Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864

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James Henry Hammond (1807-1864) was a lawyer and planter, and an early advocate of nullification and secession. He was Democratic governor of South Carolina for the period 1842 to 1844, and was a U.S. Senator, for the period 1857 to 1860. As a senator he began to doubt the wisdom of secession.

From the description of Papers, 1823-1875. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191259405

James henry Hammond (1807-1864) was a South Carolina planter who served in the U.S. House from South Carolina (1834), as governor of South Carolina (1842-1844), and as U.S. Senator from South Carolina (1857-1860).

From the description of James Henry Hammond Papers, 1774-1875 1823-1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122387784

U.S. senator from and governor of South Carolina and plantation owner.

From the description of James Henry Hammond papers, 1774-1875 (bulk 1823-1864). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979866

John Henry Hammond was a lawyer and newspaper editor of Columbia, S.C. In 1831 Hammond married Catherine E. FitzSimons, daughter of a wealthy Charleston merchant, and acquired the "Silver Bluff" cotton plantation on the Savannah River in the marriage settlement. He was elected U.S. senator in 1834 and governor of South Carolina in 1842. He returned to the U.S. Senate in 1857 but resigned his seat when Lincoln was elected.

From the description of James Henry Hammond letters, 1831-1845 [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 22757912

Lawyer, U.S. Congressman, 1835-1836; governor of South Carolina, 1842-1844; and U.S. Senator, 1857-1860; from Newberry District, S.C.

From the description of Papers, 1835-1875. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19657424

Biographical Note

  • 1807, Nov. 15: Born, Newberry District, S.C.
  • 1825: Graduated from South Carolina College, Columbia, S.C.
  • 1828: Admitted to the South Carolina bar and practiced law, Columbia, S.C.
  • 1830: Established, Southern Times, a pro-nullification newspaper
  • 1831: Married Catherine E. FitzSimons Became a cotton planter at “Silver Bluff” on the Savannah River
  • 1832: Unsuccessful candidate for nullification convention
  • 1834: Elected to Congress
  • 1836 - 1837 : Toured Europe
  • 1841: Commissioned general in the South Carolina militia
  • 1842 - 1844 : Governor of South Carolina
  • 1850: Attended the Southern Convention in Nashville, Tenn.
  • 1855: Moved to “Redcliffe” on Beach Island in the Savannah River
  • 1857 - 1860 : United States senator
  • 1864, Nov. 13: Died, Redcliffe, S. C.

From the guide to the James Henry Hammond Papers, 1774-1875, (bulk 1823-1864), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Burt, A. (Armistead), 1802-1883. Papers, 1759-1933. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Pickens, F. W. (Francis Wilkinson), 1805-1869. F. W. Pickens papers, 1785-1929. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Youmans, LeRoy Franklin, 1834-1906. LeRoy Franklin Youmans papers, 1857-1965. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Davies, Thomas Jones, 1830-1902. Thomas Jones Davies papers, 1784-1907. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Saxon, Benjamin H. Benjamin H. Saxon papers, 1830 Apr. 10-1832 Aug. 11. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. Papers, 1823-1875. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. James Henry Hammond Papers, 1774-1875 1823-1864. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. James Henry Hammond letters, 1831-1845 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Spann, James, c. 1785-1838. James Spann papers, 1810-1864. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf James Henry Hammond Papers, 1774-1875, (bulk 1823-1864) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf James Henry Hammond Letters, ., 1831-1845 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Ayer, Lewis M. Lewis M. Ayer papers, 1768-1870. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Pickens, F. W. (Francis Wilkinson), 1805-1869. Papers, 1792-1868. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn De Renne, George Wymberley Jones, 1827-1860. Papers, 1782-1916. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Ruffin, Edmund, 1794-1865. Papers : of Edmund Ruffin, 1818-1865. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Perry, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1805-1886. B.F. Perry papers, 1760-1981; (bulk, 1832-1910) University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Hammond, Bryan and Cumming families papers, 1737-1976. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Hamilton, James, 1786-1857. James Hamilton papers, 1820-1859. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. Francis Lieber papers, 1808-1969. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. John C. Calhoun papers, 1784-1935, (bulk 1802-1850). Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
referencedIn Rains, George Washington, 1817-1898. George Washington Rains papers, 1843-1949 (bulk 1843-1864) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Hammond, Harry, 1832-1916. Harry Hammond papers, 1857-1924. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. Plantation manual, 1857-1858 [manuscript]. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. Account book, 1829-1837. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Hammond family. Papers of the Hammond and Walker families, 1787-1964. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Bailey, Henry. Henry Bailey papers, 1809-1954, (bulk 1809-1849). South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Bonham, Milledge L. (Milledge Luke), 1813-1890. Milledge Luke Bonham papers, 1771-1940. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hammond, Edward Spann, 1834-1921. Edward Spann Hammond papers, 1835-1920. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Peace, Washington. Washington Peace papers, 1849-1850. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Graniteville Company. Records, 1824-1900. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Quattlebaum, Paul, 1812-1890. General Paul Quattlebaum papers. 1817-1890, (bulk 1850-1880). Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
referencedIn Petigru, James Louis, 1789-1863. James Louis Petigru papers, 1822-1948. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Wightman, William M. (William May), 1808-1882. William M. Wightman papers, 1844-1848. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. Papers of William Gilmore Simms [manuscript], 1839-1870. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. Papers, 1835-1875. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Francis Wilkinson Pickens letters from various correspondents, 1832-1834. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Richards, Miles S. Pierce Mason Butler: the South Carolina years, 1830-1841, [c.1985] ; [typescript] / Miles S. Richards. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Watts, Beaufort Taylor, 1789-1869. Beaufort Taylor Watts papers, 1822-1879 University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864. James Henry Hammond papers, 1774-1875 (bulk 1823-1864). Library of Congress
referencedIn Ruffin, Edmund, 1794-1865. Edmund Ruffin papers, 1784-1893. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Aldrich, A. P. person
correspondedWith Alvord, Bert person
correspondedWith Ayer, Lewis M. person
correspondedWith Ayer, Lewis M. person
associatedWith Bailey, Henry. person
associatedWith Bonham, Milledge L. (Milledge Luke), 1813-1890. person
correspondedWith Boyce, Ker person
associatedWith Bragg, Braxton. person
correspondedWith Brisbane, A. H. (Abbott Hall), 1804-1861 person
associatedWith Burt, A. (Armistead), 1802-1883. person
associatedWith Butler, Pierce M. person
correspondedWith Butler, Pierce Mason, 1798-1847 person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. person
correspondedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850 person
associatedWith Cass, Lewis. person
correspondedWith Clark, James L. person
correspondedWith Davies, Thomas Jones, 1830-1902. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith De Renne, George Wymberley Jones, 1827-1860. person
correspondedWith Felder, John Myers, 1782-1851 person
correspondedWith Gadsden, James, 1788-1858 person
associatedWith Gadsen, James. person
associatedWith Graniteville Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hamilton, James. person
correspondedWith Hamilton, James, 1786-1857 person
associatedWith Hammond, Catherine E. FitzSimons, fl. 1831-1845. person
associatedWith Hammond, Claudius Marcellus. person
associatedWith Hammond, Edward Spann, 1834-1921. person
associatedWith Hammond, Elisha person
associatedWith Hammond family. family
associatedWith Hammond family. person
associatedWith Hammond, Harry, 1832-1916. person
correspondedWith Hayne, Isaac W. (Isaac William), 1809-1880 person
correspondedWith Hayne, Robert Young, 1791-1839 person
associatedWith Hodgson, William Brown, 1800-1871. person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew President. person
associatedWith Jay, William. person
correspondedWith Keitt, Lawrence M. (Lawrence Massillon), 1824-1864 person
correspondedWith Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. person
correspondedWith McDuffie, George, 1790-1851 person
associatedWith McLean, Andrew. person
associatedWith McLean, Andrew. Andrew McLean papers. 1774-1780 person
correspondedWith Patterson, Angus person
associatedWith Peace, Washington. person
correspondedWith Pemberton, A. H. person
associatedWith Perry, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1805-1886. person
associatedWith Petigru, James Louis, 1789-1863. person
associatedWith Phyfe, Duncan, 1768-1854. person
associatedWith Pickens, Frances W. person
correspondedWith Pickens, F. W. (Francis Wilkinson), 1805-1869. person
correspondedWith Porter, Wm. D. (William Dennison), 1810-1883 person
associatedWith Preston, William C. person
correspondedWith Preston, William C. (William Campbell), 1794-1860 person
correspondedWith Quattlebaum, Paul, 1812-1890 person
associatedWith Rains, George Washington, 1817-1898. person
associatedWith Rhett, R. Barnwell. person
correspondedWith Rhett, Robert Barnwell, 1800-1876 person
associatedWith Richards, Miles S. person
associatedWith Ruffin, Edmund, 1794-1865. person
associatedWith Saxon, Benjamin H. person
associatedWith Simms, William Gilmore. person
associatedWith Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. person
associatedWith Southern Convention (1850 : Nashville, Tenn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Spann, James, c. 1785-1838. person
associatedWith Stephens, Alexander H. person
correspondedWith Trescot, William Henry, 1822-1898 person
correspondedWith Tucker, Ben person
correspondedWith Tucker, Ben person
associatedWith Van Buren, Martin. person
associatedWith Walker, James M. person
correspondedWith Walker, James M. (James Murdock), 1813-1854 person
correspondedWith Watts, Beaufort Taylor, 1789-1869 person
associatedWith Wightman, William M. (William May), 1808-1882. person
associatedWith Wilde, R. H. person
associatedWith Youmans, LeRoy Franklin, 1834-1906. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
South Carolina
Aiken County (S.C.)
South Carolina
South Carolina
South Carolina
Silver Bluff Plantation (Beaufort District, S.C.)
South Carolina
United States
United States
South Carolina
Southern States
South Carolina
Columbia (S.C.)
Subject
African--Americans--Domestic life--1850-1860
Nullification (States' rights)
Women--Domestic life--1850-1860
Nullification (States' rights)--1823-1864
Slavery in the United States--1832-1858
Tariff--1823-1864
Governors--Election
Politicians--Correspondence
Slavery
Secession
Banks and banking--Southern States
Breastfeeding--1850-1860
Financial statements--1823-1864
Banks and banking
State rights--1823-1864
Slavery--United States
Cotton growing
Business records
Secession--1860-1861
Plantation life
Plantations
Banks and banking--1823-1864
Agriculture--1823-1864
Slavery--1850-1860
Decedents' estates
Legislators
Slave records--1832-1858
Politics--Politics and government--1823-1864
Tariff
States' rights (American politics)
House furnishings--History--19th century
Tariff--United States
Reconstruction
Governor
Occupation
Senators, U.S. Congress--South Carolina
Governors--South Carolina
Plantation owners
Function

Person

Birth 1807-11-15

Death 1864-11-13

Information

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