Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965

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American novelist and short-story writer.

From the description of Letters to Shirley Jackson, 1954, 1958. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122590225

Shirley Jackson (1919-1965) was a 20th century author, born to a mother from a long-time San Francisco family of architects and a father from England. Shirley began writing verse almost as soon as she could write, according to her mother, and, at the age of twelve, she won a poetry contest sponsored by the Junior Home Magazine for her poem, "The Pine Tree." She spent two years at the University of Rochester before withdrawing in June, 1936. In 1937, she entered Syracuse University. Her first story, "Janice," was published in the college magazine in 1938, the same year she was appointed fiction editor of the campus humor magazine. Jackson graduated from Syracuse in 1940 and immediately married Stanley Edgar Hyman. The following year, The New Republic ran her first national publication, "My Life With R.H. Macy." Her first novel, "The Road Through the Wall," was published in 1948, along with her most well-known story, "The Lottery." Her novel, "We Have Always Lived in the Castle," was on the best-seller list in 1962, and was named one of the year's ten best novels by Time magazine. As well as maintaining a strict writing schedule, Jackson was the mother of four children and published two family chronicles, "Life Among the Savages" and "Raising Demons." Shirley Jackson died of heart failure on August 8, 1965, at the age of forty-five.

From the description of Shirley Jackson papers (MS 336), ca.1949-ca.1965. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 221368316

American author.

From the description of Letter to Fredson Bowers [manuscript], 1965 June 14. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647845673

From the description of Letter to Fredson Bowers, 1965 June 14. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32135337

Author.

From the description of Shirley Jackson papers, 1932-1991 (bulk 1932-1965). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131274

From the description of Papers, 1932-1970 (bulk 1938-1965). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 30891867

Biographical Note

  • 1916, Dec. 14: Born, San Francisco, Calif.
  • 1934 - 1936 : Attended University of Rochester,Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1940: Syracuse, N.Y. Syracuse A.B., Syracuse University,Syracuse, N.Y. Married Stanley Edgar Hyman
  • 1943: Published After You, My Dear Alphonse, first of many stories for the New Yorker
  • 1944: Come Dance With Me in Ireland selected for Best Short Stories, 1944 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. 468 pp.)
  • 1945: Substitute instructor, Bennington College,Bennington, Vt.
  • 1948: Published The Lottery,New Yorker, 26 June, her most famous short story Published The Road Through the Wall (New York: Farrar, Straus. 271 pp.)
  • 1949: The Lottery selected for the O. Henry Awards and published in Prize Stories of 1949 (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co. 323 pp.) Published The Lottery; or, the Adventures of James Harris (New York: Farrar, Straus. 306 pp.)
  • 1951: The Summer People selected for Best American Short Stories, 1951 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. 368 pp.) Published Hangsaman (New York: Farrar, Straus and Young. 280 pp.)
  • 1953: Stage adaptation of The Lottery Published Life Among the Savages (New York: Farrar, Straus and Young. 241 pp.)
  • 1954: Published The Bird's Nest (New York: Farrar, Straus and Young. 276 pp.)
  • 1956: Film adaptation of The Bird's Nest, released as Lizzie One Ordinary Day With Peanuts selected for Best American Short Stories, 1956 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. 368 pp.) Published The Witchcraft of Salem Village (New York: Random House. 176 pp.)
  • 1957: Published Raising Demons (New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy. 310 pp.)
  • 1958: Suffield, Conn. Suffield Lecturer, Suffield Writer's Conference, Suffield, Conn. Published the play, The Bad Children (Chicago: Dramatic Publishing Co. 36 pp.) Published The Sundial (New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy. 245 pp.)
  • 1959: Published The Haunting of Hill House (New York: Viking Press. 246 pp.)
  • 1960: Published Special Delivery (Boston: Little, Brown. 175 pp.)
  • 1961: Nominated for the Edgar Allan Poe Award for best short story, Louisa, Please
  • 1962: Published We Have Always Lived in the Castle (New York: Viking Press. 214 pp.)
  • 1963: Film adaptation of The Haunting of Hill House, released as The Haunting Published Nine Magic Wishes (New York: Crowell-Collier Press. 45 pp.)
  • 1964: Middlebury, Vt. Middlebury Teacher, Bread Loaf Writers' Conference,Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vt. Birthday Party selected for Best American Short Stories, 1964 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. 360 pp.)
  • 1965: Awarded the Arents Pioneer Medal for Outstanding Achievement
  • 1965, Aug. 8: Died, North Bennington, Vt.
  • 1966: Awarded the Edgar Allan Poe Award for best short story, "The Possibility of Evil" Published (posthumously) Famous Sally (New York: Harlin Quist; distributed by Crown Publishers. 46 pp.)
  • 1968: Published (posthumously) Come Along With Me (New York: Viking Press. 243 pp.)

From the guide to the Shirley Jackson Papers, 1932-1991, (bulk 1932-1965), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Shirley Jackson was a 20th century author. Born on December 14, 1919 to a mother from a long line of San Francisco architects (a strong influence on her writing) and a father from England, Shirley spent the first fourteen years of her life in the San Francisco area. She began writing verse almost as soon as she could write, according to her mother. At the age of twelve she won a poetry contest sponsored by the Junior Home Magazine for her poem "The Pine Tree." She spent two years at the University of Rochester, but was unhappy and withdrew in June of 1936. In the fall of 1937 she entered Syracuse University. Her first story, "Janice," was published in the college magazine in 1938, the same year she was appointed fiction editor of the campus humor magazine.

Jackson graduated from Syracuse in 1940 and immediately married Stanley Edgar Hyman. The following year The New Republic ran her first national publication, "My Life With R.H. Macy." Her first novel, "The Road Through the Wall," was published in 1948, along with her most well-known story, "The Lottery." Her novel "We Have Always Lived in the Castle" was on the best-seller list in 1962, and Time magazine named it one of the year's ten best.

As well as maintaining a strict writing schedule, Jackson was the mother of four children, Laurence, born in 1942, Joanne, in 1945, Sarah, in 1948, and Barry, in 1951. She published two family chronicles, "Life Among the Savages" and "Raising Demons." Shirley Jackson died of heart failure on August 8, 1965, at the age of forty-five.

From the guide to the Shirley Jackson Papers (MS 336), ca.1949-ca.1965, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hyman, Stanley Edgar, 1919-1970. Papers of Stanley Edgar Hyman, 1932-1978 (bulk 1938-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lucille Lortel papers, 1902-2000 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965. Shirley Jackson papers, 1932-1991 (bulk 1932-1965). Library of Congress
creatorOf Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965. Papers, 1932-1970 (bulk 1938-1965). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hyman, Stanley Edgar, 1919-1970. Papers, 1932-1978 (bulk 1938-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Inc. records, 1899-2003, 1945-1989 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Ralph Ellison Papers, 1890-2005, (bulk 1930-1994) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Burack, A. S. (Abraham Saul), 1908-. Abraham Burack collection, 1922-1997. Boston University, School of Medical
creatorOf Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965. Letter to Fredson Bowers [manuscript], 1965 June 14. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Leslie, F. Andrew. The haunting of Hill house; a drama of suspense in three acts. Adapted for the stage from the novel by Shirley Jackson. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Finfer, June. Come along with me : teleplay, 1980 Sept. 12 / by June Finfer, Neal Miller & Joanne Woodward ; based on the story by Shirley Jackson. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965. Shirley Jackson papers (MS 336), ca.1949-ca.1965. University of Colorado Boulder
creatorOf Shirley Jackson Papers (MS 336), ca.1949-ca.1965 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Jackson, Shirley, 1919-1965. Letters to Shirley Jackson, 1954, 1958. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Inc. records, 1899-2003 (bulk 1945-1989). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Shirley Jackson Papers, 1932-1991, (bulk 1932-1965) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Stanley Edgar Hyman Papers, 1932-1978, (bulk 1938-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Ellison, Ralph. Ralph Ellison papers, 1890-2005 (bulk 1930-1994). Library of Congress
creatorOf Jackson, Shirley, 1916-1965. Letter to Fredson Bowers, 1965 June 14. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gidding, Nelson. Hill House (working title) : screenplay / by Nelson Gidding ; from the novel The haunting of Hill House by Shirley Jackson ; producer- director, Robert Wise. Ohio State University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Bernstein, Walter person
correspondedWith Bernstein, Walter person
associatedWith Bowers, Fredson, person
correspondedWith Brandt & Brandt corporateBody
correspondedWith Brandt & Brandt corporateBody
associatedWith Breit, Harvey. person
correspondedWith Brockway, Jean person
correspondedWith Burack, A. S. (Abraham Saul), 1908- person
correspondedWith Burke, Elizabeth Batterham person
associatedWith Burke, Kenneth, 1897-1993. person
associatedWith Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. person
correspondedWith Ciardi, John, 1916-1986 person
correspondedWith Covici, Pascal, 1930- person
associatedWith Dahl, Roald. person
associatedWith Ellison, Fanny McConnell. person
correspondedWith Ellison, Ralph. person
correspondedWith Ellison, Ralph. person
associatedWith Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. corporateBody
correspondedWith Farrar, Straus and Young corporateBody
associatedWith Gidding, Nelson. person
associatedWith Ginzburg, Ralph. person
associatedWith Hentoff, Nat. person
associatedWith Hyman family. family
associatedWith Hyman family. family
associatedWith Hyman, Stanley Edgar, 1919-1970. person
associatedWith Jackson family. family
associatedWith Jackson family. family
correspondedWith Jackson, Geraldine B. person
correspondedWith Jackson, Leslie H. person
associatedWith Leslie, F. Andrew. person
correspondedWith Livaudais, Carol Black person
associatedWith Lortel, Lucille person
associatedWith Malamud, Bernard. person
associatedWith McBride, Mary Margaret, 1899-1976. person
correspondedWith Mintz, June Mirken person
correspondedWith Music Corporation of America corporateBody
associatedWith Nemerov, Howard. person
correspondedWith Orenstein, Frank person
associatedWith Saddler, Donald person
correspondedWith Scher, Louis L. person
correspondedWith Shaw, Mary person
correspondedWith Shaw, Mary person
associatedWith Singer, Isaac Bashevis, 1904-1991. person
correspondedWith Strauss, Robert M. person
associatedWith Thurber, James, 1894-1961. person
associatedWith University of Colorado Libraries. Special Collections Dept. corporateBody
correspondedWith Untermeyer, Louis, 1885-1977 person
correspondedWith Williams, Jay, 1914-1978 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Humorous stories, American
Short stories, American
American fiction
Supernatural in literature
Women authors, American--20th century--Archives
Fiction
Horror tales, American
Occupation
Women authors, American
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1916-12-14

Death 1965-08-08

Americans

English

Information

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