National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.)

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Created in September, 1921 in Washington, D.C. by representatives of 17 United States peace organizations to serve as a clearinghouse under the name of National Council for Limitation of Armaments; Frederick J. Libby was appointed Executive Secretary. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the organization changed its name in January, 1922 to the National Council for the Reduction of Armaments. In Fall of 1923, the name was changed again to National Council for Prevention of War. It was incorportated in 1931 under this name. The NCPW peaked around 1936. With strife building in Europe, the NCPW supported neutrality legislation, an anti-war referendum, and the Keep America Out of War campaign. After World War II, the NCPW worked to aid displaced persons and for justice in the War Crimes Trials. The NCPW cooperated closely with Committee on Militarism in Education, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Fellowship of Reconciliation, National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War, the National Peace Conference, Friends Committee on National Legislation, Emergency Peace Campaign, and National Council Against Conscription. Though greatly diminished after World War II, the NCPW continued under Libby's guidance until 1954, when he retired.

From the description of Records, 1921-1975. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 20335374

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Benham, Albert. [National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.) pamphlets. Part 1]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Fisher, Dorothy Canfield, 1879-1958. [National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.) pamphlets. Part 5]. Library of Congress
creatorOf National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.). Records, 1921-1975. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Vol. xxvii. (ff. 248). 1927-Sept. 1928.includes:ff. 1-5, 11, 194-197 James Louis Garvin, Editor, 'The Observer': Correspondence with H. Wickham Steed of James Louis Garvin: 1926-1928: Partly signed and copy.f. 6 James Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Mini... British Library
referencedIn Rankin, Jeannette, 1880-1973. Papers, 1879-1976 (inclusive), 1916-1973 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Boeckel, Florence Brewer, b. 1885. [National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.) pamphlets. Part 3]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Surles, Flora Belle, 1887-1971?. Papers, 1917-1973 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970. [National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.) pamphlets. Part 2]. Library of Congress
creatorOf National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.). Records, 1921-1975 [microform]. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Family papers, 1892-1962 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn LaFollette Family Papers, 1781-1988, (bulk 1900-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970. Frederick Joseph Libby papers, 1846-1973 (bulk 1890-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Georgia Peace Society. Collection, 1931-1937. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. Marion LeRoy Burton papers, 1895-1925. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn La Follette, Belle Case, 1859-1931. La Follette family papers, 1781-1988 (bulk 1910-1953). Library of Congress
referencedIn La Follette, Belle Case, 1859-1931. La Follette family papers (primary record), 1781-1988 (bulk 1910-1953). Library of Congress
creatorOf National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.). National Council for Prevention of War : file of clippings and miscellanea. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Boeckel, Florence Brewer, b. 1885. [National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.) pamphlets. Part 4]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vol. xxviii. (ff. 235). Oct. 1928-Sept. 1930.includes:f. 1 Harry W. Holmes, of the World Alliance for International Friendship through the Churches: Letter of H. W. Steed to Harry W. Holmes: 1928: Copy.f. 2 James Louis Garvin, Editor, 'The Observ... British Library
referencedIn Biermann, Frederick Elliott, 1884-1968. Papers of Frederick E. Biermann, 1932-1968. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.). Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1931. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Earl Browder Papers, 1879-1990 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Evansville Peace Council. Evansville Peace Council collection, 1940-1943. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1981 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Rankin, Jeannette. Papers, 1915-1965 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Morgan, Laura Puffer, 1874-1962. Papers of Laura Puffer Morgan and Ethel Puffer Howes, 1892-1962 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Frederick Joseph Libby Papers, 1846-1973, (bulk 1890-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952. Papers: Series F-I, 1859-1950 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Hanighen, Frank C. Uncensored records, 1938-1941. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Marion L. Burton Papers, 1895-1925, 1921-1925 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1915 - 1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Central Conference of American Rabbis. Records, 1889-1975 [microform]. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Rankin, Jeannette, 1880-1973. Papers, 1915-1965 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. Fanny F. Brin papers, 1896-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Pendery, Joyce S., 1930-. Political women in Connecticut interview transcripts, 1980-1981 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Mead, Edwin D. (Edwin Doak), 1849-1937. Papers of Edwin D. Mead and Lucia Ames Mead, 1876-1938. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alley, Alden Gifford, person
associatedWith Balch, Emily Greene, 1867-1961, person
associatedWith Baldwin, Roger Nash, 1884- person
associatedWith Beverage, Albion P., person
associatedWith Biddle, Clement M. 1876-1959, person
associatedWith Biermann, Frederick Elliott, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Boeckel, Florence Brewer, b. 1885, person
associatedWith Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981 person
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 person
associatedWith Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947, person
associatedWith Central Conference of American Rabbis. corporateBody
associatedWith Committee on Militarism in Education (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Emergency Peace Campaign (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Evansville Peace Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Finucane, James F., person
associatedWith Fosdick, Raymond Blaine, 1883-, person
associatedWith Friends Committee on National Legislation (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia Peace Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Grace Allen (Fitch) Johnson, 1871-1952 person
associatedWith Gulick, Sidney Lewis, 1860-1945, person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harris, Paul, 1897-, person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
correspondedWith JEANNETTE RANKIN person
associatedWith Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952. person
associatedWith LaFollette family family
associatedWith Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Gladys K.G., person
associatedWith MacKnight, Jesse M. 1910-, person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Mead, Edwin D. (Edwin Doak), 1849-1937. person
associatedWith Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936, person
associatedWith Michigan State University. Libraries. American Radicalism Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith MORGAN-HOWES person
associatedWith Morgan, Laura Puffer, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967, person
associatedWith National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Council Against Conscription (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Council for Reduction of Armaments (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Peace Conference (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newton, Ray, person
associatedWith Ormsbee, Carrie Wyckoff, person
associatedWith Rankin, Jeannette, person
associatedWith Rankin, Jeannette, 1880-1973. person
associatedWith Sayre, John Nevin, 1884-1977, person
associatedWith Schwimmer, Rosika, 1877-1948, person
associatedWith Surles, Flora Belle, 1887-1971? person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968, person
associatedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949, person
associatedWith Waldman, Seymour. person
associatedWith Wilson, E. Raymond 1896-1987, person
associatedWith Winder, Mary Ida, person
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. U.S. Section. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Subject
World War, 1939-1945--Sources
Peace movements--History--Sources
Peace
War
Neutrality--History--Sources
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1938

Active 1941

Information

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