Tokyo Rose, 1916-2006

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Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino (July 4, 1916 – September 26, 2006) was an American who participated in English-language radio broadcasts transmitted by Radio Tokyo to Allied soldiers in the South Pacific during World War II on The Zero Hour radio show.

Toguri called herself "Orphan Ann", but she quickly became inaccurately identified with the name "Tokyo Rose", coined by Allied soldiers and which predated her broadcasts. After the Japanese defeat, Toguri was detained for a year by the United States military before being released for lack of evidence. Department of Justice officials agreed that her broadcasts were "innocuous", but when Toguri tried to return to the US a popular uproar ensued, prompting the Federal Bureau of Investigation to renew its investigation of Toguri's wartime activities.

She was subsequently charged by the United States Attorney's Office with eight counts of treason. Her 1949 trial resulted in a conviction on one count, for which she spent more than six years out of a ten-year sentence in prison. Journalistic and governmental investigators years later pieced together the history of irregularities with the indictment, trial, and conviction, including confessions from key witnesses who had perjured themselves at the various stages of their testimonies. Toguri received a pardon in 1977 from U.S. President Gerald Ford.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Collins, Donald E., 1924-2006. Oral history interview with Donald Collins, [videorecording], 2002. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Hoel, Eldon L., 1922-. Oral history interview with Eldon L. Hoel, 2005. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Miller, George H. (George Hall), 1919-. Oral history interview with George Miller, [videorecording], 2002. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, to Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, to the Secretary of the Army, Washington, DC. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, Washington, DC. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn McCall, Charles M. Charles M. McCall papers, 1942-1945. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, Washington, DC. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Gunn, Rex B. Dear enemy : the story of Tokyo Rose : typescript, n.d. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1851 - 1986. Criminal Case No. 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason (quot;Tokyo Rose Casequot;) National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, Washington, DC. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1896 - 2008. Class 61 (Treason) Moving Images Relating to Tokyo Rose. 3/22/1935 - 4/9/1984. Army-Navy Screen Magazine, Issue Number 79 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1851 - 1986. Criminal Case No. 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1949 - 1949. Special findings by the jury in criminal case 31712, quot;U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquinoquot; (aka quot;Tokyo Rosequot;). National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Photographs of Iva Toguri, consisting of five images of her wearing a coat and eye glasses. Captions on the reverse of all images state quot;March 17, 1948/ Name: Iva Toguri/ Date: December 5, 1944/ Place: Radio Tokyo/ (Signed) Martha Suzuki.quot; National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Lainberger, Edward H., 1928-2001. Oral history interview with Edward H. Lainberger, [sound recording], 1996. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Bartelt, James H., 1925-. Oral history interview with James H. Bartelt [sounding recording], 1997. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Gill, William R., 1920-. Oral history interview with William R. Gill, 1996 October 13. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason (quot;Tokyo Rose Casequot;) National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Davis, John B., 1922-. Oral history interview with John B. Davis [sound recording], 2004. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1851 - 1986. Criminal Case No. 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1949 - 1949. Opening statement on behalf of the Government by Tom DeWolfe, Special Assistant to the Attorney General of the United States, in criminal case 31712, quot;U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquinoquot; (aka quot;Tokyo Rosequot;). National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, Washington, DC. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1851 - 1986. Criminal Case No. 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1949 - 1949. Judgment and commitment in criminal case 31712, quot;U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquinoquot; (aka quot;Tokyo Rosequot;). National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Harry M. Kimball, Special Agent in Charge, Federal Bureau of Investigation, San Francisco. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Wayne Collins, attorney for the defense, to Tom DeWolfe, Special Assistant to the Attorney General. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Photographs of Iva Toguri, consisting of two quot;mug shotsquot; taken at Sugamo Prison on March 7, 1946. Captions on the reverse of both photographs state quot;Captain Denton took me to Iva Toguri's house and made her wear the light tan coat and had her put on her rimless glasses. I recognized her as the same girl who broadcast on the Zero Hour program. (Signed) Emi Matsuda.quot; National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Holley, Lawrence, 1924-. Oral history interview with Lawrence Holley, 1999. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason (quot;Tokyo Rose Casequot;) National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Alexander M. Campbell, Assistant Attorney General, Washington, DC. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Treasury. 1775 - 2005. Moving Images Relating to Financial, Economic and Tax Policies. 1941 - 1972. VOICE OF TRUTH National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1896 - 2008. Class 61 (Treason) Moving Images Relating to Tokyo Rose. 3/22/1935 - 4/9/1984. Scene and Interview with Tokyo Rose National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Kail, William T., 1926-2005. Oral history interview with William Kail, [videorecording], 2002. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Urbanowicz, Frank, 1925-. Oral history interview with Frank Urbanowicz [sound recording], 2007. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. INTERVIEWS OF TOKYO ROSE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 29] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1896 - 2008. Class 61 (Treason) and Class 100 (Domestic Security) Recordings of Foreign Radio Broadcasts National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Siebert, George W., 1907-1962. Letters to Josephine D. Siebert, 1944-1945. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Wayne Collins, attorney for the defense, to Tom DeWolfe, Special Assistant to the Attorney General, et al. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Hansen, Charles, 1927-. Oral history interview with Charles (Jerry) Hansen [videorecording], 2002. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Letter from Frank J. Hennessy, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, to Harry M. Kimball, Special Agent in Charge, Federal Bureau of Investigation, San Francisco. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Radio Broadcasts Relating to Tokyo Rose National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Attorneys. 1821 - 1994. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Records Related to Criminal Case 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1943 - 1969. Synopsis of the criminal trial of Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino (aka quot;Tokyo Rosequot;) by J. Eldon Dunn, Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1896 - 2008. Class 61 (Treason) Moving Images Relating to Tokyo Rose National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Michael Biel Collection. 1969 - 1969. Sound Recording of Television Interview with Tokyo Rose National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Japanese American Citizens' League. Committee for Iva Toguri. Records of the Japanese American Citizens' League, Committee for Iva Toguri, 1975-1977. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1851 - 1986. Criminal Case No. 31712, U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, Treason ("Tokyo Rose Case"). 1949 - 1949. Motion to acquit made at end of trial by George Olshausen, member of the defense team, in criminal case 31712, quot;U.S. v. Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquinoquot; (aka quot;Tokyo Rosequot;). National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1896 - 2008. Class 61 (Treason) Recordings of Foreign Radio Broadcasts , 3/22/1935 - 4/9/1984. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Prisons. 1870 - 2009. Notorious Offenders Files National Archives at College Park
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bartelt, James H., 1925- person
associatedWith Collins, Donald E., 1924-2006 person
associatedWith Collins, Wayne M. person
associatedWith Davis, John B., 1922- person
associatedWith Gill, William R., 1920- person
associatedWith Gunn, Rex B. person
associatedWith Hansen, Charles, 1927- person
associatedWith Hoel, Eldon L., 1922- person
associatedWith Holley, Lawrence, 1924- person
associatedWith Japanese American Citizens' League. Committee for Iva Toguri. corporateBody
associatedWith Kail, William T., 1926-2005 person
associatedWith Lainberger, Edward H., 1928-2001 person
associatedWith McCall, Charles M. person
associatedWith Miller, George H. (George Hall), 1919- person
associatedWith Siebert, George W., 1907-1962. person
associatedWith Urbanowicz, Frank, 1925- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1916-07-04

Death 2006

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6fx7d9t

SNAC ID: 40103936