Bingham, Hiram, 1875-1956

Alternative names
Birth 1875-11-19
Death 1956-06-06

Biographical notes:

American explorer, politician, and author.

From the description of Letter : to [Edmund Clarence] Stedman, 1901 Dec. 27. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 86157600

Hiram Bingham was a scholar, author, explorer, and politician, best remembered for discovering Machu Picchu. Born Hiram Bingham III to missionary parents in Hawaii, he gradually distanced himself from the missionary lifestyle and entered Yale with the goal of becoming a professor. He continued his education at the Universities of California and Harvard, specializing in Latin American history, and taught at Harvard, Princeton, and Yale. His marriage to Alfreda Mitchell, heir to the Tiffany fortune, allowed him to travel in Latin America, and led to his discovery of Machu Picchu in the Peruvian Andes. He wrote several books about his famous discovery and other travels; he also served as a pilot in World War I, organizing flying schools in America and Europe. After the war he briefly served as Governor of Connecticut before becoming a Senator from that state, retiring in 1932 to pursue business interests. He is considered a pioneer in Latin American history, and he helped popularize Latin America for the American public.

From the description of Hiram Bingham letter to Beatrice and Charlie with photographs and photostat maps of Machu Picchu, 1948-1949. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 76756216

Explorer, educator, lecturer, and governor of and U.S. senator from Connecticut.

From the description of Hiram Bingham papers, 1926-1933. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 123819676


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  • Explorers--Correspondence
  • Labor unions
  • Sino--Japanese Conflict, 1931-1933


  • Collector
  • Lecturers
  • Educators
  • Governors--Connecticut
  • Explorers
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--Connecticut


  • Machu Picchu Site (Peru) (as recorded)
  • Nan-ching shih (China) (as recorded)
  • Connecticut (as recorded)
  • Hawaii (as recorded)
  • Japan (as recorded)
  • Yorktown (Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • China (as recorded)
  • Shanghai (China) (as recorded)