Wilson, Edmund B. (Edmund Beecher), 1856-1939

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Edmund B. Wilson was a biologist and zoologist.

From the description of Notebooks, 1875-1928. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122488789

Edmund B. Wilson was a biologist and zoologist.

Wilson was "among the most important and prolific biologists in the last part of the nineteenth and first part of the twentieth centuries" (Garland Allen). His scientific career may be divided into three major portions. In the first part, 1879-1891, he was concerned with descriptive embryology, morphology, and cell lineage. The second period, 1891-1903, was devoted to experimental embryology, differentiation, and artificial parthenogenesis. In the third part of his career, 1903-1938, Wilson concentrated on the problems of the cellular basis of heredity. Following the line of development of his mentor in Europe, Theodor Boveri, Wilson was concerned with the importance of the chromosomes in heredity. He worked on the prelocalization of formative substances in the egg, on chromosome movements, on spindle formation, on the independence and replication of the chromosomes. His graduate student, Walter S. Sutton, in 1902, on the basis of his studies of the chromosomes in a locust, set forth the basic postulates of the chromosome theory of heredity. After McClung had discovered the existence of sex chromosomes in 1902 but failed to determine the precise way in which they acted, Wilson, at first alone and then in collaboration with Nettle Stevens, worked out the chromosomal distinctions in many different species of insects, some with XY males and others with XO males. Wilson discovered the occasional non-disjunction of the X and Y chromosomes during meiosis, found cytological evidence of crossing over between homologous chromosomes during their synapsis, and was intrigued by the extra-chromosomal inheritance of organelles. His masterpiece was the third edition of The Cell in Inheritance and Development, which summarized and critically evaluated the enormous amount of research done on the cell in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

From the guide to the Edmund B. (Edmund Beecher) Wilson notebooks, 1875-1928, 1875-1928, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Journal of Experimental Zoology records, 1891-1964 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Stern, Curt, 1902-1981. Papers, [ca. 1920]-1980. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Wyatt, Edith, 1873-1958. Edith Wyatt papers, 1894-1968 (bulk 1894-1955). Newberry Library
referencedIn Nicholas, John Spangler, 1893-. John Spangler Nicholas papers, 1914-1963 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Wilson, Edmund B. (Edmund Beecher), 1856-1939. Notebooks, 1875-1928. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Journal of Experimental Zoology records 1891-1964 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Edmund B. (Edmund Beecher) Wilson notebooks, 1875-1928, 1875-1928 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Forbes, Stephen Alfred, 1844-1930. Zoological congress correspondence, 1892-1893. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975. Papers, 1899-1980. Rice University, Fondren Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn John Spangler Nicholas papers, 1914-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Richard Aldrich papers, 1842-1956 (inclusive), 1883-1938 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Julian Sorell Huxley papers MS 50., 1899-1980 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldrich, Richard, 1863-1937 person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia University. corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia University. Dept. of Zoology corporateBody
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
correspondedWith Forbes, Stephen Alfred, 1844-1930. person
associatedWith Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. person
correspondedWith Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975. person
correspondedWith Huxley, Julian Sorell person
associatedWith Nicholas, John Spangler, 1893- person
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Stern, Curt, 1902-1981. person
associatedWith Wyatt, Edith, 1873-1958. person
associatedWith Yale University corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Zoology--Study and teaching
Anatomy--Study and teaching
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1856-10-19

Death 1939-03-03

Americans

English

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