Milledge, John, 1757-1818

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John Milledge, II (1757-1818) was born in Savannah, Georgia, the only son of John Milledge (1721-1781) and Ann (Smith) Milledge. A prominent lawyer, Milledge sided with the patriots and fought in the Revolutionary War, served as Attorney-General of Georgia in 1780, as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives (1782-1790), as a member of the United States Congress (1792-1801), as Governor of Georgia (1802- 1806), and as a United States Senator (1806-1809). In 1801, Milledge purchased a 633 acre tract of land for $4,000 and named it "Athens" in honor of Greece's ancient center of culture and learning. He was a key figure in the establishment of the University of Georgia. Not only was he on the committee that decided the location of the institution, but he donated the 633 acre tract of land where the university and the city of Athens now stand. The Georgia state legislature called for the establishment of a town to be named after Milledge in 1803 and one year later Milledgeville became Georgia's fourth capital. Milledgville, located in Baldwin County, served as Georgia's state capital from 1804 until 1868. Milledge resigned his Senate seat in 1809 and returned to Georgia to be with his wife, Martha Galphin Milledge, who was very ill and later died. John Milledge died at Sand Hills, his plantation near Augusta, Georgia, on 9 February 1818 and is buried in Summerville Cemetery in Augusta, Georgia.

From the description of John Milledge letter, 1793. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 297537446

John Milledge (1757-1818), politician, U.S. Congressman, Georgia Governor, resided in Augusta, Georgia.

From the description of Letter to Sheftall Sheftall, 1796 Feb. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476549

U.S. Congressman and Senator and governor of Georgia.

From the description of Papers, 1755-1853. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20030175

Fort Wilkinson was established in 1797 on the Oconee river three miles south of Milledgeville, An early trading post for Creek Indians, Fort Wilkinson was named for General James Wilkinson of Maryland. The fort was in what is now Baldwin County. The land for Baldwin County was secured through a treaty signed June 16, 1802 at Fort Wilkinson between the United States and the Creek Nation.

From the description of John Milledge letter : to Major Jacob Kingsbury, 1803 March 7. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 43886837

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Milledge, John, 1757-1818. Letter to Sheftall Sheftall, 1796 Feb. 26. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Miscellaneous letters, 1800s-1900s. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter to John Milledge [manuscript], 1802 April 30. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Correspondence regarding horticulture, and especially, gardening at Monticello [manuscript] 1796-1824. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Milledge, John, 1757-1818. Papers, 1755-1853. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Taliaferro, Benjamin, 1750-1821. Letter to John Milledge, 1800 Apr. 7. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Milledge, John, 1757-1818. John Milledge letter, 1793. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Jones, Seaborn, 1788-1864. Papers, 1761-1847. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous letters, 1786-1982. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Milledge, John. John Milledge letter : to Major Jacob Kingsbury, 1803 March 7. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Milledge, John, 1721-1781. Milledge Family papers, 1742-1851 Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn McDonald, Charles, b. 1745. Washington County, Georgia land grant, 1803. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Sturges, Daniel, 1765-1823. Daniel Sturges letter, 1803. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Seagrove, James. Letter : to Senator John Milledge / by James Seagrove, 1809 Jan 25. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Baldwin, Abraham, 1754-1807. person
associatedWith Bowles, William Augustus, 1763 or 4-1805. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Jackson, James, 1757-1806. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jones, Seaborn, 1788-1864. person
associatedWith Kingsbury, Jacob, Major. person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Livingston, Edward, 1764-1836. person
associatedWith McDonald, Charles, b. 1745. person
associatedWith Milledge, John, 1721-1781 person
associatedWith Milledge, Martha Galphin person
associatedWith Seagrove, James. person
associatedWith Sheftall, Mordecai, 1735-1797. person
associatedWith Sheftall, Sheftall, 1762-1847. person
associatedWith Steele, John, 1764-1815. person
associatedWith Sturges, Daniel, 1765-1823. person
associatedWith Taliaferro, Benjamin, 1750-1821. person
associatedWith Waldburger, Jacob. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Georgia
Spain
South Carolina
United States
United States
Georgia
Virginia
Georgia
Fort Wilkinson (Ga.)
Algeria
Subject
Louisiana Purchase
Presidents--Election--1801
Impressment
Land grants
Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
Bounties, Military
Yellow fever
Slavery
Lotteries
Sailors
Governor
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1757

Death 1818-02-09

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