Hammond, James Henry, 1807-1864

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1807-11-15
Death 1864-11-13

Biographical notes:

James Henry Hammond (1807-1864) was a lawyer and planter, and an early advocate of nullification and secession. He was Democratic governor of South Carolina for the period 1842 to 1844, and was a U.S. Senator, for the period 1857 to 1860. As a senator he began to doubt the wisdom of secession.

From the description of Papers, 1823-1875. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191259405

James henry Hammond (1807-1864) was a South Carolina planter who served in the U.S. House from South Carolina (1834), as governor of South Carolina (1842-1844), and as U.S. Senator from South Carolina (1857-1860).

From the description of James Henry Hammond Papers, 1774-1875 1823-1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122387784

U.S. senator from and governor of South Carolina and plantation owner.

From the description of James Henry Hammond papers, 1774-1875 (bulk 1823-1864). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979866

John Henry Hammond was a lawyer and newspaper editor of Columbia, S.C. In 1831 Hammond married Catherine E. FitzSimons, daughter of a wealthy Charleston merchant, and acquired the "Silver Bluff" cotton plantation on the Savannah River in the marriage settlement. He was elected U.S. senator in 1834 and governor of South Carolina in 1842. He returned to the U.S. Senate in 1857 but resigned his seat when Lincoln was elected.

From the description of James Henry Hammond letters, 1831-1845 [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 22757912

Lawyer, U.S. Congressman, 1835-1836; governor of South Carolina, 1842-1844; and U.S. Senator, 1857-1860; from Newberry District, S.C.

From the description of Papers, 1835-1875. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19657424

Biographical Note

  • 1807, Nov. 15: Born, Newberry District, S.C.
  • 1825: Graduated from South Carolina College, Columbia, S.C.
  • 1828: Admitted to the South Carolina bar and practiced law, Columbia, S.C.
  • 1830: Established, Southern Times, a pro-nullification newspaper
  • 1831: Married Catherine E. FitzSimons Became a cotton planter at “Silver Bluff” on the Savannah River
  • 1832: Unsuccessful candidate for nullification convention
  • 1834: Elected to Congress
  • 1836 - 1837 : Toured Europe
  • 1841: Commissioned general in the South Carolina militia
  • 1842 - 1844 : Governor of South Carolina
  • 1850: Attended the Southern Convention in Nashville, Tenn.
  • 1855: Moved to “Redcliffe” on Beach Island in the Savannah River
  • 1857 - 1860 : United States senator
  • 1864, Nov. 13: Died, Redcliffe, S. C.

From the guide to the James Henry Hammond Papers, 1774-1875, (bulk 1823-1864), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • African--Americans--Domestic life--1850-1860
  • Nullification (States' rights)
  • Women--Domestic life--1850-1860
  • Nullification (States' rights)--1823-1864
  • Slavery in the United States--1832-1858
  • Tariff--1823-1864
  • Governors--Election
  • Politicians--Correspondence
  • Slavery
  • Secession
  • Banks and banking--Southern States
  • Breastfeeding--1850-1860
  • Financial statements--1823-1864
  • Banks and banking
  • State rights--1823-1864
  • Slavery--United States
  • Cotton growing
  • Business records
  • Secession--1860-1861
  • Plantation life
  • Plantations
  • Banks and banking--1823-1864
  • Agriculture--1823-1864
  • Slavery--1850-1860
  • Decedents' estates
  • Legislators
  • Slave records--1832-1858
  • Politics--Politics and government--1823-1864
  • Tariff
  • States' rights (American politics)
  • House furnishings--History--19th century
  • Tariff--United States
  • Reconstruction
  • Governor

Occupations:

  • Senators, U.S. Congress--South Carolina
  • Governors--South Carolina
  • Plantation owners

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Aiken County (S.C.) (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Silver Bluff Plantation (Beaufort District, S.C.) (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Columbia (S.C.) (as recorded)