Oral history interview with Dorothy Walcott Weeks, 1978 July 19.


Oral history interview with Dorothy Walcott Weeks, 1978 July 19.

Family background, education, and emergence of scientific orientation. Undergraduate years at Wellesley College, 1912-1916; description of physics department. Assistant examiner in U.S. Patent Office during World War I. At MIT under Edwin B. Wilson as graduate student and laboratory assistant, lab instructor, 1920-1924. Returned to MIT for doctoral work in 1928. Mathematical physics thesis under Norbert Wiener, while teaching at Wellesley. Depression years brought teaching position at Wilson College, 1930-1943; used Wellesley as model. Work on Zeeman Pattern earns her Guggenheim Fellowship at MIT and European labs, 1949-1950. World War II years as head of Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD British Report Section). Return to Wilson, 1945-1956, working part-time at National Science Foundation, 1953-1956. Retirement years, including affiliation with U.S. Army and spectroscopic work at Harvard College Observatory. Comments on women in physics in U.S., her own opportunities and teaching in general. Also prominently mentioned are: Pauline Morrow Austin, Louisa Eyre, George Harrison, Louise McDowell, Ethelbert D. Warfield, Edwin Bidwell Wilson; American Association of University Professors, American Physical Society, Jordan Marsh Co., Massachusetts Institute of Technology Spectroscopy Laboratory, Radcliffe College, State University of New York at Binghamton, United States National Bureau of Standards, United States Office of Scientific Research and Development, and United States Ordnance Materials Research Office.

Transcript, 23 pp.


SNAC Resource ID: 8237508

Related Entities

There are 19 Entities related to this resource.

Harvard College Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xj0hx1 (corporateBody)

In 1839, the Harvard Corporation appointed William Cranch Bond the first Astronomical Observer to the University, thereby taking the first step in establishing the Harvard College Observatory, after which the first telescope was installed in 1847. Scholars and students had studied astronomy at Harvard since the seventeenth century, but it wasn’t until a large comet sparked public interest in 1843 that donors began donating funds to build an observatory. During the tenure of the Harvar...

American Association of University Professors

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6718sv3 (corporateBody)

The national chapter of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) was organized in 1915 to advance academic freedom, shared governance and to define fundamental professional values and standards for higher education. The first meeting of the AAUP at Central Washington University was held on October 14, 1954. Regular monthly meetings were held during the academic year to address faculty concerns with administrative decision-making and participative governance. Central Washington Un...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sv8d0k (corporateBody)

The Department of General Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) did not officially exist until 1882. Courses in general studies were offered as early as 1865, when the MIT Catalog offered a curriculum option called the Course in Science and Literature. At that time, all regular MIT students were required to take “general studies” classes from the Course in Science and Literature, in addition to English, history, and modern languages. In 1882 the Course in Scienc...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Spectroscopy Laboratory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68h40hq (corporateBody)

American physical society

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pg5mr2 (corporateBody)

This professional society of educators, industrial and government research workers, and students of physics and related fields, was established in 1899 to promote the advancement and diffusion of the knowledge of physics. It was a founding Member Society of the American Institute of Physics. The Directed Energy Weapons (DEW) Study was commissioned by the American Physical Society on November 20, 1983 to evaluate the status of the science and technology of DEW. A study group was formed by Novembe...

Wilson College (Chambersburg, Pa.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b6vm6 (corporateBody)

United States. Patent Office

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wm553d (corporateBody)

Charles F. Brush, of Cleveland, Ohio, was an electrician, inventor, and the founder of the Brush Electric Company. From the description of Patents granted to Charles F. Brush relating to electric machinery and apparatus, 1878-1894. (Smithsonian Institution Libraries). WorldCat record id: 154324631 Newell was from Haverhill, Mass. From the description of Letters patent, 1890 January 14 : issued to Isaiah Newell. (American Textile History Museum Library). WorldCat ...

Wellesley College

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cv89js (corporateBody)

Weeks, Dorothy Walcott, 1893-1990.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p2nzw (person)

United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6798110 (corporateBody)

Sopka, Katherine Russell

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63202r4 (person)

National Science Foundation (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pc6rdk (corporateBody)

United States. National Bureau of Standards.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kw99kt (corporateBody)

After World War II the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) was charged with the task of following developments in computing. In response, NBS began to index and abstract books, journals, reports and other literature covering a broad range of computer-related topics beginning in the mid-1940s. Eventually the enormity of the task forced NBS to abandon this work in 1978. From the description of Computer Literature Collection, 1956-1978. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat re...

State University of New York at Binghamton

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bp4wkq (corporateBody)

Radcliffe College

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rf9p18 (corporateBody)

Vocational short courses and institutes were initiated by the Radcliffe Appointment Bureau to train students for careers after graduation. Among these courses were: the Institute on Historical and Archival Management, 1954-1960; Communications for the Volunteer, 1965-1968; Summer Secretarial Course, 1935-1955, and the Radcliffe Publishing Course (formerly Publishing Procedures Course), 1947-, which continues to offer a six-week summer course in publishing. From the description of Rad...

United States. Ordnance Materials Research Office

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fc0gjm (corporateBody)

United States. Army

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6km312r (corporateBody)

The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution, Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 and United States Code, Title 10, Subtitle B, Chapter 301, Section 3001. As the largest and senior branch of the U.S. military, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which wa...

Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n87jcp (person)

Professor of mathematics at MIT who pioneered in the development of automation. From the description of Norbert Wiener papers, 1949-1952. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321256 Norbert Wiener was a world renowned mathematician who was instrumental in the development of communication and control theories. He coined the word "cybernetics" to describe this new science. There are a number of autobiographical...

Wilson, Edwin Bidwell, 1879-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65t3n13 (person)

Deceased 1964. From the description of Oral history interview with Edwin Bidwell Wilson, 1963, June. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81360299 Physicist (mathematical physics and aeronautics). On faculty at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1907-1917, department chair, 1917-1922; professor of vital statistics, School of Public Health, Harvard University, 1922-1945, and professor emeritus from 1945; president of Social Science Research Council, 1929-1931. From ...