O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948

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Kate Richards O'Hare was born on Mar. 26, 1876 to Andrew and Lucy Richards, Kansas farmers devastated by the depression of the 1870s. In 1895, Kate was introduced to socialism by Eugene Debs, and later met Mother Jones and other socialists in Kansas City, where she lived. Kate joined the Socialist Labor Party in 1899, which she left in 1901 to help found the Socialist Party of America. She married fellow socialist Frank P. O'Hare in 1902. A socialist leader, she spoke across America against WWI and for women's suffrage. After delivering a speech in Bowman, ND in July 1917, she was arrested and indicted by the federal government under the 1917 Espionage Act. She was found guilty in a Bismarck, ND court in Dec. 1917 and sentenced to serve five years. Her sentence was commuted in 1920. Kate then began a crusade for prison reform, remaining active in politics and education until her death in California on Jan. 12, 1948.

From the description of Papers, 1917-1985 (bulk 1917-1922). (University of North Dakota). WorldCat record id: 43593850

Socialist, lecturer and prison reformer, O'Hare opposed U.S. participation in WWI and was indicted and found guilty under the espionage act. She was sentenced to five years in the Missouri State Penitentiary and served one, April 1919-May 1920. For further information see Notable American Women (1971).

From the description of Letters, 1919-1920 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006775

Kate Richards O'Hare, a former International Secretary of the Socialist Party, was well known as a writer and lecturer on labor and socialism. She was sentenced to five years in prison for violation of the Espionage Act for a speech she made at Bowman, North Dakota. She was imprisoned in Jefferson City, Missouri form April 1919 to May 1920.

From the description of Collection, 1918-1921. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 29197710

O'Hare, an American Socialist, was imprisoned in 1917, in the Missouri State Penitentiary for her anti-war activities. She was pardoned by President Warren Harding in 1920.

From the description of Letters from Kate Richards O'Hare to her family from April 20, 1919, to May 27, 1920 : typescript, 1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612850972

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948. Letters from Kate Richards O'Hare to her family from April 20, 1919, to May 27, 1920 : typescript, 1921. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Goodhue, F. M., 1870?-. Historical notes [on] Commonwealth College, 1922-1931, [193-?] University of Michigan
creatorOf O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948. Collection, 1918-1921. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Baxandall, Rosalyn Fraad, 1939-. Reformers and radicals. California State University, Long Beach
creatorOf O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948. Papers [microform], 1880-1960. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948. Letters, 1919-1920 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Theresa Branstetter Taft Papers, 1911-1934 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948. Papers, 1917-1985 (bulk 1917-1922). University of North Dakota, Chester Fritz Library
referencedIn Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. Papers of Leon Malmed and Emma Goldman, 1899-1982 (inclusive), 1899-1940 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Alexander Berkman Papers, 1917-1919 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Jackson, Alice F. (Alice Fanny), b. 1877. Jackson-Stevens-Morris family papers, 1795-1968. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Blaine, John J. (John James), 1873-1934. John J. Blaine papers, 1894-1938. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Ella Reeve Bloor Papers MS 19., 1890-1979, 1910-1940 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Goodhue, F. M., 1870?-. Commonwealth College Papers, 1931-1954. University of Michigan
referencedIn Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Ella Reeve Bloor Papers, 1890-1979 (bulk 1910-1940). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Brommel, Bernard J., 1930-. Bernard J. Brommel-Eugene V. Debs papers, 1886-2003. Newberry Library
referencedIn Hildreth, Melvin A., 1859-1944. Papers, 1884-1937. North Dakota State University Library
referencedIn Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Papers, 1890-1973. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. Papers, 1917-1919. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. Nonprint collection, 1895-1967. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Suspected radical propaganda file, [ca. 1890-1919]. New York State Archives
referencedIn Communism, Socialism, and Left-Wing Politics Collection MS 452., 1891-1998 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Photographs, 1895-1967 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Butler, Jessee H. Suffragists. California State University, Long Beach
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Antolini, Ella. person
associatedWith Basen, Neil. person
associatedWith Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. person
associatedWith Blaine, John J. (John James), 1873-1934. person
associatedWith Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951 person
associatedWith Brommel, Bernard J., 1930- person
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. person
associatedWith Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. person
associatedWith Goodhue, F. M., 1870?- person
associatedWith Hildreth, Melvin A., 1859-1944. person
associatedWith Kirchway, George W., person
associatedWith Missouri State Penitentiary. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith O'Hare, Francis Patrick. person
associatedWith Orin G. Libby Manuscript Collection (Chester Fritz Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Richards, Andrew. person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Taft, Theresa Branstetter person
associatedWith Wood, James Jay. person
associatedWith Zeuch, William E. (William Edward). person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Bowman (N.D.)
Bismarck (N.D.)
North Dakota
Missouri
United States
Subject
Socialism and society
Socialists
Pacifists
Women social reformers--History--Sources
Socialism
Prisons
Women civil rights workers
Women social reformers
Court records
Socialists--History--Sources
Socialism and liberty
Faith
Sexually transmitted diseases--Prevention
Judgments
Psychoanalysis
Women political prisoners--History--Sources
Women--Psychology
Prisoners
Labor movement
Women--Suffrage
Women political prisoners
World War, 1914-1918--Protest movements
Socialist propaganda
Occupation
Prisoners
Lecturers
Function

Person

Birth 1877

Death 1948-01-10

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SNAC ID: 11595245