Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934Alternative names
Hugh Lenox Scott (b. Sept. 22, 1853, Danville, Ky.-d. Apr. 30, 1934, Washington, D.C.), Major General in the U.S. Army, graduated from West Point in 1876 and for the next 20 years served on the frontier, chiefly with the 7th Cavalry. He fought in campaigns against Indians of the Plains and became an expert in their languages. He was commander of Troop L of the 7th Cavalry, the last Indian troop in the Army. He also served during the Spanish-American War, as military governor in the Philippines, and was superintendent of West Point for four years. General Scott was influential in winning acceptance of the notion of conscription prior to World War I. He retired in May 1919.
From the description of Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10571093
Army officer and public official.
From the description of Hugh Lenox Scott papers, 1582-1981 (bulk 1845-1934). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980200
1853, Sept. 22:
Born, Danville, Ky.
Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
1876- 1878: Campaigned with Sioux, Nez Percé, and Cheyenne Indian expeditions
Assigned to Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., to produce written record of Plains Indian languages
Acting governor general of Cuba following Spanish-American War
1903- 1906: Served in Philippines, ultimately as governor
1906- 1910: Superintendent, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
1910- 1914: Mediator, Mexican border and Indian troubles
1914- 1917: Chief of staff, United States Army
1917- 1919: Member, United States mission to Russia
1919- 1933: Member, Board of Indian Commissioners, Department of the Interior
1934, Apr. 20:
Died, Washington, D.C.
From the guide to the Hugh Lenox Scott Papers, 1582-1981, (bulk 1845-1934), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.)|
|Fort Abraham Lincoln (N.D.)|
|Diplomatic and consular service, American--Soviet Union|
|Indians of North America--Languages|
|Indians of North America--Great Plains|
|Indians of North America|
|World War, 1914-1918|
|Indian sign language|
|Indians of North America--Government relations|
|World War, 1914-1918--Diplomatic history|
|Indians of North America--Religion|
|Diplomatic and consular service, American|
|Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876|
|Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877|
|Nez Percé Indians--Wars, 1877|
|Spanish--American War, 1898|