Johnston, Harriet Lane, 1830-1903

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1830-05-09
Death 1903-07-03

Biographical notes:

Biographical Notes

James Buchanan

  • 1791, Apr. 23: Born, Cove Gap (near Mercersburg), Franklin Co., Pa.
  • 1809: Graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa.
  • 1812: Admitted to the bar, Lancaster, Pa.
  • 1819: Death of fiancée, Ann Coleman
  • 1821 - 1831 : United States Representative, fourth district, Pennsylvania
  • 1832 - 1833 : Minister to Russia
  • 1834 - 1845 : Senator from Pennsylvania
  • 1845 - 1849 : Secretary of state
  • 1853 - 1856 : Envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Great Britain
  • 1854: Coauthor of Ostend Manifesto
  • 1857 - 1861 : President of the United States
  • 1861: Retired to Wheatland estate, Lancaster, Pa.
  • 1866: Published Mr. Buchanan’s Administration. New York: D. Appleton
  • 1868, June 1: Died, Wheatland, Lancaster, Pa.

Harriet Lane Johnston

  • 1830, May 9: Born, Mercersburg, Franklin Co., Pa.
  • 1840: Attended the Misses Crawford boarding school, Lancaster, Pa.
  • 1841: Became ward of her uncle, James Buchanan
  • 1843: Attended boarding school, Charleston, Va.
  • 1846 - 1848 : Enrolled in the Academy of the Visitation, Georgetown, D.C.
  • 1857 - 1861 : Served as White House hostess
  • 1866: Married Henry Elliott Johnston
  • 1903, July 3: Died, Narragansett Pier, R.I.
  • 1912: Opening of the Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children, as part of Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md., established from the Harriet Lane Johnston estate funds

From the guide to the James Buchanan and Harriet Lane Johnston Papers, 1825-1887, (bulk 1840-1866), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Crimean War, 1853-1856
  • Railroads--United States
  • Postal service--International cooperation
  • African Americans--Politics and government
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American--Great Britain
  • Missouri compromise
  • Presidents--United States--Messages
  • Political conventions--Maryland--Baltimore
  • Nullification (States' rights)
  • Oregon question
  • Fashion
  • Canals--Delaware
  • Monopolies--Great Britain
  • Tariff--United States
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1856
  • International trade
  • Slavery--United States
  • Abolitionists--United States
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1852

Occupations:

  • Senators, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
  • Presidents--United States
  • Representatives, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
  • Cabinet officers

Places:

  • Kansas (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • Cumberland Road. (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Northwest boundary of the United States. (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • National banks (United States) (as recorded)
  • Cuba (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Nebraska (as recorded)