Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909

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Educator, author, editor, and philosopher.

From the description of Papers of William Torrey Harris, 1866-1908. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82428651

Harris was an educator and philosopher. He was superintendent of schools in St. Louis, Mo. (1867-1880) and U.S. Commissioner of Education (1889-1906). He founded the Journal of Speculative Philosophy in 1867 and was the leading exponent of Hegelianism in American philosophy.

From the description of Correspondence, 1874-1924. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122520497

From the guide to the William Torrey Harris correspondence, 1874-1924., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

American philosopher and educator.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Concord, Mass., to the editors of The Critic, Jeannette L. and Joseph B. Gilder, 1884 Aug. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 644620673

Philosopher and educator. Born Sept. 10, 1835, near North Killingly, Conn.; died Nov. 5, 1909, in Providence, R.I. Resident of Concord, Mass., 1880-1889. Began teaching in St. Louis public schools in 1857. Became Assistant Superintendent of Schools in St. Louis in 1866, Superintendent in 1868. Student and scholar of German philosophy, particularly of Hegel. Founded Journal of Speculative Philosophy in 1867. In 1880, resigned position in St. Louis to assist Bronson Alcott and F.B. Sanborn in establishing Concord School of Philosophy. In 1889, accepted position of.

(Cont.) United States Commissioner of Education; resigned in 1906. Assistant editor of Johnson's New Universal Cyclopaedia; editor of Appleton's International Education Series. Writings include: Introduction to the Study of Philosophy (1889); The Spiritual Sense of Dante's Divina Commedia (1889); Hegel's Logic: A Book on the Genesis of the Categories of the Mind (1890); The Psychologic Foundations of Education (1898).

From the description of Correspondence to William Torrey Harris, [1864]-1909. (Concord Public Library). WorldCat record id: 33423117

Philosopher and educator. Born Sept. 10, 1835, near North Killingly, Conn.; died Nov. 5, 1909, in Providence, R.I. Resident of Concord, Mass., 1880-1889. Began teaching in St. Louis Public Schools in 1857. Became Assistant Superintendent of Schools in St. Louis in 1866, Superintendent in 1868. Student and scholar of German philosophy, particularly of Hegel. Founded Journal of Speculative Philosophy in 1867. In 1880, resigned position in St. Louis to assist A. Bronson Alcott and Franklin Benjamin Sanborn in running the Concord School of Philosophy.

(Cont.) Founded in Concord, Mass., by educator, philosopher, mystic, lecturer, poet, Transcendentalist, and reformer Alcott, the Concord School of Philosophy opened in 1879. It consisted of a yearly summer session of lectures primarily on literature, education, philosophy, and spiritualism. Lecturers included Alcott, Harris, Sanborn, Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ednah D. Cheney, H.K. Jones, Julia Ward Howe, T.W. Higginson, and others. The first session of the school was held in the Orchard House (the Alcott home). "Hillside Chapel" lecture hall for school.

(Cont.) was built through a gift from Elizabeth Thompson. The final session was held in 1888, (year of Alcott's death). In 1889, Harris accepted position of United States Commissioner of Education; resigned 1906. Assistant editor, Johnson's New Universal Cyclopaedia; editor, Appleton's International Education Series. Writings include: Introduction to the Study of Philosophy (1889); The Spiritual Sense of Dante's Divina Commedia (1889); Hegel's Logic: A Book on the Genesis of the Categories of the Mind (1890); The Psychologic Foundations of Education (1898).

From the description of William Torrey Harris Concord School of Philosophy scrapbook, 1879-1887. (Concord Public Library). WorldCat record id: 36631239

Biographical Note

  • 1835, Sept. 10: Born, North Killingly, Conn.
  • 1855 - 1857 : Attended Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1857 - 1867 : Teacher and administrator, St. Louis, Mo., public schools
  • 1867 - 1880 : Superintendent, St. Louis, Mo., public schools
  • 1867: Established Journal of Speculative Philosophy
  • 1870: LL.D., University of Missouri, Springfield, Mo.
  • 1878: Honorary “Officier de l'Academie,” Paris Exposition, Paris, France
  • 1880: United States representative, Bureau of Education, International Congress of Educators, Brussels, Belgium
  • 1880: Assisted in establishing and lectured at Concord School of Philosophy, Concord, Mass.
  • 1889: Received from French government title of “Officer de l'instruction publique”
  • 1889 - 1906 : United States Commissioner of Education
  • 1899: United States representative, Bureau of Education, Paris Exposition, Paris, France
  • 1900: Editor in chief, Webster's International Dictionary
  • 1906: Resigned as United States Commissioner of Education
  • 1909, Nov. 5: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the William Torrey Harris Papers, 1865-1908, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Davidson, Thomas, 1840-1900. Thomas Davidson papers, 1857-1948 (inclusive), 1857-1902 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Alcott, Amos Bronson, 1799-1888. Papers of Amos Bronson Alcott 1840-92. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Malone, Dumas, 1892-1986. Documents and notes made for his life of Edwin A. Alderman [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. Autograph letter signed William T. Harris to: "Professor Charles Eliot Norton" January 6, 1890. Wellesley College
creatorOf Curry family. Papers, 1816-1907. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Emerson family correspondence, ca. 1725-1900. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, H, 1584-1988. Houghton Library.
creatorOf William Torrey Harris correspondence, 1874-1924. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Mulford family papers, 1807-1967, 1820-1900 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn William Torrey Harris correspondence, 1874-1924. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. Papers of William Torrey Harris, 1866-1908. Library of Congress
referencedIn Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924. Richard Henry Pratt papers, 1862-1956. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Emerson family correspondence, ca. 1725-1900. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Rider, Sidney S. (Sidney Smith), 1833-1917. Papers, 1900-1912. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. Autograph letter signed : Concord, Mass., to the editors of The Critic, Jeannette L. and Joseph B. Gilder, 1884 Aug. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Elmer Ellsworth Brown Papers, 1827-1936 New York University. Archives.
referencedIn The Henry Barnard Papers, 1765-1935 (Bulk: 1830-1899)
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Sheldon, E. A. (Edward Austin), 1823-1897. Papers of the college presidents : Edward Austin Sheldon. 1819-1897. SUNY Oswego, Penfield Library
referencedIn Thomas Davidson papers, 1857-1948, 1857-1902 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Amos Bronson Alcott papers, 1799-1888. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Mulford family. Mulford family papers, 1807-1967 (inclusive), 1820-1900 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1860-1928. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Brown, Elmer Ellsworth, 1861-1934. Personal papers, 1827-1936. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Cohen, Morris Raphael, 1880-1947. Papers, 1898-1981. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. William Torrey Harris Concord School of Philosophy scrapbook, 1879-1887. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. Correspondence, 1874-1924. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson letters from various correspondents, ca. 1814-1882. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William James papers, 1803-1941 (inclusive) 1862-1910 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Gattinger" to "Hillemand". Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf William Torrey Harris Papers, 1865-1908 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. Autograph letter signed W.T. Harris to: "Professor G.H. Palmer" November 16, 1885. Wellesley College
referencedIn Laire, Fred. The career of William T. Harris in Concord : typescript, 1973. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
creatorOf Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909. Correspondence to William Torrey Harris, [1864]-1909. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
creatorOf Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. Pamphlet collection, 1788-1902. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Mesaba Iron Company (Duluth, Minn.). Company records, 1882-1906 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Richard Henry Pratt papers, 1862-1956 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William James papers, 1803-1941 (inclusive) 1862-1910 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Kendall, Frank H. Frank H. Kendall letter, 28 February 1906. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Blaine, Anita McCormick. Correspondence and papers, 1828-1958. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Hinsdale, B. A. (Burke Aaron), 1837-1900. Papers, 1854-1901 / [Burke Aaron Hinsdale]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Leeds, Josiah W. (Josiah Woodward). Scrapbooks, 1872-1907. Haverford College Library
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alcott, Amos Bronson, 1799-1888. person
associatedWith Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888. person
associatedWith American Social Science Association. corporateBody
correspondedWith Ames, Charles H., d. 1911 person
associatedWith Ames, Charles Henry, 1847-1911. person
correspondedWith Ames, Henrietta S. person
associatedWith Barnard, Henry, 1811-1900 person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
associatedWith Blaine, Anita McCormick. person
correspondedWith Blood, Benjamin Paul, 1832-1919 person
associatedWith Brown, Elmer Ellsworth, 1861-1934. person
correspondedWith Charles H. Ames person
associatedWith Cohen, Morris Raphael, 1880-1947. person
associatedWith Concord School of Philosophy. corporateBody
associatedWith Curry family. family
associatedWith Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. person
associatedWith Davidson, Thomas, 1840-1900. person
correspondedWith Edith Davidson Harris person
associatedWith Edith Harris. person
associatedWith Emerson, Edward Waldo, 1844-1930. person
associatedWith Emerson family. family
associatedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 person
associatedWith French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931. person
associatedWith Gilder, Jeannette L. (Jeannette Leonard), 1849-1916, person
associatedWith Gilder, Joseph Benson, 1858-1936, person
associatedWith Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832 person
associatedWith Harris family. family
correspondedWith Harris, Theodore. person
correspondedWith Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909 person
associatedWith Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831 person
correspondedWith Henrietta S. Ames person
associatedWith Hinsdale, B. A. (Burke Aaron), 1837-1900. person
associatedWith Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894. person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. person
associatedWith James, William, 1842-1910 person
associatedWith Kendall, Frank H. person
associatedWith Laire, Fred. person
associatedWith Leeds, Josiah W. (Josiah Woodward) person
correspondedWith Lucia True (Ames) Mead person
associatedWith Malone, Dumas, 1892-1986. person
associatedWith Mann, Mary Tyler Peabody, 1806-1887. person
associatedWith Mead, Edwin D. (Edwin Doak), 1849-1937. person
correspondedWith Mead, Lucia True (Ames) 1856- person
associatedWith Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936. person
correspondedWith Mendenhall, Nereus. person
correspondedWith Merwin, J. B. person
associatedWith Mesaba Iron Company (Duluth, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Mulford family family
associatedWith Mulford family. family
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. person
associatedWith Palmer, George Herbert, 1842-1933. person
associatedWith Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894. person
associatedWith Pratt, Anna Bronson. person
associatedWith Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924. person
associatedWith Rider, Sidney S. (Sidney Smith), 1833-1917. person
associatedWith Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917. person
correspondedWith Sarah (Bugbee) Harris person
associatedWith Sheldon, E. A. (Edward Austin), 1823-1897. person
associatedWith Spencer, Herbert, 1820-1903 person
associatedWith St. Louis Public Schools (Saint Louis, Mo.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Thwing, Charles Franklin, 1853- person
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
correspondedWith Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Concord (Mass.)
Massachusetts--Concord
Massachusetts--Concord
Subject
Women--Education
Learning and scholarship
Knowledge, Theory of
Philosophers
Greek language--Study and teaching
Authors, American
Immortality
Printed ephemera
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Educators
Lectures and lecturing
Transcendentalism (New England)
Education--Primary
Transcendentalists (New England)
Philosophy, American
Philosophy
Men--Education
Latin language--Study and teaching
Education
Soul
Educational psychology
Education, Secondary
Education, higher
Scrapbooks
Education--Methodology
Occupation
Philosophers
Editors
Authors
Educators
Function

Person

Birth 1835-09-10

Death 1909-11-05

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 24117873