Chomsky, Noam, 1928-

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Avram Noam Chomsky (1928- ) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, author, lecturer and political activist. Beginning with his opposition to the Vietnam War, he established himself as a prominent critic of U.S. foreign and domestic policy. Chomsky has become a profoundly influential voice on the left, lecturing widely and publishing numerous books on foreign policy, Mideast politics and related subjects.

His self-professed commitment to freedom has led him to champion the free speech rights of some rather unpopular groups and individuals, including Robert Faurisson, a French professor and Holocaust denier. Faurisson had been prevented from teaching French Literature at the University of Lyon in the late 1970s on the grounds that he could not be protected from attacks against him as a result of his views about the Holocaust. He was brought before the French courts in 1979 and found guilty of defamation and incitement to racial hatred because he denied the existnce of the gas chambers used by the Nazis to exterminate Jews. Approximately five hundred people, including Noam Chomsky, signed a petition defending Faurisson's freedom of speech and expression. Because this resulted in accusations of supporting, or at least adding credibility to, Faurisson's views, Chomsky subsequently wrote an essay attacking his critics for failing to respect the principle of freedom of speech and stressing the conceptual distinction between endorsing someone's views and defending his right to express them. The essay, "Some Elementary Comments on the Rights of Freedom of Expression," was used, without Chomsky's knowledge, as the preface to a book by Faurisson. This episode led many to label Chomsky as anti-semitic and a Holocaust denier. Chomsky continued to defend his actions and took the position that freedom of speech must be extended to all viewpoints, no matter how unpopular or fallacious.

Robert Faurisson continues to express his views and, as recently as 2006, was given a three-month suspended sentence by a Paris correctional court for denying the Holocaust on an Iranian television channel.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Chomsky, Noam. Letter, 1970, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Novack, George Edward. George Edward Novack and Evelyn Reed papers, 1933-1992. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1961-1968 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Boord, Dan. Jean-Luc goes Sea World [videorecording] / by Dan Boord. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Weinstein, James, 1926-2005. James Weinstein papers, 1959-2001, 2005. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
creatorOf Bye, Mary, 1913-. Papers, 1966-1989. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
referencedIn John Hollander Papers, circa 1950-2007 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf MARGARET GARDINER PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 129). 'Vietnam: an American View'; 1967.includes:ff. 2, 34 Harrison Evans Salisbury, Associate Editor, 'The New York Times': Letters to Margaret Gardiner of Harrison Evans Salisbury: 1967: Signed.ff. 3, 40 ..., 1967 British Library
referencedIn Records of the Albert Schweitzer Chair in the Humanities, 1965-1984 New York University. Archives
referencedIn Philip Agee Papers, Bulk, 1965-2000, 1948-2007 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf Chomsky, Noam. Speech [sound recording], 1985. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Harvard Law School Forums Records Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf MARGARET GARDINER PAPERS. Vol. V (ff. 140). Special correspondence; 1904-1988, n.d. 1. ff. 1-5. Noam Chomsky; 1967, 1969, n.d. 2. ff. 6-10. David Cornwell, al. 'John le Carré'; 1966-1973. 3. ff. 11-18. E.R. Dodds; 1972-1978. 4. ff. 19-33. Peggy Duff;..., 1904-1988 British Library
referencedIn Audio collection of June Jordan, (inclusive), 1970-2000 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Great Canadian Theatre Company Archives (University of Guelph). The Noam Chomsky Lectures / by Guillermo Verdecchia and Daniel Brooks, 1992. University of Guelph. McLaughlin Library
referencedIn Indochina Peace Campaign (Organization : U.S.). Indochina Peace Campaign records, 1940-1976 (bulk 1972-1975). Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Linguistics papers, 1955-1970. Houghton Library
referencedIn Stephen Jay Gould papers, 1899-2004, 1941-2002 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Chandler Brossard Papers, 1951-2002 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Correspondence and Related Items , 1997-2005 British Library
referencedIn Princeton University. Graduate School. The Gauss Seminars In Criticism records, 1949-1981. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Albert Schweitzer Chair in the Humanities records, 1965-1984. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Foley, Michael S. Michael S. Foley collection, 1965-2001. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf American Physical Society. Meeting (1982 : Washington, D.C.). Symposium of the Forum on Physics and Society [sound recording] : scientists and public opinion: how to influence decision makers on nuclear war related issues; 1982 April 28. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Interhemispheric Resource Center. Interhemispheric Resource Center records, 1966-2008. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Piatkowski, Monika. Ephemera. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Anshen, Ruth Nanda. Ruth Nanda Anshen papers, 1938-1986. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Records of the First Lady's Office (Clinton Administration), 1993 - 2001. Shirley Sagawa's Files, 1998 - 2001 William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
creatorOf Political Affairs: correspondence, speeches, interviews and appearances, 2000-2004 British Library
referencedIn Salvador E. Luria Papers, 1923-1992 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Audio Recordings of Monitored Broadcasts from Vietnam, Korea, and China, 1968 - 1969 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Kenneth J. Arrow Papers, 1939-2011 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bound signature books for citations for recipients fo honours given at Convocation, 1994-1999. University of Guelph. McLaughlin Library
referencedIn Studies on the Left. Records, 1959-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Socialist Review, records, 1966-2002 Temple University Libraries Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Justin Leiber Papers 1991-001. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
creatorOf Chomsky, Noam. Linguistics papers, 1955-1970. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1908-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dell H. Hymes Papers, 1947-1992 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dedijer, Vladimir. Vladimir Dedijer papers, 1881-1987 (bulk 1940-1980). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Luria, S. E. (Salvador Edward), 1912-1991. Papers, 1931-1992. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Chomsky, Noam. Letter. Berkeley, California, November 18, 1966, to John Ashmead, Haverford, Pa. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Guide to the Records on the National Student Convention '88, 1983-1992 (bulk 1987-1988) Rutgers Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series I., General Correspondence, 1922-1977 (bulk 1946-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf University of Guelph. Convocation. Convocation citation, Winter 1999. University of Guelph. McLaughlin Library
referencedIn Deming, Barbara, 1917-1984. Papers: Series I-III, 1908-1985 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hauptman, Robert, 1941-. Robert Hauptman correspondence, 1973-2004. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gould, Stephen Jay. Stephen Jay Gould papers, 1899-2004 (inclusive), 1941-2002 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series V., Editor Files, 1873-1984 (bulk 1960-1980). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Vladimir Dedijer papers, 1881-1987, 1940-1980 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Pennsylvania. Office of the President. Assistant to the President for Special Projects. Records, 1977-1994. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Interhemispheric Resource Center Records, 1966-2008 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Martin Joos Papers, [ca. 1930s-1970s], Circa 1930-1970 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Supplementary Pinter Papers, 1977-2008 British Library: Western Manuscripts
referencedIn Joos, Martin. Papers, [ca. 1930s-1970s]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Cynthia Rich Papers, 1961-1968 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Ruth Nanda Anshen Papers, 1938-1986. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
creatorOf Vidal, Gore, 1925-. Papers, 1875-2004 (inclusive), 1936-2000 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Michael S. Mahoney papers., 1923-2008 University of Minnesota Libraries. Charles Babbage Institute.
referencedIn Socialist review (San Francisco, Calif.), Records, 1970-1989. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Gary Snyder Papers, 1910-2003;, (1945-2002 bulk) University of California, Davis. General Library. . Dept. of Special Collections
creatorOf Chomsky, Noam: Materials Relating to the Faurisson Case, 1980-1994 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Nichols, Marie Hochmuth, 1908-. Papers, 1927-1978. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Barker, James M., 1886-1974. James M. Barker papers, 1825-1975, bulk 1920-1970. Newberry Library
referencedIn Open Media Records, 1989-1997, undated Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf McReynolds, David. David McReynolds papers, 1943-1978. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn GELLNER, Professor Ernest Andr, 1925-1995, philosopher and social anthropologist, [1946]-1996 British library of political and economic science
creatorOf Quine, W. V. (Willard Van Orman). W. V. Quine papers, ca. 1908-2000. Houghton Library
referencedIn National Peace Action Coalition. Records, 1970-1973. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn New University Conference. Records, 1962, 1968-1972. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1850-2020 (inclusive), 1936-2008 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Lamb, Helen Boyden. Papers, 1937-1975 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Chomsky, Noam. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1972. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Kelly, Christine. The National Student Convention '88, Records, 1983-1992, 1987-1988 (bulk). Rutgers University
referencedIn Papers of Helen Boyden Lamb, 1937-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dolci, Danilo. Danilo Dolci collection, 1958-1982 bulk 1958-1972. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn [Photographs] Town Hall Meeting, 1/14/1968, Draft Resistance Rally [Town Hall, New York City] National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Guide to the Howard Zinn Papers, 1901-2010 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn [Last Names: Mis-Mor] National Archives at Boston
Relation Name
associatedWith Agee, Philip. person
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society. Meeting (1982 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Anshen, Ruth Nanda. person
associatedWith Anshen, Ruth Nanda. person
correspondedWith Arrow, Kenneth J., 1921- person
associatedWith Ashmead, John, 1917- person
associatedWith BARBARA DEMING, 1917-1984 person
associatedWith Barker, James M., 1886-1974. person
associatedWith Brossard, Chandler, 1922-1993 person
associatedWith Bye, Mary, 1913- person
associatedWith Cantor, Norman person
associatedWith Cohn, Werner person
associatedWith Cynthia Rich corporateBody
associatedWith Dedijer, Vladimir. person
associatedWith Dedijer, Vladimir. person
associatedWith Deming, Barbara, 1917-1984. person
correspondedWith Dolci, Danilo. person
associatedWith Foley, Michael S. person
associatedWith Gellner, Ernest Andr, 1925-1995 person
associatedWith Glauberman, George person
associatedWith Gould, Stephen Jay. person
associatedWith Great Canadian Theatre Company Archives (University of Guelph) corporateBody
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hauptman, Robert, 1941- person
associatedWith Helen Boyden Lamb person
associatedWith Hollander, John. person
associatedWith Hymes, Dell H. person
associatedWith Indochina Peace Campaign (Organization : U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Interhemispheric Resource Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Joos, Martin. person
associatedWith Joos, Martin. person
associatedWith June Jordan, 1936-2002 person
associatedWith Kelly, Christine person
associatedWith Kelly, Christine. person
associatedWith Lamb, Helen Boyden. person
associatedWith Leiber, Justin person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
associatedWith Luria, S. E. (Salvador Edward), 1912-1991. person
associatedWith Mahoney, Michael S. (Michael Sean) person
associatedWith McReynolds, David. person
associatedWith National Peace Action Coalition. corporateBody
associatedWith New University Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Nichols, Marie Hochmuth, 1908- person
associatedWith Novack, George Edward. person
correspondedWith Open Media (Westfield, N.J.). corporateBody
associatedWith Piatkowski, Monika. person
correspondedWith Pinter, Harold, 1930-2008 person
associatedWith Princeton University. Graduate School. corporateBody
associatedWith Quine, W. V. (Willard Van Orman) person
associatedWith Rich, Cynthia. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Rubinstein, W. D. person
correspondedWith Ruggiero, Greg. person
correspondedWith Sahulka, Stuart. person
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Snyder, Gary person
associatedWith Socialist Review. corporateBody
associatedWith Studies on the Left. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Guelph. Convocation. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Guelph. Convocation. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Office of the President. Assistant to the President for Special Projects. corporateBody
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Weinstein, James, 1926-2005. person
associatedWith Zinn, Howard, 1922-2010 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Philadelphia PA US
Subject
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Linguistics
Occupation
College teachers
Linguists
Philosophers
Activity

Person

Birth 1928-12-07

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 87627947