Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1853-09-22
Death 1934-04-30
English

Biographical notes:

Hugh Lenox Scott (b. Sept. 22, 1853, Danville, Ky.-d. Apr. 30, 1934, Washington, D.C.), Major General in the U.S. Army, graduated from West Point in 1876 and for the next 20 years served on the frontier, chiefly with the 7th Cavalry. He fought in campaigns against Indians of the Plains and became an expert in their languages. He was commander of Troop L of the 7th Cavalry, the last Indian troop in the Army. He also served during the Spanish-American War, as military governor in the Philippines, and was superintendent of West Point for four years. General Scott was influential in winning acceptance of the notion of conscription prior to World War I. He retired in May 1919.

From the description of Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10571093

Army officer and public official.

From the description of Hugh Lenox Scott papers, 1582-1981 (bulk 1845-1934). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980200

Biographical Note

  • 1853, Sept. 22: Born, Danville, Ky.
  • 1876: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1876 - 1878 : Campaigned with Sioux, Nez Percé, and Cheyenne Indian expeditions
  • 1897: Assigned to Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., to produce written record of Plains Indian languages
  • 1898: Acting governor general of Cuba following Spanish-American War
  • 1903 - 1906 : Served in Philippines, ultimately as governor
  • 1906 - 1910 : Superintendent, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1910 - 1914 : Mediator, Mexican border and Indian troubles
  • 1914 - 1917 : Chief of staff, United States Army
  • 1917 - 1919 : Member, United States mission to Russia
  • 1919 - 1933 : Member, Board of Indian Commissioners, Department of the Interior
  • 1934, Apr. 20: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Hugh Lenox Scott Papers, 1582-1981, (bulk 1845-1934), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63f4tk9
Ark ID:
w63f4tk9
SNAC ID:
1545503

Subjects:

  • Diplomatic and consular service, American--Soviet Union
  • Indians of North America--Languages
  • Indians of North America--Great Plains
  • Dakota Indians--Wars
  • Indian scouts
  • Indians of North America
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Indian sign language
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Military readiness
  • World War, 1914-1918--Diplomatic history
  • Indians of North America--Religion
  • Ghost dance
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American
  • Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876
  • Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
  • Nez Percé Indians--Wars, 1877
  • Spanish--American War, 1898

Occupations:

  • Army officers
  • Public officials

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.) (as recorded)
  • Cuba (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • Great Plains (as recorded)
  • Cuba (as recorded)
  • Fort Abraham Lincoln (N.D.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)