Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942

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Rufus Ivory Cole served as the the director and physician-in-charge (1909-1937) of the Hospital of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, the first hospital in the United States devoted primarily to the investigation of disease. Cole's medical research centered on problems relating to immunity to diseases of the respiratory system, particularly pneumonia

From the guide to the Rufus Ivory Cole papers, ca. 1900-1966, 1900-1966, (American Philosophical Society)

American portrait painter.

From the description of Papers, [19--]-1916. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 27045471

Cecilia Beaux (1855-1942) was a painter and art instructor from Philadelphia, Pa.

Studied in Europe and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where she later taught.

From the description of Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81491295

Cecilia Beaux (1855-1942) was a painter and art instructor from Philadelphia, Pa.

Born in Philadelphia in May 1855; died in Sept. 1942. Beaux studied in Europe and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where she later taught.

From the description of Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings, [circa 1890-1912]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220229172

Cecilia Beaux was born in Philadelphia in 1855. Her mother died just days after her birth, and Beaux and her sister went to live with their grandmother and aunts. Her adoptive family exposed her to fine art throughout her childhood and, once in school, Beaux excelled in her drawing classes and began training in the studio of Catherine A. Drinker, an artist and a cousin of her uncle Will Biddle. From 1881-1883 she attended life classes directed by William Sartain, who traveled to Philadelphia from New York to give criticisms. She also counted the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts master Thomas Eakins among her early influences, though she did not receive direct instruction from him.

Her first major success in painting was a double-portrait of her sister and nephew entitled Les Derniers Jours d'Enfance, exhibited first at the American Art Association, and in 1885 at the Pennsylvania Academy, where it won the Mary Smith Prize, the first of many prizes Beaux received during her lifetime. In 1887, the painting was exhibited at the Paris salon to critical acclaim. Beaux's reputation as a Philadelphia portraitist grew steadily with the execution of several portraits her in Chestnut Street studio, and in 1888 she traveled to Europe to continue her studio education.

In Paris, she joined the Academie Julien, where she received criticisms from Tony Robert Fleury and William Adolph Bougereau. She spent the summer in Concarneau, Brittany, where Alexander Harrison and Charles Lazar critiqued her work, and returned to Paris, where she attended the Academie Colarossi under and sought out private criticisms in the atelier of Benjamin Constant. She copied paintings and classical sculpture at the Louvre, and traveled throughout Europe to view the works of old masters. In England, she painted several portraits of her friends, the Darwins, before returning to Philadelphia in August of 1889. She traveled to Europe several more times in her life, including a trip in 1896 to see six of her paintings exhibited at the Salon de Champs de Mars. At the time this was an unprecedented number of paintings shown there by an American, and their strength earned her a membership in the Societé Nationale des Beaux-Arts.

In the 1890s, Beaux earned a living painting commissioned portraits at her Philadelphia studio, while experimenting with and refining her style and technique with portraits of friends and family such as Sita and Sarita, of her cousin Sarah Leavitt with her cat, The Dreamer, of her friend Caroline Smith, and Ernesta with Nurse, of her niece, who was a favorite sitter of Beaux's throughout her life. Beaux became the first full-time female faculty member at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1895, and continued teaching there until 1915.

In the late 1890s, Beaux painted several works for which she would be repeatedly honored, including Mother and Daughter, a double-portrait of Mrs. Clement A. Griscom and her daughter Frances, which won four gold medals at international exhibitions, and The Dancing Lesson, a double-portrait of Dorothea and Francesca Gilder, the daughters of Richard Watson Gilder, editor of Century Magazine and himself a devoted friend and supporter of Beaux. The Gilders, and especially Dorothea, were steady companions as well as sitters for Beaux throughout her adult life. In 1901 and 1902, Beaux painted Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt and her daughter Ethel in the White House, and in 1903, she was elected to the National Academy of Design.

By 1905 Beaux was living and working primarily in New York during the winter, and at "Green Alley," a home she built in Gloucester, Massachusetts, in the summer. She was introduced to Gloucester by her friend, the Harvard economist A. Piatt Andrew, and entertained a steady stream of intellectual, literary, and artistic friends such as Isabella Stuart Gardner, William James, and Thornton Oakley. Beaux continued to amass prizes and honors for her artwork, including an honorary doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania in 1908. She had solo exhibitions at Macbeth Gallery in 1910, the Corcoran Gallery in 1912, and M. Knoedler Gallery in 1915 and 1917. She had regular public speaking appearances, published articles, and interviews on such subjects as art education, women in art, and modernist art, the pervasive influence of which she eschewed as a passing fad.

In 1919, she traveled to war-torn Europe as the official portraitist of the United States War Portraits Commission painted the portraits of three European war heroes: Cardinal Mercier, Admiral Beatty, and Georges Clemenceau. In 1924, she broke her hip in Paris, and although she continued to paint, she would never again be the prolific painter of her earlier years due to the injury. She wrote her autobiography Background with Figures in 1930, and in 1935-1936, the American Academy of Arts and Letters held the largest exhibition of her work that was mounted during her lifetime. Beaux died in 1942 in Gloucester, at the age of 87.

From the guide to the Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. Papers, 1781-1984. Indiana University
creatorOf Oakley, Thornton, 1881-1953. Thornton Oakley papers, 1906-1953. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Sloan, Helen Farr, 1911-2005. Helen Farr Sloan Philadelphia Inquirer notebooks. 1886-1896. University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
referencedIn Joseph Lindon Smith papers, 1647-1965, bulk 1873-1965 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Thomas Prichard Rossiter and Rossiter Family papers, 1840-1961 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard October 31, [1901?]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard. Wellesley College
referencedIn Seymour, George Dudley, 1859-1945. George Dudley Seymour papers, 1684-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Plastic Club (Philadelphia, Pa.). Plastic Club records, 1897-1972. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Philadelphia Museum of Art. Selections from the Philadelphia Museum of Art's Archives of American Art collection, 1866-1968. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Cole, Rufus Ivory, 1872-1966. Papers, ca. 1900-1966. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1871-1940. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Drinker, Sophie Hutchinson, 1888-1967. Additional papers, 1911-1983 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Mr. McCracken April 9, 1909? Wellesley College
referencedIn Helen Farr Sloan, Philadelphia Inquirer, notebooks, 1886–1896 University of Delaware Library – Special Collections
creatorOf Century illustrated monthly magazine. Century Magazine letters, 1870-1918. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn George Dudley Seymour papers, 1684-1944 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Dorothea Gilder papers regarding Cecilia Beaux, 1897-1920 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926. Mary Cassatt collection, 1871-1955. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. Isabella Stewart Gardner papers, 1760-1956. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Wolfson, Patricia A. Portraiture : Cecilia Beaux and Mary Cassatt / by Patricia A. Wolfson. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
creatorOf Gilder, Dorothea. Dorothea Gilder papers regarding Cecilia Beaux, 1897-1920. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Cecilia Beaux photographs and newsclippings, [circa 1890-1912]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Blake, Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Elizabeth Cady Stanton Blake papers, 1921-1940. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard May 6?], 1908? Wellesley College
creatorOf Morris, Anna Wharton, 1868-1957. Papers, 1729-1957. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Letters, 1903-1913. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Oakley, Amy, 1882-1963. Autograph letter signed Amy Oakley to: Dear Mr. Fullerton August 15, 1925. Wellesley College
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Graduate Dean, 1879-1971 Radcliffe College Archives, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950. Joseph Lindon Smith and Smith family papers, 1647-1965 (bulk 1873-1965). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Letters to Agnes Repplier, 1934. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia. [Cecilia Beaux] : artist file John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library, Ringling Museum Library
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Papers, [19--]-1916. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Lewis, John Frederick, 1860-1932. John Frederick Lewis selected letters, 1903-1929. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. Martin Birnbaum papers, 1862-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Rufus Ivory Cole papers, ca. 1900-1966, 1900-1966 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Sterner, Albert, 1863-1946. Albert and Marie Sterner letters received, 1899-1945. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Letter : Tryon, N.C., to Emily R. Cross, 1924. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard April 25, 1908? Wellesley College
creatorOf Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901-. Walker Hancock papers, 1911-1995. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926. Mary Cassatt collection, 1871-1955. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Cecilia Beaux papers, 1863-1968. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871. Thomas Prichard Rossiter and Rossiter family papers, 1840-1961. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis), b. 1891. R. Sturgis Ingersoll papers related to Henry McCarter, 1896-1944 (bulk 1930-1943). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Shaw, Charles B. Charles B. Shaw collection of letters written by famous women, 1881-1916. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn Drinker, Henry Sandwith, 1880-1965. Henry Drinker research material on Cecilia Beaux, [ca. 1880-1920]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Page, Marie Danforth, 1869-1940. Marie Danforth Page papers, 1893-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950. Joseph Lindon Smith papers, 1647-1965, bulk 1873-1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Emerson, Edith, 1888-1981. Edith Emerson papers, 1839-1981, (bulk 1894-1971). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Emmet family. Emmet family papers, 1792-1989 (bulk 1851-1989). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Drinker, Sophie Hutchinson, 1888-1968. Papers, 1911-1981 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Alexander February 28, [s.d.]. Wellesley College
referencedIn Additional papers, 1911-1983 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Cecilia Beaux : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Cecilia Beaux artist file. Whitney Museum of American Art, Library
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. [Letter] : 1932 Dec. 25, New York, [to] Mrs. Pell, Newport, R.I. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Radcliffe College. Office of the Graduate Dean. Records of the Office of the Graduate Dean, 1879-1971 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Carnegie Institute. Museum of Art. Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Seymour, George Dudley, 1859-1945. Note, 1932 December 8, to Arthur Adams. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Emmet family papers, 1792-1989 (bulk 1851-1989) Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, Constance Grosvenor. person
associatedWith Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt), 1873-1936. person
associatedWith Association of American Physicians. corporateBody
associatedWith Avery, Oswald T., (Oswald Theodore), 1877-1955 person
associatedWith Barker, Lewellys F., (Lewellys Franklin), 1867-1943 person
associatedWith Beal, Boylston Adams, 1865-1944 person
associatedWith Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. person
associatedWith Blake, Elizabeth Cady Stanton. person
associatedWith Booth, Leonora. person
associatedWith Bunn, John W., 1831-1928 person
associatedWith Carnegie Institute. Museum of Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926. person
associatedWith Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944 person
associatedWith Cecilia Beaux, person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Century illustrated monthly magazine. corporateBody
associatedWith Chesney, Alan M., (Alan Mason), 1888-1964 person
associatedWith Christian, Henry A., (Henry Arthur), 1931- person
associatedWith Cohn, Alfred E., (Alfred Einstein), 1879-1957 person
associatedWith Cole, Annie Hegler person
associatedWith Cole, Rufus Ivory, 1872-1966. person
associatedWith Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981 person
associatedWith Cross, Emily R., 1879-1955. person
associatedWith Cullom, Shelby M. (Shelby Moore), 1829-1914 person
associatedWith Cushing, Harvey, 1869-1939 person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Drinker, Henry Sandwith, 1880-1965. person
associatedWith Drinker, Sophie Hutchinson, 1888-1968. person
associatedWith Ehrlich, Paul, 1854-1915 person
associatedWith Emerson, Edith, 1888-1981. person
associatedWith Emmet family family
associatedWith Emmet family. family
associatedWith Faber, Knud, 1862-1956 person
associatedWith Flexner, Abraham, 1866-1959 person
associatedWith Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946 person
associatedWith Fosdick, Harry Emerson, 1878-1969 person
associatedWith Fulton, John F., (John Farquhar), 1899-1960 person
associatedWith Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924. person
associatedWith Gay, Frederick P., (Frederick Parker), 1874-1939 person
associatedWith Gilder, Dorothea person
associatedWith Gilder, Dorothea. person
correspondedWith Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. person
associatedWith Goodpasture, Ernest William, 1886-1960 person
associatedWith Greene, Jerome D. person
associatedWith Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901- person
associatedWith Harvey Society of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. person
associatedWith Herter, Christian Archibald, 1865-1910 person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Humphrey, J. Otis, 1850-1918, person
associatedWith Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Johns Hopkins University. corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis, John Frederick, 1860-1932. person
associatedWith Lincoln Centennial Association (Springfield, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith McCracken, Mr. person
associatedWith Meynell, Alice, 1847-1922. person
associatedWith Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975 person
associatedWith Morris, Anna Wharton, 1868-1957. person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith New York Academy of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith Oakley, Amy, 1882-1963. person
associatedWith Oakley, Thornton, 1881-1953. person
associatedWith Page, Marie Danforth, 1869-1940. person
associatedWith Philadelphia Museum of Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Plastic Club (Philadelphia, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Radcliffe College. Office of the Graduate Dean corporateBody
associatedWith Radcliffe College. Office of the Graduate Dean. corporateBody
associatedWith Redi, Francesco, 1626-1698 person
associatedWith Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Hospital. corporateBody
associatedWith Rockefeller, John D., (John Davison), 1874-1960 person
associatedWith Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1818-1871. person
associatedWith Sangamo Club (Springfield, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Seymour, George Dudley, 1859-1945. person
correspondedWith Shaw, Charles B. person
associatedWith Sloan, Helen Farr, 1911-2005 person
associatedWith Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950. person
associatedWith Sophie (Hutchinson) Drinker person
associatedWith Sterner, Albert, 1863-1946. person
associatedWith Sturgis, Cyrus Cressey, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Slyke, Donald Dexter, 1883-1971 person
associatedWith Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934 person
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, Linsly R., (Linsly Rudd), 1875-1934 person
associatedWith Wolfson, Patricia A. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Great Britain
United States
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Subject
Art--Economic aspects
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Women artists
Medicine--Research--United States
Women painters
Art, American
Art--Study and teaching
Art insurance
Painting
Hospitals--New York (State)--Administration
Women painters--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Artists--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc
History
Painting, American
Painters
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1855-05-01

Death 1942-09-17

Americans

English

Information

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