Jackson, James, 1757-1806

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James Jackson (1757-1806), U.S. Senator and Georgia Governor (1798-1801) born in Moreton, England.

From the description of Letters to Anthony Wayne, 1782. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478045

U.S. senator from Georgia, 1793-1795, 1801-1806, and governor of Georgia, 1798-1801.

From the description of Papers, 1775-1843. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19851544

James Jackson (1757-1806) was born in Devonshire, England. In 1772, he arrived in Savannah to study law. He fought for Georgia during the Revolutionary War, after which he became a member of the Georgia legislature. A member of the U.S. Senate since 1793, he left this position after the Yazoo fraud of 1795 and returned to Georgia's state legislature and organized an anti-Yazoo campaign. His efforts resulted in the Yazoo act's rescinding and the destruction of its records. In 1798, Jackson won the gubernatorial election. While in office (he held the position until 1801), Jackson ensured Georgia's political party status as a Jeffersonian state. He served his final term in the U.S. Senate from 1801 to 1806; he died March 19, 1806 in Washington, D.C.

From the description of James Jackson papers, 1781-1796 (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 76829175

James Jackson a Georgia politician who was a well known duelist with a fiery temper who built the Georgia Democratic-Republican party and led it to statewide dominance during the late eighteenth century. Jackson was born in Devonshire, England in 1757 and migrated to Savannah, Georgia in 1772. During the American Revolutionary War, he served in the Georgia militia and was active in the defense of Savannah, the Battle of Cowpens, and the recapture of Augusta and Savannah. Following the war, Jackson set up a law practice in Savannah and started a career in politics. Jackson was elected to the first Georgia state legislature and in 1788 was elected Governor of Georgia, but declined the position, citing his inexperience. In 1789, he was elected to the first United States Congress and strongly opposed any efforts to end slavery and Alexander Hamilton's, the Secretary of the Treasury, financial plans for federals assumption of state debts from the Revolutionary War. In the election of 1791, Jackson was defeated for reelection by Anthony Wayne and was convinced that Wayne had not won his seat fairly. This led Jackson to mount a campaign against Wayne and his supporters, which ultimately led to the removal of Wayne from Congress. Jackson was elected to the United States Senate in 1793 and during this time the state of Georgia sold a large portion its western lands, called Yazoo, to a group of investors. Jackson believed that this sale was influenced by bribery of state legislatures and resigned his post in the Senate to run for a seat in the Georgia legislature in 1795. He won the election and immediately organized a campaign to repeal the Yazoo land sale. In 1798, Jackson won the election for governor of Georgia and proceeded to implement the legislation to repeal the Yazoo land sale and placed the blame for the Yazoo land fraud on his political enemies, the Federalists. Jackson was reelected to the Senate in 1801 and served until his death in 1806.

From the description of James Jackson letter, 1792. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 505609914

Brigadier general in Revolution, U.S. representative (1789-1791) and senator (1793-1795) from Georgia, governor of Georgia (1798-1801).

From the description of ALS : New York, to Anthony Wayne, Richmond, Ga., 1790 Apr. 16. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 145506951

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Wayne family. Anthony Wayne family papers, 1681-1913. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Baldwin, Abraham, 1754-1807. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to James Jackson, 1789 July 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891,. Draper manuscripts : Thomas Sumter papers, 1763-1885. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Palfrey Family of New England. Palfrey family papers. 1713-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn Georgia. Executive Council. Georgia Executive Council papers, 1777-1788. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Milledge, John, 1757-1818. John Milledge letter, 1793. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume 13, Miscellany, 1771-1832. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Jones, John, d. ca. 1813. John Jones letters, 1798-1813. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Habersham family. Habersham family papers, 1712-1842. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. Papers, 1775-1843. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Warren, C.H. C.H. Warren illustration of the burning of the Yazoo Act, ca. 1914. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Baldwin, Abraham, 1754-1807. Abraham Baldwin papers, circa 1770-1808. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. James Jackson papers, 1781-1796 Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891. Papers of Alexander H. H. Stuart and the related Stuart and Baldwin families [manuscript], 1776-1878 (bulk 1850-1861). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Habersham, James, 1715-1775. James Habersham papers, 1747-1775 Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Stallings, James, fl. 1782. James Stallings letter, 1782 Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Society of the Cincinnati in the State of Georgia. Society of the Cincinnati in the State of Georgia collection on John Lucas and George Washington, 1784-1791. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Anthony Wayne family papers, Wayne, Anthony, family papers, 1681-1913 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834. [Letter] 1801 March 2 [to] James Jackson / Wm. H. Crawford. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Cuyler, Telamon Cruger Smith, 1873-1951. Telamon Cuyler collection, 1780-1832. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Clayton, George Rootes, 1779-1840. Papers, 1801-1884; (bulk 1801-1829). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. Letter, 1802 June 16 (Charleston, S.C.) to Gen. [James] Jackson (Savannah, [Ga.]). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. ALS, 1781 August 25, Augusta, to Major General Nathanael Greene. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816. Benjamin Hawkins letters, 1797-1812. Newberry Library
creatorOf Brown, Bertram Erwin, b.1871. Pickett's, History of Alabama and incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi: scrapbooks, [188-?-]-[ca.1919]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Mitchell, David Brydie, 1766-1837. David Brydie Mitchell papers, 1777-1843, bulk 1807-1822. Newberry Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. James Jackson letter, 1792. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Baldwin, Abraham, 1754-1807. Autograph letter signed : New York, to an unidentified recipient, 1789 Sept. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. Letters to Anthony Wayne, 1782. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. Autograph letter signed : n.p., to unknown person, n.p., [not after 1806]. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Prince, Oliver Hillhouse, 1782-1837. Oliver Hillhouse Prince papers, 1785-1900. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1757-1806. ALS : New York, to Anthony Wayne, Richmond, Ga., 1790 Apr. 16. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Georgia. Superior Court. Georgia Superior Court, Eastern Judicial Circuit signatures, 1794-1832. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Tattnall, Josiah, 1764-1803. Josiah Tattnall papers, 1796-1798. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Elliott, John, 1773-1827. John Elliott letter, 1800. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Milledge, John, 1757-1818. Letter to Sheftall Sheftall, 1796 Feb. 26. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Historic Augusta, Incorporated Revolutionary and Early Republic Era Manuscripts, 1770-1827, n.d. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Tattnall, Josiah, 1762-1803. Autograph letter signed : New York, to General James Jackson, 1796 Apr. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Seagrove, James. Letter : Point Peter [Ga.], to James Jackson, Governor of Georgia, 1799 June 17. Newberry Library
creatorOf Twiggs, John. Papers, 1781-1786. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Georgia. Georgia Commission to Attend a Treaty with the Creek Indians journal, 1796. Georgia Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Baldwin, Abraham, 1754-1807. person
associatedWith Bethesda (Orphanage : Savannah, Ga. (1740-1809)) corporateBody
associatedWith Bevan, Joseph Vallence 1798-1830 person
associatedWith Brown, Bertram Erwin, b.1871. person
associatedWith Brownson, Nathan, 1742-1796 person
correspondedWith Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. person
associatedWith Clay, Joseph, 1764-1811. person
associatedWith Clayton, George Rootes, 1779-1840. person
associatedWith Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Cuyler, Telamon Cruger Smith, 1873-1951. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Elliott, John, 1773-1827. person
associatedWith Few, William, 1748-1828. person
associatedWith Georgia. corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia. Executive Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia. General Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia. Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia. Superior Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Army. Kings American Dragoons. corporateBody
associatedWith Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786. person
associatedWith Guthrie, John. person
associatedWith Habersham family. family
associatedWith Habersham, James, 1715-1775. person
correspondedWith Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816. person
associatedWith Jones, John, d. ca. 1813. person
associatedWith Langworthy, Edward, 1738?-1802. person
associatedWith Milledge, John, 1757-1818. person
associatedWith Mitchell, David Brydie, 1766-1837. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Prince, Oliver Hillhouse, 1782-1837. person
associatedWith Ramsay, David, 1749-1815. person
correspondedWith Seagrove, James. person
associatedWith Society of the Cincinnati in the State of Georgia. corporateBody
associatedWith Stallings, James, fl. 1782. person
associatedWith Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Tattnall, Josiah, 1764-1803. person
associatedWith Twiggs, John. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Warren, C.H. person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony, 1745-1796, person
associatedWith Wayne family family
associatedWith Wayne family. family
Place Name Admin Code Country
Territory of the United States, South of the River Ohio
United States
Savannah (Ga.)
Port-au-Prince (Haiti)
United States
Debts, Public
African Americans
Yazoo Fraud, 1795
Indians of North America
Public lands
Military history
Indians of North America--Government relations
Exclusive and concurrent legislative powers
Military administration


Birth 1757-09-21

Death 1806-03-19


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