Crane, Stephen, 1871-1900

Alternative names
Birth 1871-11-01
Death 1900-06-05

Biographical notes:

Stephen Crane was a novelist, poet, and journalst. He was born November 1, 1871, at 14 Mulberry Place, Newark, New Jersey. Crane is best known for his novel The Red Badge of Courage (1895) that depicted the experiences of a soldier in the Civil War. During the Spanish-American War (1898), Crame served as a correspondent. In 1897, he moved to England and met Joseph Conrad and Henry James. Crane died of tuberclosis in 1900.

From the description of Newark Stephen Crane collection, 1897-1981. (Plainview-Old Bethpage Public Library). WorldCat record id: 722474690

Stephen Crane, American novelist, poet, and short-story writer, was born in Newark, NJ, Nov. 1. 1871. Crane attended Syracuse University briefly and began writing for newspapers in 1891 when he settled in New York City. At the age of 23, Crane wrote "Red Badge of Courage" which earned him international acclaim. After working as a reporter in the American West and Mexico, he moved to Jacksonville, Florida at the age of 27. Crane reported on the Greco-Turkish War and afterwards settled into a manor house at Brede Place, Sussex England. He later covered the Spanish-American War for the "New York World." Stephen Crane died in Badenweiler, Baden, Germany June 5, 1900.

From the description of Stephen Crane collection, 1921-1990. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 52539520

American war-correspondent, novelist, story-writer and poet.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "McClure's Magazine, New York," to an unidentified correspondent, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270524162

Stephen Crane was an American novelist, short-story writer, poet, and journalist.

From the description of Stephen Crane collection of papers, 1894-1953. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122313933

From the guide to the Stephen Crane collection of papers, 1894-1953, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

American author.

From the description of Stephen Crane letter to C.K. Linson [manuscript], 1969 November 13. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647807663


From the description of Papers of Stephen Crane [manuscript] 1894-1944. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647943066

Stephen Crane (1871-1900) was an American novelist, poet and journalist. Crane attended but did not graduate from Lafayette College and Syracuse University before moving to New York City where he worked as a freelance journalist and writer. His first novel, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, was published in 1893, followed in 1895 by the novel for which he is best known, The Red Badge of Courage . The latter, about a young soldier's initiation into the horrors and ironies of war set during the American Civil War, won great acclaim for its vividness and psychological depth.

Crane and Cora Stewart-Taylor, who would become his wife, moved to Sussex, England in 1895. The two worked together as war correspondents during the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, novelized in Crane's Active Service (1899) whose central character is a journalist covering the war. Crane died at age 28 of tuberculosis in Badenweiler, Baden, Germany.

From the guide to the Stephen Crane Collection, 1871-1980, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

From the guide to the Stephen Crane Papers, [ca. 1895]-1908, (Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, )


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  • Journalists
  • Novelists, American
  • Spanish--American War, 1898--Campaigns--Cuba--Journalists
  • Literature--American Poetry
  • Authors and publishers
  • Realism in literature
  • American poetry--19th century
  • Naturalism in literature
  • Authors, American
  • Greco--Turkish War, 1897--Journalists
  • Authors, American--Sources
  • Authors, American--20th century
  • American literature--20th century
  • Literature--American Fiction
  • Poets, American
  • Authors and publishers--19th century
  • Women authors
  • War correspondents
  • Journalists--United States
  • American literature--19th century


  • Novelists
  • Photographers
  • Poets
  • Authors
  • Authors, American
  • War correspondents
  • Journalists


  • Newark, NJ, US
  • Badenweiler, 01, DE