Appleton
  • 1868, June 1: Died, Wheatland, Lancaster, Pa.

Harriet Lane Johnston

  • 1830, May 9: Born, Mercersburg, Franklin Co., Pa.
  • 1840: Attended the Misses Crawford boarding school, Lancaster, Pa.
  • 1841: Became ward of her uncle, James Buchanan
  • 1843: Attended boarding school, Charleston, Va.
  • 1846 - 1848 : Enrolled in the Academy of the Visitation, Georgetown, D.C.
  • 1857 - 1861 : Served as White House hostess
  • 1866: Married Henry Elliott Johnston
  • 1903, July 3: Died, Narragansett Pier, R.I.
  • 1912: Opening of the Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children, as part of Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md., established from the Harriet Lane Johnston estate funds

From the guide to the James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, 1825-1887, (bulk 1840-1866), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. James Buchanan receipt and letter, 1808, 1847. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. James Buchanan correspondence, 1837-1849. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Lander, F. W. (Frederick West), 1821-1862. Papers of F. W. Lander, 1836-1894 (bulk 1849-1862). Library of Congress
referencedIn Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. The James Buchanan collection, 1816-1991. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, 1825-1887, (bulk 1840-1866) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Kessler, Charles H., 1921-. James Buchanan : the monologues of President Buchanan and Harriet Lane : typescript, 1990. Millersville University Library, McNairy Library
referencedIn King, Horatio, 1811-1897. Horatio King papers, 1832-1906 (bulk 1857-1891). Library of Congress
referencedIn Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. Papers of Joseph Holt, 1817-1895 (bulk 1859-1889). Library of Congress
referencedIn Toner, Joseph M. (Joseph Meredith), 1825-1896,. Joseph Meredith Toner Collection, newspaper clippings, 1816-1895 (bulk 1833-1895). Library of Congress
referencedIn Klein, Philip Shriver, 1909- . The Wheatland, Klein collection, 1857-1975. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Joseph Holt Papers, 1817-1895, (bulk 1859-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, 1825-1887, (bulk 1840-1866) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rathbun, Richard, 1852-1918. Letter, 1906, July 27 : the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., to Mrs. Elizabeth C. Hobson, Northeast Harbor, Maine. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Horatio King Papers, 1832-1906, (bulk 1857-1891) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Party. corporateBody
associatedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. person
associatedWith Democratic National Convention (1852 : Baltimore, Md.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. person
correspondedWith Johnston, Henry Elliot, -1884 person
correspondedWith Jones, J. Glancy (Jehu Glancy), 1811-1878 person
associatedWith Kessler, Charles H., 1921- person
correspondedWith King, Horatio, 1811-1897. person
correspondedWith King, Horatio C. (Horatio Collins), 1837-1918 person
associatedWith Klein, Philip Shriver, 1909- . person
associatedWith Lander, F. W. (Frederick West), 1821-1862. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rathbun, Richard, 1852-1918. person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Toner, Joseph M. (Joseph Meredith), 1825-1896, person
associatedWith United States. Department of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Whig Party (U.S.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
Cumberland Road.
Great Britain
Northwest boundary of the United States.
National banks (United States)
United States
Crimean War, 1853-1856
Railroads--United States
Postal service--International cooperation
African Americans--Politics and government
Diplomatic and consular service, American--Great Britain
Missouri compromise
Presidents--United States--Messages
Political conventions--Maryland--Baltimore
Nullification (States' rights)
Oregon question
Monopolies--Great Britain
Tariff--United States
Presidents--United States--Election--1856
International trade
Slavery--United States
Abolitionists--United States
Presidents--United States--Election--1852
Senators, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
Presidents--United States
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
Cabinet officers


Birth 1830-05-09

Death 1903-07-03



Ark ID: w6vh5nz2

SNAC ID: 64912964