Ginsburg, Ruth Bader, 1933-2020

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Ruth Bader Ginsburg (born Joan Ruth Bader, March 15, 1933 – September 18, 2020), also known by her initials RBG, was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1993 until her death in 2020. She was nominated by President Bill Clinton on June 14, 1993, and had served since August 10, 1993. Ginsburg became the second of four female justices to be confirmed to the Court after Sandra Day O'Connor, the two others being Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan, both of whom are still serving in 2020. Following O'Connor's retirement in 2006 and until Sotomayor joined the Court in 2009, she was the only female justice on the Supreme Court. During that time, Ginsburg became more forceful with her dissents, which were noted by legal observers and in popular culture. She was generally viewed as belonging to the liberal wing of the Court. Ginsburg authored notable majority opinions, including United States v. Virginia (1996), Olmstead v. L.C. (1999), and Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc. (2000).

Ginsburg was born in Brooklyn, New York. Her older sister died when she was a baby, and her mother, one of her biggest sources of encouragement, died shortly before Ginsburg graduated from high school. She then earned her bachelor's degree at Cornell University, and became a wife and mother before starting law school at Harvard, where she was one of the few women in her class. Ginsburg transferred to Columbia Law School, where she graduated tied for first in her class. Following law school, Ginsburg entered into academia. She was a professor at Rutgers Law School and Columbia Law School, teaching civil procedure as one of the few women in her field.

Ginsburg spent a considerable part of her legal career as an advocate for the advancement of gender equality and women's rights, winning multiple arguments before the Supreme Court. She advocated as a volunteer attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union and was a member of its board of directors and one of its general counsels in the 1970s. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, where she served until her appointment to the Supreme Court. Ginsburg received attention in American popular culture for her fiery liberal dissents and refusal to step down; she was dubbed "The Notorious R.B.G.", a play on the name of the rapper known as "The Notorious B.I.G.", in reference to her notable dissents.

She died at 87 years of age on September 18, 2020, from complications of metastatic pancreatic cancer at her home.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the Women's Equity Action League, 1966-1979 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Louis Henkin Papers, 1940-2007, [Bulk Dates: 1980-2005] Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Papers, 1926-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 12/13/79 Jimmy Carter Library
referencedIn Richard H. Field papers, 1942-1978 Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
contributorOf Norman Dorsen Papers Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf Ginsburg, Ruth Bader, 1933-. Ruth Bader Ginsburg letter and speech, 2005 Jan. 6 and 2004. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Video Recordings of the White House Television Office (Clinton Administration). 1/20/1993 - 1/20/2001. Video Recordings Relating to the Clinton Administration. 1/20/1993 - 1/20/2001. Video Recording of President William Jefferson Clinton Announcing Ruth Bader Ginsburg as Nominee for Supreme Court Justice William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
referencedIn Records of the White House Office of Records Management (Clinton Administration), 1993 - 2001. Subject Files on Judicial and Legal Matters, 1993 - 2001 William J. Clinton Presidential Center
referencedIn Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-1988. Papers, 1926-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Photograph of President William J. Clinton with Ruth Bader Ginsburg in the Rose Garden United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Freund, Paul A. Paul A. Freund papers. 1918-1993. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Records, (inclusive), (bulk), 1979-1997, 1979-1989 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the Project on the Status and Education of Women (Association of American Colleges), (inclusive), (bulk), 1969-1991, 1971-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Betty Friedan, 1933-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National Organization for Women. Records, 1959-2002 (inclusive), 1966-1988 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records, (inclusive), (bulk), 1959-2002, 1966-1998 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
contributorOf Washington and Lee University School of Law Collection 1849-2004 Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Archives, School of Law, Washington and Lee University
referencedIn Friar, Jerome. Jerome Friar photographic collection, 1978-2010. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Radcliffe College Archives biography files, 1855-2007 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Griswold, Harriet Ford, 1904-. Letters of condolence, 1994-1995. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Papers of Bernice Resnick Sandler, 1963-2008 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Indritz, Phineas., 1932-1997. Papers of Phineas Indritz, 1932-1997 (bulk 1945-1990). Howard University, Law Library
referencedIn East, Catherine, 1916-1996. Papers, 1941-1996 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Berry, Betty Blaisdell. Papers of NOW officers, 1965-1988 (inclusive), 1967-1977 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the White House Press Office (Carter Administration), 1977 - 1981. Miscellaneous Mass Mailing Files, 1977 - 1981 Jimmy Carter Library
creatorOf Ginsburg, Ruth Bader. Ruth Bader Ginsburg papers, 1897-2005 (bulk 1970-1997). Library of Congress
referencedIn Women's Equity Action League. Records, 1967-1990 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Additional papers of Betty Friedan, 1941-2006 (inclusive), 1980-2000 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Nan Robertson, 1920-2004 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Women's Equity Action League. Records, 1966-1979 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Friedan, Betty. Papers of Betty Friedan, 1941-2006 (inclusive), 1980-2000 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Daniel P. Moynihan Papers, 1765-2003, (bulk 1955-2000) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records, 1967-1990 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the Office of Speechwriting (Clinton Administration), 1993 - 2001. Michael Waldman's Files, 1995 - 2000 William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
referencedIn National Association of Women Judges (U.S.). Records, 1966-1997 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn East, Catherine Shipe. Papers of Catherine Shipe East. 1941-1995 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Ginsburg, Ruth Bader. Ratification of the ERA : a question of time / address delivered by Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the University of Texas School of Law, March 22, 1979. Texas Woman's University Library, Mary Evelyn Blagg-Huey Library
referencedIn Photographs of the White House Photograph Office (Clinton Administration). 1/20/1993 - 1/20/2001. Photographs Relating to the Clinton Administration. 1/20/1993 - 1/20/2001. Photograph of President William J. Clinton Attending the Swearing-In of Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg as Associate Supreme Court Justice William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
referencedIn Field, Richard Hinkley, 1903-1978. Papers of Richard Hinkley Field, 1932-1978 (inclusive), 1942-1978 (bulk). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Warner, John W., 1927-. Senator John Warner papers, 1979-2009. University of Virginia. Library
Relation Name
memberOf Alpha Epsilon Phi corporateBody
associatedWith American Jewish Archives. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bernice Resnick Sandler person
associatedWith Berry, Betty Blaisdell. person
correspondedWith Betty Friedan person
correspondedWith Betty Friedan person
associatedWith BURNITA (SHELTON) MATTHEWS, 1894- person
associatedWith Califano, Joseph A., 1931- person
associatedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924-.... person
associatedWith Catherine East, 1916-1996 person
employeeOf Center for advanced study in the behavioral sciences Stanford, Calif. corporateBody
associatedWith Clinton, Bill, 1946-.... person
memberOf Columbia Law Review corporateBody
employeeOf Columbia University. School of Law. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Columbia University. School of Law. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Cornell university corporateBody
associatedWith East, Catherine, 1916-1996. person
associatedWith Edwards, Edwin W. person
associatedWith Field, Richard Hinkley, 1903-1978. person
associatedWith Friar, Jerome. person
associatedWith Friedan, Betty. person
associatedWith Frontiero, Sharron person
associatedWith Goldfarb, Leon person
associatedWith Griswold, Harriet Ford, 1904- person
memberOf Harvard Law Review, corporateBody
almaMaterOf Harvard Law School corporateBody
associatedWith Healy, Marsha B. person
associatedWith Henkin, Louis. person
associatedWith Indritz, Phineas., 1932-1997. person
associatedWith Jacob Rader Marcus Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 1927-2003 person
correspondedWith Nan Robertson person
associatedWith National Association of Women Judges (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Organization for Women. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. State Board of Education corporateBody
subordinateOf Palmieri, Edmond, Judge person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
correspondedWith Project on the Status and Education of Women (Association of American Colleges) person
associatedWith Reed, Cecil person
associatedWith Reed, Sally person
associatedWith Richardson, Elliot L., 1920-1999 person
employeeOf Rutgers Law School (Newark, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Seldin, Abbe person
associatedWith Touro Synagogue (Newport, R.I.) corporateBody
memberOf United States. Court of Appeals (District of Columbia Circuit) corporateBody
memberOf United States. Supreme Court corporateBody
associatedWith Warner, John W., 1927- person
associatedWith Women's Equity Action League. corporateBody
founderOf Women's Rights Project, American Civil Liberties Union corporateBody
correspondedWith Zola, Gary P. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York City NY US
Stanford CA US
Fort Sill OK US
District of Columbia DC US
Newark NJ US
Subject
Sex discrimination--Law and legislation
Constitutional amendments--Ratification
Jury duty
Supreme Court justices
Employee fringe benefit
Women--Legal status, laws, etc
Litigating
Sex discrimination in sports
Sex discrimination against women
Women's rights
Women judges
Supreme Court
Law--Study and teaching
Sex discrimination against women--Law and legislation
Universities and colleges
Jews--Anniversaries, etc
Social security beneficiaries
Equal rights amendments
Occupation
Judges
Judges--District of Columbia
Jurists
Professors (teacher)
Lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1933-03-15

Death 2020-09-18

Female

Americans

English,

Swedish,

Hebrew

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6db86dw

Ark ID: w6db86dw

SNAC ID: 52844840