Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934

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Hugh Lenox Scott (b. Sept. 22, 1853, Danville, Ky.-d. Apr. 30, 1934, Washington, D.C.), Major General in the U.S. Army, graduated from West Point in 1876 and for the next 20 years served on the frontier, chiefly with the 7th Cavalry. He fought in campaigns against Indians of the Plains and became an expert in their languages. He was commander of Troop L of the 7th Cavalry, the last Indian troop in the Army. He also served during the Spanish-American War, as military governor in the Philippines, and was superintendent of West Point for four years. General Scott was influential in winning acceptance of the notion of conscription prior to World War I. He retired in May 1919.

From the description of Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10571093

Army officer and public official.

From the description of Hugh Lenox Scott papers, 1582-1981 (bulk 1845-1934). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980200

Biographical Note

  • 1853, Sept. 22: Born, Danville, Ky.
  • 1876: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1876 - 1878 : Campaigned with Sioux, Nez Percé, and Cheyenne Indian expeditions
  • 1897: Assigned to Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., to produce written record of Plains Indian languages
  • 1898: Acting governor general of Cuba following Spanish-American War
  • 1903 - 1906 : Served in Philippines, ultimately as governor
  • 1906 - 1910 : Superintendent, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1910 - 1914 : Mediator, Mexican border and Indian troubles
  • 1914 - 1917 : Chief of staff, United States Army
  • 1917 - 1919 : Member, United States mission to Russia
  • 1919 - 1933 : Member, Board of Indian Commissioners, Department of the Interior
  • 1934, Apr. 20: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Hugh Lenox Scott Papers, 1582-1981, (bulk 1845-1934), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934. Hugh Lenox Scott papers, 1898-1923. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Capron, Allyn K. Notes made or collected by Lieutenant Allyn Capron, 1884-1896. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Judson, William V. (William Voorhees), 1865-1923. William Voorhees Judson papers, 1888-1947. Newberry Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Clarence W. Rowley papers relating to Buffalo Bill and John L. Sullivan, 1878-1941, 1910-1920 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn John R. Mott Papers, 1813-1982 Yale University Divinity School Library
referencedIn Hunt, Joseph A. Story of the Polk and Posey Indian War in San Juan County, Utah, 1946, February 16. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934. Hugh L. Scott papers, 9 September 1916, 28 November 1919. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Samuel A. Elliot collection, 1927-1935. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Roeder, Arthur, Mrs.,. Accounts and publications about Indians, 1934-1938. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934,. 880-01 Kitāb Pākihī. Princeton University Library
referencedIn George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Accounts and publications about Indians, 1934-1938. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. BASE SECTION NO. 2 (BORDEAUX), SCENES OF PERSONNEL AND PROMINENT VISITORS [1918]
referencedIn McCoy, Frank Ross, 1874-1954. Papers of Frank Ross McCoy, 1847-1957 (bulk 1892-1954). Library of Congress
referencedIn James W. Harper Collection, S1291. 1., 1848-1989 and undated Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University,
referencedIn Elliot, Samuel A. Samuel A. Elliot collection, 1927-1935. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934. Visitors book, Col. H.L. Scott, Superintendent, U.S. Military Academy. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. PATRIOTIC ACTIVITIES, 1918
creatorOf Pierce, Palmer Eddy, 1865-1940. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Benson, William Shepherd, 1855-1932. William Shepherd Benson papers, circa 1791-1952 (bulk 1915-1928). Library of Congress
referencedIn Horne, W. H. [Pancho Villa, Rodolfo Fierro and Hugh L. Scott during the Mexican Revolution] [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Family papers, 1853-1954. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Hugh Lenox Scott Papers, 1582-1981, (bulk 1845-1934) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Sherman, Edwin Allen, 1829-1914. Edwin Allen Sherman papers, 1872-1971, (bulk 1896-1913). UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934. Hugh Lenox Scott papers, 1582-1981 (bulk 1845-1934). Library of Congress
creatorOf Smiley family. Papers, 1885-1930. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Folgner, Otto, ca. 1852-1931. Papers, February 13, 1890, April 15, 1925. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn William Shepherd Benson Papers, circa 1791-1952, (bulk 1915-1928) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1798 - 2007. Moving Images Relating to Naval Activities. 1942 - 1947. THE SECOND INAUGURATION OF WOODROW WILSON
referencedIn Rowley, Clarence W. Clarence W. Rowley papers relating to Buffalo Bill and John L. Sullivan, 1878-1941 (bulk 1910-1920). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Creighton, J. Orde (John Orde). Rush-Williams-Biddle family miscellaneous papers, 1776-1909. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Mott, John Raleigh, 1865-1955. John R. Mott papers, 1813-1978 (inclusive), 1880-1955 (bulk). Yale University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Fitzhugh Lee papers, Lee, Fitzhugh, 1914-1927, 1916-1927 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Arthur, Roeder person
correspondedWith Benson, William Shepherd, 1855-1932. person
correspondedWith Bliss, Tasker Howard, 1853-1930 person
associatedWith Capron, Allyn K. person
correspondedWith Cole, Corinne Robinson Alsop, 1886-1971 person
associatedWith Elliot, Samuel A. person
associatedWith Folgner, Otto, ca. 1852-1931. person
associatedWith Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. person
associatedWith Harper, James W. person
associatedWith Horne, W. H. person
associatedWith Hunt, Joseph A. person
correspondedWith Judson, William V. (William Voorhees), 1865-1923. person
associatedWith Lee, Fitzhugh. person
associatedWith Mahan, D. H. (Dennis Hart), 1802-1871. person
correspondedWith McCoy, Frank Ross, 1874-1954. person
associatedWith Mott, John Raleigh, 1865-1955. person
associatedWith New Jersey. State Highway Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
correspondedWith Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948 person
associatedWith Pierce, Palmer Eddy, 1865-1940. person
associatedWith Roeder, Arthur, Mrs., person
associatedWith Rowley, Clarence W. person
associatedWith Samuel A., Elliot. person
associatedWith Scott, Charley, fl. 1870. person
correspondedWith Scott family family
correspondedWith Scott family family
associatedWith Scott, Mary, fl. 1853-1878. person
correspondedWith Scott, Mary Merrill, fl. 1880 person
associatedWith Scott, William McKendree, 1817-1861. person
associatedWith Sherman, Edwin Allen, 1829-1914. person
associatedWith Smiley family. family
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of Ethnology. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Board of Indian Commissioners. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villa, Pancho, 1878-1923 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
correspondedWith Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Soviet Union
Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.)
Cuba
United States
Soviet Union
Great Plains
Cuba
Fort Abraham Lincoln (N.D.)
United States
Soviet Union
Subject
Diplomatic and consular service, American--Soviet Union
Indians of North America--Languages
Indians of North America--Great Plains
Dakota Indians--Wars
Indian scouts
Indians of North America
World War, 1914-1918
Indian sign language
Indians of North America--Government relations
Military readiness
World War, 1914-1918--Diplomatic history
Indians of North America--Religion
Ghost dance
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876
Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
Nez Percé Indians--Wars, 1877
Spanish--American War, 1898
Occupation
Army officers
Public officials
Function

Person

Birth 1853-09-22

Death 1934-04-30

English

Information

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Ark ID: w63f4tk9

SNAC ID: 1545503