History of physics manuscript biography collection M-R, 1901-1989, [ca. ca. 1960]-1989 (bulk)


History of physics manuscript biography collection M-R, 1901-1989, [ca. ca. 1960]-1989 (bulk)

Included are typescript autobiographical or biographical essays about physicists, solicited since 1960 by the American Institute of Physics, and responses to biographical questionnaires sent to physicists working chiefly in the following areas: nuclear physics, astronomy and astrophysics, laser science, and geophysics. Other biographical and autobiographical writings take the form of letters, eulogies, travel diaries, curriculum vitae, and bibliographies. All of these document the lives and scientific careers of physicists born roughly between the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Among those represented are: Duncan A. MacInnes, Ernst Mach, Fred Conrad Maienschein, Thomas F. Malone, H. F. Mark, Henriette Mathieu-Faraggi, Howard Nicholas Maxwell, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Lawrence Earl McAllister, Alexander McBirney, James W. McGrath, J. H. McGuire, John A. McIntyre, Louis Williams McKeehan, D. P. McKenzie, Dan McLachlan, Edwin M. McMillan, Elsie Blumer McMillan, George C. McVittie, Rolf Meissner, Thomas C. Mendenhall, Donald Menzel, James W. Meyer, Walter E. Meyerhof, Albert A. Michelson, W. E. Knowles Middleton, Edward Arthur Milne, Freeman D. Miller, H. Minkowski, G. Miyamoto, F. L. Mohler, Karl Z. Morgan, Susuma Morita, Philip McCord Morse, Evan Mueller, Erwin W. Muller, Robert S. Mulliken, Gerard Francis William Mulders, Edward J. Jurphy, Mokichiro Nogami, Itaru Nonaka, Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, Ralph Emerson Nasbaum, John Aloysius O'Keefe, Louis Neel, Otto Oldenberg, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Elburt Franklin Osborn, Thomas H. Osgood, William J. Otting, Clarence J. Overbeck, Thornton Page, Frederic Palmer, Eugene N. Parker, John Hilliard Parker, Wolfgang Pauli, Rudolf Ernest Peierls, Raymond Pepinsky, Melba Phillips, Heinz Pick, George Pickard, J. C. Polanyi, William Pollard, Marion Llewellyn Pool, Daniel M. Popper, Thomas Charles Poulter, Robert V. Pound, H. Primakoff, Emerson M. Pugh, Earle Keith Plyler, I. I. Rabi, Harrison M. Randall, Jacobo Rapaport, Aravi Prakash Rau, Peter M. Rentzepis, George Thomas Reynolds, John Hamilton Reynolds, Hugh T. Richards, Norman Hurd Ricker, Carol Anger Rieke, Philip Shaefer Riggs, Tsuneji Rikitake, George Roy Ringo, Alice M. Risley, Richard B. Roberts, Walter Orr Roberts, J. M. Robson, John Ransom Roebuck, Edwin Roedder, John Rogers, Elizabeth Rona, Joseph Lloyd Rood, Louis Rosen, Frank L. Roth, Arthur Edward Ruark.

63 linear ft. (ca. 500 items) in entire collection.

Related Entities

There are 61 Entities related to this resource.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xb349g (person)

J. Robert Oppenheimer: Physicist (quantum theory and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at California Institute of Technology and University of California, Berkeley in theoretical physics, 1929-1947; director of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1943-1945; chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-1952; director of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, 1947-1966....

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67n11r6 (corporateBody)

The Niels Bohr Library is part of the Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics. Its primary mission is to preserve and make known the history of modern physics and allied sciences. The photograph collection is named in honor of Emilio Segrè, best known for his Nobel Prize-winning work in nuclear and high-energy physics, but also an avid photographer and author of books on the history of modern physics. From the description of The Emilio Segrè visual archiv...

McGuire, J. H. 1942-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6093z4f (person)

Pickard, George Lawson

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6640bsh (person)

Maxwell, Howard Nicholas,

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vb61s1 (person)

Miller, Freeman D. (Freeman Devold), 1909-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ms3x6b (person)

Professor of astronomy at the University of Michigan. From the description of Freeman D. Miller papers, ca. 1946-1995. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 80286321 Freeman Devold Miller (1909-2000) received his S.B. from Harvard in 1930, his A.M. in 1932, and his Ph. D. in 1934. He became a professor of astronomy at the University of Michigan. From the description of Astronomy course notes, 1928-1931. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77066450 ...

Page, Thornton.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j969tn (person)

Page was born in 1913. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79980269 ...

McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6000482 (person)

Physicist. Professor of physics, University of California at Berkeley, 1934-1973; and staff member of Lawrence Radiation Laboratory (renamed the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in 1971), 1934-1971, and its director from 1958-1973. Pioneer in development and application of the cyclotron. Died in 1991. From the description of Travel diary kept during the California Institute of Technology Travel Prize Trip across the United States and Europe, 1927. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83660405 ...

MacInnes, Duncan A. (Duncan Arthur), 1885-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v718xs (person)

MacInnes died in 1965. From the description of Autobiographical sketch, 1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83949176 Max Bergmann (February 12, 1886-November 7, 1944) was a biochemist, whose research proved key for the study of biochemical processes. His work on peptide synthesis and protein splitting provided a starting point for modern protein chemistry and the study of enzyme-substrate interactions. He is most noted for developing the carbobenzoxy protecting...

Richards, Hugh T. (Hugh Taylor), 1918-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nc6xzh (person)

Richards (1918-2006) was a civilian physicist who worked on Project Y, part of the Manhattan Project, at Los Alamos, New Mexico. He earned his Ph.D. in nuclear physics from Rice University in 1942 and married Mildred Paddock in 1944. After the war, he became a physics professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he helped the physics department recover after the Sterling Hall bombing, and he retired in 1988. From the description of Oral history int...

Morgan, K. Z. 1908-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sj5h68 (person)

Osgood, Thomas H.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tf0cp8 (person)

McAllister, Lawrence Earl, 1892-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nm31n0 (person)

Néel, Louis 1904-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bz6fhz (person)

Louis Néel (1904-2000). From the description of Oral history interview with Louis Néel, 1981 May 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81803023 ...

Ricker, Norman Hurd

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64x5j1b (person)

Mark, H. F. 1895-1992.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t22w9h (person)

Pollard, William G. (William Grosvenor), 1911-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6931ctb (person)

American physicist. From the description of Intellectual autobiography, ca. 1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79789892 ...

Müller, Erwin R., 1948-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6641081 (person)

Born in Berlin, Germany, on 13 June 1911, he studied physics under Nobel Laureate Gustav Hertz at the Technical University in Berlin, obtaining a doctoral degree in 1936. He was appointed professor of physics at The Pennsylvania State University in 1952 and became a naturalized American citizen in 1962. He was appointed Evan Pugh Research Professor of Physics in 1968. Müller was the inventor of the field ion microscope which allowed him to be the first person ever to see an atom. Other inventio...

McBirney, Alexander R

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jb04g5 (person)

Geologist; founder, Center for Volcanology, 1965; professor, University of Oregon, 1968-. From the description of Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1997. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82251466 ...

Roedder, Edwin, 1919-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jd51nr (person)

Geologist. U.S. Geological Survey, [ca.32 yrs]. From the description of Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1997. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82395943 ...

McVittie, George C.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6445ppk (person)

Mohler, F. L. 1893-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c03x9k (person)

Malone, Thomas F.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kd3mb9 (person)

Meteorologist. From the description of Oral history interview with Thomas F. Malone, 2000. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80043989 ...

Poulter, Thomas Charles, 1897-1978

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nw0b6h (person)

Roberts, Walter Orr

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64q8wc1 (person)

Orr was born in 1915. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77849767 Solar astronomer and geophysicist. Director of High Altitude Observatory, University of Colorado, 1946-1961; Director, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1960-1968. From the description of Oral history interview with Walter Orr Roberts, 1987 August 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78228351 From the descri...

Popper, Daniel M.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67d6skj (person)

Popper was born in 1913. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83836608 ...

Polanyi, J.C., 1929-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nm12m6 (person)

Rabi, I. I. 1898-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6df6sd6 (person)

Peierls Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v12b35 (person)

Theoretical physics (quantum theory of solids of electro-magnetic fields and of the solid nucleus; World War II work on atomic energy). Affiliations include: 1925, Berlin University as student of physics; 1926 transferred to University of Munich, Department of Theoretical Physics (A. Sommerfeld); 1928 transferred to Leipzig University, Department of Theoretical Physics (W. Heisenberg); and in 1929 to the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (W. Pauli). 1929, Ph.D., Leipzig. Fall 1929 to Fall ...

Maienschein, Fred Conrad, 1925-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn4dw7 (person)

Milne, Edward Arthur, 1896-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fb55vg (person)

Pick, Heinz, 1912-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zs6cp7 (person)

Died 1983. From the description of Oral history interview with Heinz Pick, 1981 October 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84429740 ...

Phillips, Melba, 1907-2004

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gb27c6 (person)

Physicist (educator). Professor of physics, Brooklyn College, 1938-1952; professor of physics, University of Chicago, 1962-1972; president of American Association of Physics Teachers, 1966. From the description of Correspondence with Karl Kelchner Darrow primarily about program arrangements for joint meeting of the American Physical Society and the American Association of Physics Teachers 1965-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84273844 ...

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p11z2 (person)

Maria Goeppert Mayer was born on June 28, 1906 in Kattowitz, Germany, to Friedrich and Maria (nee Wolff) Goeppert. In 1910 she moved with her parents to Gottingen where her father taught pediatrics at the University. She enrolled at the University at Gottingen in the spring of 1924 with the expectation of pursuing a career in mathematics, but soon became attracted to physics and the developing field of quantum mechanics. In 1930 Mayer took her doctorate in theoretical physics under t...

Nonaka, Itaru, 1910-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qg2cjn (person)

McMillan, Elsie Blumer

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tv245j (person)

Mueller, Ivan Istvan, 1930-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw4knj (person)

Geophysicist (space geodesy). Ohio State University, 1959-. From the description of Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1997. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84584566 ...

Middleton, W. E. Knowles 1902-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6647dxs (person)

McLachlan, Dan, 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v41s19 (person)

McLachlan died in 1982. Full name: Dan McLachlan, Jr. From the description of From zero to seventy-two, ca. 1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79973576 Emeritus Professor of Mineralogy, The Ohio State University. Noted for his work in crystallography. From the description of Papers, 1938-1975 (Ohio State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 15020216 Physicist (metals, crystallography). Physical chemist, Corning Glass Works, 1941-1947; and on the ...

Randall, Harrison M. (Harrison McAllister), 1870-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rr21k1 (person)

Professor of physics at the University of Michigan. From the description of Harrison M. Randall papers, 1897-1956. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34421512 Harrison E. Randall served in Company H, 100th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The 100th Infantry participated in the Atlanta Campaign. From the description of Papers, 1864. (Atlanta History Center). WorldCat record id: 44036770 ...

Rikitake, Tsuneji, 1921-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fr3d0j (person)

Geophysicist. University of Tokyo, Earthquake Research Institute, from 1949; Tokyo Institute of Technology, from 1975. From the description of Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1997. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81803030 ...

Mach, Ernst, 1838-1916

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63x89fn (person)

Austrian physicist and philosopher. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Prague, to Wilhelm von Beetz, 1876 July 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270606981 No letterhead; sent from Vienna. From the description of Typed form letter, signed, 1911. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122546275 ...

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6474d56 (person)

Morse died in 1985. From the description of Autobiographical data, ca. 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81716656 Philip McCord Morse was born August 6, 1903, in Shreveport, Louisiana. His parents, Allen Crafts Morse, a telephone engineer, and Edith McCord Morse, soon moved to Cleveland where he grew up. In 1921 Philip Morse started attending Case Institute, but he took the following year off to work in the Radiolectric Shop that he owned with friends. Upon h...

Rentzepis, Peter M., 1934-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65j5358 (person)

Meyerhof, Walter E. (Walter Ernst), 1922-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k93vz7 (person)

Walter E. Meyerhof earned his M.A. in physics in 1944 and Ph.D. in 1946 at the University of Pennsylvania. He taught at the University of Illinois, Urbana before joining the Stanford faculty in 1949. He retired from active teaching in 1992. From the description of Walter E. Meyerhof papers, 1948-1994. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 701211583 Biographical/Historical Sketch Walter E. Meyerhof earned his M.A. in physics in 1...

Minkowski, H. 1864-1909.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d58cnc (person)

Rosen, Louis, 1918-2009

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68h23h6 (person)

Mendenhall, Thomas C. (Thomas Corwin), 1841-1924

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w66nzn (person)

Physicist and educator (geophysics, geodesy). On the faculty of Ohio State University in physics and mechanics, 1873-1884; and superintendent, United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1889-1894. From the description of Papers, 1851-1951. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154306263 At the time of this letter, Mendenhall was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. From the description of Correspondence to Daniel Garrison Brinton, 1889. (U...

Primakoff, H. 1914-1983.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67d2wd1 (person)

Oldenberg, Otto, 1888-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67x3vs3 (person)

Mulliken, Robert Sanderson

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bk1dws (person)

Physicist. (1896-1986) From the description of Oral history interview with Robert S. Mulliken, 1964 February 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83555065 Chemical physicist. Born 1896. B.S., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1917. Ph. D., University of Chicago, 1921. Assistant professor of physics, New York University, 1926-1928. Associate professor of physics, University of Chicago, 1928-1931; professor, 1931-1956; Ernest DeWitt Burton Distinguished Service Professor, 19...

Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6833vkf (person)

Albert Abraham Michelson (December 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931) was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, becoming the first American to win the Nobel Prize in a science. He was also the founder and the first head of the physics department of the University of Chicago....

Meissner, Rolf

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p34qsk (person)

O'Keefe, John Aloysius, 1916-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g73h2t (person)

John A. O'Keefe (1916-2001). Planetary physicist. BA, astronomy, Harvard (1937); PhD, astronomy, University of Chicago (1941). Head of Research and Analysis branch, United States Army Corps of Engineers; assistant chief, Theoretical Division, Goddard Space Flight Center (1958-). From the description of John A. O'Keefe collection, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154305889 ...

Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard,), 1901-1976.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jq12dm (person)

Menzel died in 1976. From the description of Autobiography, 1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80630339 Donald Howard Menzel was an astrophysicist. From the description of Papers concerning UFOs, 1952-1976. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122523365 From the description of Autobiography, September 1974. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122624215 From the guide to the Papers concerning U...

McKenzie, D. P. 1942-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rc4x5c (person)

McGrath, James Williamson, 1912-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6938kcn (person)

Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60v8f9w (person)

Pysicists (theoretical, atomic, and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at Kobenhavns Universitet (1922-1923); Universität Hamburg (1923-1928); and Eidgenössische Ttechnische Hochschule Zürich (1928-1958); and visiting professor, Institute for Advanced Study (1935-1936, and from 1940). From the description of Letters. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83030815 Physicist (theoretical, atomic, and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at Kobenhavns Universitet, 1922-19...

Pugh, Emerson M.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vt1wpz (person)

Physicist (solid state physics). On physics faculty of Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1920-1965, acting head of department, 1940-1942; consultant, Westinghouse Atomic Power, 1956-1961. From the description of Papers, 1929-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82391782 Emerson Martindale Pugh (1896-1981) was a physicist (solid state physics). B.S., Carnegie Institute of Techology, 1918; M.S., University of Pittsburgh, 1927; Ph.D., California Institute of Technology, 1930. O...

Roberts, Richard B. (Richard Brooke), 1910-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mw2k4z (person)

Biophysicist. Physicist and staff member of the Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 1943-1963; staff member, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, 1963-1979. From the description of Autobiography of Richard Brooks Roberts, 1910-1979, 1979. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81936566 Biophysicist. Died 1980. From the description of Papers, 1939-1977. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84008679 Physicist and bio...

Ruark, Arthur Edward, 1899-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ms3vq7 (person)

Physicist (civil engineering). Chief, physics division research laboratory, Gulf Oil Corporation, 1930; professor of physics, University of Pittsburgh, 1930-1934; head physics department, University of North Carolina, 1934-1944; research positions at Johns Hopkins University, 1946-52; assistant and senior associate director of research, Atomic Energy Commission, 1956-1969. Died 1979. From the description of Lecture notes and manuscript on theory of relativity ca. 1951. (Unknown). Wor...