History of physics manuscript biography collection S-Z, 1901-1989, [ca. ca. 1960]-1989 (bulk).


History of physics manuscript biography collection S-Z, 1901-1989, [ca. ca. 1960]-1989 (bulk).

Included are typescript autobiographical or biographical essays about physicists, solicited since 1960 by the American Institute of Physics, and responses to biographical questionnaires sent to physicists working chiefly in the following areas: nuclear physics, astronomy and astrophysics, laser science, and geophysics. Other biographical and autobiographical writings take the form of letters, eulogies, travel diaries, curriculum vitae, and bibliographies. All of these document the lives and scientific careers of physicists born roughly between the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Among those represented are: Jakob Salpeter, Alexander Sandow, Ralph Sawyer, Vincent Schaefer, Marcel Schein, George Schoepfle, W. Schreyer, Donald Scifres, Frederick Seitz, Carl Shakin, Allen Shenstone, Glenn Sherwood, Jesse Sherwood, Ken'ichi Shinohara, George Shortley, A.J.F. Siegert, A.E. Siegman, S. Fred Singer, Albert M. Skellett, Lewis Slack, Walter Slavin, Joseph Slepian, Rodolfo Slobodrian, Alpheus W. Smith, Gail Preston Smith, Orrin H. Smith, William V. Smith, Charles P. Smyth, William Ralph Smythe, Arthur H. Snell, Arnold Sommerfeld, Donald Spencer, Athelstan Spilhaus, James K, Sprinkle, Wayne Treber Sproull, George Stern, Malcolm L. Stitch, John Willard Stout, J.D. Stranathan, Dirk Jan Struik, Satoru Sugano, Richard Sutton, P. Swings, Eizo Tajima, Richard Taschek, Lauriston Taylor, V.T. Ter-Oganezov, Edmund Thelen. Richard N. Thomas, Louis K. Thome, Clyde Tombaugh, Ralph Traxler, Cliford Truesdell, Edward Tyndall, Francois Ulam, Albrecht Unsld, Harold Urey, Joseph Valasek, J.H. Van Vleck, Frank Verbrugge, Donald Villars, George Vinal, Adolf Voight, William Von Arx, Georg Von Bekesy, Nicholas Wagman, Tetsuo Wakatsuki, Floyd Watson, William Watson, Harold Webb, Ernst Weber, J. Weber, Dorothy Walcott Weeks, Carl Friedrich Weizscker, Theodore Welton, John A. Wheeler, Gregor Wentzel, Joseph Weneser, Donald White, Marsh W. White, R. Stephen White, Balfour S. Whitney, Rolf Widere, Irwin Weider, L. Wilets, Dudley Williams, Van Zandt Williams, Harold A. Wilson, J. Tuzo Wilson, Raymond Wilson, Leon J. Winard, Ralph Winch, Edson Rae Wolcott, Eric Woodbury, Edith J. Woodward, George P. Woollard, E.J. Workman, Frances W. Wright, Ralph W.G. Wyckoff, Paul Yergin, Jerrold Zacharias, Anthony Zeleny, Clarence Zener, Mark Zemansky, Alexander J. Zink.

63 linear ft. (ca. 550 items) in entire collection.

Related Entities

There are 56 Entities related to this resource.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67n11r6 (corporateBody)

The Niels Bohr Library is part of the Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics. Its primary mission is to preserve and make known the history of modern physics and allied sciences. The photograph collection is named in honor of Emilio Segrè, best known for his Nobel Prize-winning work in nuclear and high-energy physics, but also an avid photographer and author of books on the history of modern physics. From the description of The Emilio Segrè visual archiv...

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n300jx (person)

Physicist. Died 1978. From the description of Papers, 1932-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80775309 Wentzel died in 1978. From the description of Autobiographical letter to Hugh Dryden, 1959. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81313307 ...

Sugano, Satoru, 1928-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gn25jq (person)

Weber, J. 1919-2000.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qg2r92 (person)

Von Arx, William S. (William Stelling), 1916-1999

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wt2r8m (person)

William von Arx was a physical oceanographer with degrees in geology and geophysics. His research involved circulation of oceans and atmosphere, heat balance of the earth, physical geodesy of ocean areas and clouds. Later interests included world energy problems and techniques to collect and store solar heat. He was a participant in Henry Stetson's Project 19, Operation Crossroads and Project I-88 (Barataria Bay). From the description of Papers, 1942-1999. (MBLWHOI Library). WorldCat...

Singer, S. Fred (Siegfried Fred), 1924-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q241v5 (person)

S. Fred Singer (1924- ). Atmospheric and environmental physics. Education: B.S., Ohio State University; A.M., Ph.D., Princeton University. Professional experience: U.S. Departments of Transportation, Commerce, and Interior; professorships with George Mason University, the University of Virginia, University of Miami and the University of Maryland; Science and Environmental Policy Project; early work with the Applied Physics Laboratory and the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. From the d...

Wideröe, Rolf, 1902-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vf03qq (person)

Physicist (accelerator and nuclear physics; medical application of physics). Engineer, Allemeine Elektrizitätsgesellschaft, Berlin, 1928-1932; Norsk Elektrisk og Brown Boveri, Oslo, 1940-1945; and Brown Boveri, Baden from 1946. Died 1996. From the description of Papers, 1942-1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77631668 Physicist (particle physics). Died 1996. From the description of Papers, 1939-1987, (1943-1954) (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78585384 ...

Smith, William Francis, 1916-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6769bxq (person)

Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn466s (person)

Physicist (mathematical physics, atomic physics, theoretical physics, wave mechanics, quantum mechanics). On the mineralogy faculty at Georg-August Universität zu Göttingen (1893-1897); on the mathematics faculty at Technische Universität Clausthal (1897-1900); on the mechanics faculty at the Technische Hochschule zu Aachen (1900-1906); and on the physics faculty at Universität München from 1906. From the description of Papers, ("New" Sommerfeld Nachlass), ca. 1890-ca. 1950. (Un...

Spencer, Donald Jay

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gf2vcp (person)

Traxler, Ralph Newton

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x95bzw (person)

Taylor, Lauriston S. (Lauriston Sale), 1902-2004

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pr7x7k (person)

Taylor (Pennsylvania, D.Sc. 1960), American physicist, served on the International Commission on Radiological Units (ICRU), International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), and National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). He developed the guarded field standard ionization chamber; studied radiation measurement and protection, ionization of liquids, and variable oscilators. From the description of Papers of Lauriston S. Taylor, ca. 1928-ca. 1984 (inclus...

Siegman, A. E

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pk4ctq (person)

Spilhaus, Athelstan

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62j78m0 (person)

Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus, 1911-1998. From the description of Oral history interview with Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus, 1989 November 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82744113 From the description of Oral history interview with Athelstan Frederick Sphilhaus, 1976 March 9 and April 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78435347 Spilhaus was born in 1911. From the description of Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id...

Thomas, Richard Nelson, 1921-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68w7b1h (person)

Watson, Floyd Rowe, 1872-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65b25xr (person)

Physicist (acoustics); Watson died in 1974. From the description of Autobiography, ca. 1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78553525 Professor of physics, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (1904-1940). From the description of Papers, 1900-1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79215098 ...

Shinohara, Kenʼichi, 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m92xk2 (person)

Wyckoff, Ralph W. G. (Ralph Walter Graystone), 1897-1994

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64m96bn (person)

Wycoff died in 1994. From the description of Reminiscences of Ralph W. G. Wyckoff, ca. 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78201735 ...

Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich, Freiherr von, 1912-2007

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z89gt7 (person)

Unsöld, Albrecht, 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63b627f (person)

Zemansky, Mark Waldo, 1900-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r78qd5 (person)

Physicist. Zemansky died in 1981. From the description of Intellectual autobiography, ca.1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81483353 Mark Waldo Zemansky, 1900-1981. Physicist. Professor of physics, City College of New York, 1925-1967. From the description of Mark W. Zemansky commemorative session, American Association of Physics Teachers summer meeting, 1982 June 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79789781 Born in New York City and educated in its publ...

Wilets, L. (Lawrence)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v7j92 (person)

Wilets was born in 1927. From the description of Response to 1981 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83343237 ...

Tombaugh, Clyde William, 1906-1997.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n58str (person)

Clyde William Tombaugh was born February 4, 1906 on a farm near Streator, IL. The family moved to a farm in Kansas in 1922. He was hired to conduct planet-search photography in 1929 at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ. On February 18, 1930, Tombaugh discovered the ninth planet Pluto. The official announcement of the discovery was made March 13. The discovery led to awards and a scholarship to the University of Kansas where he started as a freshman in 1932, receiving his B.A. in 1936. In 1...

Salpeter, Jakob

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65m66r6 (person)

Physicist. Born in 1886 in Galicia, Austria (later Poland). From the description of Biographical notes, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81803384 ...

Workman, E. J. 1899-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dc1q29 (person)

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67d2wq2 (person)

Schaefer, Vincent J.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gf2h9n (person)

This collection documents the life and work of Vincent J. Schaefer of Schenectady, New York. From 1922-1926, he completed a four-year apprenticeship as a machinist and was assigned to the machine shop at the General Electric Research Laboratory. In 1929, Schaefer became a modelmaker at GE where he started building equipment for Irving Langmuir who had won the Nobel Prize for his work in surface chemistry. In 1932, Langmuir made Schaefer his assistant. Schaefer studied and published articles on s...

Swings, P. 1906-1983.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6030trn (person)

Winch, Ralph P.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61579ww (person)

Winch was born in 1905. From the description of Autobiographical notes and comments, 1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81639548 ...

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pv6mjj (person)

John Archibald Wheeler is a physicist and a pioneer theorist on the existence of black holes. He studied under Herzfeld at Johns Hopkins University (Ph. D., 1933) and later studied nuclear fission with Niels Bohr. From the description of Papers, [ca. 1950s-1970s]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298147 Physicist (atomic and nuclear theory, relativity theory, and cosmology). On the physics faculty at Princeton University from 1938; physicist, ...

Woollard, George P. (George Prior), 1908-1979

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sj1v06 (person)

Geophysicist; American Geophysical Union Bowie Medalist, 1973. From the description of Biographical materials and writings, 1973-2003. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79292879 Geophysicist. From the description of Autobiography, ca. 1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81062507 ...

Van Vleck, J. H. 1899-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b27wnj (person)

Zeleny, Anthony, 1870-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n30thd (person)

Anthony Zeleny was a physicist and teacher at the University of Minnesota. From the description of Anthony Zeleny papers, 1902-1939. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63313990 Anthony Zeleny was born in Racine, Wisconsin in 1870. He received his B.S. (1892), M.S. (1893) and Ph.D. (1907) from the University of Minnesota. From 1893-1895 he taught high school physics in Jamestown, North Dakota and Minneapolis. In 1895, he joined the facult...

Wright, Frances Woodworth

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60c8swt (person)

Wright was born in 1897. From the description of Response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84429776 ...

Sawyer, Ralph A. (Ralph Alanson), 1895-1978

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68c9xfh (person)

Professor of physics, dean of the Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies, director of the Phoenix Project, and Vice President for Research at the University of Michigan, scientist and administrator for the U.S. Navy during World War II, technical director of atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll, officer of the American Institute of Physics and Optical Society of America. From the description of Ralph A. Sawyer papers, 1918-1978. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 154302...

Shenstone, Allen Goodrich.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ht4c7z (person)

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kd204s (person)

Died in 1981. From the description of Oral history interview with Harold Clayton Urey, 1964 March 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84584513 Epithet: US chemist, Nobel laureate British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000561.0x0000b4 Mildred Cohn was a biochemist and biophysicist. She received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1938 and was a research associate in biochemistry at several univers...

Watson, W. H. (William Heriot), 1899-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qj8cr9 (person)

Enlisted 1861, as first lieutenant, in the 3rd Maine Infantry Regiment; mustered out with rank of captain. From the description of Civil War letter of W. H. Watson, 1861 July 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 667746801 ...

Ulam, Francoise.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nz8xsw (person)

Smith, Alpheus W. (Alpheus Wilson), 1876-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kp84rj (person)

Physicist. From the description of Intellectual autobiography, ca. 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84971943 Dean Emeritus of the Graduate School and Emeritus Professor of Physics, The Ohio State University. Dean Smith was instrumental in establishing the University as a major research center. From the description of Papers, 1921-1960. (Ohio State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 15055877 ...

White, Marsh W. (Marsh William), 1896-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ck2b1f (person)

Stranathan, J. D. 1899-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ps1spt (person)

Zener, Clarence, 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x06h7t (person)

Physics professor at Carnegie Mellon University (1968-1993). Received A.B. from Stanford University and Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University (1929). Before teaching at CMU, he instructed at Washington University (1935-1937), City College, New York (1937-1940), Washington State College (1940-1942), University of Chicago (1945-1951), and Texas A&M University (1966-1968) where he served as Dean of the College of Science. Zener also served as associate director and later director of Westingh...

Shortley, George, 1910-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qj9mcn (person)

Schreyer, W. 1930-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d838kc (person)

Weneser, Joseph, 1922-...

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6740nzs (person)

Woodbury, Eric J.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62n739x (person)

Woodbury was born in 1925. From the description of Response to Laser History Project Survey, 1984. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82798105 Born 1925. From the description of Oral history interview with Eric J. Woodbury, 1985 November 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80093446 ...

Snell, Arthur H.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t43vnn (person)

Snell was born in 1909. From the description of The Cyclotron Group at the Metallurgical Laboratory, Chicago, 1940-1944. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83555081 Physicist (nuclear physics). Affiliated with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory from 1940. From the description of Letter, with 169 signatures of Oak Ridge National Laboratory staff, to Henry D. Smyth of Atomic Energy Commission, endorsing Smyth's minority opinion against the withdrawal of J. Robert Oppenh...

Williams, Dudley, 1912-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hb338w (person)

Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61v5g81 (person)

Physicist. On the physics faculty at University of Rochester, 1935-1937; research physicist, General Electric Company, 1937-1939; on the physics faculty at University of Pennsylvania, 1939-1942; Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1942-1949; and University of Illinois, 1949-1965; president, National Academy of Sciences, 1962-1969; president, Rockefeller University, 1968-1978. From the description of Summary of 1987 conference: The Origins of Solid State Physics in Italy: 1945-1960, 198...

Weber, Ernst, 1901-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tq6kzc (person)

Physicist. Died 1996. From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80616244 Weber died in 1996. From the description of Autobiographical notes, 1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79789882 ...

Stitch, Malcolm L.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w622331z (person)

Wilson, Harold A. (Harold Albert), 1874-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j38x75 (person)

Struik, Dirk J. (Dirk Jan), 1894-2000

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k64pkk (person)

Physicist. From the description of Autobiography, chapter V:Leiden science, 1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80093408 Dirk Jan Struik, geboren in 1894, overleden in Belmont, Massachusetts in 2000, studeerde wis- en natuurkunde aan de Rijksuniversiteit Leiden; promoveerde in 1922 op een zuiver wiskundig onderwerp; als leerling van Paul Ehrenfest leerde hij Jan Burgers en Jan Tinbergen kennen, wilde evenals zij wiskunde en socialisme met elkaar verbinden en kwam ook in con...

Truesdell, C. 1919-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mk6npc (person)

Wilson, J. Tuzo (John Tuzo), 1908-1993

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kh0pgt (person)

Wilson died in 1993. From the description of Response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1988. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83030773 ...