Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963

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Educator, poet.

From the description of Correspondence, with University of Michigan officials, 1962. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34370061

Theodore Roethke won the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1954 for his volume of verse "The Waking." He was born in Saginaw, Michigan in 1908 and graduated from the University of Michigan in 1929. He taught at Lafayette University, Penn State, Bennington College and finally at the University of Washington. His books include "The lost son", "Praise to the end", The waking", "I am! says the lamb" among others. He died in 1963.

From the description of The Roethke collection, 189?-2009. (Public Libraries of Saginaw). WorldCat record id: 61690886

American poet.

From the description of Notes [n.d.] (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34370063

Theodore Roethke was a professor of English at the University of Washington, Lafayette, Pennsylvania State and Bennington. As a poet he was awarded many fellowships and honours, such as two Guggenheim fellowships, the Eunice Tietjens prize (1947), and the Levinson award (1951). In 1954 Roethke won the Pullitzer Prize for poetry with The Waking.

From the description of Theodore Roethke fonds. 1933-1953. (University of British Columbia Library). WorldCat record id: 606463118

Remembered almost as much for his alcoholism and bouts with mental illness as for his substantial literary achievements, influential American poet and teacher Theodore Roethke (1908-1963) had a profound impact on the writing, studying and teaching of poetry in the Pacific Northwest.

Born in Saginaw, Michigan to a German American family who operated a greenhouse business, Roethke attended the University of Michigan and received an undergraduate degree in English literature. Although he briefly contemplated a career as a lawyer, Roethke began graduate studies in English at Michigan, before transferring to Harvard University. At Harvard he met the poet Robert Hillyer, who encouraged him to submit his poems to publications. Despite some initial successes, the financial pressures of the Depression led Roethke to leave Harvard after only one year to take a teaching position at Lafayette College. Roethke continued to write poetry and his work was widely published in magazines and literary journals during this period. By 1935, Roethke finally received a graduate degree from the University of Michigan, allowing him to obtain better teaching positions at Michigan State College (where he suffered the first of his mental breakdowns), Pennsylvania State College, Bennington College, and, finally, the University of Washington, where he would remain on the faculty from 1947 until his death. By the time of the Seattle appointment, Roethke had solidified his reputation, having published his first book of poems, Open House (1941) and having been awarded a prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship which enabled him to complete his second collection, The Lost Son and Other Poems (1948). Other notable works of Roethke's include the Pulitzer Prize-winning, The Waking: Poems, 1933-1953 (1954) and Words for the Wind (1958), which received the National Book Award and the Bollingen Prize. He died suddenly at the age of fifty-five after having a heart attack while visiting a friend on Bainbridge Island, Washington. In 1964, an annual series, Roethke Readings, was established in his honor at the University of Washington. This event has been held in the main auditorium of Kane Hall (named in the poet's memory in 1970) since 1972.

Minnesota-born poet, Richard Ghormley Eberhart (1905-2005), led a long and varied life, writing prolifically and in several genres, but he is often remembered primarily as a nature poet, as well as for his prescient championing of the newer generation of Beat poets.

Eberhart began his studies at the University of Minnesota, but turned to writing poetry after the death of his mother in 1921, switching to Dartmouth College. After receiving his undergraduate degreee in 1926, he studied in England with I.A. Richards at St. John's College, Cambridge (where he took a second B.A. and a M.A. in English literature), followed by time spent at the Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. He published his first book of poetry, A Bravery of Earth in 1930, but, while still managing to write and publish poetry regularly, he would hold a wide variety of teaching and other jobs over the next two decades. It was not until the early 1950s that he was able to concentrate more exclusively on writing poetry and teaching at the college level. Eberhart taught briefly at many institutions (including a stint at the University of Washington) before receiving an appointment as Professor of English and Poet-in-Residence at Dartmouth in 1956. He retired from the faculty in 1970, but continued to teach part-time well into the 1980s. Among his many books are: Undercliff (1953), Selected Poems, 1930-1965 (1965; Pulitzer Prize), Shifts of Being (1968), Collected Poems, 1930-1976 (1976; National Book Award) and Ways of Light (1980). In 2004, the poetry reading room at Dartmouth was renamed in his honor on the occasion of his 100th birthday.

From the description of Theodore Roethke letters to Richard Eberhart, 1952-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 228170564

American poet and author Theodore Roethke was born on May 25, 1908, in Saginaw, Michigan. He received his A.B. from the University of Michigan in 1929 and his M.A. in 1936; he also was enrolled in the graduate program at Harvard University in 1930-1931. He married Beatrice Heath O'Connell on January 3, 1953. He died on August 1, 1963, on Bainbridge Island, Washington.

Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, instructor in English, 1931-1935 Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, instructor in English, 1935 Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, instructor, 1936-1939, assistant professor of English, 1939-1943, 1947 Bennington College, Bennington, Vermont, assistant professor of English, 1943-1946 University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, associate professor, 1947-1948, professor of English, 1948-1962, poet-in-residence, 1962-1963 Fulbright lecturer in Italy, 1955 Open House (New York: Knopf, 1941). The Lost Son and Other Poems (Garden City: Doubleday, 1948; London: Lehmann, 1949). Praise to the End!(Garden City: Doubleday, 1951). The Waking, Poems: 1933-1953 (Garden City: Doubleday, 1953). Words for the Wind (London: Secker & Warburg, 1957; Garden City: Doubleday, 1958). I Am! Says the Lamb (Garden City: Doubleday, 1961). Party at the Zoo (New York: Crowell-Collier, 1963). Sequence, Sometimes Metaphysical(Iowa City: Stonewall Press, 1963). The Far Field (Garden City: Doubleday, 1964; London: Faber & Faber, 1965). On the Poet and His Craft, editor Ralph J. Mills, Jr. (Seattle & London: University of Washington Press, 1965). The Collected Poems of Theodore Roethke (Garden City: Doubleday, 1966; London: Faber & Faber, 1968). Theodore Roethke: Selected Poems, editor Beatrice Roethke (London: Faber & Faber, 1969). Straw for the Fire. From the Notebooks of Theodore Roethke, 1943-63, editor David Wagoner (Garden City: Doubleday, 1972). Dirty Dinkey and Other Creatures: Poems for Children, editor Beatrice Roethke and Stephen Lushington (Garden City: Doubleday, 1973). The Collected Poems of Theodore Roethke (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982).

From the guide to the Theodore Roethke papers and collected materials on Theodore Roethke, 1891-2002, 1930-1963, (University of Washington Libraries Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Knoll, Margaret K. Spangler. Scrapbook, 1920-1975 (bulk 1946-1965). Rutgers University
creatorOf Williams, Oscar, 1900-1964. Papers, 1920-1966. Indiana University
referencedIn Nichols, Edward J. (Edward Jay), 1900-1986. Edward J. Nichols papers, 1932-1965. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Gustav Davidson Papers, 1909-1992, (bulk 1931-1971) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Ciardi, John, 1916-1986. John Ciardi papers, 1910-1997 (bulk 1960-1985). Library of Congress
creatorOf Charkey, Stanley. The kittycat bird : for soprano, alto flute, and double bass / [music by] S. Charkey ; text by Theodore Roethke. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Smit, Leo, 1921-1999. In a dark time, for high voice and piano. Poem by Theodore Roethke. Eastman School of Music
referencedIn Mathews, Jackson, 1907-1978. Jackson Mathews papers, 1927-1975 (bulk 1945-1974). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Poems [193-?] University of Michigan
referencedIn E. E. Cummings papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Seager, Allan, 1906-1968. Allan Seager papers, circa 1924-1968. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Meacham, Harry M. (Harry Monroe), 1901-1975. Harry M. Meacham papers [manuscript] , 1900-75. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Robert Bechtold Heilman Papers, 1907-2004, 1928-2004 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Heilman, Robert Bechtold, 1906-2004. Robert Bechtold Heilman papers, 1907-2001. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Tumy, Kelly Eileen. Charles Darwin, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Theodore Roethke : American nature poetry's foe, friend and forte / by Kelly Eileen Tumy. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Praise to the end : poems : typescript, [1951?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series VI., Editorial Department Files, 1915-1984 (bulk 1948-1978). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Papers of Theodore Roethke, 1935-1948. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hagen, Daron, 1961-. Symphony no. 2 : the waking / Daron Aric Hagen. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf LaRocca, Frank, 1951-. In a dark time / Frank LaRocca. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf LaRocca, Frank, 1951-. The pure fury : two songs and a melodrama : for tenor and chamber orchestra / Frank LaRocca. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
creatorOf Moore, Douglas, 1893-1969. Old song : 1947 / music by Douglas Moore ; verse by Theodore Roethke. Library of Congress
referencedIn Tiger's Eye records, 1939-1955 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Carnes, Michael P., 1950-. Ruminations : Old lady's winter words / music by Michael Carnes ; poem by Roethke. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Francis, Mark, 1958-. 4 poems : for tenor and piano / by Mark Francis. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf McClelland, William D., 1950-. Songs for the wind : a song cycle for soprano, tenor, oboe, cello, piano, & percussion / by William McClelland ; words by Theodore Roethke. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. The far field : mimeograph copy of typescript, [1964]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Adler, Samuel, 1928-. Three poems for children; a humorous song cycle for grown-ups, for high voice and piano. Words by Theodore Roethke. Music by Samuel Adler. Eastman School of Music
referencedIn E. E. Cummings additional papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Wheelock, John Hall, 1886-1978. John Hall Wheelock papers, 1910-circa 2000 (bulk 1954-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Currier, Nathan, 1960-. Three American songs / Nathan Currier. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Warren, Robert Penn, 1905-1989. Robert Penn Warren papers, 1906-1989. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Denise Levertov papers from the estate of Mitchell Goodman, circa 1952-1985 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Rogers, Wayland. The right thing : for medium voice, clarinet, 'cello and piano / Wayland Rogers. University of North Texas Library, UNT
creatorOf Stumpf, Norm. Roethke songs for soprano and orchestra / Norm Stumpf. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Correspondence, with University of Michigan officials, 1962. University of Michigan
referencedIn Richard Hugo papers and other materials, 1942-1985, 1973-1982 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Stafford, William. Office files, of The American Poetry Review, 1971-1993. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Gould, Elizabeth, 1904-1995. The kitty-cat bird / music, Elizabeth Gould ; words, Theodore Roethke. University of Michigan
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Office files of The American Poetry Review, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Correspondence with Van Wyck Brooks, 1940-1961. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Winslow, Ann, 1894-. Papers, 1930-1966. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Winters, Yvor, 1900-1968. Yvor Winters and Janet Lewis papers, 1906-1982. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Carroll, Donald, 1940-. Donald Carroll letters received from poets, 1959-1969. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Charkey, Stanley. The kitty cat bird : for soprano, alto flute and double bass / text by Theodore Roethke ; [music by] Stanley Charkey ; Three short inventions : for piano / Stanley Sharkey. Chicago Public Library, Harold Washington Library Center
referencedIn Humphries Papers, 1896-1992, 1915-1969 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Letter, 1957 Oct. 27, Seattle, to [Warner] G. Rice, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, 1920-1995. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Robert Penn Warren papers, 1906-1989 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Tiger's eye records, 1939-1955. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Collection of musical scores, 1961-1996. Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Rice, Warner Grenelle, 1899-. Correspondence, with literary notables, 1955-1961. University of Michigan
creatorOf Stallman, R. W. (Robert Wooster), 1911-1982. Papers of Robert Wooster Stallman [manuscript] 1935-1962. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series I., General Correspondence, 1922-1977 (bulk 1946-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Burke, Kenneth, 1897-1993. Kenneth Burke papers. 1906-1960. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn University of Connecticut, English Department Records, 1944-1982 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
creatorOf Humphries, Rolfe. Humphries papers, 1896-1992 (bulk 1915-1969). Amherst College Library
creatorOf Theodore Roethke papers and collected materials on Theodore Roethke, 1891-2002, 1930-1963 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Notes [n.d.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Pearce, Roy Harvey. Roy Harvey Pearce papers, 1945-1995. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Straw for the fire : mimeograph copy of typescript, [1972]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn John Ciardi Papers, 1910-1997, (bulk 1960-1985) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn John Hall Wheelock Papers, 1910-circa 2000, (bulk 1954-1978) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn WUOM records, 1914-1982, 1940s-1960s Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Trinkley, Bruce. Keystones : five choral songs with orchestra / Bruce Trinkley. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Public Libraries of Saginaw sound recordings collection, 1924-197-?. Public Libraries of Saginaw
referencedIn Beck, Patricia, 1924-1978. Patrica Beck Papers, 1936-1986 (bulk 1940-1978). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Gordon Cairnie papers, 1922-1973. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Alumni Association (University of Michigan), Individual Photographs, ca. 1880-ca. 1960s Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn White, William, 1910-1995. Papers of William White [manuscript], 1875-1987. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Roy Harvey Pearce Papers, 1945 - 1995 Mandeville Special Collections Library
referencedIn Poetry mss., 1954-2002 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
creatorOf LaRocca, Frank, 1951-. In a dark time : a cantata for chamber chorus and instruments / Frank La Rocca. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
referencedIn Wilbur, Richard, 1921-. Papers, 1945-1970. Amherst College
referencedIn Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library) poetry readings, 1931- (ongoing). Woodberry Poetry Room, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Witter Bynner papers, 1829-1965. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Diamond, Arline. Orchids / Arline Diamond ; text [by] Theodore Roethke. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Patricia Beck Papers MS 14., 1936-1986, 1940-78 Sophia Smith Collection
creatorOf Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972. General correspondence, 1901-1972. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. The Roethke collection, 189?-2009. Public Libraries of Saginaw
referencedIn Hagstrum, Jean H., 1913-1995. Jean Hagstrum Papers, 1921-1995. Northwestern University
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Theodore Roethke fonds. University of British Columbia Library
creatorOf Ekizian, Michelle, 1956-. Epilogue : for soprano & double string quartet / [music by] Michelle Ekizian ; text, Theodore Roethke. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Roethke, Theodore, 1908-1963. Theodore Roethke letters to Richard Eberhart, 1952-1953. University of Washington Libraries
creatorOf Bogan, Louise, 1897-1970. Papers, 1930-1990 (inclusive), 1930-1970 (bulk). Amherst College
creatorOf Rorem, Ned, 1923-. [Three slow pieces] : for cello and piano / Ned Rorem. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
referencedIn Timpson, Michael Sidney. Caccia 2: : "songs of existence" for soprano voice, piano, and string quartet / Michael Sidney Timpson. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Riley, Dennis. Cantata IV : on poems for children by Theodore Roethke; for mixed chorus, tenor & alto soli, and orchestra / Dennis Riley. University of Colorado Boulder
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adler, Samuel, 1928- person
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Beck, Patricia, 1924-1978 person
associatedWith Bennington College corporateBody
associatedWith Bogan, Louise, 1897-1970. person
associatedWith Burden, Carter, person
correspondedWith Burke, Kenneth, 1897-1993. person
correspondedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968 person
correspondedWith Cairnie, Gordon. person
associatedWith Carnes, Michael P., 1950- person
associatedWith Carroll, Donald, 1940- person
associatedWith Charkey, Stanley. person
correspondedWith Ciardi, John, 1916-1986. person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Currier, Nathan, 1960- person
correspondedWith Davidson, Gustav, 1895-1971 person
associatedWith De Vries, Peter, person
associatedWith Diamond, Arline. person
associatedWith Eberhart, Richard, 1904-2005. person
associatedWith Ekizian, Michelle, 1956- person
correspondedWith English Department corporateBody
associatedWith Francis, Mark, 1958- person
associatedWith Gould, Elizabeth, 1904-1995. person
associatedWith Graf, Otto G. person
associatedWith Hagen, Daron, 1961- person
associatedWith Hagstrum, Jean H., 1913-1995 person
associatedWith Hatcher, Harlan, 1898-1998. person
associatedWith Heilman, Robert Bechtold, 1906- person
associatedWith Heilman, Robert Bechtold, 1906-2004. person
associatedWith Hugo, Richard,  1923-1982 person
associatedWith Humphries, Rolfe person
associatedWith Knoll, Margaret K. Spangler. person
associatedWith Kubik, Gail, 1914-1984. person
associatedWith LaRocca, Frank, 1951- person
associatedWith Levertov, Denise, 1923-1997 person
associatedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith Loeser, Katinka, person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
associatedWith Mathews, Jackson, 1907-1978. person
associatedWith McClelland, William D., 1950- person
associatedWith Meacham, Harry M. (Harry Monroe), 1901-1975. person
associatedWith Mekeel, Joyce. person
associatedWith Modern Poetry Association corporateBody
associatedWith Moore, Douglas, 1893-1969. person
associatedWith Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972. person
correspondedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
correspondedWith Nichols, Edward J. (Edward Jay), 1900-1986. person
associatedWith Pearce, Roy Harvey. person
associatedWith Pennsylvania State University corporateBody
associatedWith Rice, Warner Grenelle, 1899- person
associatedWith Riley, Dennis. person
associatedWith Roethke, Beatrice person
associatedWith Roethke family. family
associatedWith Roethke, June, 1913-1997. person
associatedWith Rogers, Wayland. person
associatedWith Rorem, Ned, 1923- person
correspondedWith Roy Harvey Pearce Papers person
associatedWith Seager, Allan, 1906-1968, person
associatedWith Smit, Leo, 1921-1999. person
associatedWith Stafford, William. person
associatedWith Stallman, R. W. (Robert Wooster), 1911-1982. person
associatedWith Stokes, Katherine. person
associatedWith Stumpf, Norm. person
associatedWith Timpson, Michael Sidney. person
associatedWith Trinkley, Bruce. person
associatedWith Tumy, Kelly Eileen. person
associatedWith University of Michigan. Alumni Association. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Washington. Dept. of English. corporateBody
associatedWith Wagoner, David. person
associatedWith Walter, Erich Albert. person
associatedWith Warren, Robert Penn, 1905-1989. person
correspondedWith Wheelock, John Hall, 1886-1978. person
associatedWith White, William, 1910-1995. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Richard, 1921- person
associatedWith Williams, Oscar, 1900-1964. person
associatedWith Winslow, Ann, 1894- person
associatedWith Winters, Yvor, 1900-1968. person
associatedWith Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library). corporateBody
associatedWith WUOM (Radio station : Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Saginaw (Mich.)
Michigan--Saginaw
Washington (State)--Seattle
Edmonds (Wash.)
Subject
Poets, American
Poetry
College teachers--Recruiting
College teachers--20th century--Correspondence
Colleges and Universities
Poetry--Publishing--20th century
Manic-depressive illness
Literature
Poets, American--20th century--Correspondence
English literature--Study and teaching
Poetry--Study and teaching
Occupation
Poets
Function

Person

Birth 1908-05-25

Death 1963-08-01

Americans

English

Information

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