Hopkins, Gerard Manley, 1844-1889

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English poet.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to "My dear friend" [probably Richard Watson Dixon], 1881 Christmas Day. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269510942

Gerard Manley Hopkins was born 28 July 1844 in Stratford, Essex, near London as the first of nine children of Manley and Catherine "Kate" (Smith) Hopkins. His father founded a marine insurance firm and was also a published poet, and his mother, who was the well-educated daughter of a London physician, was fond of music and reading. Both the Hopkins and Smith families included artists, and Gerard displayed the family skill in the detailed sketches that he made throughout his life.

Hopkins attended Cholmondeley Grammar School at Highgate from 1854 to 1863, where one of his friends was Ernest Hartley Coleridge, the grandson of poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Hopkins' earliest extant poem, The Escorial, dates from this period and won Hopkins the school's poetry prize. From 1863 to 1867, he studied classics at Balliol College, Oxford University, taking first-class degrees in both Classics and "Greats." During college, Hopkins befriended Robert Bridges, the later English poet laureate, who was important both to Hopkins' development as a poet and his later posthumous acclaim.

In 1866, Hopkins converted to Catholicism, greatly shocking his High Church Anglican family. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1868 (destroying the poetry he had written) and studied theology at St. Beuno's College in Wales from 1874 to 1877. The Welsh language and its poetry inspired him to write once again and also led to his poetical innovations and techniques such as "sprung rhythm."

After his ordination in 1877, Hopkins served variously as a missioner, preacher, and parish priest in Oxford and London, and in the manufacturing cities of Manchester, Liverpool, and Glasgow. He also taught Latin and Greek at Stonyhurst College, Lancaster, and at University College, Dublin. His years in Ireland, marked by overwork and poor health, provoked a series of poems known as the "terrible sonnets," reflecting his melancholy dejection. He died of typhoid on June 8, 1889, in Dublin.

Because Hopkins put his responsibilities as a priest before his poetry, his literary output was slim; apart from a few poems, he was not published during his own lifetime. However his experiments in prosody (especially sprung rhythm), his concept of inscape, and his use of imagery established him as a daring innovator amongst his fellow Victorian poets, one whom poet and critic John Crowe Ransom called the first modern poet.

From the guide to the Gerard Manley Hopkins Collection, 1838-1945, undated (bulk 1854-1918), (The University of Texas at Austin, Harry Ransom Center)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Bedenbaugh, Benjamin. Advent, Christmas, epiphany, 1991-92 : typescript, 1992 Mar. / by Ben Bedenbaugh. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Wolff, Konrad, 1907-1989. [Thou mastering me God! / music by] Konrad Wolff ; [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Pellegrini, Ernesto. The wreck of the Deutschland : part the first--I : for chorus of mixed voices / Ernesto Pellegrini ; text by G.M. Hopkins. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Jones, David, 1895-1974. David Jones Papers, 1924-1974, (bulk 1950-1974). Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Ramsey, Joanne DuBois. Four Hopkins poems / Joanne DuBois Ramsey. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
creatorOf Hopkins, Gerard Manley, 1844-1889. Autograph letter signed : London, to "My dear friend" [probably Richard Watson Dixon], 1881 Christmas Day. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Middenway, Ralph. The child of heaven [music] / Ralph Middenway. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Duffy, Regis A. Enough : poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins / music by Regis Anthony Duffy. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf Mucci, John C., 1953-. Carrion comfort : a sonnet for men's voice : from the poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins / by John Mucci. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Papers of Gerard Manley Hopkins, 1854-1920 Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
creatorOf Peterson, John. Spring and fall : to a young child [music] / John Peterson ; [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Ford, Andrew. [Wedding songs : for low voice and cello [music] / music by Andrew Ford]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Smith, Kile. Three songs, no. 5 / [music by] Kile Smith ; on poems by Gerard Manley Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Boyle, Robert R., 1915-1998. Papers, 1957-1978. Marquette University Raynor Memorial Library, John P. Raynor Library
referencedIn Abbott Literary Manuscripts, 1774-1949 Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
creatorOf Gerard Manley Hopkins Collection, 1838-1945, undated (bulk 1854-1918) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Sprenkle, Elam, 1948-. I caught this morning : three choruses for womens voices on text of Gerard Manley Hopkins / music by Ray Sprenkle. Peabody Conservatory, Arthur Friedheim Library
creatorOf Dorff, Daniel. Heaven-haven / [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins ; [music by] Daniel Doriff. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Van Vactor, David, 1906-1994. [Songs for voice and piano] / D. Van Vector. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981. Heaven-haven : for four part chorus of mixed voices a cappella / [poem by] Gerald Manley Hopkins ; [music by] Samuel Barber ; choral setting by the composer (from the song op. 13 no. 1). Library of Congress
creatorOf Poole-Johnson, John. The windhover [music] / poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Manno, Robert, 1944-. God's grandeur : for a capella chorus SATB / music by Robert Manno ; [text] by Gerard Manley Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn NCSA Chamber Music Society. Giannini's legacy [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Cleary, David, 1954-. Six songs on poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins / by David Cleary. University of Miami, Marta and Austin Weeks Music Library
referencedIn Carter, John, 1905-1975. Gerard Manley Hopkins collection, 1918-1989. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Sahl, Michael, 1934-. 3 songs / Michael Sahl ; poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
referencedIn Casey, William Van Etten, 1914-. William Van Etten Casey Papers, 1943-1990. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Westergaard, Peter. Spring and fall : to a young child / Peter Westergaard ; [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Pinkham, Daniel. Eight poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins, for baritone or tenor-baritone and viola. [facsimile manuscript]. Harvard Musical Association
referencedIn De Zulueta, F. M. (Francis M.), 1853-1937. Photographs taken at Heythorpe Hall / by Fr. de Zulueta and Fr. Frisart on May 24, 1923. Gonzaga University, Foley Center Library
referencedIn Schneider, Elisabeth Wintersteen, 1897-1985. Papers, 1951-1979. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
creatorOf Thompson, Francis, 1859-1907. Francis Thompson collection, 1865-1967. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Weinberg, Henry, 1931-. [Three songs] / Henry Weinberg. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Frost, Robert, 1874-1963. Present-day party lines in poetry. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Schoder, Raymond V., 1916-1987. Raymond V. Schoder, S.J., papers, 1933-1987, n.d. Loyola University Chicago, Cudahy/Lewis Library
referencedIn Mariani, Paul L. Paul L. Mariani papers, 1961-2003. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Tunley, David. Carol, Jesu dulcis memoria [music] / music by David Tunley ; words by Gerard Manley Hopkins. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Shackelford, Rudy, 1944-. Spring journal : part III of "The seasons" : for tenor, oboe, and guitar / [music by] Rudy Shackelford ; texts by Hopkins, Pound, and Aiken. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hopkins, Gerard Manley, 1844-1889. Eight songs / Gerard Manley Hopkins ; edited and arranged for performance ... by Michael G.S. Dunham. Gonzaga University, Foley Center Library
creatorOf Smith, Russell, 1927-. Pied beauty : middle voice / [music by] Russell Smith ; [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Rorem, Ned, 1923-. Spring / [music by] Ned Rorem ; [text by] G.M. Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hopkins, Gerard Manley, 1844-1889. Harold Boner papers, 1925-1970. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf Brozen, Michael, 1934-. The bugle moon : for baritone and nine instruments / [music by] Michael Brozen ; poems by Gerard Manley Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Rorem, Ned, 1923-. Spring and fall ; to a young child / [music by] Ned Rorem ; [text by] Gerard Manley Hopkins. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Hopkins family. Hopkins family papers, 1826-1919. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
referencedIn Davies, David William, 1908-. A concordance to the English poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins : computer printout in 7 volumes / David W. Davies, compiler ; Donald B. McIntyre, Roger A. Smith [programmers]. The Claremont Colleges, Claremont University Consortium
referencedIn Ruggles, Eleanor, 1916-. Letter : Nantucket Island, Mass., to Mr. Kirschbaum, 1944 Sept. 26. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Sherrington, Alison J. Christian nature mysticism [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Fay, Miles L. Miles L. Fay Papers, 1909-1990. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981. Heaven-haven : for four part chorus of women's voices a cappella / [poem by] Gerald Manley Hopkins ; [music by] Samuel Barber ; choral setting by the composer (from the song op. 13 no. 1). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kerry, Gordon,. Goodison quartet no. 1 : country music, for mezzo-soprano and string quartet [music] / Gordon Kerry. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Fine, Vivian, 1913-2000. Ode to Henry Purcell : for soprano and string quartet (1984) / Vivian Fine ; text by Rainer Maria Rilke and Gerard Manley Hopkins. Library of Congress
referencedIn Gilbert, Anthony. Inscapes : for soprano, reader, 2 reeds, 1 percussionist / A. Gilbert. Gonzaga University, Foley Center Library
creatorOf St. Clair, Richard, 1946-. Yonder : cantata no. 2 : for mixed chorus, a cappella, op. 30 / by Richard St. Clair. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981. A nun takes the veil : heaven-haven / [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins ; [music by] Samuel Barber. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Tunley, David. Easter carol [music] / David Tunley ; [words by] Gerard Manley Hopkins. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981. Heaven-haven : for four part chorus of men's voices a cappella / [poem by] Gerald Manley Hopkins ; [music by] Samuel Barber ; choral setting by the composer (from the song op. 13 no. 1). Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anshen, Ruth Nanda, person
associatedWith Barber, Samuel, 1910-1981. person
associatedWith Bedenbaugh, Benjamin. person
associatedWith Boyle, Robert R., 1915-1998. person
associatedWith Bridges, Robert, 1844-1930 person
associatedWith Brozen, Michael, 1934- person
associatedWith Casey, William Van Etten, 1914- person
associatedWith Cleary, David, 1954- person
associatedWith Davies, David William, 1908- person
associatedWith Dixon, Richard Watson, 1833-1900 person
associatedWith Dorff, Daniel. person
associatedWith Duffy, Regis A. person
associatedWith Dunham, Michael. person
associatedWith Fay, Miles L. person
associatedWith Fine, Vivian, 1913-2000. person
associatedWith Ford, Andrew. person
associatedWith Frost, Robert, 1874-1963. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Anthony. person
correspondedWith Hopkins family. family
associatedWith Jones, David, 1895-1974. person
associatedWith Kerry, Gordon, person
associatedWith Manno, Robert, 1944- person
associatedWith Mariani, Paul L. person
associatedWith Middenway, Ralph. person
associatedWith Mucci, John C., 1953- person
associatedWith NCSA Chamber Music Society. corporateBody
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith Pellegrini, Ernesto. person
associatedWith Peterson, John. person
associatedWith Pinkham, Daniel. person
associatedWith Poole-Johnson, John. person
associatedWith Ramsey, Joanne DuBois. person
associatedWith Rorem, Ned, 1923- person
associatedWith Ruggles, Eleanor, 1916- person
associatedWith Sahl, Michael, 1934- person
associatedWith Schneider, Elisabeth Wintersteen, 1897-1985. person
associatedWith Schoder, Raymond V., 1916-1987. person
associatedWith Shackelford, Rudy, 1944- person
associatedWith Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 person
associatedWith Sherrington, Alison J. person
associatedWith Smith, Kile. person
associatedWith Smith, Russell, 1927- person
associatedWith Sprenkle, Elam, 1948- person
associatedWith St. Clair, Richard, 1946- person
associatedWith Thompson, Francis, 1859-1907. person
associatedWith Tunley, David. person
associatedWith Van Vactor, David, 1906-1994. person
associatedWith Weinberg, Henry, 1931- person
associatedWith Westergaard, Peter. person
associatedWith Wolff, Konrad, 1907-1989. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Songs with piano
Occupation
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1844-07-28

Death 1889-06-08

Britons

English

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