Hicks, Elias, 1748-1830

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Elias Hicks (1748-1830) was an eminent Quaker minister from Jericho, Long Island, N.Y. He was a farmer, partner in a tannery, and had a knowledge of surveying. In 1771, he married Jemima Seaman, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Willis) Seaman. Hicks was recognized as a minister in 1779 and during the next fifty years, made sixty-three visits as a traveling Friend to meetings in the United States. In the 1820s, a religious controversy within the Society of Friends which focused on Hicks' ministry led to the so-called Hicksite-Orthodox Separation of 1827-1828.

From the description of Elias Hicks Manuscript Collection, 1779-1948 1779-1830 (bulk). (Swarthmore College). WorldCat record id: 57196249

Long Island farmer whose beliefs led to the Hicksite-Orthodox Separation in the Religious Society of Friends in America.

From the description of Papers, 1781-1829. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155547861

Elias Hicks was an eminent Quaker minister from Jericho, Long Island, N.Y. He was a farmer, partner in a tannery, and had a knowledge of surveying. In 1771, he married Jemima Seaman, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth Seaman. Beginning in 1776, Hicks served on a committee that visited Friends' homes and urged members of Westbury Monthly Meeting to manumit any slaves they owned. He was recognized as a minister in 1779 and during the next fifty years, made sixty-three visits as a traveling Friend to meetings in the United States. In the 1820s, a religious controversy within the Society of Friends which focused on Hicks' ministry led to the so-called Hicksite Separation of 1827 and 1828.

From the description of Elias Hicks Manumission, 1778 December 14. (Swarthmore College). WorldCat record id: 554917567

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Seaman, David, 1791-1844. Correspondence, 1808-1843. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Adelphi University. Library. Special Collections. Long Island miscellany, 1648-[ca. 1985] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Sullivan, William, 1774-1839. Miscellaneous papers, 1795-1839. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Tallcot, Joseph, 1768-1853. Family papers, 1724-1857 (bulk 1788-1853). Haverford College Library
referencedIn Doughty family. Papers, 1747-1849. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Ferris Family. Papers 1737-1940. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Hicks, Isaac, 1767-1820. Family papers, 1798-ca. 1956 (bulk 1798-1818). Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Hicks, Elias, 1748-1830. Elias Hicks Manuscript Collection, 1779-1948 1779-1830 (bulk). Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Ogden, Charles Smith, 1822-1904. Family papers, 1681-1938. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Society of Friends collection, 1775-1829. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Bettle, Samuel, 1774-1861. Letters : Philadelphia, Pa., New Cornwell, [N.Y.], and Mount Pleasant, Ohio, to Jane Temple Bettle, Pennsbury and Philadelphia, Pa., 1802-1803, 1813 July 23, 1817 Aug. 18, and 1828 Sept. 7. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Historical Society of the Westburys (Westbury, Nassau County, N.Y.). Manuscripts and rare books, 1700-1926. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Briggs, Isaac, 1763-1825. Isaac Briggs papers, 1691-1886. Library of Congress
referencedIn Griscom, Samuel S., 1802-1878. Journal of a Tour thro N. Jersey, Penna., and N. York : with occasional remarks on the people, Literary Characters, Ladies Institutions etc., 1824. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Bean, Joel, 1825-1914. Collection of Quaker Poetry, 1794-1922. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Some memorandum of the proceedings of the Select Preparative and Monthly Meeting of Jericho, in the case of Anne Willis, Thomas Willis, and Phebe Willis, ca. 1828. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Price family. Papers, 1809-1878. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Post, Amy Kirby, b. 1802. Amy Kirby papers 1824-1825. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Hunt, John, 1740-1824. Papers, 1770-1828. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Mott, Richard, 1767-1856. Papers, 1799-1863. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Hicks, Elias, 1748-1830. Papers, 1781-1829. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Trenton Friends Association (Trenton, N.J.). Records, 1892-1908 & n.d. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Barbour, Hugh. Lecture papers, 1975. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Ford, Alice, 1906-. Research notes for the biography of Edward Hicks, c. 1952. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Fox, Josiah, 1763-1847. Papers, 1826-1836. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Wetherald, Thomas, 1791-1832. Papers, 1823-1828. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Vaux, George. Collection of correspondence and documents, 1659-1914. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Amy Kirby papers, Kirby, Amy, 1824-1825 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Woolman, John, 1720-1772. Quakers and slavery in America : a collection of manuscripts, early pamphlets, and books, 1715-1947. Morgan State University
creatorOf Price, R. ALsS, 1827-1830, Philadelphia, Pa. to John Watson. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Woolman, John, 1720-1772. Papers, 1669-1830 (inclusive), 1669, 1752-1800, 1830 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Hicks, Elias, 1748-1830. Elias Hicks Manumission, 1778 December 14. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Roberts, David, ca. 1792-1880. Letter. 5 mo 23rd 1828, [s.ℓ., s.n.] to Elisha Hunt. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Lockwood, John, 1793?-1859. Papers, 1827-1828. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Jackson, John, 1809-1855. Correspondence, 1834-1835. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Willis, Thomas, 1770 or 71-1864. Writings relating to the Separation and Quaker testimonies, 1807-1848. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Hurnard, Hannah, 1778?-1835. Family letters, 1804-1836. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Hart, Samuel, 1783-1863. Papers, 1749-1937. Bucks County Historical Society
creatorOf Brown, Moses, 1738-1836. American Friends' Letters, ca. 1676-1986. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Randall and Miller (Brooklyn, N.Y.). Freeport (N.Y.) documents, 1796-1934, 1897-1934 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Brown, Amos, b. 1779. Cadbury-Brown family papers, 1804-1900. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Post, Mary, 1806-1892. Post family papers, 1742-1908. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Poole, William, 1764-1829. Letters to Benjamin Ferris, 1821-1825. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Hicks, Valentine. Deeds, 1828-1832. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Matlack family. Papers, 1685-[1919]. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Garrigues, Edward, 1756-1845. Collection of Lewis-Garrigues family papers, 1753-1840. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Hicksville Public Library (Hicksville, N.Y.). Local History Collection, ca. 1830-1990. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Collection of Isaac T. Hopper papers, 1833-1902 [bulk 1833-1845] Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adelphi University. Library. Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Barbour, Hugh. person
associatedWith Bettle, Samuel, 1774-1861. person
associatedWith Braithwaite, Anna, 1788-1859. person
associatedWith Briggs, Isaac, 1763-1825. person
associatedWith Churchman, George. person
associatedWith Churchman, George, 1730-1814. person
associatedWith Doughty family. family
associatedWith Ferris, Benjamin, 1780-1867. person
associatedWith Ferris Family. family
associatedWith Fisher, Samuel Rowland, 1745-1834. person
associatedWith Ford, Alice, 1906- person
associatedWith Fox, Josiah, 1763-1847. person
associatedWith Garrigues, Edward, 1756-1845. person
associatedWith Griscom, Samuel S., 1802-1878. person
correspondedWith Hart, Samuel, 1783-1863. person
associatedWith Hicks, Edward, 1780-1849. person
associatedWith Hicks, Isaac, 1767-1820. person
associatedWith Hicks, Jemima, 1750-1829. person
associatedWith Hicks, Rachel, 1789-1878. person
associatedWith Hicks, Valentine, fl. 1817. person
associatedWith Hicksville Public Library (Hicksville, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Historical Society of the Westburys (Westbury, Nassau County, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hunt, John, 1740-1824. person
associatedWith Hurnard, Hannah, 1778?-1835. person
associatedWith Jackson, John, 1809-1855. person
associatedWith Judge, Hugh, 1750?-1834. person
associatedWith Kersey, Jesse, 1768-1845. person
associatedWith Kimber, Emmor, 1775-1850. person
associatedWith Lockwood, John, 1793?-1859. person
associatedWith Matlack family. family
associatedWith McClintock, Thomas, 1792?-1876. person
associatedWith Mifflin, Warner, 1745-1798. person
associatedWith Monthly Meeting of Friends of Westbury and Jericho (Orthodox : 1828-1870) corporateBody
associatedWith Mott, James, 1788-1868. person
associatedWith Mott, Richard, 1767-1856. person
associatedWith New York Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Orthodox : 1828-1955). Meeting for Sufferings. corporateBody
associatedWith Ogden, Charles Smith, 1822-1904. person
associatedWith Parsons, Samuel. person
associatedWith Poole, William, 1764-1829. person
associatedWith Poole, William, fl. 1820-1828. person
associatedWith Post, Amy, b. 1802 person
associatedWith Post, Amy Kirby, b. 1802. person
associatedWith Post, Mary, 1806-1892. person
associatedWith Price family. family
associatedWith Price, R. person
associatedWith Randall and Miller (Brooklyn, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rickman, William, fl. 1781. person
associatedWith Roberts, David, ca. 1792-1880. person
associatedWith Seaman, David, 1791-1844. person
associatedWith Seaman, Gideon, fl. 1781-1822. person
associatedWith Seaman Valentine, 1770 1817. person
associatedWith Shoemaker, Nathan, 1788-1868. person
associatedWith Sullivan, William, 1774-1839. person
associatedWith Tallcot, Joseph, 1768-1853. person
associatedWith Trenton Friends Association (Trenton, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Vaux, George. person
associatedWith Wetherald, Thomas, 1791-1832. person
associatedWith Willets, Joseph, fl. 1784. person
associatedWith Willis, John, fl. 1781. person
associatedWith Willis, Martha, fl. 1808. person
associatedWith Willis, Rachel, fl. 1828. person
associatedWith Willis, Samuel, fl. 1808-1828. person
associatedWith Willis, Thomas, 1770 or 71-1864. person
associatedWith Woolman, John, 1720-1772. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Oyster Bay (N.Y.)
New York (State)
New York
Subject
Quakers
Slaves--Emancipation
Lay ministry--Society of Friends
Hicksites--19th century
Society of Friends--History
Slaveholders
Quakers--Relations with African Americans
Sermons, American
Society of Friends--Sermons
Church controversies--Society of Friends
Occupation
Farmers
Function

Person

Birth 1748-03-19

Death 1830-02-27

Information

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Ark ID: w6rj4s40

SNAC ID: 73142617