Dulles, Eleanor Lansing, 1895-1996

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Eleanor Lansing Dulles (b. June 1, 1895-d. Oct. 31, 1996) was an educator, diplomat, and author. She worked for the U.S. State Department serving as an economic specialist whose efforts helped rebuild West Berlin after World War II, earning her the name "the Mother of Berlin." Dulles was part of a family that was highly involved in civil service. Under President Dwight D. Eisenhower's administration, her brother John Foster Dulles was secretary of state, while her brother Allen W. Dulles was director of the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). Dulles' interest in helping those impacted by war began early in her life. During World War I she went to France to assist refugees. She returned to the United States for work at the American Tube and Stamping Company. In 1924, she began teaching at Simmons College in Boston, with stints at Bryn Mawr College and the University of Pennsylvania to follow. In 1936, she began work with the U.S. Government's Social Security Board, leaving that position to join the U.S. State Department in 1942. Her work as a diplomat included being an economic officer, financial attache in Austria, and special assistant in the Office of German Affairs. It was through her work with the German office that she helped revitalize the German economy after World War II, bringing its unemployment levels down significantly from thirty-three percent. She also worked to secure funds for West Berlin's Congress Hall, hospitals, and educational facilities. After her time at the State Department, she went on to hold positions such as professor at Georgetown University, visiting professor at Duke University, consultant for the U.S. Department of State, and organizer of the John Foster Dulles Centennial Program at Princeton University. She received the Grand Cross of Merit from the Federal Republic of Germany, Carl Schurz Plaque, an honorary professorship at the University of Berlin, and a Tribute of Appreciation from the U.S. State Department (1985).

From the description of Dulles, Eleanor Lansing, 1895-1996 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10580411

Eleanor Lansing Dulles, (b. June 1, 1895, d. Oct. 30, 1996), was a member of a powerful diplomatic family. Her uncle, Robert Lansing, was Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson. Her eldest brother, John Foster Dulles, was Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and another brother, Allen Welsh Dulles, served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations. In her memoir, Eleanor Lansing Dulles: Chances of a Lifetime (Prentice-Hall, 1980), Eleanor describes her family as a pride of lions. Her background in economics and her familiarity with European affairs enabled her to fill many important positions in an era when women were generally not chosen to serve at high levels of Government. She worked for relief agencies in France during World War I. She entered Government service in 1936 as director of financial research for the Social Security Board, and helped to organize President Franklin D. Roosevelt's new Social Security System. In 1942 she moved to the State Department, and played a major role in postwar-planning for Germany, Austria, France, and Belgium. She was often on the front lines of economic recovery in Germany and Austria, and was a member of the American delegation to the Bretton Woods international monetary conference in New Hampshire in 1944. Serving as the head of the State Department's Berlin desk during the days of the Berlin Airlift and the Cold War, she became known as the Mother of Berlin helping to revitalize the war-worn city and establishing the basis for modern U.S.-German relations. She travelled extensively throughout Europe, Africa, Latin American, and Asia for her work for the U.S. Department of State, the Center for Strategic Studies at Georgetown University, Youth for Understanding, and for her own independent research. In addition to her work for the United States Government, she was a teacher, a scholar, and a prolific author, penning more than a dozen published works.

From the description of Eleanor Lansing Dulles papers, 1867-1993, bulk 1935-1990. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 550577687

Economist, government official.

From the description of Reminiscences of Eleanor Lansing Dulles : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122574338

From the description of Reminiscences of Eleanor Lansing Dulles : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513337

From the description of Reminiscences of Eleanor Lansing Dulles : oral history, 1977. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122620004

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Dulles, Eleanor Lansing, 1895-1996. Reminiscences of Eleanor Lansing Dulles : oral history, 1967. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Subject Files
referencedIn Isidore Sydney Falk papers, 1918-1984 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Dulles, Eleanor Lansing, 1895-1996. Eleanor Lansing Dulles papers, 1867-1993, bulk 1935-1990. George Washington University
referencedIn John Foster Dulles oral history collection, 1964-1967 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Official Correspondence and Reports Files
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Trip Files
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Manuscript Files
creatorOf Dulles, Eleanor Lansing, 1895-1996. Reminiscences of Eleanor Lansing Dulles : oral history, 1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Dulles, Eleanor Lansing, 1895-1996. Reminiscences of Eleanor Lansing Dulles : oral history, 1978. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1837 (1900-1975) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Research Notes Files
referencedIn Falk, I. S. (Isidore Sydney), 1899-1984. Isidore Sydney Falk papers, 1918-1984 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Speech Files
referencedIn Cohen, Wilbur J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1913-1987,. Social security files, 1932-1957. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn American Association for Social Security. American Association for Social Security. Series 1. Correspondence, 1927-1944, bulk 1931-1944. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Dwight D. Eisenhower Library Oral History Collection. 1962 - 1998. Oral History Transcripts. 1962 - 1998. Oral History Interviews with Eleanor Lansing Dulles
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Personal Correspondence and Memorabilia Files
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. College Lecture Files
referencedIn Smith, Hilda Worthington, 1888-. Papers, 1837-1975 (inclusive), 1900-1975 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Eleanor Lansing Dulles Papers. 1917 - 1984. Dulles - Foster - Lansing Family Files
referencedIn News Service Biographical Files, ., circa 1930s - 2004 University Archives, Duke University.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967. person
associatedWith American Association for Social Security. corporateBody
associatedWith Blondheim, D. S. (David Simon), 1884-1934. person
associatedWith Brandt, Willy, 1913-1992. person
associatedWith Bryn Mawr College. corporateBody
associatedWith Cohen, Wilbur J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1913-1987, person
associatedWith Duke University. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. News Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Dulles, Allen, 1893-1969. person
associatedWith Dulles, Allen Macy. person
associatedWith Dulles, Avery, 1918-2008. person
associatedWith Dulles, David. person
associatedWith Dulles, Edith Foster. person
associatedWith Dulles family. family
associatedWith Dulles, Janet Avery. person
associatedWith Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Falk, I. S. (Isidore Sydney), 1899-1984. person
associatedWith Foster, John Watson, 1836-1917. person
associatedWith Freie Universität Berlin. corporateBody
associatedWith Georgetown University. Center for Strategic and International Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith Hilda Worthington Smith, 1888-1984 person
associatedWith John Foster Dulles Program for the Study of Leadership in International Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith Kongresshalle Berlin. corporateBody
associatedWith Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928. person
associatedWith Mason, John T., 1909-, person
associatedWith Mosley, Leonard, 1913-1992. person
associatedWith Parmet, Herbert S., person
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Hilda Worthington, 1888- person
associatedWith United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (1944 : Bretton Woods, N.H.) corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Board of Economic Warfare. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. Bureau of Intelligence and Research. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Foreign Service. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Social Security Administration. Division of Research and Statistics. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Social Security Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Youth for Understanding (Organization) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Germany
United States
Austria
Germany
Germany (East)
Austria
Germany (West)
United States
United States
Germany
Berlin (Germany)
Subject
Cold War
Economists--Interviews
World War, 1914-1918
Social security
International economic relations
World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief
Political refugees
Reconstruction (1939-1951)
International finance
Women in the civil service--Interviews
Government executives--Interviews
World War, 1939-1945
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1895-06-01

Death 1996-10-30

Americans

English

Information

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